gopher snake, bull snake

Semantic Field
flora-fauna
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
Meaning Portuguese

Languages

Language Linnean Name Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Range of Term Word Structure Word Structure Notes Classifier Classifier Notes Hypernym Source Association with Social Categories Ritual/Mythologically Significant Ritual Notes Food Source Food Notes Medicinal Medicinal Notes How Collected Who Collects How Prepared Psychotropic Psychotropic Notes Traded Trade Notes Distribution Habitat Dangerous Ethnobiology Notes Species Notes General Notes Created By
Bankalachi Toloim Pituophis catenifer ko-trŏ'-nitch Gopher or bull snake loan Yokuts Wikchamni hawt'-trŭ-mut; ho'-trung-ut; Yowlumne kaw-trah'-nitch same underived C. H. Merriam 72-79, 60-463 2 2 0 0 0 no
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone Pituophis catenifer kokon (Duckwater: kokkon) bullsnake (M:Gopher or bull snake (Pityophis) inheritance *koNwa Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 2009 (2008:279) same underived Crapo 1976:114 2 2 0 0 0 no
Cahuilla Pituophis catenifer po'-kow-wit 72-11, or -wut 60-173 ??, but note Luiseno pikawut “snake species”, should yield Ca. pikawet, but Merriam is consistent about po-. Gopher snake, bull snake (Pityophus) inheritance *paxa-wɨ-ta Cupan plus Gabrielino This cannot be S2013 (Stubbs 2009:280), because that yields Cahuilla /paxa/, not /paka/. Something of a mystery. same derived has augmentative suffix -wet. po-ka is NOT /paxa/ “red racer” -7aʃ "pet" possessive classifier -7aʃ (probably) sewet (Bean 1972:61) http://www.archive.org/stream/bancroft_chartmerriam_1556_60#page/n155/mode/2up; p. 173 no info 2 Moon gaves snakes their colors; they are her paintings (Seiler 1970:44) 2 no info hunted All roasted or boiled 0 0 Southern Canada to Mexico “A habitat generalist” http://www.desertmuseum.org/books/nhsd_gopher_snake.php no
Central Sierra Miwok Pituophis catenifer ló:paT:i gopher snake inheritance Sierra Miwokan only In Mins underived must be etymologically complex 2 2 0 0 0 no
Chemehuevi Pituophis catenifer kaw' kaawɨ (final voiceless) Gopher or bull snake (Pityo-his) inheritance *kowa Proto-Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 2009 *koNwa (2008:279); tis from *kowa-pɨ by regular rule in S. Numic same other complex has -pɨ ABS Merriam 59:535 2 2 0 0 0 no
Chumash Barbareno Pituophis catenifer pʃoʃ gopher snake inheritance *pSoSo Proto-Chumash Klar 1977:89 underived Beeler 1978:182 2 2 0 0 0 no
Chumash Ineseno Pituophis catenifer p'shōsh' gopher or bull snake inheritance *pSoSo Proto-Chumash Klar 1977:89 underived Merriam 55:17 2 2 0 0 0 no
Chumash Obispeno Pituophis catenifer c-psoso Gophersnake inheritance *pSoSo Proto-Chumash other complex c- Klar 1977:89 2 2 0 0 0 no
Chumash Ventureno Pituophis catenifer pʃoʃ bullsnake (V); gopher snake (B) inheritance *pSoSo Proto-Chumash Klar 1977:89 underived Mamet 2008:18 2 2 0 0 0 no
Cocopa Pituophis catenifer missing missing missing 2 2 0 0 0 no
Comanche Pituophis catenifer missing missing missing 2 2 0 0 0 no
Cupeño Pituophis catenifer pō'-kow'-wit ??, but note Luiseno pikawut “snake species”, should yield Ca. pikawet, but Merriam is consistent about po-. Perhaps pukawet? Gopher or bull snake inheritance *piCka-wɨ Cupan Cannot be S2013 (Stubbs 2009:280) which yields paxa, not paka same derived puka-wə-t snake.sp-augmentative-npn -ʔaʃ "pet" possessive classifier for animals http://www.archive.org/stream/bancroft_chartmerriam_1556_60#page/n251/mode/2up, p. 267 no info 2 2 no info no info no info no info 0 0 Southern Canada to Mexico diverse habitats no
Esselen Pituophis catenifer missing missing missing 2 2 0 0 0 no
Gabrielino Pituophis catenifer yŭ-ē't tah-hoor 72-79 , 60-429 ˈjo:ʔit ˈta:hur “big snake” Gopher Snake inheritance *tahu- Northern Uto-Aztecan Kitanemuk tahuchr; S2015 (Stubbs 2009:280) same phrase ˈjo:ʔi-t ˈta:hu-r big-npn snake-npn -ʔaʧ “pet possessive classifier for animals ta:hur http://www.archive.org/stream/bancroft_chartmerriam_1556_60#page/n415/mode/2up; p. 429 no info 2 2 McC p. 116 no info hunted all no info 0 0 Southern Canada to Mexico Diverse habitats no
Iipay 'Aa Pituophis catenifer ɂewiiyaq gopher snake unique Contains Proto-Y “snake” same phrase ɂewii-yaq snake-lies? Couro & Hutcheson 1973 2 2 0 0 0 no
Kawaiisu Pituophis catenifer kogo gopher snake inheritance *koNwa Proto-Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 2009 (this development is Numic) same underived Zigmond et al. 2 2 0 0 0 no
Kiliwa Pituophis catenifer missing missing missing 2 2 0 0 0 no
Kitanemuk Pituophis catenifer tahuč ˈtahuʧr snake sp. (gopher snake?) inheritance *tahu- Northern Uto-Aztecan S2015 (Stubbs 2009:280) same other complex ˈtahu-ʧr snake-npn -ʔacit "pet" possessive classifier for animals hɨŋt Anderton 1988:511 no info 2 2 no info no info no info no info 0 0 Southern Canada to Mexico Diverse habitats no
Lake Miwok Pituophis catenifer 7áşkajak gopher snake (Merriam confirms) unique relative clause “one who gets angry under 7a$kaj Callaghan 1965 2 2 0 0 0 no
Luiseño Pituophis catenifer $ithí' şiʹδiɁ gopher snake unique perhaps a loan; I don't know source of /th/ in Lu. same underived no non.possessed.noun suffix -ʔaʃ "pet" possessive classifier; NPN form of noun is ʔaʃla píiqwala (?) Elliott 1999:860 no info 2 2 no info no info no info no info 0 0 Southern Canada to Mexico diverse habitats no
Maidu Pituophis catenifer yep-po'-nim hoos'-kum gopher or bull snake unique second element is probably same as “snake” word in 53 phrase X snake Merriam 57:49 2 2 0 0 0 no
Mojave Pituophis catenifer ɂave thii gopher snake inheritance Colorado River Yuman Contains P-Y snake word; note Yuma ah-vā-se' same phrase snake drink Munro et al.1992 2 2 0 0 0 no
Mutsun Pituophis catenifer ko:Tehwa big snake sp. (gopher or bull snake? Merriam confirms) inheritance Yok-Utian Cf. Pynim *xo:THongiTH (and *ko:langkHil “king snake”), Pmis *ho.tong-ja- Callaghan 1997:60 other complex -wa is "serpent" suffix O p. 142 Okrand 1977:142 2 2 0 0 0 no
Nisenan Pituophis catenifer ho:tot' bull snake unique reduplicated 2 2 0 0 0 no
Northern Paiute Pituophis catenifer tuuhaba bullsnake' (Y) bullsnake (M:Gopher or bull snake for form in “notes” with haba) unique same phrase tuu- probably “black”; haba is some kind of “snake” word that I can't find any cognates for (based on Merriam's Walker Lake form, see notes) Merriam 61:147 2 2 0 0 0 no
Northern Sierra Miwok Pituophis catenifer lo:pa:Ti- gopher snake inheritance Sierra Miwokan only In Mics other complex -Ti 2 2 0 0 0 no
Plains Miwok Pituophis catenifer wak:a:li- gopher or bull snake (CHM cited in CC) inheritance Miwokan Bodega Dic says is Miwokan but has no reconstruction, and I find none in other sources underived Callaghan 1984 2 2 0 0 0 no
Salinan A Pituophis catenifer shă-num'-kŭs Gopher or bull snake unique Salinan phrase probably phrasal but no hope of analysis Merriam 55:379 2 2 0 0 0 no
Salinan M Pituophis catenifer sha-num'-kul, shă-num'-kŭs gopher or bull snake unique Salinan other complex probably prhasal but translation impossible Merriam 55:377 2 2 0 0 0 no
Seri (Comcaac) Pituophis catenifer cocaznáacöl gopher snake unique same phrase cocazni “viper” aacöi “grande” Comcaac Dictionary 197 2 2 0 0 0 no
Serrano Pituophis catenifer kuk-kort'R, kr'-krKT gopher or bull snake inheritance *koNwa- Uto-Aztecan S2009 (Stubbs 2008:279) other complex -t NPN Merriam 60-109 2 2 0 0 0 no
Southern Paiute Pituophis catenifer ogompɨtsI bull-snake (general term, apparently, for non-venomous snakes that resemble rattlesnakes but are without rattles) unique broader (diverse large snakes) other complex has -pɨtsI ABS Sapir 1930:595 2 2 0 0 0 no
Southern Sierra Miwok Pituophis catenifer hik:a7-jaH- gopher snake unique other complex -jaH theme 2 2 0 0 0 no
Southern Ute Pituophis catenifer qóxO bull-snake inheritance *koNwa Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 2009 (2008:279); this word for “bullsnake” is just Numic, though (T. Shoshone, Kawaiisu koko (loaned???) same underived Givon 1979 2 2 0 0 0 no
Tübatulabal Pituophis catenifer tüpappul tɨbaˈpul gopher snake unique same derived tɨbaˈ-pu-l snake.sp-deriv.suffix-npn (tɨ-ba is probably rock-on historically tuhhatt Hill 2010:95 no info 2 2 no reptiles eaten (Voegelin 1938:6) no info N/A N/A N/A 0 0 Southern Canada to Mexico Diverse habitats no
Tümpisa Shoshone Pituophis catenifer kokoppüh bull snake inheritance *koNwa Proto-Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 2009 (2008:279); this development is Numic same other complex koko-ppüh snake-CL ppüh Dayley 1989:59 2 2 0 0 0 no
Wappo Pituophis catenifer hána:koTa bullsnake (CHM confirms 52:577) inheritance Yukian-Wappo Yukian *hunk'an'; note Mutsun ko:Tehwa phrase elements unknown Sawyer 1965 2 2 0 0 0 no
Washo Pituophis catenifer 7awahó:p'i gopher or bull snake unique phrase elements unknown Merriam 55:311; WPD 2 2 0 0 0 no
Western Mono Pituophis catenifer pasiGoqA gopher snake unique Note Sh pasinkokon “water snake”, pa- clearly water here, but may be “big” in bull snake. No clue what the *siN- is. There is a *sinawi southern form. -Goqa is the *koNwa snake word without the Numic to- same derived I think the pa- is visible to speakers, but the rest is probably unanalyzable except historically toGoqa “snake” Bethel et al.:130 no info 2 2 no info no info no info no info 0 0 no
Wintu Pituophis catenifer moroqp'eh bullsnake (CHM confirms) unique relative clause moroq “to move, quiver” is a Wintun cognate Pitkin 1985 2 2 0 0 0 no
Yavapai Pituophis catenifer hàtᶏmā·la a squiggle is a subdot gopher snake unique unknown Shaterian 1983 2 2 0 0 0 no
Yokuts Palewyami Pituophis catenifer missing missing missing 2 2 0 0 0 no
Yokuts Yawdanchi Pituophis catenifer hû'cudètc gopher snake inheritance *xo:ThongiTh (?) Nim-Yokuts Callaghan 1937:60, compare Pmis ho.tang-ja:; I think the Yawd form here is a cognate same other complex huc-udetch “hoosh-sayer” K 1907:234 Kroeber 1961:212 (241) 2 2 0 0 0 no
Yokuts Yowlumne Pituophis catenifer koTònot, go:Tonit gopher snake inheritance *xo:ThongiTh (?) Nim-Yokuts Callaghan 1937:60, compare Pmis ho:tang-la: same underived probably complex but unanalyzable given available materials Kroeber 1961:212 2 2 0 0 0 no
Yuki Pituophis catenifer ol-lool' MWO (p. 97), a:lula' LF bull snake, gopher snake inheritance *ollul Yukian Schlichter 1985; *7ol-lul (tree fat) also Yukian; Wappo hána:koTa “bullsnake” compound tree-fat; LF form has animate -a7 Sawyer & Schlichter 1984 2 2 0 0 0 no
Yuma Pituophis catenifer ah-vā-se' Gopher or bull snake (Pityophis) inheritance Colorado River Yuman only Note Mojave ɂave thii; so CR unknown Merriam 61:463 2 2 0 0 0 no