gray ground squirrel

Semantic Field
flora-fauna
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
Meaning Portuguese

Languages

Language Linnean Name Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Range of Term Word Structure Word Structure Notes Classifier Classifier Notes Hypernym Source Association with Social Categories Ritual/Mythologically Significant Ritual Notes Food Source Food Notes Medicinal Medicinal Notes How Collected Who Collects How Prepared Psychotropic Psychotropic Notes Traded Trade Notes Distribution Habitat Dangerous Ethnobiology Notes Species Notes General Notes Created By
Bankalachi Toloim Sphermophilus sp. po/-hot Gray ground squirrel (Spermophilus sp. (in pencil at 60-451: weasel?) loan Yokuts Yowlumne po'-hal; po'-hol; po-hahl; Wikchamni po-hōd'; bo'-had; po'-had; bo-hot (cognate so PNY) same underived C. H. Merriam, 72-77; 60-451 2 1 0 0 0 no
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone Sphermophilus sp. tseep' (RV, pencil at RM with ??; tsippih duckwater 291 Gray ground squirrel (Citellus beecheyi group) inheritance *cippi Numic Stubbs 2098b (2008:289) same underived perhaps sound-imititive originally Merriam 61:69 2 1 0 0 0 no
Cahuilla Sphermophilus sp. sísilʸ ˈsisiʎ chipmunk (see species notes) inheritance Proto-Takic *soso > Chumash ʃoʃo “chipmunk, flying squirrel” WW %sik unclear other complex sisi-ly -7aʃ "pet" animal is -7ash; the meat is with a meat classifier, usually -sex7a “cooked item” or -wa7 “roasted item” (Seiler 1977:304-5) Seiler & Hioki 1979:186 no info 2 1 no info hunted Men boiled, roasted 0 0 North America woodlands no
Central Sierra Miwok Sphermophilus sp. Tičá:šy- California ground squirrel inheritance Sierra Miwokan only Also in Miss as per Merriam other complex -y nominalizer Freeland & Broadbent 1960 2 1 0 0 0 no
Chemehuevi Sphermophilus sp. sikútsI Gray ground squirrel (Citellus beecheyi group) loan into protolanguage *sika (wV) Proto-Northern Uto-Aztecan Gabrielino Stubbs 2094a; I think transparently unitable with his S. Numic *sikkuC (2008:288); an old loan WW %sik same other complex has -ci ABS Merriam 59:523 2 1 0 0 0 no
Chumash Barbareno Sphermophilus sp. pistuk squirrel inheritance Also in Ventureno underived Heizer/Pinart I:57 2 1 0 0 0 no
Chumash Ineseno Sphermophilus sp. ʔemet' ground squirrel (Merriam 55:5 confirms Citellus beecheyi) inheritance *emet', em'et' Proto-Chumash Klar 1977:110 underived Applegate 212 2 1 0 0 0 no
Chumash Obispeno Sphermophilus sp. teme' ground squirrel inheritance *emet', em'et' Proto-Chumash Klar 1977:110 other complex t- Klar 1977;110 2 1 0 0 0 no
Chumash Ventureno Sphermophilus sp. pistuk Gray ground squirrel, Citellus beecheyi group inheritance Also in Barbareno underived Merriam 55:37; JPH III:91:0133 2 1 0 0 0 no
Cocopa Sphermophilus sp. ci·š roundtail ground squirrel (Citellus tereticaudus) inheritance Proto-Yuman Mojave ɂatiis same underived Crawford 1989 2 1 0 0 0 no
Comanche Sphermophilus sp. ewa kɨɨpi? ground squirrel inheritance *iNkwa Numic Stubbs 2099 (2008:289) same finite clause? ground.squirrel bite-er?? Robinson & Armagost 1990:161 2 1 0 0 0 no
Cupeño Sphermophilus sp. qingish ˈqiŋiʃ squirrel inheritance *koŋi- Northern Uto-Aztecan S2092 (Stubbs 2009:288) same other complex ˈqiŋi-ʃ varmint-npn (see ethnobiological notes) -ʔaʃ "pet" possessive classifier for animals Hill & Nolasquez 1973:170 no info 2 1 no info hunted men diverse preparations 0 0 North America diverse habitats no
Esselen Sphermophilus sp. mexe, he:x ground squirrel loan Costanoan 1986:699 notes (h)e:x in Costanoan; appears in all Costanoan in Kroeber, Pinart underived Shaul 1995:227 2 1 0 0 0 no
Gabrielino Sphermophilus sp. xo:ngit ˈxo:ŋit ardilla loan *koŋi- Serrano or Kitanemuk vowel is wrong, should have e: as in Luiseno. May just be Mrs. Rosenmyre slipping into the wrong language. same other complex ˈxo:ŋi-t ground.squirrel-npn -ʔaʧ "pet" possessive classifier for animals Harrington 543, 548, etc. no info 2 1 McC p. 116 no info hunted men roasted, boiled, bones ground 0 0 North America Diverse habitats no
Iipay 'Aa Sphermophilus sp. ɂehmaall ground squirrel; Merriam Gray ground squirrel, Citellus beecheyi group (55:201) inheritance Proto-Yuman Kiliwa xmaal same underived Couro & Hutcheson 1973 2 1 0 0 0 no
Kawaiisu Sphermophilus sp. Ɂewu-ci ground squirrel inheritance *iCkwa/*iNkwa Proto-Numic Stubbs 2099 (2008:289) same other complex Ɂewu-ci ground. squirrel-ABS Zigmond et al. 2 1 0 0 0 no
Kiliwa Sphermophilus sp. nway mexican ground squirrel (Spermophilus tridecemlineatus) inheritance Proto-Yuman probably related to MOUSE (Kiliwa waay; cf. Colorado River ?avee) same underived Mixco 1985 2 1 0 0 0 no
Kitanemuk Sphermophilus sp. koŋit ˈkoŋit squirrel sp.: probably Nelson's Antelope Squirrel inheritance *koŋi- Northern Uto-Aztecan S2092 (Stubbs 2009:288) same other complex ˈkoŋi-t ground.squirrel-npn -ʔacit "pet" possessive classifier for animals Anderton 1988:361 no info 2 1 no info hunted men roasted, boiled, bones ground, diverse preparations 0 0 North America Diverse habitats no
Lake Miwok Sphermophilus sp. cíTe ground squirrel inheritance Pmiw only Bodega Dic ; Note Wappo cihma ?? underived Callaghan 1965 2 1 0 0 0 no
Luiseño Sphermophilus sp. qéengish ʹqe:ŋiʃ ground squirrel inheritance *koŋi- Northern Uto-Aztecan S2092 (Stubbs 2009:288) same other complex ʹqe:ŋi-ʃ ground.squirrel-non.possessed.noun Elliott 1999:804 This is the real name of the 'anooyam “Coyote” tribal group (today “King” JHH) 2 1 no info hunted men broiling on coals (Sparkman 1908:199) 0 0 North America diverse habitats no
Maidu Sphermophilus sp. hiló ground squirrel (CHM confirms Citellus beecheyi) inheritance Maiduan Ultan 1964:368 #332 no reconstruction proposed underived Shipley 1963 2 1 0 0 0 no
Mojave Sphermophilus sp. ɂatiis ground squirrel, gopher inheritance Proto-Yuman C. ci·š same underived Munro et al.1992 2 1 0 0 0 no
Mutsun Sphermophilus sp. 7e:h squirrel (Merriam confirms Gray Ground squirrel Merriam 55:405) inheritance Costanoan Shaul 1986:699 gives in all C; also Esselen he:x underived Okrand 1977:333 2 1 0 0 0 no
Nisenan Sphermophilus sp. hiləw ground squirrel inheritance Maiduan Ultan 1964:368 #332 no reconstruction proposed underived Uldall & Shipley 1966 2 1 0 0 0 no
Northern Paiute Sphermophilus sp. ō'dĕgoo'-bah; ō'-re-kŭ-bah Gray ground squirrel (Citellus beecheyi group) unique unknown Merriam 61:135 2 1 0 0 0 no
Northern Sierra Miwok Sphermophilus sp. 7upuksu-, 7opuksu- ground squirrel (Merriam confirms gray ground squirrel 57:419 inheritance Eastern Miwokan This is a “critter” word -- also in this meaning in Miss, Mip underived Callaghan 1987 2 1 0 0 0 no
Plains Miwok Sphermophilus sp. 7opuk, 7upuksu- ground squirrel inheritance Eastern Miwokan In Mins, Miss underived Callaghan 1984 2 1 0 0 0 no
Salinan A Sphermophilus sp. šomk'óm' squirrel (Merriam confirms Gray ground squirrel) unique Salinan underived Mason 1918:125; Turner 1980:84 2 1 0 0 0 no
Salinan M Sphermophilus sp. samkó'm squirrel (Merriam confirms Gray Ground squirrel 55:367) unique Salinan underived Mason 1918:125 2 1 0 0 0 no
Seri (Comcaac) Sphermophilus sp. ziix cozíp round-tailed ground squirrel (Sphermophilus tereticaudus unique same relative clause cosa que besa Comcaac Dictionary 622 2 1 0 0 0 no
Serrano Sphermophilus sp. kĕr'-rum; kŭr'-runt, kŭr-rumpt gray ground squirrel unique Could this be just 17 in CHM's interpretation? other complex -t NPN Merriam 72-27, 60-97 2 1 0 0 0 no
Southern Paiute Sphermophilus sp. sikutsI Squirrel (Merriam: Gray ground squirrel (Citellus beecheyi group) loan into protolanguage *sika(wV) Proto-Northern Uto-Aztecan unknown Stubbs 2094a (2008:288), I think transparently unitable with these S. Numic forms WW %sik same other complex has -tsi ABS Sapir 1930:657 2 1 0 0 0 no
Southern Sierra Miwok Sphermophilus sp. hac:i-c:Y-meH; TicaHn-, Yicik-Hna-, Ticici-, wuje-t-7ucaH; 7upuksi- ground squirrel (Merriam has te-chah'-sŏ 57:551) inheritance Eastern Miwokan Merriam form also in Mics; 7up form also in Mins, Mip underived Broadbent 1964: 2 1 0 0 0 no
Southern Ute Sphermophilus sp. ?akwísi-kų-cI squirrel inheritance *sika(wV) Northern Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 2094a (2008:288), I think transparently unitable with southern Numic siku same phrase chipmunk-squirrel-abs. Givon's segmentation is wrong as shown by etymology, should be ?akwí-sikų-cI Givon 1979 2 1 0 0 0 no
Tübatulabal Sphermophilus sp. tsawānünt ʦawa:ˈnɨnt Gray squirrel, Scurius griseus unique same other complex ʦawa:ˈnɨn-t ground.squirrel-npn (root may have derivation) Hill 2010:90 no info 2 1 no info hunted men roasted on coals, bones ground 0 0 North America Diverse habitats no
Tümpisa Shoshone Sphermophilus sp. engwü squirrel sp.(with long fluffy tail and white neck) (word matches Merriam's Spermophilus form) inheritance *iCkwa/*iNkwa Proto-Numic Stubbs 2099 (2008:289) same underived Dayley 1989:13 2 1 0 0 0 no
Wappo Sphermophilus sp. cíhma squirrel, ground squirrel (CHM confirms 52:565) loan Pomo Pn čimát' “tree squirrel”; Pomo *ku:maT' “squirrel” McLendon 1973:92 underived Sawyer 1965 2 1 0 0 0 no
Washo Sphermophilus sp. bá:sat gray ground squirrel (red squirrel in WPD) unique underived Merriam 55:299; WPD 2 1 0 0 0 no
Western Mono Sphermophilus sp. Ek'-wah, ek'-wă; ekwɨ voiceless final Gray ground squirrel (Citellus beecheyi group) (Merriam), (golden-mantled) ground squirrel (Spermophilus lateralis) Bethel inheritance *iCkwa/*iNkwa Proto-Numic Stubbs 2099 (2008:289) same underived Merriam 59:69; Bethel et al. 19 no info 2 1 no info hunted men no info 0 0 no
Wintu Sphermophilus sp. Lat ground squirrel (CHM confirms at 56:67 in “Ono wintu, Wintu proper”) inheritance *L'et Wintun Shepherd 2005 underived Pitkin 1985 2 1 0 0 0 no
Yavapai Sphermophilus sp. hmílta Harris ground squirrel unique Probably chipmunk -big unknown Shaterian 1983 2 1 0 0 0 no
Yokuts Palewyami Sphermophilus sp. šaxtʱil squirrel; ground squirrel in Kroeber 1961:200 loan into protolanguage *şixthil/*şixi:thal Yokutsan Yok-Utian Callaghan 1937:38, compare Pmiw *čiTe, and similar costanoan forms in sich, chich WW %sik same underived Gamble 1991 (from Harrington) 2 1 0 0 0 no
Yokuts Yawdanchi Sphermophilus sp. bohad ground squirrel (Merriam confirms 58:359) inheritance Nim-Yokuts Yawd, Wik, also Yawl in my data same underived Kroeber 1961:200 2 1 0 0 0 no
Yokuts Yowlumne Sphermophilus sp. şitxil ground squirrel (Merriam confirms po:hal Citellus beecheyi group Gray ground squirrel loan into protolanguage *şixthil/*şixi:thal Yokutsan Callagan 1997:38 compare Pmiw *čiTe, and similar costanoan forms in sich, chich WW %sik same underived Kroeber 1961:200 2 1 0 0 0 no
Yuki Sphermophilus sp. šišąl' F gray ground squirrel (CHM confirms) loan *šiš, *šiša Yukian unknown Schlichter 1985 WW %sik underived Sawyer & Schlichter 1984 2 1 0 0 0 no
Yuma Sphermophilus sp. ă-tees' Ground squirrel (Citellus tereticauda) inheritance Proto-Yuman C. ci·š unknown Merriam 61:451 2 1 0 0 0 no