horned toad

Semantic Field
flora-fauna
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
Meaning Portuguese

Languages

Language Linnean Name Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Range of Term Word Structure Word Structure Notes Classifier Classifier Notes Hypernym Source Association with Social Categories Ritual/Mythologically Significant Ritual Notes Food Source Food Notes Medicinal Medicinal Notes How Collected Who Collects How Prepared Psychotropic Psychotropic Notes Traded Trade Notes Distribution Habitat Dangerous Ethnobiology Notes Species Notes General Notes Created By
Bankalachi Toloim Phrynosomatidae chis-pah'-pŏ Horned toad loan Yokuts Yowlumne cheet'-pah'-po, Palewyami chēch-pah'-bo (so Proto-Yokutsan) same underived C. H. Merriam 72-79, 60-463 2 2 2 0 0 no
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone Phrynosomatidae mahaccianka, maccinkipo Horned toad (Phrynosoma) inheritance *makaCta Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 1333 (2008:202) same underived must be complex etymologically Crapo 1976:143 2 2 2 0 0 no
Cahuilla Phrynosomatidae čálaka ˈʧalaka horned toad inheritance *ˈʧalaka Cupan S1332(Stubbs 2009;202). This may be a loan word. Serrano chilyaaqu “lizard sp.” and Kitanemuk ciruku' are clearly resemblant but not regularly so. Not a Yuman, Yokuts, or Chumash word. same underived non-possessed noun suffix is absent. -7aʃ “pet” possessive classifier -7aʃ (probably) Seiler&Hioki 1979:22 no info 2 Moon gaves lizards their colors; they are her paintings (Seiler 1970:44) 2 no info hunted women boiled, roasted 0 0 Western US and Mexico Hot, dry, sandy areas no
Central Sierra Miwok Phrynosomatidae 7et:ek:iliwa- horned toad inheritance Eastern Miwokan Also in Mins, Mip underived must be etymologically complex Freeland & Broadbent 1960 2 2 2 0 0 no
Chemehuevi Phrynosomatidae mah-kah'-tsets ma'kacicI Horned toad (Phrynosoma) inheritance *makaCta Proto-Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 1333 (2008:202) same other complex ma'kaci-cI horned.toad-ABS (ma- may be “hand” IP) Merriam 59:535 2 2 2 0 0 no
Chumash Barbareno Phrynosomatidae enekeyey'e horned toad inheritance Central Chumash only also in Ineseno; this looks oddly like the Eastern Miwokan word etekiliwa (approxminate rendering). reduplicated Beeler 1978:175 2 2 2 0 0 no
Chumash Ineseno Phrynosomatidae ʔana-mekeyeye > ʔenemekeyeye horned toad (Merriam confirms 55;17) inheritance Central Chumash only Also in Barbareno reduplicated 7al- Applegate 195 2 2 2 0 0 no
Chumash Obispeno Phrynosomatidae missing missing missing 2 2 2 0 0 no
Chumash Ventureno Phrynosomatidae an-tim'-men kā-yā-yă horned toad unique Central Chumash only phrase Merriam 55:49 2 2 2 0 0 no
Cocopa Phrynosomatidae cxnyaş horned toad unique same underived Crawford 1989 A Cocopa totem (Crawford) 2 2 2 0 0 no
Comanche Phrynosomatidae kuhtsu tɨbini? toad, horned toad unique same finite clause? buffalo questions (??) Robinson & Armagost 1990:161 2 2 2 0 0 no
Cupeño Phrynosomatidae chalaka ʧaˈlaka horned lizard inheritance *ˈʧalaka Cupan S1332(Stubbs 2009;202). This may be a loan word. Serrano chilyaaqu “lizard sp.” and Kitanemuk ciruku' are clearly resemblant but not regularly so. Not found in Yuman. same underived note no npn -ʔaʃ "pet" possessive classifier for animals Hill & Nolasquez 1973:152 no info 2 2 no info no info no info no info 0 0 Western U.S. and Mexico hot, dry, sandy areas no
Esselen Phrynosomatidae missing missing missing 2 2 2 0 0 no
Gabrielino Phrynosomatidae char'-row'-ă-hoCH ʧaˈrawaxaʔ (?) Horned toad loan Cupan Note Cupan *ˈʧalaka; ultimate source obscure, not Yuman same underived no npn -ʔaʧ “pet possessive classifier for animals http://www.archive.org/stream/bancroft_chartmerriam_1556_60#page/n415/mode/2up; p. 429 no info 2 Horned Toad doctored Wuyot in Lu. story, probably in Gab. too 2 considered disgusting (McC p. 117) no info N/A N/A N/A 0 0 Western U.S. and Mexico hot, dry, sandy areas no
Iipay 'Aa Phrynosomatidae hasuyan horned toad unique same underived might have ha- “water” etymologically Couro & Hutcheson 1973 2 2 2 0 0 no
Kawaiisu Phrynosomatidae makaca-zi horned toad inheritance *makaCta Proto-Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 1333 (2008:202) same other complex makaca-zi horned.toad-ABS (ma- may be “hand” IP) Zigmond et al. 2 2 2 0 0 no
Kiliwa Phrynosomatidae kw+x?yaan-p Horned toad unique same relative clause kw+x?yaan-p REL-?-(MEDIO)-PASSIVE Mixco 1985 2 2 2 0 0 no
Kitanemuk Phrynosomatidae nakarakara ˈnakarakara chameleon unique same reduplicated nakara-kara horned.toad-dup (?) -ʔacit "pet" possessive classifier for animals Anderton 1988:418 no info 2 2 no info no info no info no info 0 0 Western U.S. and Mexico hot, dry, sandy areas no
Lake Miwok Phrynosomatidae missing missing missing 2 2 2 0 0 no
Luiseño Phrynosomatidae chaláka tʃaʹlaka horned toad inheritance *ˈʧalaka Cupan S1332(Stubbs 2009;202). This may be a loan word. Serrano chilyaaqu “lizard sp.” and Kitanemuk ciruku' are clearly resemblant but not regularly so. Not in Yuman. same underived note absence of non.possessed.noun suffix; might be a loan -ʔaʃ "pet" possessive classifier; NPN form of noun is ʔaʃla Elliott 1999:238 no info 2 Horned Toad doctored Wuyot (E, S, etc.); in a season song for Nemoyil “North the horned toad bears young” Kroeber 1925:658 2 lizards not eaten no info N/A N/A N/A 0 0 Western U.S. and Mexico Hot, dry, sandy areas no
Maidu Phrynosomatidae missing missing missing 2 2 2 0 0 no
Mojave Phrynosomatidae ɂamat koqviithk horned toad unique same phrase ɂamat “earth”; koqviithk only in this name Munro et al.1992 2 2 2 0 0 no
Mutsun Phrynosomatidae o-shesH-kin horned toad unique other complex morphology unknown Merriam 55:417 2 2 2 0 0 no
Nisenan Phrynosomatidae 7okopejpej horned toad unique compound, reduplicated 7oko, -pej meanings unknown Uldall & Shipley 1966 2 2 2 0 0 no
Northern Paiute Phrynosomatidae magatza'a Horned toad (Phrynosoma) inheritance *makaCta Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 1333 (2008;202) same underived probably etymologically some kind of compound form Yerington Dictionary 2 2 2 0 0 no
Northern Sierra Miwok Phrynosomatidae 7et:ek:iliw:a-, 7et:ekilim:a- horned toad inheritance Eastern Miwokan Also in Mics, Mip underived must be etymologically complex Callaghan 1987 2 2 2 0 0 no
Plains Miwok Phrynosomatidae 7et:ekiliw:a- horned toad inheritance Eastern Miwokan In Mins, Mics underived surely complex etymologically but no hint anywhere as to how Callaghan 1984 2 2 2 0 0 no
Salinan A Phrynosomatidae swah'-kah-kah' horned toad unique Salinan reduplicated Merriam 55:379 2 2 2 0 0 no
Salinan M Phrynosomatidae swah'-kah-kah' horned toad unique Salinan reduplicated Merriam 55:379 2 2 2 0 0 no
Seri (Comcaac) Phrynosomatidae hant coáaxoj regal horned lizard, Phrynosoma solare unique same phrase hant “earth” -- other element only in this form Comcaac Dictionary 327 2 2 2 0 0 no
Serrano Phrynosomatidae tupar7xoriñi; typar7qRiñi (58 horned toad (CHM confirms 60:109) unique phrase note qRi:ñiñi “dragonfly” (p. 58); I have no idea what this means, insufficient lexical information KCHill ms 2001:8 2 2 2 0 0 no
Southern Paiute Phrynosomatidae paqatcatsI Horned toad (Phrynosoma) inheritance *makaCta Proto-Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 1333 (2008:202); here this has been folk-etymologized with initial pa-, not ma- same other complex has -tsi ABS Sapir 1930:604 2 2 2 0 0 no
Southern Sierra Miwok Phrynosomatidae cotpo:po- horned toad loan Yokuts Note Yokutsan chichpaapu in all Merriam lists reduplicated Broadbent 1964: 2 2 2 0 0 no
Southern Ute Phrynosomatidae maqác?ą-cI horned toad inheritance *makaCta Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 1333 (2008:202) same other complex has -ci ABS Givon 1979 2 2 2 0 0 no
Tübatulabal Phrynosomatidae mah-kah-seet' 72-79, 60-497 ma:kaˈsit (?) horned toad loan Kawaiisu S1333 *makaCta (Stubbs 2009:202) have all attestations in Numic. Kawaiisu makaca-zi seems like an excellent candidate for source word same other complex ma:kaˈsi-t horned.toad-npn http://www.archive.org/stream/bancroft_chartmerriam_1556_60#page/n479/mode/2up; p. 497 no info 2 2 no reptiles eaten (Voegelin 1938:6) no info N/A N/A N/A 0 0 Western U.S. and Mexico hot, dry, sandy areas no
Tümpisa Shoshone Phrynosomatidae mahittsakkaa horned toad inheritance *makaCta Proto-Uto-Aztecan Problematic etymology but clearly related to forms in Stubbs 1333 (2008:202) same underived mahittsakkaa surely a complex form -- ma- “with hand”??? Dayley 1989:90 2 2 2 0 0 no
Wappo Phrynosomatidae missing missing missing 2 2 2 0 0 no
Washo Phrynosomatidae tah'-ge de-soo'-sĕ horned toad unique phrase Merriam 55:311 2 2 2 0 0 no
Western Mono Phrynosomatidae toGoqatai'nupI horned toad (lizard) unique Includes word for “snake”, toGoqa same derived toGoqA “snake”, plus unanalyzable material -pi Bethel et al.231 no info 2 2 1 Merriam 59:81: “catch by tail & hold against forehead, cure headache hunted all no info 0 0 no
Wintu Phrynosomatidae missing missing missing 2 2 2 0 0 no
Yavapai Phrynosomatidae tlkʷăm breve is hachek horned toad unique unknown Shaterian 1983 2 2 2 0 0 no
Yokuts Palewyami Phrynosomatidae chēch-pah'-bo horned toad inheritance Yokutsan Merriam has this form everywhere same underived probably etymologically complex but elements have no obvious analysis Merriam 58:529 2 2 2 0 0 no
Yokuts Yawdanchi Phrynosomatidae djitcpaapu horned toad inheritance Yokutsan Merriam has this form in lists for every subgroup of Yokutsan same underived must be complex etymologically Kroeber 1907:242 2 2 2 0 0 no
Yokuts Yowlumne Phrynosomatidae cheet'-pah'-po horned toad inheritance Yokutsan Merriam has this form in lists for every subgroup of Yokutsan same underived probably complex but unanalyzable given available materials Merriam 58:561 2 2 2 0 0 no
Yuki Phrynosomatidae missing missing missing 2 2 2 0 0 no
Yuma Phrynosomatidae met'-kwin'-ne-ask' Horned toad (Phrynosoma) inheritance Note Cocopa cxnyaş which seems to end with same element but is simplex in Cocopa unknown Merriam 61:463 2 2 2 0 0 no