manzanita

Semantic Field
flora-fauna
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
Meaning Portuguese

Languages

Language Linnean Name Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Range of Term Word Structure Word Structure Notes Classifier Classifier Notes Hypernym Source Association with Social Categories Ritual/Mythologically Significant Ritual Notes Food Source Food Notes Medicinal Medicinal Notes How Collected Who Collects How Prepared Psychotropic Psychotropic Notes Traded Trade Notes Distribution Habitat Dangerous Ethnobiology Notes Species Notes General Notes Created By
Bankalachi Toloim Arctostaphylos spp. ap'-troo Manzanita (Arctostaphylos spp.) loan Yokuts Yowlumne ahp-troo; Wikchamni/Yawdanchi ap-troo'; Chukchansi ap'-soo; Proto-NimYokuts *7aphThuw (Golla 1964:63) same underived C. H. Merriam 72-79, 60-467 2 1 1 0 0 no
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone Arctostaphylos spp. missing inheritance missing 2 1 1 0 0 no
Cahuilla Arctostaphylos spp. kélel ˈkelel manzanita, wild apple inheritance *kɨta Takic S1635 (Stubbs 2009:235), revised to accomodate Kitanemuk ˈkɨʧraʧr; note Chumash V tsqoqo'n same other complex kele-l -m-exan-7a "inanimate" -m-exan-7a (inanimate classifer) for plants, -7ay7a "picking" for berries Seiler&Hioki 1979:75 no info 2 1 berries in beverage or jelly, or dried. Seeds for mush. a major food source. A. glandulosa and A. pungens preferred 1 leaves mixed with tobacco or boiled in water to treat diarrhea or poison oak rash gathered (wild) women early-season berries pulped, mixed with water, strained for beverage. Fully ripe berries used for “aspic”. Also sundried and stored. 0 0 Western North America In chaparral, oak chaparral, in lower canyons where villages were located no
Central Sierra Miwok Arctostaphylos spp. 7ej:e- manzanita inheritance Miwokan In Mil, Mip, all Mis JHH underived Freeland & Broadbent 1960 2 1 1 0 0 no
Chemehuevi Arctostaphylos spp. missing missing missing 2 1 1 0 0 no
Chumash Barbareno Arctostaphylos spp. sq'oyon Arctostaphylos spp., manzanita inheritance Central Chumash only Also in Ineseno underived Timbrook 2007:34 2 1 1 0 0 no
Chumash Ineseno Arctostaphylos spp. sq'o'yon Arctostaphlos spp., manzanita inheritance Central Chumash only Central Chumash? Ventureno tsqoqo'n underived Timbrook 2007;34 2 1 1 0 0 no
Chumash Obispeno Arctostaphylos spp. twaja manzanita unique other complex t- Harrington III:1:0261 2 1 1 0 0 no
Chumash Ventureno Arctostaphylos spp. tsqoqo'n Arctostaphylos spp., Manzanita unique Central Chumash? Ineseno, Barbareno tsqo'yon reduplicated Timbrook 2007:34 2 1 1 0 0 no
Cocopa Arctostaphylos spp. missing missing missing 2 1 1 0 0 no
Comanche Arctostaphylos spp. missing missing missing 2 1 1 0 0 no
Cupeño Arctostaphylos spp. kelel ˈkələl manzanita, Arctostaphylos sp. inheritance *kɨta- Takic S1635 (Stubbs 2009:235), revised to accomodate Kitanemuk ˈkɨʧraʧr same (berries have their own name, tatxa'ash) other complex ˈkələ-l manzanita-npn Hill & Nolasquez 1973:158 no info 2 1 berries eaten no info gathered (wild) women and children berries eaten ripe in water as “lemonade”, or dried and stored, 0 0 western North America In chaparral, oak chaparral, in lower canyons no
Esselen Arctostaphylos spp. missing missing missing 2 1 1 0 0 no
Gabrielino Arctostaphylos spp. soo-boo'-cheCH şuˈvu:ʧiy (?) Manzanita unique same other complex şuˈvu:ʧi-y manzanita-npn http://www.archive.org/stream/bancroft_chartmerriam_1556_60#page/n415/mode/2up; p. 435 no info 2 seeds used in rattles (Harrington) 1 berries no info gathered (wild) women and children berries made into lemonade 0 0 Western North America chaparral, edges of woodlands no
Iipay 'Aa Arctostaphylos spp. hesill, haasill Manzanita, Arctostaphylos unique same underived http://www.powayusd.com/projects/kumeyaay/Ethnobotany.htm 2 1 1 0 0 no
Kawaiisu Arctostaphylos spp. kɨɨnarabɨ Arctostaphylos glauca, pringlei inheritance See Cupan *kɨlɨl “manzanita” same other complex kɨɨnara-bɨ manzanita-ABS bɨ, pɨ bɨ, pɨ seem to classify for plants, trees 1981 Zigmond 2 1 1 0 0 no
Kiliwa Arctostaphylos spp. missing missing missing 2 1 1 0 0 no
Kitanemuk Arctostaphylos spp. kɨčač ˈkɨʧraʧr manzanita inheritance *kɨta- Takic I think this is hitherto unnoticed member of S1635, requiring revision of S's reconstruction (Stubbs 2009:235) based on Cupan *kɨlV-l same other complex ˈkɨʧra-ʧr manzanita-npn -niw possessive classifier for things Anderton 1988:355 no info 2 1 1 wash from leaves gathered (wild) women berries used in diverse preparations 0 0 Western North America chaparral, edges of woodlands no
Lake Miwok Arctostaphylos spp. 7éjje7ala manzanita tree inheritance Miwokan Mip 7e:je, Misn 7e:je-, etc. (JHH) phrase manzanita tree Callaghan 1965 2 1 1 0 0 no
Luiseño Arctostaphylos spp. kóolul ʹko:lul manzanita; Bright: Arctostaphylos glauca inheritance *kɨta- Takic S1635 (Stubbs 2009:235), revised to accomodate Kitanemuk ˈkɨʧraʧr same other complex ʹko:lu-l manzanita-non.possessed.noun Elliott 1999:400 A family name (Elliott) 2 seeds of this plant put in the paa'ayat, ritual rattle (Harrington) 1 berries no info gathered (wild) women berries ground into meal, mixed with water and eaten without cooking (Sparkman 1908:195) 0 0 Western North America In chaparral, edges of woodlands no
Maidu Arctostaphylos spp. 7ékpy large bushy manzanita (in 2 binomials also; also tótto w/ 3 binomials) unique Callaghan 2001:324 notes Pyokuts *7apTHuw “manzanita”, so a possible “Penutian” form underived Shipley 1963 2 1 1 0 0 no
Mojave Arctostaphylos spp. missing missing missing 2 1 1 0 0 no
Mutsun Arctostaphylos spp. choo-tush; chook-toosh; choo-toor JPH per CHM Manzanita (Arctostaphylos sp.) unique underived Merriam 55:421 2 1 1 0 0 no
Nisenan Arctostaphylos spp. mok'os big manzanita (also koto, berries best CHM Merriam 57:247 unique underived Uldall & Shipley 1966 2 1 1 0 0 no
Northern Paiute Arctostaphylos spp. kodabi/ɨɂ manzanita unique same other complex has pɨ ABS (in Burns) Thornes 2003:106 2 1 1 0 0 no
Northern Sierra Miwok Arctostaphylos spp. 7e:je- manzanita, manzanita berries inheritance Miwokan JHH underived Callaghan 1987 2 1 1 0 0 no
Plains Miwok Arctostaphylos spp. 7e:je- manzanita tree inheritance *e:je- Miwokan In Mil, Mis JHH underived Callaghan 1984 2 1 1 0 0 no
Salinan A Arctostaphylos spp. paTáx manzanita (Merriam 55:387 confirms A. glauca, hears tr) unique Salinan underived Mason 1918:126; Turner 1980:78 2 1 1 0 0 no
Salinan M Arctostaphylos spp. pă-trahk'; pă' Arctostaphylos glauca unique Salinan underived Merriam 55:387 2 1 1 0 0 no
Seri (Comcaac) Arctostaphylos spp. missing missing missing 2 1 1 0 0 no
Serrano Arctostaphylos spp. kootCH chah, koot'R A. glauca inheritance *kɨta- Takic I think this is hitherto unnoticed member of S1635, requiring revision of S's reconstruction (Stubbs 2009:235) based on Cupan *kɨlV-l other complex -t NPN Merriam 72-29, 60-115 2 1 1 0 0 no
Southern Paiute Arctostaphylos spp. ki'-ap'pe Manzanita (Arctostaphylos viscida) unique same phrase mountain-X-pɨ ABS ? Merriam's Ki-vav-vit 61:373 2 1 1 0 0 no
Southern Sierra Miwok Arctostaphylos spp. 7e:je- manzanita (Merriam's A. viscida; patula is pal-lah'-pah-lah 57:467) inheritance Miwokan Form in Mil, Mip, Mis JHH underived Broadbent 1964: 2 1 1 0 0 no
Southern Ute Arctostaphylos spp. missing missing missing 2 1 1 0 0 no
Tübatulabal Arctostaphylos spp. kü:nal kɨ:ˈnal Arctostaphyllos sp. (manzanita) unique Really ought to be relatable to S1635, Takic *kita- same other complex kɨ:ˈna-l manzanita-npn Hill 2010:2 (English index only) no info 2 1 berries no info gathered (wild) all berries eaten in “lemonade” and other preparations 0 0 Western North America chaparral, edges of woodlands no
Tümpisa Shoshone Arctostaphylos spp. küttaappüh manzanita inheritance *kɨ(C)taC Proto-Northern Uto-Aztecan see Cupan *kɨlɨl “manzanita” same other complex küttaa “hard”-ppüh CL ppüh Dayley 1989:79 2 1 1 0 0 no
Wappo Arctostaphylos spp. čáno manzanita (CHM confirms A. manzanita 52:583) unique other complex Sawyer 1965 2 1 1 0 0 no
Washo Arctostaphylos spp. k'awá7ya7 manzanita sp. unique underived Merriam 55:315; WPD 2 1 1 0 0 no
Western Mono Arctostaphylos spp. aposowabi, oposowabi manzanita bush (Arctostaphylos sp.) inheritance *poso Proto-Numic S 194 (2008:65), cf. Kawaiisu poso-vɨ “desert almond” same derived stem may be compound -pi Bethel et al.:7 no info 2 1 berries used to make cider no info gathered (wild) all no info 0 0 no
Wintu Arctostaphylos spp. pʰaqami manzanita tree (CHM A. viscida 56:117 McCloud) unique compound < pʰaqa “manzanita” -mi: “tree” Pitkin 1985 2 1 1 0 0 no
Yavapai Arctostaphylos spp. čmpûk manzanita unique unknown Shaterian 1983 2 1 1 0 0 no
Yokuts Palewyami Arctostaphylos spp. opTo manzanita inheritance *ɂaphThiw Yokutsan Golla 1964:63; Callaghan 2001:325 notes Maidu ?ekpy “large manzanita” same underived Kroeber 1961:199 2 1 1 0 0 no
Yokuts Yawdanchi Arctostaphylos spp. apTu manzanita (Merriam confirms) inheritance *ɂaphThiw Yokutsan Golla 1964:63; Callaghan 2001:325 notes Maidu ?ekpy “large manzanita” same underived Kroeber 1961:199 2 1 1 0 0 no
Yokuts Yowlumne Arctostaphylos spp. apTu, ?apTuw manzanita inheritance *ɂaphThiw Yokutsan Golla 1964:63; Callaghan 2001:325 notes Maidu ?ekpy “large manzanita” same underived Kroeber 1961:199 2 1 1 0 0 no
Yuki Arctostaphylos spp. ku7uč F manzanita inheritance *kuč' Yukian-Wappo Schlichter 1985; Elemendorf 1997:80 Wappo huc'e underived Sawyer & Schlichter 1984 2 1 1 0 0 no
Yuma Arctostaphylos spp. missing missing missing 2 1 1 0 0 no