milkweed, broad leaf

Semantic Field
flora-fauna
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
Meaning Portuguese

Languages

Language Linnean Name Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Range of Term Word Structure Word Structure Notes Classifier Classifier Notes Hypernym Source Association with Social Categories Ritual/Mythologically Significant Ritual Notes Food Source Food Notes Medicinal Medicinal Notes How Collected Who Collects How Prepared Psychotropic Psychotropic Notes Traded Trade Notes Distribution Habitat Dangerous Ethnobiology Notes Species Notes General Notes Created By
Bankalachi Toloim Asclepias eriocarpa sam'-tal Milkweed, broad leaf loan Yokuts Tinlinne Yokuts sam'-tahl same underived C. H. Merriam 72-79, 60-473 2 1 1 0 0 no
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone Asclepias eriocarpa pitsitepuhippeh milkweed inheritance pitsa “milk” puhi “green” unknown 2 1 1 0 0 no
Cahuilla Asclepias eriocarpa kíyal ˈkijal Asclepias sp. inheritance *kɨya- Takic See also Serrano ky7at “gum plant”; not likely a loan (Serrano has lost /y/ as usual) unclear other complex kija-l -m-exan-7a "inanimate" -m-exan-7a (for inanimates; literally "somehow - doing.thus- possessed.noun") Bean & Saubel 1972:43 no info 2 1 for chewing gum. One type eaten as greens, and seeds used, although most are poisonous. Mainly a fiber plant no info gathered (wild) women gum collected in cup and kept overnight or cooked for chewing gum 0 0 California, Baja California, Nevada “Especially dry areas” (Wikipedia) no
Central Sierra Miwok Asclepias eriocarpa missing missing missing 2 1 1 0 0 no
Chemehuevi Asclepias eriocarpa missing missing missing 2 1 1 0 0 no
Chumash Barbareno Asclepias eriocarpa missing missing missing 2 1 1 0 0 no
Chumash Ineseno Asclepias eriocarpa oo-woo'-mo oi'-yo-so' “food of worms” Broad leaf Milkweed unique phrase Merriam 55:27 2 1 1 0 0 no
Chumash Obispeno Asclepias eriocarpa missing missing missing 2 1 1 0 0 no
Chumash Ventureno Asclepias eriocarpa 7usha'ak Asclepias (eriocarpa and fascicularis) unique underived Timbrook 2007:40 2 1 1 0 0 no
Cocopa Asclepias eriocarpa missing missing missing 2 1 1 0 0 no
Comanche Asclepias eriocarpa kumiitsanatsu milkweed unique same underived obviously complex but no help in R&A; may include sana- “gum” ?? But why the initial ts- then?? Robinson & Armagost 1990:166 2 1 1 0 0 no
Cupeño Asclepias eriocarpa wichusel ˈwiʧusal milkweed inheritance *wi(k)-chu Cupan S1796 (Stubbs 2009:253); word for fiber, plus morphology that may be unique to Cupeño broader (includes chewing gum from sap of plant) derived ˈwi-ʧu-sa-l string-make-?-npn (should be synchronically evident given wichu'at “rope”, wichu “to twist string”, etc. Hill & Nolasquez 1973:178 no info 2 1 used for chewing gum no info gathered (wild) women and children sap from plant boiled into gum and colored with flowers; fiber also used 0 0 Califoria, Baja California, Nevada prefers dry areas no
Esselen Asclepias eriocarpa missing missing missing 2 1 1 0 0 no
Gabrielino Asclepias eriocarpa wi:vor ˈwi:vor milkweed; in Merriam, milkweed string semantic shift *wi(k)- Uto-Aztecan note Kitanemuk wivɨʧ “fiber-producing milkweed”, a perfect cognate; S1796 (Stubbs 2009:253) broader (includes plant and fiber) other complex ˈwi:vo-r milkweed-npn (root is probably derived from wi:) -hi:n classifier for worthwhile possessions Harrington 492 no info 2 1 chewing gum no info gathered (wild) women gum squeezed and cooked, plant soaked and fiber stripped 0 0 California and adjacent Nevada and Baja California dry barren areas 200-1900 m (Jepson Herbarium site) no
Iipay 'Aa Asclepias eriocarpa hahCH-im-sahp Broadleaf Milkweed (Asclepias unique same underived a wild guess Merriam 55:223 2 1 1 0 0 no
Kawaiisu Asclepias eriocarpa aviboɁogadɨbɨ Aesclepias erosa unique same derived avi-boɁo-gadɨ-bɨ white.rock-water-having-ABS bɨ, pɨ bɨ, pɨ seem to classify for plants, trees 1981 Zigmond 2 1 chewing gum 1 0 0 no
Kiliwa Asclepias eriocarpa missing missing missing 2 1 1 0 0 no
Kitanemuk Asclepias eriocarpa kacic ˈkaʦiʦ milkweed plant unique Note Gabrielino to-hah'-che-ar' 72-79, 60-439 “chewing gum” in McC p. 247, - I'm interested in the hah'-che part, perhaps xachi- same derived kaci-c “chew-passive.nominative” “chew-ed” -niw possessive classifier for things Anderton 1988:338 no info 2 1 chewing gum from bitter cooked juice no info gathered (wild) women and children extract sap, also use fiber, sap chewed with flower 0 0 California and adjacent Nevada and Baja California dry barren areas 200-1900 m (Jepson Herbarium site) no
Lake Miwok Asclepias eriocarpa múunkaj milkweed? California poppy? muun is “milk” unique other complex -aj Callaghan 1965 2 1 1 0 0 no
Luiseño Asclepias eriocarpa tókmat, tíkmat ʹtokmat white milkweed; Sparkman: Asclepias eriocarpa loan Chumash Note Southern Chumash /tok/ “Apocynum cannabinum”. Milkweed was regarded as the “lesser fiber” so “small tok” is a very likely analysis here. same other complex ʹtokma-t milkweed.sp-non.possessed.noun Elliott 1999:951 no info 2 1 gum no info gathered (wild) women sap collected from cut stems, boiled to coagulate as chewing gum, much esteemed (Sparkman 1908:197) 0 0 California and adjacent Nevada and Baja California dry barren areas 200-1900 m (Jepson Herbarium site) no
Maidu Asclepias eriocarpa poom. om'-poo broad-leaf milkweed inheritance Maiduan Nisenan poo', aw'-poo; note Mins pop:o- other complex -m (same as -im suffix) Merriam 57:59 2 1 1 0 0 no
Mojave Asclepias eriocarpa halapuy milkweed unique same underived Munro et al.1992 2 1 1 0 0 no
Mutsun Asclepias eriocarpa sis'-kah Broadleaf milkweed inheritance Southern Costanoan; Rumsen she-chin 55:459 underived Merriam 55:427 2 1 1 0 0 no
Nisenan Asclepias eriocarpa me-wăh; poo'?; awm'-poo A. eriocarpa inheritance “poo” Maiduan Maidu 'om-poo (CHM) phrase earth-string.plant Merriam 57:251 2 1 1 0 0 no
Northern Paiute Asclepias eriocarpa weha fishing line, string, gum made out of Indian hemp (M: Milkweed, broad leaf (Asclepias) -see “species notes” inheritance ? Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 1796, a very problematic set, but ancient -- string as wi-, the protypical long object??? broader (quite a range of plants and derived stuff, I'm sure a lot of the Yerington data is bad) underived Merriam 61:157 2 1 1 0 0 no
Northern Sierra Miwok Asclepias eriocarpa pop:o- milkweed unique Compare Maiduan *pu:; might be *po: (it's CHM) reduplicated Callaghan 1987 2 1 1 0 0 no
Plains Miwok Asclepias eriocarpa te'-koon Broad-leaf milkweed, milkweed string unique Note Yowlumne tc'ikei , Yawdanchi tcitik, Chukchansi chek-kah (CHM) underived Merriam 57:505 2 1 1 0 0 no
Salinan A Asclepias eriocarpa mo-ti” broad-leaf milkweed unique Salinan underived Merriam 55:393 2 1 1 0 0 no
Salinan M Asclepias eriocarpa mataí'YI milkweed (Merriam confirms 55:393) unique Salinan underived Mason 1918:129 2 1 1 0 0 no
Seri (Comcaac) Asclepias eriocarpa najcáazjc reedstem milkweed, Asclepias albicans/subulata unique same underived Comcaac Dictionary 453 2 1 1 0 0 no
Serrano Asclepias eriocarpa missing missing missing 2 1 1 0 0 no
Southern Paiute Asclepias eriocarpa wɨ'ivɨ milkweed inheritance *wiki/*wisi “string” Proto-Uto-Aztecan Note Kawaiisu wɨɁivɨbɨ; Stubbs 1796 (2008:254), or Stubbs 1475; I don't like the set but this is where Stubbs has these forms same other complex has -pɨ ABS Sapir 1930:717 2 1 1 0 0 no
Southern Sierra Miwok Asclepias eriocarpa huken- milkweed unique Yawdanchi hox “dogbane”? underived Broadbent 1964: 2 1 1 0 0 no
Southern Ute Asclepias eriocarpa ta?á-maą-vI milk-weed calque English milk-weed same phrase milk-weed-ABS Givon 1979 2 1 1 0 0 no
Tübatulabal Asclepias eriocarpa pollolīwapü:l pololi:waˈbɨ:l gum plant, Asclepias erosa unique same derived pololi:wa-ˈbɨ:-l milkweed-deriv.suffix-npn Hill 2010:72 no info 2 1 chewing gum 1 juice rubbed on warts to make them disappear gathered (wild) all gum from boiled sap, sucked out of reed tubes 0 0 California and adjacent Nevada and Baja California dry barren areas 200-1900 m (Jepson Herbarium site) no
Tümpisa Shoshone Asclepias eriocarpa missing missing missing 2 1 1 0 0 no
Wappo Asclepias eriocarpa missing missing missing 2 1 1 0 0 no
Washo Asclepias eriocarpa mah-maHm'-ke milkweed, broad leaf unique reduplicated 2 1 1 0 0 no
Western Mono Asclepias eriocarpa wisibi string, thread, milkweed (Asclepias sp.) (thinner than tɨGapO “rope”) inheritance *wisu(N) Numic Iannucci's form; Stubbs has *wiki; forms with wi- in “string” very widespread; with -s is the specifically Numic version and may be different increment on *wi- long object broader (includes string of all kinds) other complex has -CL -bi Bethel et al.:284 no info 2 1 no info gathered (wild) men and women (Gifford) soaked and fibers removed by combing with short stick (Gifford) 0 0 no
Wintu Asclepias eriocarpa boq Shepherd 2005 transcription A. eriocarpa (consistent, several dialects) inheritance *boq Wintun Shepherd 2005 underived baqi “brush”?? Merriam 56:25 2 1 1 0 0 no
Yavapai Asclepias eriocarpa missing missing missing 2 1 1 0 0 no
Yokuts Palewyami Asclepias eriocarpa missing missing missing 2 1 1 0 0 no
Yokuts Yawdanchi Asclepias eriocarpa cax milkweed used for string (Merriam confirms eriocarpa 58:381) inheritance Nim-Yokuts Note Merriam's che-kah for Chukchansi -- cognate? same underived Kroeber 1961:219 2 1 1 0 0 no
Yokuts Yowlumne Asclepias eriocarpa tc'ikei cord, string (see Yawd Milkweed) M. confirms inheritance Nim-Yokuts Note Yawdanchi tcitik; I suspect a metathesis and am going with Inheritance, especially with Merriam's Chukchansi chek'-kah same underived Kroeber 1961:218 2 1 1 0 0 no
Yuki Asclepias eriocarpa mah chahk' MWO broad-leaf milkweed inheritance *mah Yukian Schlichter 1985 phrase ch'ak “whip”??? Sawyer & Schlichter 1984 2 1 1 0 0 no
Yuma Asclepias eriocarpa missing missing missing 2 1 1 0 0 no