mountain quail

Semantic Field
flora-fauna
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
Meaning Portuguese

Languages

Language Linnean Name Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Range of Term Word Structure Word Structure Notes Classifier Classifier Notes Hypernym Source Association with Social Categories Ritual/Mythologically Significant Ritual Notes Food Source Food Notes Medicinal Medicinal Notes How Collected Who Collects How Prepared Psychotropic Psychotropic Notes Traded Trade Notes Distribution Habitat Dangerous Ethnobiology Notes Species Notes General Notes Created By
Bankalachi Toloim Oreortyx pictus tror'-nŏ Mountain quail (Oreortyx pictus) loan Yokuts Tinlinne Yokuts trop'-naw; Yowlumne trōp'-nă; trōp'-no same unknown C. H. Merriam 72-77, 60-455 2 1 0 0 0 no
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone Oreortyx pictus too'-wit-tă (RM) Mountain Quail (Oreortyx) inheritance Numic Southern Paiute (Amargosa) too-wit; might be areal, Numic dubious if not found elsewhere; could it be related to Walker Lake and Tumpisa Shoshone tu'uk, tu:k forms??? same underived Merriam 61:41 2 1 0 0 0 no
Cahuilla Oreortyx pictus xáwet ˈxawet mountain quail inheritance *kakaC- Uto-Aztecan S1702a (Stubbs 2009:241); 1702b is a different word, a Californianism. Proto-form does not include augmentative suffix same derived Merriam consistently for all dialects gives this as káxa-wet “quail-augmentative”. S&H's form is a clipping. -7aʃ “pet” Possessive classifier -7aʃ wikikmal Seiler&Hioki 1979:245 no info 2 1 yum yum no info hunted All roasted, stewed, eggs eaten 0 0 US west of Rockies and Baja California Chaparral no
Central Sierra Miwok Oreortyx pictus kúj:ak:a- mountain quail inheritance Eastern Miwokan In all Mis, Mip underived Freeland & Broadbent 1960 2 1 0 0 0 no
Chemehuevi Oreortyx pictus tahr' taarA Mountain quail (Oreortyx) unique probably a loan, forms with tata(ka) very common in California. Means “Valley Quail” in Kawaiisu same underived < taata Merriam 59:527 2 1 0 0 0 no
Chumash Barbareno Oreortyx pictus missing missing missing 2 1 0 0 0 no
Chumash Ineseno Oreortyx pictus missing missing missing 2 1 0 0 0 no
Chumash Obispeno Oreortyx pictus missing missing missing 2 1 0 0 0 no
Chumash Ventureno Oreortyx pictus 7üxüi7iXenti codorniz unique phrase a real mystery word JPH III:69:008a from FL 2 1 0 0 0 no
Cocopa Oreortyx pictus kuka·k Gambel quail loan Takic widespread kaka, kakata, takata, etc. forms in California WW %kaka same underived reduced from xmàkuka·k (xma “chicken”)_ Crawford 1989 2 1 0 0 0 no
Comanche Oreortyx pictus kuyúutsi quail inheritance *kuyu(...) Northern Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 2358 (2008;316), “turkey”, perhaps a loan into Numic from Hopi??? But pretty good corresp. broader (any old quail) other complex has -tsi, probably in this case DIM from kuyu?ni “turkey” Robinson & Armagost 1990:163 2 1 0 0 0 no
Cupeño Oreortyx pictus kaxawet kaˈxawət mountain quail inheritance *kakaC- Uto-Aztecan S1702a (Stubbs 2009:241); 1702b is a different word, a Californianism. Proto-form does not include augmentative suffix WW %kaka same derived kaˈxa-wə-t valley.quail-augmentative-npn -ʔaʃ "pet" possessive classifier for animals mukikmal Hill & Nolasquez 1973:158 no info 2 1 no info hunted men roasted, stewed, eggs eaten 0 0 US west of Rockies and Baja California chaparral no
Esselen Oreortyx pictus missing missing missing 2 1 0 0 0 no
Gabrielino Oreortyx pictus kakawt kaˈkawt codorniz de la sierra inheritance *kakaC Uto-Aztecan S1702a (Stubbs 2009:241); 1702b is a different word, a Californianism. The augmentative formation is Californian. WW %kaka same derived kaˈka-w-t quail-augmentative-npn -ʔaʧ “pet” possessive classifier for animals chi:ya Harrington 032 no info 2 quail topknots for wands 1 all birds eaten (McC 116) no info hunted men roasted 0 0 US west of Rockies and Baja California Chaparral no
Iipay 'Aa Oreortyx pictus hamamull mountain quail unique Is hama from ahma (or vice versa?) same underived Couro & Hutcheson 1973 2 1 0 0 0 no
Kawaiisu Oreortyx pictus tɨvi-ži-daara mountain quail inheritance same phrase tɨvi-ži- “wolf-ABS taara “(valley) quail” Zigmond et al. 2 1 0 0 0 no
Kiliwa Oreortyx pictus xmmil California quail Lophortyx californucus unique same underived Mixco 1985 2 1 0 0 0 no
Kitanemuk Oreortyx pictus kakawt ˈkakawt mountain quail inheritance *kacaC Uto-Aztecan S1702a (Stubbs 2009:241); 1702b is a different word, a Californianism. The augmentative formation is Californian. WW %kaka same derived ˈkaka-w-t quail-augmentative-npn (I would have expected kakaɨt; /w/ form is from Zigmond -ʔacit "pet" possessive classifier for animals wicitat Anderton 1988:341 from Zigmond no info 2 topknots decorate ritual regalia 1 no info hunted men roasted, boiled, eggs eaten 0 0 US west of Rockies and Baja California chaparral no
Lake Miwok Oreortyx pictus tsōl-tsōl mountain quail; loan Hill Patwin Proto-Wintun *čHol “mountain” and *čHolčHol “mountain quail” (Shepherd 2005:74) reduplicated Merriam 57:519 2 1 0 0 0 no
Luiseño Oreortyx pictus qaxáawut qaʹxa:wut Southern mountain quail inheritance *kakaC- Uto-Aztecan S1702a (Stubbs 2009:241); 1702b is a different word, a Californianism. WW %kaka same derived qaʹxa:-wu-t quail-augmentative-non.possessed.noun -ʔaʃ "pet" possessive classifier; NPN form of noun is ʔaʃla 7ehéngmal Elliott 1999: 798 no info 2 couplet qaxáal, qaxáawut; cut their hair in mourning for Wuyot (Harrington 1978:121) 1 meat and eggs too no info hunted men broiling on coals (Sparkman 1908:199) 0 0 US west of Rockies and Baja California Chaparral no
Maidu Oreortyx pictus júhju California quail (CHM says is mountain quail) unique underived Shipley 1963 2 1 0 0 0 no
Mojave Oreortyx pictus missing quail missing missing Munro et al.1992 2 1 0 0 0 no
Mutsun Oreortyx pictus missing missing missing 2 1 0 0 0 no
Nisenan Oreortyx pictus hōl'-up mountain quail unique underived Merriam 57:233 2 1 0 0 0 no
Northern Paiute Oreortyx pictus took-tah; too'-hoo-tah Mountain quail (Oreortyx) loan Gabrielino direction unknown, note Tumpisa Shoshone tu'ukwittan same underived might have -tɨ nominalizer but impossible to tell from CHM's transcription Merriam 61:139 2 1 0 0 0 no
Northern Sierra Miwok Oreortyx pictus kuj:ak:a- mountain quail inheritance Eastern Miwokan In all Mis, MIP underived Callaghan 1987 2 1 0 0 0 no
Plains Miwok Oreortyx pictus kuj:ak:a-, kuj:ahka- ? mountain quail inheritance Eastern Miwokan In all Mis underived Callaghan 1984 2 1 0 0 0 no
Salinan A Oreortyx pictus k'a:yá:k (Harrington); ka:yák' (Jacobsen) mountain quail unique Salinan underived Merriam 55:371; Turner 1980:81 2 1 0 0 0 no
Salinan M Oreortyx pictus k'aiyák< mountain-quail (Merriam confirms) unique Salinan underived Mason 1918:123 2 1 0 0 0 no
Seri (Comcaac) Oreortyx pictus missing missing missing 2 1 0 0 0 no
Serrano Oreortyx pictus ki'-itch kah-kah'-tah, kah-kowt' qai:c kaka:ta7 mountain quail inheritance *kacaC Uto-Aztecan second element is Stubbs 1702a (2009:241); this is a neologism/loan-translation; qai:c “mountain” WW %kaka phrase mountain quail Merriam 72:27, 60-101 2 1 0 0 0 no
Southern Paiute Oreortyx pictus too'-wit A Mountain quail (Oreortyx pictus) inheritance Numic Also in Merriam's Round Mountain Shoshoni (61:41), although perhaps a loan. Note N. Paiute took-tah; too'-hoo-tah same underived Merriam 59:463 2 1 0 0 0 no
Southern Sierra Miwok Oreortyx pictus kuj:ak-:a; Mountain quail inheritance Eastern Miwokan In all Mis, MIP other complex -:a theme Broadbent 1964: 2 1 0 0 0 no
Southern Ute Oreortyx pictus yúaa-qA-qxáarų-cI quail unique WW %kaka broader (probably includes several kinds of quail) phrase plains-ABS-chicken (lit.runner) - ABS Givon 1979 2 1 0 0 0 no
Tübatulabal Oreortyx pictus tūkt ˈtu:kt mountain quail unique same other complex ˈtu:k-t mountain.quail-npn chikkīt Hill 2010:93 no info 2 topknots in feather wand carried at burning 1 no info hunted men roasted on coals, bones ground (some consultants denied Tub. ate eggs before Whites) 0 0 US west of Rockies and Baja California chaparral no
Tümpisa Shoshone Oreortyx pictus tu'ukwittan mountain quail loan Gabrielino direction unknown, see Walker River N. Paiute took-tah; too'-hoo-tah same underived tu'ukwittan; this must have some morphology but Dayley offers no clues Dayley 1989:312 2 1 0 0 0 no
Wappo Oreortyx pictus tsah'-tsah mountain quail unique reduplicated Merriam 52:569 2 1 0 0 0 no
Washo Oreortyx pictus mádomáti7 Mountain quail loan Northern Sierra Miwok -mati7 looks like the Sierra Miwok "creature" word, may be a loan; I am coding loan sources throughout as Mins, might be Proto-Mis but impossible to tell since Washo is isolate phrase I'm guessing -mati7 is Miwok “creature word so mado- must mean something Merriam 55:303; WPD 2 1 0 0 0 no
Western Mono Oreortyx pictus tsipitI Mountain quail loan Yokuts Proto-NimYokuts *T'iphith “mountain quail” (Golla 1964:64) (T is retroflex t) same underived tsiipa “bird” Bethel et al. no info 2 1 everybody ate Gayton 2:224 no info hunted men no info 0 0 no
Wintu Oreortyx pictus č'olč'oL mountain quail (CHM confirms 56:7) inheritance *čHolčHol Wintun Shepherd 2005 reduplicated č'ol (also root in sound word); čHoL “mountain” Schlichter 1981 2 1 0 0 0 no
Yavapai Oreortyx pictus ɂhmá quail inheritance Proto-Yuman Langdon 1976:871 Metath unknown 2 1 0 0 0 no
Yokuts Palewyami Oreortyx pictus humŋol quail (this is Merriam's “mountain quail”, Lophortyx) but Kroeber's “quail” semantic shift *humn-ul Yokutsan Golla 1964:64; Gamble considers the /ng/ to be perhaps sign of UA influence WW %hum same underived Gamble 1991 (from Harrington) 2 1 0 0 0 no
Yokuts Yawdanchi Oreortyx pictus Tipdi mountain quail (Merriam confirms Mountain quail 58:363) inheritance *T'iphith Yokutsan Golla 1964:60 same underived Kroeber 1961:203 2 1 0 0 0 no
Yokuts Yowlumne Oreortyx pictus Topno, T'opno' mountain quail (Merriam confirms) inheritance *T'iphith Yokutsan Golla 1964:64 includes this form with (?) same underived Kroeber 1961:203 2 1 0 0 0 no
Yuki Oreortyx pictus kawk'-kĕ MWO, kaNk Cs mountain quail unique looks like regional kakata, etc. forms; Pomoan *xaqa:qa (McLendon 1973:86 underived Sawyer & Schlichter 1984 2 1 0 0 0 no
Yuma Oreortyx pictus missing missing missing 2 1 0 0 0 no