mussel

Semantic Field
flora-fauna
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
Meaning Portuguese

Languages

Language Linnean Name Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Range of Term Word Structure Word Structure Notes Classifier Classifier Notes Hypernym Source Association with Social Categories Ritual/Mythologically Significant Ritual Notes Food Source Food Notes Medicinal Medicinal Notes How Collected Who Collects How Prepared Psychotropic Psychotropic Notes Traded Trade Notes Distribution Habitat Dangerous Ethnobiology Notes Species Notes General Notes Created By
Bankalachi Toloim Mytilus spp. missing missing missing 2 1 0 0 1 no
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone Mytilus spp. missing inheritance missing 2 1 0 0 1 no
Cahuilla Mytilus spp. missing missing
Central Sierra Miwok Mytilus spp. so-paw'-noi-yu mussels (fresh water, big kind, good) unique Cognate in Miss compound Merriam 57:463 2 1 0 0 1 no
Chemehuevi Mytilus spp. pú·taratsI oyster, such as used to be in the river down by Blythe unique pu:- probably from *powa (see Mono “olivella” powa); taraci <*ta-ta-ci narrower (probably a fresh-water mussel only) other complex has -ci ABS, stem probably complex Harrington Chemehuevi Noun List 2 1 0 0 1 no
Chumash Barbareno Mytilus spp. t'o (Mary Yee in Ono); kiw mussel (O), mussels sp. (Beeler unique Also in Ventureno underived Ono p. 30, B eeler 1978:177 2 1 0 0 1 no
Chumash Ineseno Mytilus spp. t'i-yah mussels (fresh water) inheritance Central Chumash only Central Chumash underived Merriam 55:17 2 1 0 0 1 no
Chumash Obispeno Mytilus spp. missing missing missing 2 1 0 0 1 no
Chumash Ventureno Mytilus spp. ttoho; qep JPH; t'o mussels inheritance Also in Barbareno underived Heizer/Pinart I:60 2 1 0 0 1 no
Cocopa Mytilus spp. missing missing missing 2 1 0 0 1 no
Comanche Mytilus spp. missing missing missing 2 1 0 0 1 no
Cupeño Mytilus spp. missing missing missing 2 1 0 0 1 no
Esselen Mytilus spp. hakala, ha-lak-la mussel unique Esselen notes Plains Miwak 'atkal, Mutsun xakaw other complex -la classifier suffix -la Shaul 1988;695; Turner 1983:237 2 1 0 0 1 no
Gabrielino Mytilus spp. a-chin-ka-hi ʔaʔaʧi-n kaxa:y (?) sea museles (sic) unique Note Mojave 'achiily 'olivella' no info phrase ʔa-ʔaʧi-n kaxa:y his-pet-possessed ?-npn (see xaxa:-mo-nga “Rancho de los Verdugos”) -- I think this is inland, in Glendale area, though -hi:n classifier for worthwhile possessions Taylor in McC 273 no info 2 1 no info gathered (wild) all meat cooked, shells saved for containers, ornament 0 1 traded inland for spoons West coast of North America cold coastal waters no
Iipay 'Aa Mytilus spp. missing missing missing 2 1 0 0 1 no
Kawaiisu Mytilus spp. sɨɁnoho mussel unique -noho is "egg" from Stubbs 779 (2008:138) same phrase sɨɁ-noho flower?pink?-egg Zigmond et al. 2 1 0 0 1 no
Kiliwa Mytilus spp. m+la?, mla? unique broader (bivalve shells?) other complex m-la? archaic.adjectival.prefix-? (la? only in this word) Mixco 1985 2 1 0 0 1 no
Kitanemuk Mytilus spp. kukunitɨ ˈkukunitɨ mussel sp. and name for beads made from it unique note Southern Chumash kiw “mussel” broader (includes the animal, the shell, and the beads) underived kukunitɨ does have reduplicated first syllable -niw "possession, belongings" possessive classifier for things Anderton 1988:367 no info 2 shell beads used as offerings (also money) 1 no info N/A N/A N/A 0 1 obtained from Chumash West coast of North America cold coastal waters no
Lake Miwok Mytilus spp. c' áa type of shellfish, oyster? Merriam kah'-e 57:529) unique underived Callaghan 1965 2 1 0 0 1 no
Luiseño Mytilus spp. wáaxal ʹwa:xal Harrington: Large species of mussel unique narrower (a particular species of mussell) other complex ʹwa:xa-l mussel.sp-non.possessed.noun no info Elliott 1999: 1020 no info 2 1 principal food for people living on coast (Sparkman 1908:198) no info gathered (wild) all no info 0 1 shells traded inland as spoons; Lu. must have done this. Mussel nacre reported at Lake Elsinore (Grenda 1997:163) Pacific Coast of North America cold coastal waters no
Maidu Mytilus spp. ko-do'-ko-ki freshwater mussels unique reduplicated head-grasp (I suspect is same word as “clam”) Merriam 57:37 2 1 0 0 1 no
Mojave Mytilus spp. missing missing missing 2 1 0 0 1 no
Mutsun Mytilus spp. xakua, xaakan mussel; Merriam confirms hah-kow (“black mussel of ocean JPH); shaul 1986:695 has xakaw Merriam 55:417 inheritance Southern Costanoan only In Pinart only in Co IV underived Mason 1916:428 2 1 0 0 1 no
Nisenan Mytilus spp. ah-nah mussel (fresh water) unique underived Merriam 57:243 2 1 0 0 1 no
Northern Paiute Mytilus spp. missing missing missing 2 1 0 0 1 no
Northern Sierra Miwok Mytilus spp. 7atkal-y- fresh water clams (CHM fresh-water mussels) inheritance Eastern Miwokan In Mip other complex -y nominalizer Callaghan 1987 2 1 0 0 1 no
Plains Miwok Mytilus spp. mul7u:sa-, mulu:sa-, 7atkal oyster unique underived Callaghan 1984 2 1 0 0 1 no
Salinan A Mytilus spp. hayék7 mussel unique Salinan underived Mason 1918:126; Turner 1980:58 2 1 0 0 1 no
Salinan M Mytilus spp. xaiík mussel unique Salinan underived Mason 1918:126 2 1 0 0 1 no
Seri (Comcaac) Mytilus spp. satoj mussel (especially Modiolus capax) unique narrower (mainly one species of Mytelidae) underived Comcaac Dictionary 555 2 1 0 0 1 no
Serrano Mytilus spp. missing missing missing 2 1 0 0 1 no
Southern Paiute Mytilus spp. missing missing missing 2 1 0 0 1 no
Southern Sierra Miwok Mytilus spp. hopon:-aj- mussel unique cognate in Mics other complex -aj theme Broadbent 1964: 2 1 0 0 1 no
Southern Ute Mytilus spp. missing missing missing 2 1 0 0 1 no
Tübatulabal Mytilus spp. chono, sho'ono p. 78 ʧoˈno (freshwater) mussel, freshwater clam unique narrower (freshwater mussel; I don't know if it includes imported “spoon” shells) underived Hill 2010:17 no info 2 1 “obtained near Kernville” (Voegelin 1938:11) no info gathered (wild) no info no info 0 1 West coast North America cold coastal waters no
Tümpisa Shoshone Mytilus spp. kwiyoto, koyoto mussel, clam, seashell inheritance *koyo Proto-Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 1905 has only as SUA (2008:267); and note Chumash q'oy “olivella” broader (bivalve shells and turtle shells?) underived but what is -to? Dayley 1989:87 2 1 0 0 1 no
Wappo Mytilus spp. kúčiš mussel unique underived Sawyer 1965 2 1 0 0 1 no
Washo Mytilus spp. missing missing missing 2 1 0 0 1 no
Western Mono Mytilus spp. wŭg-gup'-pe Fresh water mussels loan Yokuts Note Chukchansk ō>k “fresh-water mussels” (with a classifier) narrower ( only fresh-water variety) underived -pi Merriam 59:81 no info 2 1 no info gathered all no info 0 1 salt water mussel shells used as spoons and traded; no word found no
Wintu Mytilus spp. L'al mussels inheritance *L'al Wintun Shepherd 2005 underived Schlichter 1981 2 1 0 0 1 no
Yavapai Mytilus spp. missing missing missing 2 1 0 0 1 no
Yokuts Palewyami Mytilus spp. missing missing missing 2 1 0 0 1 no
Yokuts Yawdanchi Mytilus spp. kŭ'-pitch fresh water mussels (Wik) unique same other complex probably has the -itch' agentibve suffix Merriam 58:371 2 1 0 0 1 no
Yokuts Yowlumne Mytilus spp. tah'-sip fresh-water mussels unique Merriam has several forms but they are all different narrower (perhaps fresh-water only) underived Merriam 58:561 2 1 0 0 1 no
Yuki Mytilus spp. nawk> MW, naNk-cil B mussels inheritance *nok' Yukian Schlichter 1985 underived Sawyer & Schlichter 1984 2 1 0 0 1 no
Yuma Mytilus spp. missing missing missing 2 1 0 0 1 no