pinyon jay

Semantic Field
flora-fauna
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
Meaning Portuguese

Languages

Language Linnean Name Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Range of Term Word Structure Word Structure Notes Classifier Classifier Notes Hypernym Source Association with Social Categories Ritual/Mythologically Significant Ritual Notes Food Source Food Notes Medicinal Medicinal Notes How Collected Who Collects How Prepared Psychotropic Psychotropic Notes Traded Trade Notes Distribution Habitat Dangerous Ethnobiology Notes Species Notes General Notes Created By
Bankalachi Toloim Cyanocitta stelleri? missing missing missing 2 1 0 0 0 no
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone Cyanocitta stelleri? kaiyattsih, kayattsih pine jay (M: Pinyon jay (Cyanocephalus) loan into protolanguage Central Numic unknown In Tumpisa Shoshone for Aphelocoma “scrub jay” WW %kaj same other complex has -tsi ABS Crum & Dayley 1993:268 2 1 0 0 0 no
Cahuilla Cyanocitta stelleri? káyval ˈkajval bluejay with a crest loan Yokuts? (by way of Serrano?) Only in Cupeño, Cahuilla; Similar forms in Gab., Kit.: Kitanemuk ˈhajhaʔj, no Serrano form found. Proto-NimYokuts *xay “Crested Jay” (Golla 1964:61); Southern Sierra Miwok kayka'jahnt, so Yok-Utian word, perhaps. WW %kaj same other complex ʹkajva-l (perhaps kaj-va “swing-er, dangl-er” but not so given by S&H 1977 -7aʃ “pet” Possessive classifier -7aʃ wikikmal Seiler&Hioki 1979:140 no info 2 1 Birds' caches owned if in individually owned trees (see California Jay) no info hunted All roasted, stewed, eggs eaten 0 0 Western North America Foothills where pinyon groves occur no
Central Sierra Miwok Cyanocitta stelleri? čóp:ata- crested bluejay unique Note Mins copuk:aTi- underived Freeland & Broadbent 1960 2 1 0 0 0 no
Chemehuevi Cyanocitta stelleri? tsi-yahk Pinyon jay (Cyanocephalus) loan into protolanguage *ca'i Proto-Northern Uto-Aztecan unknown S209, Central Numic, Tubatulabal, Takic, always “blue jay” (Stubbs 2009:68). Note similar words in Yokutsan. WW %chaj same phrase etymologically complex; ca'i -jagA jay-cry (not a finite clause, verb need more stuff on it for that) Merriam 59:527 2 1 0 0 0 no
Chumash Barbareno Cyanocitta stelleri? xay'xay' (western belted) kingfisher loan Central Chumash only unknown same as Crested Jay word in Yokuts?? Loan into central Chumash at least (Pinart recorded for Ineseno) WW %kaj reduplicated Beeler 1978:189 2 1 0 0 0 no
Chumash Ineseno Cyanocitta stelleri? kăo-kăo (Pinart has xaixai “pajaro azul”) crested jay (Cyanocitta) loan unknown WW %kaj reduplicated Merriam 55:9 2 1 0 0 0 no
Chumash Obispeno Cyanocitta stelleri? missing missing missing 2 1 0 0 0 no
Chumash Ventureno Cyanocitta stelleri? missing missing missing 2 1 0 0 0 no
Cocopa Cyanocitta stelleri? missing missing missing 2 1 0 0 0 no
Comanche Cyanocitta stelleri? missing missing missing 2 1 0 0 0 no
Cupeño Cyanocitta stelleri? kayvel ˈkajval Crested Jay loan Yokuts (perhaps from Serrano as intermediary) This form is Ca-Cup. Similar forms in Gab., Kit.: Kitanemuk ˈhajhaʔj; Proto-NimYokuts *xay “Crested Jay” (Golla 1964:61); Southern Sierra Miwok kayka'jahnt, so Yok-Utian word, perhaps. WW %kaj same derived kaj-va-l hang-agent-npn (maybe) -ʔaʃ "pet" possessive classifier for animals mukikmal http://www.archive.org/stream/bancroft_chartmerriam_1556_60#page/n251/mode/2up, p. 259 no info 2 one of the birds that cut hair in mourning for creator 1 eggs surely eaten, acorn caches used no info no info no info no info 0 0 western North America Foothills where pinyon groves occur no
Esselen Cyanocitta stelleri? missing missing missing 2 1 0 0 0 no
Gabrielino Cyanocitta stelleri? hi'-ing' che-ū 60-421 ˈhajŋa ˈʧi:ja (?) Pinyon Jay loan Serrano or Kitanemuk ultimately Yokutsan but immediately Serran, cf. Kitanemuk hayha'y “crested jay”; Merriam has hi'-hi for Bankalachi (where all the other names are Yokuts); *kayve- in Cupeño, Cahuilla; Proto-NimYokuts *xay “Crested Jay” (Golla 1964:61); Southern Sierra WW %kaj same phrase ˈhaj-ŋa ˈʧi:ja edge-on bird -ʔaʧ "pet" possessive classifier for animals chi:ya http://www.archive.org/stream/bancroft_chartmerriam_1556_60#page/n415/mode/2up; p. 421 no info 2 considered deer's helper, warns of hunters (Harrington in Elliott) 1 all birds eaten (McC 116) no info hunted men roasted 0 0 Western North America Foothills where pinyon groves occur no
Iipay 'Aa Cyanocitta stelleri? oo-solCH Mesa Grande; Campo has e-shum-mah-tah-ahs “Pinyon Jay” M 55:269 Crested jay (Cyanocitta) unique same underived Merriam 55:205 2 1 0 0 0 no
Kawaiisu Cyanocitta stelleri? čoɁiki-ži pinyon jay inheritance Southern Numic co'ingki “bluejay, Arizona jay (longtailed and uncrested) Southern Paiute (from the ca'i word??) same other complex Ɂɨɨnɨ-zi pinyon.jay-ABS Zigmond et al. 2 1 0 0 0 no
Kiliwa Cyanocitta stelleri? kw+khwaa Pinyon jay unique same relative clause kw- a relativizing prefix; khwaa only in this form Mixco 1985 2 1 0 0 0 no
Kitanemuk Cyanocitta stelleri? hayhaʔy ˈhajhaʔj bird sp: bluish, similar to caycaʔy but with crest loan Yokuts *kayve- in Cupeño, Cahuilla; haynga chiya in Gab; Proto-NimYokuts *xay “Crested Jay” (Golla 1964:61); Southern Sierra Miwok kayka'jahnt, so Yok-Utian word, perhaps. WW %kaj same reduplicated -ʔacit "pet" possessive classifier for animals wicitat Anderton 1988:305 no info 2 1 no decent info but everybody ate songbirds and eggs no info hunted men roasted, boiled, eggs eaten 0 0 Western North America Foothills where pinyon groves occur no
Lake Miwok Cyanocitta stelleri? wéşweş bluebird, crested loan Hill Patwin “probaby from Hill Patwin wê·swès “crested bluejay'” (1965:205) reduplicated Callaghan 1965 2 1 0 0 0 no
Luiseño Cyanocitta stelleri? cháa'ish ʹtʃa:Ɂiʃ blue jay; Bright: crested blue jay loan into protolanguage *cha7i- Northern Uto-Aztecan unknown S209, Central Numic, Tubatulabal, Takic, always “blue jay” (Stubbs 2009:68) WW %chaj same other complex ʹtʃa:Ɂi-ʃ jay-non.possessed.noun -ʔaʃ "pet" possessive classifier; NPN form of noun is ʔaʃla 7ehéngmay Elliott 1999:232 A family name (Elliott) 2 considered deer's helper, warns of hunters (Harrington in Elliott) 1 at least eggs must have been eaten no info no info no info no info 0 0 Western North America Foothills where pinyon groves occur no
Maidu Cyanocitta stelleri? i-yak pinyon jay (Cyanocephalus) unique underived Not in Shipley; presumably 7ajak or 7ajak' but many possibilities 2 1 0 0 0 no
Mojave Cyanocitta stelleri? missing missing missing 2 1 0 0 0 no
Mutsun Cyanocitta stelleri? ki-ki Crested jay (Cyanocitta) loan Utian unknown Eastern Miwokan kajkaj -- but widespread loaning possible WW %kaj reduplicated Merriam 55:409 2 1 0 0 0 no
Nisenan Cyanocitta stelleri? chahp-chahp c'a crested jay, cyanocitta unique reduplicated Uldall & Shipley 1966 2 1 0 0 0 no
Northern Paiute Cyanocitta stelleri? aanga pinenut bird (M: Pinyon jay (Cyanocephalus) inheritance Numic Colorado River Southern Numic in Stubbs 220 (2008:69), but this form elevates it to Numic. Perhaps ultimately a loan from somewhere. unknown Merriam 61:139 2 1 0 0 0 no
Northern Sierra Miwok Cyanocitta stelleri? kajka7ja- crested jay (as per Merriam) loan into protolanguage Eastern Miwokan unknown In Mip WW %kaj reduplicated Callaghan 1987 2 1 0 0 0 no
Plains Miwok Cyanocitta stelleri? kajkaj7aja- mountain bluebird (has tassel) loan into protolanguage Eastern Miwokan unknown In Miss, Mins WW %kaj reduplicated Callaghan 1984 2 1 0 0 0 no
Salinan A Cyanocitta stelleri? chă-lā-o Crested Jay (Cyanocitta) unique Salinan underived falls within stem shapes noted by Turner 1987, but perhaps complex Merriam 55:371 2 1 0 0 0 no
Salinan M Cyanocitta stelleri? chă-lā'-o Crested Jay (Cyanocitta) unique Salinan underived Merriam 55:371 2 1 0 0 0 no
Seri (Comcaac) Cyanocitta stelleri? zaah aquéemot /qu/ as in Spanish Stellar's Jay unique same other complex sun brother.in.law Comcaac Dictionary 611 2 1 0 0 0 no
Serrano Cyanocitta stelleri? too'-bah ahts tyvah a7a:c “pinyon jay” (once a person) unique This is a neologism/loan-translation phrase pinyon crow M 72-27 2 1 0 0 0 no
Southern Paiute Cyanocitta stelleri? a·ŋA Pinyon jay (Cyanocitta stelleri?) inheritance Proto-Numic Colorado River Southern Numic; Stubbs 220 (2008:69), but also Yerington anga “Pinyon Jay”! Add to Stubbs. same underived Sapir 1930:548 2 1 0 0 0 no
Southern Sierra Miwok Cyanocitta stelleri? kajka7-jaH- Steller's bluejay loan into protolanguage Eastern Miwokan unknown In Mip; Proto-Yokutsan *xay WW %kaj other complex -jaH theme Broadbent 1964: 2 1 0 0 0 no
Southern Ute Cyanocitta stelleri? sagwá-mogóy?a-cI bluejay unique Southern Paiute also has expressions for bluejays as “blue-capped people” same phrase blue-blanket-ABS Givon 1979 2 1 0 0 0 no
Tübatulabal Cyanocitta stelleri? ah'-ahlCH ʔaˈʔahl (?) Pinyon Jay unique This may be a mistake. It looks like verbs for “talk” and is closer to common words for “crow” same other complex ʔaˈʔah-l jay.sp-npn (talker??) chikkīt http://www.archive.org/stream/bancroft_chartmerriam_1556_60#page/n479/mode/2up; p. 489 no info 2 1 no info hunted men roasted on coals, bones ground (some consultants denied Tub. ate eggs before Whites) 0 0 Western North America Foothills where pinyon groves occur no
Tümpisa Shoshone Cyanocitta stelleri? tsaippittsi pinyon jay loan into protolanguage *ca'i Proto-Northern Uto-Aztecan unknown Stubbs 209 (2008:68); I think this is an arealism; it's in Yokutsan WW %chaj same other complex tsai-ppi-ttsi flicker-CL-DIM ppi Dayley 1989:339 2 1 0 0 0 no
Wappo Cyanocitta stelleri? kah'-chah crested jay (Cyanocitta) unique usually something like /kay/, so not obviously areal underived Merriam 52:569) 2 1 0 0 0 no
Washo Cyanocitta stelleri? c'ášiw Pinyon jay (Cyanocephalus); pine-nut bird WPD unique underived Merriam 55:303; WPD 2 1 0 0 0 no
Western Mono Cyanocitta stelleri? tsohoqotsopai'nu', tso'noqai'nu' (etc.) Mountain blue jay (local name) (probably the Steller's jay, Cyanocitta stelleri) unique same other complex tsoho-qo-tsopai'nu'; hyphens are where elements can be missing; also tsoqai'nu is sequence in some forms tsiipa “bird” Bethel et al.:260 no info 2 1 old people ate (Gayton 2:223) no info hunted men no info 0 0 no
Wintu Cyanocitta stelleri? woč'ot Stellar's Jay (CHM confirms Cyanocitta 56:7) inheritance *woč- Wintun Shepherd 2005 other complex woč.., opknot of bird. A harmonizing vowel and -t derive many, many nouns from roots that sometimes appear nowhere else Schlichter 1981 2 1 0 0 0 no
Yavapai Cyanocitta stelleri? čàsčā·sa pinyon jay, blue jay unique Note 'Iipay Aa kulashaash “bluejay” unknown Shaterian 1983 2 1 0 0 0 no
Yokuts Palewyami Cyanocitta stelleri? hi-hi'-wil-let' crested jay loan into protolanguage *xay- Yokutsan unknown Golla 1964:63; probably a loan at some point, word is widespread WW %kaj same other complex the -wilet suffix is repeated in the Pal. data on other sound-imitative forms, may mean “says” (wi may be the -wiyi “goes.like” suffix discussed by Newman 1944 Merriam 58:521 2 1 0 0 0 no
Yokuts Yawdanchi Cyanocitta stelleri? xaixai crested jay (Merriam confirms Cyanocitta) loan into protolanguage *xay- Yokutsan unknown Golla 1964:63 WW %kaj same reduplicated Kroeber 1907:242 2 1 0 0 0 no
Yokuts Yowlumne Cyanocitta stelleri? xayxa:y crested jay loan into protolanguage *xay- Yokutsan unknown Golla 1964:63; probably a loan at some point, word is widespread WW %kaj same reduplicated Newman 1944:36 2 1 0 0 0 no
Yuki Cyanocitta stelleri? chi'-han-haht' MWO crested jay, Cyanocitta loan *č'ə7əy Yukian unknown Schlichter 1985; areal; I assume root here is same as in (4) WW %chaj phrase ch'ay X? (see han in “crow”) Sawyer & Schlichter 1984 2 1 0 0 0 no
Yuma Cyanocitta stelleri? missing missing missing 2 1 0 0 0 no