poison oak

Semantic Field
flora-fauna
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
Meaning Portuguese

Languages

Language Linnean Name Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Range of Term Word Structure Word Structure Notes Classifier Classifier Notes Hypernym Source Association with Social Categories Ritual/Mythologically Significant Ritual Notes Food Source Food Notes Medicinal Medicinal Notes How Collected Who Collects How Prepared Psychotropic Psychotropic Notes Traded Trade Notes Distribution Habitat Dangerous Ethnobiology Notes Species Notes General Notes Created By
Bankalachi Toloim Toxicodendron diversilobum che'-wik Poison Oak (Toxicodendron diversilobum) unique unknown C. H. Merriam 72-79, 60-471 2 2 2 0 0 yes
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone Toxicodendron diversilobum nat'-soo ō>k ? Poison oak loan English nahtasu “medicine, poison”, pls ok from 'oak' same phrase poison oak Merriam 61:89 2 2 2 0 0 yes
Cahuilla Toxicodendron diversilobum ā'-yah-lem ˈʔijal (note Luiseño 7iyaala (Elliott 1999:1628) Poison oak, Toxicodendron diversiloba inheritance *ʔɨjaa-la Californian S1506 (Stubbs 2009:224) Huasteca Nahuatl iyatl “tobacco”is ridiculous. Kitanemuk ʔɨycič, Gab. o:ar attest to first vowel. Note Chumash V. yasis same other complex ˈʔija-l -m-exan-7a "inanimate" -m-exan7a inanimate (but who would want to own it??) http://www.archive.org/stream/bancroft_chartmerriam_1556_60#page/n155/mode/2up; p. 181 no info 2 2 1 Bean and Saubel 1972:132 cite a source that says tea from dried roots could be taken in small quantities for immunity from poison oak; their consultants couldn't confirm this gathered (wild) women roots made into tea, maybe 0 0 Pacific coast Canada to Baja California Likes damp, shady areas, chaparral yes
Central Sierra Miwok Toxicodendron diversilobum nŭ'-kŭ-soo poison oak inheritance *nykys Utian Callaghan 1986:57 other complex -y nominalizer Merriam 57:471 2 2 2 0 0 yes
Chemehuevi Toxicodendron diversilobum missing missing missing 2 2 2 0 0 yes
Chumash Barbareno Toxicodendron diversilobum yasis Toxicodendron diversilobum, poison oak unique Central Chumash only underived Timbrook 2007:214 2 2 2 0 0 yes
Chumash Ineseno Toxicodendron diversilobum yasis Toxicodendron diversilobum, poison oak inheritance Central Chumash only Central Chumash underived Timbrook 2007:214 2 2 2 0 0 yes
Chumash Obispeno Toxicodendron diversilobum t-wala Poison-oak, Toxicodendron diversilobum unique other complex t- Timbrook 2007:214 2 2 2 0 0 yes
Chumash Ventureno Toxicodendron diversilobum yasis Toxicodendron diversilobum, poison oak inheritance Central Chumash only Central Chumash underived Timbrook 2007:214 2 2 2 0 0 yes
Cocopa Toxicodendron diversilobum missing missing missing 2 2 2 0 0 yes
Comanche Toxicodendron diversilobum puhi ta?ara? poison ivy unique same phrase leaf poison Robinson & Armagost 1990:161 2 2 2 0 0 yes
Cupeño Toxicodendron diversilobum eyal ʔəˈjal poison oak, Rhus diversiloba inheritance *ʔɨjaa-la Californian S1506 (Stubbs 2009:224) Huasteca Nahuatl iyatl “tobacco”is ridiculous. Kitanemuk ʔɨycič, Gab. oa:r attest to first vowel. same other complex ʔəˈja-l poison.oak-npn Hill & Nolasquez 1973:154 eyal-mu “to speak Iipay 'Aa” 2 2 no info N/A N/A N/A 0 0 Pacific coast Canada to Baja California Likes damp, shady areas, chaparral yes
Esselen Toxicodendron diversilobum missing missing missing 2 2 2 0 0 yes
Gabrielino Toxicodendron diversilobum o-ar” maybe ya:r (Kit. yachr) ʔoa:r Poison Oak inheritance *ʔɨjaa- Californian S1506 (Stubbs 2009:224) Huasteca Nahuatl iyatl “tobacco”is ridiculous. Kitanemuk ʔɨycič should be in. First vowel is central, Gab. attests.. ya:r may be blend with Chumash yasis?? same other complex ʔoa:-r poison.oak-npn http://www.archive.org/stream/bancroft_chartmerriam_1556_60#page/n415/mode/2up; p. 437 no info (Los Angeles, ya:nga, is probably poison-oak-at) 2 2 no info N/A N/A N/A 0 0 Pacific coast Canada to Baja California Likes damp, shady areas, chaparral yes
Iipay 'Aa Toxicodendron diversilobum kuupaay poison oak unique same underived Couro & Hutcheson 1973 2 2 2 Liquid as eyewash, old Kumeyaay said to be immune to this plant (http://www.powayusd.com/projects/kumeyaay/Ethnobotany.htm) 0 0 yes
Kawaiisu Toxicodendron diversilobum yuwaatɨbɨ Toxicodendron diversilobum unique same other complex yuwaatɨ “nothing, no”-bɨ ABS bɨ, pɨ bɨ, pɨ seem to classify for plants, trees 1981 Zigmond 2 2 2 0 0 yes
Kiliwa Toxicodendron diversilobum smiil=pa-kw-mat poison ivy unique same relative clause plant-plural.object-REL-? Mixco 1985 2 2 2 0 0 yes
Kitanemuk Toxicodendron diversilobum ʔɨycič ˈʔɨjʦiʧ poison oak inheritance *ʔɨjaa- Californian S1506 (Stubbs 2009:224) Huasteca Nahuatl iyatl “tobacco”is ridiculous. Kitanemuk ʔɨycič should be in. First vowel is central, Gab. attests. same other complex ˈʔɨjʦi-ʧ poison.oak-npn; root must have some derivation historically; looks like a diminutive -niw possessive classifier for things Anderton 1988:337 no info 2 2 no info N/A N/A N/A 0 0 Pacific coast Canada to Baja California Likes damp, shady areas, chaparral yes
Lake Miwok Toxicodendron diversilobum 7íttum poison oak inheritance Pmiw only Bodega Dic ; note Wappo k'icu:ma “poison oak”; what is status of k'? underived Callaghan 1965 2 2 2 0 0 yes
Luiseño Toxicodendron diversilobum 7iyáala Ɂiʹja:la poison oak inheritance *ʔɨjaa-la Californian S1506 (Stubbs 2009:224) Huasteca Nahuatl iyatl “tobacco”is ridiculous. Kitanemuk ʔɨycič, Gab. oa:r attest to first vowel. Note Chumashan yasis same other complex Ɂiʹja:-la poison.oak-non.possessed.noun Elliott 1999:197 Clan name at Aguanga (Strong 1929:276) 2 2 no info N/A N/A N/A 0 0 Pacific coast Canada to Baja California Likes damp, shady areas, chaparral yes
Maidu Toxicodendron diversilobum c'it'ók'o small kind of poison oak ( CHM has) inheritance *c'itók' Maiduan Ultan 1964:362 # 32 other complex -o is stem former Shipley 1963 2 2 2 0 0 yes
Mojave Toxicodendron diversilobum missing missing missing 2 2 2 0 0 yes
Mutsun Toxicodendron diversilobum ne'-sis Poison oak inheritance Utian Callaghan 1997:227 shows the Miwok /k/, Costanoan /s/ correspondence underived Merriam 55:425 2 2 2 0 0 yes
Nisenan Toxicodendron diversilobum c'itok' poison oak inheritance *c'itók' Maiduan Ultan 1964:362 #32 underived Uldall & Shipley 1966 2 2 2 0 0 yes
Northern Paiute Toxicodendron diversilobum missing missing missing 2 2 2 0 0 yes
Northern Sierra Miwok Toxicodendron diversilobum nyky:s-y- poison oak inheritance *nykys Utian Callaghan 1986:57 other complex -y nominalizer Callaghan 1987 2 2 2 0 0 yes
Plains Miwok Toxicodendron diversilobum nəkəh poison oak inheritance *nykys Utian Callaghan 1986:57 underived Callaghan 1984 2 2 2 0 0 yes
Salinan A Toxicodendron diversilobum trah-ah'-luk poison oak unique Salinan A only not in M; reduplicated /tr/ might be T- articular prefix Merriam 55:389 2 2 2 0 0 yes
Salinan M Toxicodendron diversilobum mosh-sCH we'-lit Poison oak unique Salinan In A as “Ivy” phrase meaning unknown Merriam 55:389 2 2 2 0 0 yes
Seri (Comcaac) Toxicodendron diversilobum missing missing missing 2 2 2 0 0 yes
Serrano Toxicodendron diversilobum o'-e'-tram, oo-e'-chum poison oak inheritance *7ɨjaa- Californian S1506 (Stubbs 2009:224); seems to be a plural other complex looks like a plural suffix -m Merriam 72-29, 60-117 2 2 2 0 0 yes
Southern Paiute Toxicodendron diversilobum missing missing missing 2 2 2 0 0 yes
Southern Sierra Miwok Toxicodendron diversilobum nykys- poison oak inheritance *nykys Utian Callaghan 1986:57 underived Broadbent 1964: 2 2 2 0 0 yes
Southern Ute Toxicodendron diversilobum missing missing missing 2 2 2 0 0 yes
Tübatulabal Toxicodendron diversilobum yah-wŭt' 72-79, 60-505 ʔɨja:ˈwɨt (?) Poison Oak, Toxicodencron diversiblobum inheritance *ʔɨjaa- Californian S1506 (Stubbs 2009:224) Huasteca Nahuatl iyatl “tobacco”is ridiculous. Kitanemuk ʔɨycič should be in. First vowel is central. same other complex ʔɨja:ˈwɨ-t poison.oak-npn http://www.archive.org/stream/bancroft_chartmerriam_1556_60#page/n479/mode/2up; p. 505 no info 2 2 no N/A N/A N/A 0 0 Pacific coast Canada to Baja California Likes damp, shady areas, chaparral yes
Tümpisa Shoshone Toxicodendron diversilobum missing missing missing 2 2 2 0 0 yes
Wappo Toxicodendron diversilobum k'ícu:ma poison oak (CHM confirms 52:585) unique Note MiL 7ittum; similarity noted in Bodega Dictionary by Callaghan other complex Sawyer believes -ma is instrumental, but cannot identify k'icu: Sawyer 1965 2 2 2 0 0 yes
Washo Toxicodendron diversilobum missing missing missing 2 2 2 0 0 yes
Western Mono Toxicodendron diversilobum tsaagibɨ Poison oak (Toxicodendron diversiloba) unique same derived -pɨ Bethel et al.:240 no info 2 2 1 sap used as wart remover gathered (wild) women carefully 0 0 yes
Wintu Toxicodendron diversilobum p'otxom, potxom poison oak inheritance *p'oqHom Wintun Shepherd 2005 other complex p'od “hurt”?? Pitkin 1985 2 2 2 0 0 yes
Yavapai Toxicodendron diversilobum missing missing missing 2 2 2 0 0 yes
Yokuts Palewyami Toxicodendron diversilobum missing missing missing 2 2 2 0 0 yes
Yokuts Yawdanchi Toxicodendron diversilobum che-wik' Poison oak inheritance *č'iwik' Nim-Yokuts Golla 1964:64 same underived Merriam 58:505 2 2 2 0 0 yes
Yokuts Yowlumne Toxicodendron diversilobum c'iwik' poison oak (Rhus) (Merriam confirms 58:569) inheritance *č'iwik' Nim-Yokuts Golla 1964:64 same underived Kroeber 1961:219 2 2 2 0 0 yes
Yuki Toxicodendron diversilobum we'-el MWO, wahl-hoosh MWO Poison oak inheritance *wi7il Yukian Schlichter 1985 other complex -il a noun suffix Sawyer & Schlichter 1984 2 2 2 0 0 yes
Yuma Toxicodendron diversilobum missing missing missing 2 2 2 0 0 yes