rattlesnake

Semantic Field
flora-fauna
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
Meaning Portuguese

Languages

Language Linnean Name Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Range of Term Word Structure Word Structure Notes Classifier Classifier Notes Hypernym Source Association with Social Categories Ritual/Mythologically Significant Ritual Notes Food Source Food Notes Medicinal Medicinal Notes How Collected Who Collects How Prepared Psychotropic Psychotropic Notes Traded Trade Notes Distribution Habitat Dangerous Ethnobiology Notes Species Notes General Notes Created By
Bankalachi Toloim Crotalus spp. sim-mont, su'-maht Rattlesnake (Crotalus spp.) inheritance *samɨnɨ Proto-Uto-Aztecan . AT LAST. A UTO-AZTECAN WORD (same as Tubatulabal) same other complex -t is the non-possessed-noun suffix C. H. Merriam 72-79, 60-463 1 2 0 0 0 yes
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone Crotalus spp. to'-gwah (RV), to-go'-ah (RM) 61:49 rattlesnake (Crotalus) inheritance *tɨ-*koNwa Numic Stubbs 2009, this prefix only in Numic same underived etymologicall a phrase, rock-snake Merriam 61:81 1 2 0 0 0 yes
Cahuilla Crotalus spp. séwet ˈsewet rattlesnake inheritance *sɨwɨ Takic S2011a (Stubbs 2009:280) broader (Bean 1972:61 states that this is generic “snake”, and gives mesa7a as “rattlesnake”; also given by S&H other complex sewe-t -7aʃ "pet" possessive classifier -7aʃ (probably) Seiler&Hioki 1979:183 no info 1 Moon gaves snakes their colors; they are her paintings (Seiler 1970:44) 2 “Rattlesnakes were eaten, at least among the Cahuilla” (Lightfoot and Parrish 2009:359) “A particular favorite” (Bean 1972:61) no info hunted Men boiled, roasted 0 0 Southern Canada south Diverse habitats yes
Central Sierra Miwok Crotalus spp. wák:a:lì rattlesnake inheritance Miwokan Bodega Dic other complex -:li an unproductive suffix with animal names Freeland & Broadbent 1960 1 2 0 0 0 yes
Chemehuevi Crotalus spp. kwe-ets; kwijátsI JPH kwiijaatsI (Press) Rattlesnake (Crotalus) unique broader (generic for snake) other complex has -ci ABS Merriam 59:535 1 2 0 0 0 yes
Chumash Barbareno Crotalus spp. xʃap rattlesnake inheritance Proto-Chumash Obispeno kaxʃap underived Beeler 1978:190 1 2 0 0 0 yes
Chumash Ineseno Crotalus spp. H'shahp, k'shahp' rattlesnake inheritance Proto-Chumash Obispeno kaxʃap underived Merriam 55:17 1 2 0 0 0 yes
Chumash Obispeno Crotalus spp. kaxʃap rattlesnake inheritance Proto-Chumash e.g. Ventureno xʃap underived JPH 92:0774 1 2 0 0 0 yes
Chumash Ventureno Crotalus spp. xʃap rattlesnake Merriam confirms 55:47) inheritance Proto-Chumash Obispeno kaxʃap underived Mamet 2008:18; 1 2 0 0 0 yes
Cocopa Crotalus spp. ɂawí rattlesnake inheritance Proto-Yuman Note Kiliwa ?+wi? broader (any snake) underived Crawford 1989 1 2 0 0 0 yes
Comanche Crotalus spp. wɨhtsabeyakatɨ rattle snake unique same finite clause? wɨhtsabeya-katɨ rattle- sits Robinson & Armagost 1990:163 1 2 0 0 0 yes
Cupeño Crotalus spp. sewet ˈsəwət rattlesnake inheritance *sɨwɨn- Takic S2011a (Stubbs 2009:280); not Stubbs' reconstruction, but Kitanemuk, Serrano are conservative in retaining these nasals. same other complex ˈsəwə-t rattlesnake-npn -ʔaʃ "pet" possessive classifier for animals Hill & Nolasquez 1973:171 no info 1 Mukat's handsomest son (Strong 1929:269) 2 no info no info no info no info 0 0 Southern Canada south diverse habitats yes
Esselen Crotalus spp. ipišikša (Pinart); tsetselk-kamati (Henshaw) rattlesnake loan Costanoan compares Costanan ipi (wa/x/š) other complex -$a classifier suffix -$a Shaul 1988:699; Turner & Shaul 1981:120 1 2 0 0 0 yes
Gabrielino Crotalus spp. $o:t şo:t vibora, Black Diamondback Rattler inheritance *sɨwɨn- Takic S2011a (Stubbs 2009:280); not Stubbs' reconstruction, but Kitanemuk, Serrano are conservative in retaining these nasals. narrower (seems to mean this particular species of rattlesnake, or have that as prototype) other complex şo:-t rattlesnake-npn -ʔaʧ “pet possessive classifier for animals Harrington 596 no info 1 Couplet in Luiseno, so probably at Creator's mourning ceremony 2 Reid said rattlesnake not eaten (McC 116) no info N/A N/A N/A 0 0 Southern Canada south Diverse habitats yes
Iipay 'Aa Crotalus spp. ɂewii rattlesnake inheritance Proto-Yuman Note Kiliwa ?+wi? same underived Couro & Hutcheson 1973 1 2 0 0 0 yes
Kawaiisu Crotalus spp. togowa rattlesnake inheritance *tɨ-*koNwa Proto-Numic Stubbs 2009 but with this prefix only Numic same phrase to-gowa rock-snake (synchronically???) Zigmond et al. 1 2 0 0 0 yes
Kiliwa Crotalus spp. ?+wi?=pnthit Rattlesnake inheritance Proto-Yuman narrower (species of rattlesnake, probably Crotalus viridus) phrase ?+wi?=pnthit dummy.nominal-snake-? (appears only in this expression) Mixco 1985 1 2 0 0 0 yes
Kitanemuk Crotalus spp. hɨŋt hɨŋt snake, rattlesnake inheritance *sɨwɨn- Takic S2011a (Stubbs 2009:280); not Stubbs' reconstruction, but Kitanemuk, Serrano are conservative in retaining these nasals. broader (also generic for snake, but rattlesnake prototype) other complex hɨŋ-t rattlesnake-npn -ʔacit "pet" possessive classifier for animals Anderton 1988:312 no info 1 2 no info no info no info no info 0 0 Southern Canada south Diverse habitats yes
Lake Miwok Crotalus spp. holóomaj rattlesnake loan Wappo Note Wappo holo:wik'a “snake” other complex -aj Callaghan 1965 1 2 0 0 0 yes
Luiseño Crotalus spp. $óowut ʹşo:wut black diamondback rattlesnake inheritance *sɨwɨn- Takic S2011a (Stubbs 2009:280); not Stubbs' reconstruction, but Kitanemuk, Serrano are conservative in retaining these nasals. narrower (Black diamondback only, some evidence of a generic use derived ʹşo:-wu-t snake.sp-augmentative-non.possessed.noun (I don't think -wut here is augmentative historically but clearly is treated as such, cf. $oomal, another species -ʔaʃ "pet" possessive classifier; NPN form of noun is ʔaʃla Elliott 1999: 873 no info 1 couplet: $oowut, pa'yamal “b.d. rattlesnake, raccoon” (in men's song)(E); Chingichngish animal (Sparkman 1908:218) 2 probably not, most Chingichngish animals not eaten no info no info no info no info 0 0 Southern Canada south diverse habitats yes
Maidu Crotalus spp. catátak'a rattlesnake unique derived rattle - X Shipley 1963 1 2 0 0 0 yes
Mojave Crotalus spp. ɂave rattlesnake inheritance Proto-Yuman Note Kiliwa ?+wi? broader (any snake) underived Munro et al.1992 1 2 0 0 0 yes
Mutsun Crotalus spp. 7ippi rattlesnake inheritance Costanoan Esselen ipišikša (Pinart), noted by Shaul;probably C > E because Kroeber has in Mont, Sjb, Sc (Sta Clara) underived Okrand 1977:145 1 2 0 0 0 yes
Nisenan Crotalus spp. kojmo rattlesnake unique underived Uldall & Shipley 1966 1 2 0 0 0 yes
Northern Paiute Crotalus spp. togoggwa togokwa Thornes 2003:298 Rattlesnake (Crotalus) inheritance *tɨ-koNwa Numic UA “snake” word *koNwa is Stubbs 2009, but this form is only in Numic same underived etymologically a phrase, “earth-snake” Yerington Dictionary 1 2 0 0 0 yes
Northern Sierra Miwok Crotalus spp. wak:a:li- rattlesnake inheritance Miwokan Bodega Dic (no reconstruction given) other complex -:li Callaghan 1987 1 2 0 0 0 yes
Plains Miwok Crotalus spp. wac:akah, wac:akas, rattlesnake unique underived Callaghan 1984 1 2 0 0 0 yes
Salinan A Crotalus spp. sme:koí rattlesnake unique Salinan other complex s- animal prefix Mason 1918:124 1 2 0 0 0 yes
Salinan M Crotalus spp. smekoí rattlesnake unique Salinan other complex s- animal prefix Mason 1918:124 1 2 0 0 0 yes
Seri (Comcaac) Crotalus spp. cocázni rattlesnake, especially Western Diamondback (C. atrox) unique narrower (does not include sidewinders, for e.g.) underived Comcaac Dictionary 197 1 2 0 0 0 yes
Serrano Crotalus spp. hyr:ng-t rattlesnake (CHM confirms) inheritance *sɨwɨn- Takic S2011a (Stubbs 2008:280); not Stubbs' reconstruction, but Kitanemuk, Serrano are conservative in retaining these nasals. other complex -t NPN KCHill ms 2001:17 1 2 0 0 0 yes
Southern Paiute Crotalus spp. togoavi Rattlesnake (Crotalus spp.) inheritance *koNwa Proto-Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 2009 (2008:279); the to- “earth” prefix widespread in Numic same other complex has -pi ABS Sapir 1930:688 1 2 0 0 0 yes
Southern Sierra Miwok Crotalus spp. law:ati- rattlesnake inheritance Sierra Miwokan only In Mics underived Broadbent 1964: 1 2 0 0 0 yes
Southern Ute Crotalus spp. togóa-vI rattlesnake, snake inheritance *koNwa Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 2009 (2008:279); this word with the to- prefix is just Numic, however broader (includes all snakes) other complex has -pi ABS Givon 1979 1 2 0 0 0 yes
Tübatulabal Crotalus spp. shümmünt ʃɨˈmɨnt rattlesnake inheritance *samɨnɨ Uto-Aztecan S2011b (Stubbs 2009:280), should combine with 2011a same other complex ʃɨˈmɨn-t rattlesnake.npn Hill 2010:81 no info 1 Rattlesnake is a supernatural being, a yümükīwal, and must be treated with respect 2 no reptiles eaten (Voegelin 1938:6) no info N/A N/A N/A 0 0 Southern Canada south Diverse habitats yes
Tümpisa Shoshone Crotalus spp. tokowa snake, rattlesnake inheritance *tɨ-*koNwa Proto-Numic Stubbs 2009; with this prefix only in Numic broader (also can be generic for “snake”) underived obviously to-kowa “rock-snake” but I doubt if this is accessible to speakers Dayley 1989:291 1 2 0 0 0 yes
Wappo Crotalus spp. č'ép'iš rattlesnake, worm (CHM confirms 52:577) unique Note Costanoan 7ippi, Esselen ipishiksha underived Sawyer 1965 1 2 0 0 0 yes
Washo Crotalus spp. má:k'i7 rattlesnake unique underived Merriam 55:311; WPD 1 2 0 0 0 yes
Western Mono Crotalus spp. toGoqA rattlesnake inheritance *tɨ-koNwa Proto-Numic UA “snake” word *koNwa is S2009, but this form only in Numic broader (generic for “snake”) underived historically compound (see etymological notes) Bethel et al.:232 no info 1 Rattlesnake did not take jimsonweed so is mean and dangerous (Gayton2:282) 2 venom collected by having snakes strike a deer liver, used for arrow poison no info hunted men see food notes 0 0 yes
Wintu Crotalus spp. L'a:q rattlesnake unique underived possibly L'aqa “strike at” as in knapping?? Schlichter 1981 1 2 0 0 0 yes
Yavapai Crotalus spp. ɂlwĭ appears in word for “snake rattles” inheritance Proto-Yuman Note Kiliwa ?+wi? unknown Shaterian 1983 1 2 0 0 0 yes
Yokuts Palewyami Crotalus spp. Tiel rattlesnake inheritance *Thy?yl Yokutsan Callaghan 2001:326, “matches PW *ch'iwil” same underived Gayton 1:47 has Te'Ed Kroeber 1961:204; Merriam 58:529; also in Gayton I:47 1 2 0 0 0 yes
Yokuts Yawdanchi Crotalus spp. Tööd rattlesnake inheritance *Thy?yl Yokutsan Callaghan 2001:326, “matches PW *ch'iwil” same underived Kroeber 1961:204 1 2 0 0 0 yes
Yokuts Yowlumne Crotalus spp. naTiT rattlesnake inheritance *naThiTh Nim-Yokuts Golla 1964:64 same underived Kroeber 1961:204 1 2 0 0 0 yes
Yuki Crotalus spp. lil nąw'en, lil ną7in, etc. F rattlesnake unique phrase lil “rock” Sawyer & Schlichter 1984 1 2 0 0 0 yes
Yuma Crotalus spp. ah-vĭh' rattlesnake (Crotalus) inheritance Proto-Yuman Note Kiliwa ?+wi? unknown Merriam 61:463 1 2 0 0 0 yes