red ant

Semantic Field
flora-fauna
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
Meaning Portuguese

Languages

Language Linnean Name Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Range of Term Word Structure Word Structure Notes Classifier Classifier Notes Hypernym Source Association with Social Categories Ritual/Mythologically Significant Ritual Notes Food Source Food Notes Medicinal Medicinal Notes How Collected Who Collects How Prepared Psychotropic Psychotropic Notes Traded Trade Notes Distribution Habitat Dangerous Ethnobiology Notes Species Notes General Notes Created By
Bankalachi Toloim Solenopsis spp kā-nit red ant loan Yokuts Proto-NimYokuts *k'e:nich (Golla 1964:60) broader (all ants) underived C. H. Merriam 72-79 1 0 1 0 0 no
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone Solenopsis spp hu'nitan red ant unique same underived Crum & Dayley 1993:266 1 0 1 0 0 no
Cahuilla Solenopsis spp ʔánet ˈʔanet ant, big ant inheritance *ʔalɨn- Uto-Aztecan S44 (Stubbs 2009:44) broader; also generic for “ant” at least in Mountain and Wanikik; unclear for Desert Cahuilla but generic for “big ant” there; Merriam confirms “red ant” other complex 7ane-t -7aʃ "pet" possibly possessive classifier -7ash Seiler&Hioki 1979:16 no info 1 0 ants and larvae eaten no info gathered (wild) All anthill swarms with larvae pushed into pits with hot rocks and roasted, also boiled 0 0 All Americas Diverse habitats no
Central Sierra Miwok Solenopsis spp missing missing missing 1 0 1 0 0 no
Chemehuevi Solenopsis spp wahnts Red ant (stings) unique same as word for “antelope” same other complex has -tsI Diminutive Merriam 59:537 1 0 1 0 0 no
Chumash Barbareno Solenopsis spp tiʃ'iʎ'il red ant inheritance Central Chumash only same root in Ineseno underived Beeler 1978:186 1 0 1 0 0 no
Chumash Ineseno Solenopsis spp tish-oo-lun red ant inheritance Central Chumash only same root in Barbareno underived Merriam 55:19 1 0 1 0 0 no
Chumash Obispeno Solenopsis spp t qala' large red ant inheritance *tkaya' Proto-Chumash sound symbolism changes consonant other complex t- Klar 1977:64 1 0 1 0 0 no
Chumash Ventureno Solenopsis spp sutülhüL rose-colored ant unique underived maybe a redup here JPH III:69:0081 from FL 1 0 1 0 0 no
Cocopa Solenopsis spp šmuyúły ɂaxwáţ red ant unique no info phrase ant red (calque?) Crawford 1989 1 0 1 0 0 no
Comanche Solenopsis spp ekaɨnɨɨ red ant; large red ant unique narrower (a kind of red ant) phrase eka-ɨnɨɨ red-bug Robinson & Armagost 1990:164; 1 0 1 0 0 no
Cupeño Solenopsis spp anat ʹʔanat ant, red ant inheritance *ʔalɨN- Uto-Aztecan S44 (Stubbs 2009:44) broader (both red ants and generic for ants) other complex ʹʔana-t ant-npn -ʔaʃ "pet" possessive classifier for animals Hill & Nolasquez 1973:151 no info 1 used in boy's ant ordeal 0 probably larvae eaten no info probably bites used therapeutically outside of ordeal gathered (wild) men live ants saved for ordeal 0 0 Americas diverse habitats no
Esselen Solenopsis spp missing missing missing 1 0 1 0 0 no
Gabrielino Solenopsis spp ahn'-naht' (red ant) ˈʔa:nat red ant inheritance *ʔalɨN- Uto-Aztecan S44 (Stubbs 2009:44) same other complex ˈʔa:na-t red.ant-npn -ʔaʧ "pet" possessive classifier for animals http://www.archive.org/stream/bancroft_chartmerriam_1556_60#page/n415/mode/2up; p. 431 no info 1 in ant ordeal 0 McC 121 1 swallowed for medicine (McC) gathered (wild) all larvae often eaten raw as found McC 121 0 0 Americas Diverse habitats no
Iipay 'Aa Solenopsis spp chemilly ant, red ant inheritance Proto-Yuman Mo. chamaduuly, Co. šmuyúły, Yavapai čmyúl broader (generid for ant) underived Couro & Hutcheson 1973 1 0 1 0 0 no
Kawaiisu Solenopsis spp taasuɁu-vi Red ant inheritance *tasi'a Proto-Numic Stubbs 49 (2008;45) Central and Southern Numic only same other complex taasuɁu-vi ant-ABS Zigmond et al. 1 0 1 0 0 no
Kiliwa Solenopsis spp tlpaa large red ant unique narrower (a kind of red ant) underived Mixco 1985 1 0 1 0 0 no
Kitanemuk Solenopsis spp ʔanɨht ˈʔanɨht ant sp.: big, red, applied to body for pain inheritance *ʔalɨN- Uto-Aztecan S44 (Stubbs 2009:44) same other complex ˈʔanɨh-t red.ant-npn -ʔacit "pet" possessive classifier for animals Anderton 1988:270 no info 1 ingested in vision quest 0 1 apply to body, or eat for pain gathered (wild) men see medicinal notes 0 noted as a hallucinogen by Blackburn & Bean 1978:467 0 Americas Diverse habitats no
Lake Miwok Solenopsis spp 7awáakan red ants unique underived Callaghan 1965 1 0 1 0 0 no
Luiseño Solenopsis spp 7áanat ˈʔa:nat California harvesting ant, Pogonomyrmex californicus inheritance *ʔalɨn- S44 (Stubbs 2009:44) narrower (a specific kind of red ant, not all red ants) other complex ˈʔa:na-t red.ant.sp-non.possessed.noun Harrington 1978:164 no info 1 used in ant ordeal (Harrington 1978:164) 0 1 “the medicinal ant of these people” (Harrington 1978:164), a blood medicine, for rheumatism. Could be swallowed or put on afflicted part to bite it. gathered (wild) men kept live for ant ordeal 0 0 Americas diverse habitats no
Maidu Solenopsis spp missing missing missing 1 0 1 0 0 no
Mojave Solenopsis spp chamaduuly red ant inheritance broader (any ant, with red ant as prototype) underived Munro et al.1992 1 0 1 0 0 no
Mutsun Solenopsis spp oTol, oTon red ant inheritance Costanoan Shaul 1986:699 notes Esselen otsoli-pša “ant”; also Rumsen oto underived Mason 1916:427 1 0 1 0 0 no
Nisenan Solenopsis spp pan-nan'-nok, u'-lah-lok; ut'-ah-ut'-ah small red ant, sm.r.a./ large r.a. unique reduplicated Merriam 57:243 1 0 1 0 0 no
Northern Paiute Solenopsis spp hooedu, tsahooedda red ants unique note that at Walker Lake Merriam has hooedu as “black ants” same derived has -tɨ deverbalizing suffix, what is hooe??? Yerington Dictionary 1 0 1 0 0 no
Northern Sierra Miwok Solenopsis spp pah'-tĕ-mah same as #89 red ant (bites) (same as “Ant” generic?) unique perhaps same root as Miss paTa:ka- other complex -y nominalizer Merriam 57:403 1 0 1 0 0 no
Plains Miwok Solenopsis spp wete7te7 tisi:naj red ants unique C asks “loan translation”? phrase red ant Callaghan 1984 1 0 1 0 0 no
Salinan A Solenopsis spp le-ká(:)t ant (Merriam: red ant (hairy) 55:381 unique Salinan underived could this be L- prefix? Turner 1987:118? Mason 1918:123; Turner 1983:234 1 0 1 0 0 no
Salinan M Solenopsis spp ilkát ant (Merriam “red ant, hairy” 55:381 unique Salinan other complex l- probably prefix Mason 1918:123 1 0 1 0 0 no
Seri (Comcaac) Solenopsis spp missing missing missing 1 0 1 0 0 no
Serrano Solenopsis spp ar:nyr-ht red ant (CHM); KCH a large kind of ant inheritance *7alɨN- Uto-Aztecan S44 (Stubbs 2009:44) other complex -t NPN Merriam 60:111 1 0 1 0 0 no
Southern Paiute Solenopsis spp tacɨavi Red ant (Merriam: “big kind”) inheritance *tasi'a Proto-Numic Stubbs 49 (2008:45) Centrland Southern Numic only narrower (a kind of red ant) other complex has -pi ABS Sapir 1930:671 1 0 1 0 0 no
Southern Sierra Miwok Solenopsis spp missing missing missing 1 0 1 0 0 no
Southern Ute Solenopsis spp ?aká-tAsí?ą-vI red ant calque English red-ant; see remark on black ant same phrase red-ant-ABS Givon 1979 1 0 1 0 0 no
Tübatulabal Solenopsis spp anünt ʔaˈnɨnt red ant, yellow ant inheritance *ʔalɨN- Uto-Aztecan S44 (Stubbs 2009:44) broader (includes yellow ants) other complex ʔaˈnɨn-t red.ant-npn Hill 2010:9 no info 1 live ants wrapped in balls of eagle down swallowed for visions 0 Voegelin 1938:12 1 live ants wrapped in balls of eagle down swallowed for ailments gathered (wild) men see notes 0 “the effect produced when the ants bit the lining of the stomach was similar to that produced by drinking jimsonweed” (Voegelin 1938:5) 0 Americas Diverse habitats no
Tümpisa Shoshone Solenopsis spp tongkwaapi red ant inheritance *toni- Proto-Uto-Aztecan Goes with Stubbs SUA 46 *totoni, and with “sting” same other complex tong-kwaa-pi sting-?-CL pi Dayley 1989:294 1 0 1 0 0 no
Wappo Solenopsis spp missing missing missing 1 0 1 0 0 no
Washo Solenopsis spp 7á:ni red ant “fuzzy and stings” loan Northern Paiute Northern Paiute anebe (/anɨbɨ/, PUA *anɨN underived Merriam 55:313; WPD 1 0 1 0 0 no
Western Mono Solenopsis spp tadaGo' red ants unique same underived Bethel et al.:195 no info 1 0 no info no info N/A no info 0 0 no
Wintu Solenopsis spp t'i:do:q ant, red ant inheritance *t'edVq Wintun Shepherd 2005 underived Schlichter 1981 1 0 1 0 0 no
Yavapai Solenopsis spp čmyúl red or fire ant inheritance Proto-Yuman Co. šmuyúły, Mo. Mo. chamaduuly unknown Shaterian 1983 1 0 1 0 0 no
Yokuts Palewyami Solenopsis spp missing missing missing 1 0 1 0 0 no
Yokuts Yawdanchi Solenopsis spp kakau large red ant used as counterirritant inheritance Nim-Yokuts Same in Merriam's Chukchansi, Gashowu lists same underived Kroeber 1961:220 1 0 1 0 0 no
Yokuts Yowlumne Solenopsis spp k'e:ne:c' red ant (Merriam confirms “small red ant” 58:563); inheritance *k'e:nič' Nim-Yokuts Golla 1964:60 same other complex looks like the -ic' agentive suffix Newman 1944:191 1 0 1 0 0 no
Yuki Solenopsis spp hun-tum she'-mah us'-sah MW red ant unique phrase huntum shima is a black ant, us-sah red??? Sawyer & Schlichter 1984 1 0 1 0 0 no
Yuma Solenopsis spp missing missing missing 1 0 1 0 0 no