red-shouldered blackbird

Semantic Field
flora-fauna
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
Meaning Portuguese

Languages

Language Linnean Name Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Range of Term Word Structure Word Structure Notes Classifier Classifier Notes Hypernym Source Association with Social Categories Ritual/Mythologically Significant Ritual Notes Food Source Food Notes Medicinal Medicinal Notes How Collected Who Collects How Prepared Psychotropic Psychotropic Notes Traded Trade Notes Distribution Habitat Dangerous Ethnobiology Notes Species Notes General Notes Created By
Bankalachi Toloim Agelaius phoeniceus cho-lŏk'-nah Red-shouldered blackbird unique same no info note the -nah and compare with 10 below C. H. Merriam 60-455 2 1 0 0 0 no
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone Agelaius phoeniceus pakancukki; saaipakantsukkih “red-winged blackbird” Duckwater 282 blackbird (M: Red-shouldered blackbird (Agelaius) inheritance *paCkwa Northern Uto-Aztecan Note *paakonga (Cupan *paaxingish, Kit. pakongyat. Tumpisa Shoshone pokkotoppe, pakkwatoppe unknown Merriam 61:75 2 1 0 0 0 no
Cahuilla Agelaius phoeniceus páxaniš ˈpaxaniʃ Red-shouldered blackbird, Agelaius phoeniceus, male inheritance *paaka- Northern Uto-Aztecan Cupan *paaxiŋi-sh, Kitanemuk ˈpakoŋjat; Southern Paiute pagatcaqapI; Tumpisa Shoshone pakkwatoppe narrower (male bird only; Merriam quite consistent on this), but also broader, also recorded for Brewer Blackbird derived ʹpaxan-iʃ , looks like a nominalization, but root unclear given that this is from *paxing, not *paxan -7aʃ “pet” Possessive classifier -7aʃ wikikmal http://www.archive.org/stream/bancroft_chartmerriam_1556_60#page/n155/mode/2up p. 165 no info 2 1 no info hunted All roasted, stewed, eggs eaten 0 0 North and Central America Open grassy areas, prefers wetlands, but also found in dry upland meadows no
Central Sierra Miwok Agelaius phoeniceus 7onglili:wy- redwing blackbird unique other complex -y nominalizer Freeland & Broadbent 1960 2 1 0 0 0 no
Chemehuevi Agelaius phoeniceus ahn'-gus-se-ap; ahn'-kŏ-sap ɂaŋka'sapI Red-shouldered blackbird (Agelaius) unique with Numic elements same phrase ɂaŋka-'sapI red-belly Merriam 59:527 2 1 0 0 0 no
Chumash Barbareno Agelaius phoeniceus ʧ'oq blackbird loan into protolanguage Central Chumash only Yokuts Kroeber noted this loan; Proto-NimYokuts *ch'ax (Golla 1964:60); Yuki is also very similar, it's an arealism. But loan is into Central Chumash WW %chak underived Beeler 1978:174 2 1 0 0 0 no
Chumash Ineseno Agelaius phoeniceus ʧ'oq' blackbird (Merriam confirms 55:9) loan into protolanguage Central Chumash only Yokuts Central Chumash; Kroeber noted this loan; Proto-NimYokuts *ch'ax (Golla 1964:60). But it's into Central Chumash; a widespread word. WW %chak underived Applegate155 2 1 0 0 0 no
Chumash Obispeno Agelaius phoeniceus t-štyapa7 chanate unique other complex t- Harrington III:1:0300 2 1 0 0 0 no
Chumash Ventureno Agelaius phoeniceus tš'oq blackbird loan into protolanguage Central Chumash only Yokuts In Barbareno WW %chak underived JPH II:91:0346 2 1 0 0 0 no
Cocopa Agelaius phoeniceus şqway qlucá·w redwinged blackbird inheritance Delta-California Iipay Aa hah-se-kwi' (Merriam) same phrase blackbird ?(element appearing only in this expression) Crawford 1989 2 1 0 0 0 no
Comanche Agelaius phoeniceus tuwikaa? raven, crow, blackbird semantic shift *kak Uto-Aztecan Probably not a calque because it's in Rejon for “crow”; unique increment: Stubbs 584 (2008:117) broader (seems to be any old black bird) phrase tu- “black”??? -kaa is the “crow” cognate Robinson & Armagost 1990:183 2 1 0 0 0 no
Cupeño Agelaius phoeniceus paxanish ˈpaxaniʃ Blackbird inheritance *paakoŋa- Proto-Northern Uto-Aztecan Cupan *paaxiŋi-sh, Kitanemuk ˈpakoŋjat; Southern Paiute pagatcaqapI; Tumpisa Shoshone pakkwatoppe same other complex ˈpaxani-ʃ blackbird-npn (root may be derived) -ʔaʃ "pet" possessive classifier for animals mukikmal Hill & Nolasquez 1973:167 no info 2 1 songbirds eaten by Cahuilla, Luiseño so surely also by Cupeño no info hunted all roasted, stewed, eggs eaten 0 0 North and Central America Open grassy areas, prefers wetlands, but also found in dry upland meadows no
Esselen Agelaius phoeniceus missing missing missing 2 1 0 0 0 no
Gabrielino Agelaius phoeniceus chakwyu' ʧaˈkʷjuʔ red-winged blackbird loan Yokuts Nim-Yokuts *č'ax (Golla 1964:60) WW %chak same underived no npn -ʔaʧ "pet" possessive classifier for animals chi:ya Harrington 160 no info 2 1 all birds eaten (McC 116) no info hunted all roasted 0 0 North and Central America Open grassy areas, prefers wetlands, but also found in dry upland meadows no
Iipay 'Aa Agelaius phoeniceus hah'-se-kwi' Red-shouldered blackbird (Agelaius) inheritance Delta-California Cocopa şqway qlucá·w same underived Merriam 55:207 2 1 0 0 0 no
Kawaiisu Agelaius phoeniceus wokoliiɁi-bɨ redwing blackbird unique same other complex wokoliiɁi-bɨ blackbird-ABS Zigmond et al. 2 1 0 0 0 no
Kiliwa Agelaius phoeniceus missing missing missing 2 1 0 0 0 no
Kitanemuk Agelaius phoeniceus pakoŋyat ˈpakoŋjat redwinged blackbird inheritance *paaka Proto-Northern Uto-Aztecan Cupan *paaxiŋi-ʃ; Tumpisa Shoshone pakkwatoppe; S. Paiute paqatchaqapi same other complex ˈpakoŋja-t red.winged.blackbird-npn -ʔacit "pet" possessive classifier for animals wicitat Anderton 1988:456 no info 2 1 no decent info but everybody ate songbirds and eggs no info hunted all roasted, boiled, eggs eaten 0 0 North and Central America Open grassy areas, prefers wetlands, but also found in dry upland meadows no
Lake Miwok Agelaius phoeniceus c'akáttu, cak'átta blackbird (Merriam confirms as OK 57;519) loan Hill Patwin “probably from Hill Patwin c'akatu “black bird”” 1965:204); but note Pmis *chakup-:a- (Callaghan 1997:58) WW %chak underived c'ak is probably the root but nature of -attu increment is unclear Callaghan 1965 2 1 0 0 0 no
Luiseño Agelaius phoeniceus páaxingish ʹpa:xiŋiʃ red-winged blackbird inheritance *paaka- Northern Uto-Aztecan Cupan *paaxiŋi-sh, Kitanemuk ˈpakoŋjat; Southern Paiute pagatcaqapI; Tumpisa Shoshone pakkwatoppe same other complex ʹpa:xiŋi-ʃ 7ehéngmay Elliott 1999:672 2 1 0 0 0 no
Maidu Agelaius phoeniceus c'akát'i blackbird loan unknown Note Mie cak... forms; a widespread areal form WW %chak other complex -i is a stem former Shipley 1963 2 1 0 0 0 no
Mojave Agelaius phoeniceus thiɂiikwa (Merriam Cowbird); Merriam gives qual ē täk' a blackbird unique broader (several types of blackbirds) underived Munro et al.1992 2 1 0 0 0 no
Mutsun Agelaius phoeniceus kulyan blackbird (Merriam 55:409 confirms both Brewer's and Red-wing) unique Southern Costanoan only Note Pinart's Antoniano čoola; Pinart has “kulian” only in Co IV (Rumsen) underived Okrand 1977:58; Mason 1916:427; 428 2 1 0 0 0 no
Nisenan Agelaius phoeniceus wut; mi-dik-kum chahk (= man, male) red-winged blackbird loan unknown WW %chak underived Merriam 57:235 2 1 0 0 0 no
Northern Paiute Agelaius phoeniceus at-sut-saw-pă-ko'-ro'-bah pakoddoba (Y); pakotopA Thornes 2003:219 Red-shouldered blackbird (Agelaius) inheritance Northern Uto-Aztecan This is a new set with *paka ... with various increments, see notes under “bird” in Stubbs 2008 same phrase at-sut-saw “red-head? (atsa-tso-)” -pă-ko'-ro'-bah “blackbird” Merriam 61:141 2 1 0 0 0 no
Northern Sierra Miwok Agelaius phoeniceus cakup:aTi-, copuk:aTi- blackbird loan into protolanguage Eastern Miwokan unknown Callaghan 1997:58 fails to note Mip cikup:ati- WW %chak other complex -Ti probably thematic Callaghan 1987 2 1 0 0 0 no
Plains Miwok Agelaius phoeniceus cikup:ati- redwing blackbird, probably Brewer blackbird (CHM only B.b.) inheritance Eastern Miwokan In Mins, Miss underived -ti separable etymologically? Callaghan 1984 2 1 0 0 0 no
Salinan A Agelaius phoeniceus čol', čola7 (Turner 1983:227; 1980:69) red-winged blackbird unique Salinan Note Central Chumash ʧ'oq underived Mason 1918:125 2 1 0 0 0 no
Salinan M Agelaius phoeniceus tcal Brewer's blackbird unique Salinan forms with chak, etc. quite common underived Mason 1918:125 2 1 0 0 0 no
Seri (Comcaac) Agelaius phoeniceus zazan Great-tailed grackle loan O'odham O'odham shashani “blackbird” broader (I suspect any non-corvid black bird) underived Comcaac Dictionary 615 2 1 0 0 0 no
Serrano Agelaius phoeniceus missing missing missing 2 1 0 0 0 no
Southern Paiute Agelaius phoeniceus pagatcaqapI Red-shouldered blackbird (Agelaius phoeniceus) inheritance, loan *paaka- Proto-Northern Uto-Aztecan unknown this looks like a compound from the *pakka word (Cupan *paaxiŋi-sh, Kitanemuk ˈpakoŋjat; ; Tumpisa Shoshone pakkwatoppe); incorporates %chak; but note BSVS pakancukki; saaipakantsukkih “red-winged blackbird” Duckwater 282, so might just be vowel assimilat WW %chak unknown paga- “cane”? -tcaqapI “to make a click-like sound” 699 but see below for “yellowbird” Sapir 1930:605 2 1 0 0 0 no
Southern Sierra Miwok Agelaius phoeniceus capuk-”a Brewer's blackbird (Merriam confirms ch... for Red-wing; inheritance *chakup-:a- Eastern Miwokan Callaghan 1997:58 fails to note Mip cikup:ati- other complex suffix -”a Broadbent 1964: 2 1 0 0 0 no
Southern Ute Agelaius phoeniceus missing missing missing 2 1 0 0 0 no
Tübatulabal Agelaius phoeniceus tsakkīpü:l ʦaki:ˈbɨ:l blackbird loan Yokuts Nim-Yokuts *č'ax (Golla 1964:60) WW %chak same derived ʦaki:ˈ-bɨ:-l blackbird-deriv.suffix-npn chikkīt Hill 2010:89 no info 2 1 no info hunted men roasted on coals, bones ground (some consultants denied Tub. ate eggs before Whites) 0 0 North and Central America Open grassy areas, prefers wetlands, but also found in dry upland meadows no
Tümpisa Shoshone Agelaius phoeniceus pokkotoppe, pakkwatoppe red-winged blackbird inheritance *paCkwa Proto-Northern Uto-Aztecan Note *paakonga (Cupan *paaxingish, Kit. pakongyat. Big Smokey Valley is pakkancukkwi same other complex pakkwa-to-ppe blackbird-?-CL ppe Dayley 1989:186 2 1 0 0 0 no
Wappo Agelaius phoeniceus č'ákh blackbird, red-winged blackbird (CHM confirms 52:571) loan unknown areal; “ Hill Patwin c'akatu “black bird”” 1965:204); Wintu L'ul č'ač'at; Mil c'akattu/a; but note Pmis *chakup-:a- (Callaghan 1997:58); Nim-Yokuts *č'ax WW %chak underived Sawyer 1965 2 1 0 0 0 no
Washo Agelaius phoeniceus c'ótgi7 Red-shouldered blackbird(Merriam's included word for “red” loan unknown WW %chak underived Merriam 55:303; WPD 2 1 0 0 0 no
Western Mono Agelaius phoeniceus pan-nak'-kor (Merriam); ca:k Gayton 2:223 Red-shouldered blackbird, Agelaius phoeniceus loan Yokuts NP pakoddoba?? ; Timbisa Shoshone pah'-ne'-zah'-rah (Merriam); Gayton's chak is Yokuts WW %chak same underived tsiipa “bird” Merriam 59:73 no info 2 1 no info hunted men no info 0 0 no
Wintu Agelaius phoeniceus L'ul č'ač'at red-winged blackbird (lit. “lake blackbird”) (Merriam confirms headword) loan unknown The č'ač'at part is in a large family of blackbird words in č'a... in NAM WW %chak phrase lake č'a Schlichter 1981 2 1 0 0 0 no
Yavapai Agelaius phoeniceus missing missing missing 2 1 0 0 0 no
Yokuts Palewyami Agelaius phoeniceus missing missing missing 2 1 0 0 0 no
Yokuts Yawdanchi Agelaius phoeniceus tcak Merriam ko-toon' chahk' blackbird (Brewer), CHM is Agelaius rsb ) 58:363 loan into protolanguage *č'ax Nim-Yokuts unknown Golla 1964:60; areal; “ Hill Patwin c'akatu “black bird”” 1965:204); Wintu L'ul č'ač'at; Mil c'akattu/a; but note Pmis *chakup-:a- (Callaghan 1997:58); Wappo č'ákh WW %chak same underived Kroeber 1961:203 2 1 0 0 0 no
Yokuts Yowlumne Agelaius phoeniceus c'ak' blackbird loan into protolanguage *č'ax (*č'ak' in Callaghan 1997;58) Nim-Yokuts unknown Golla 1964:60 WW %chak same underived Newman 1944:176 2 1 0 0 0 no
Yuki Agelaius phoeniceus shoo-pah MWO, Sup U brewer's or red-shouldered blackbird inheritance *šipa Yukian Schlichter 1985 underived Sawyer & Schlichter 1984 2 1 0 0 0 no
Yuma Agelaius phoeniceus hus-e-kwah' i-hah' Red-shouldered blackbird (Agelaius) inheritance Proto-Yuman 'Iipay Aa hah'-se-kwi'; Looks like a Delta-California form, cf. Cocopa şqway qlucá·w unknown Merriam 61:457 2 1 0 0 0 no