scaly lizard

Semantic Field
flora-fauna
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
Meaning Portuguese

Languages

Language Linnean Name Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Range of Term Word Structure Word Structure Notes Classifier Classifier Notes Hypernym Source Association with Social Categories Ritual/Mythologically Significant Ritual Notes Food Source Food Notes Medicinal Medicinal Notes How Collected Who Collects How Prepared Psychotropic Psychotropic Notes Traded Trade Notes Distribution Habitat Dangerous Ethnobiology Notes Species Notes General Notes Created By
Bankalachi Toloim Pygopus lepidopodus? hol'-poi, hol'-poi'-ĕ “bigger” Scaly lizard (Sceloporus) loan Yokuts Yowlumne hol-poi'-ye, hol-poi'-yah (all lizards) unknown C. H. Merriam 72-79, 60-463 2 2 0 0 0 no
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone Pygopus lepidopodus? tŭ'-moi (RV), dĕ'-hoi (RM) Scaly lizard (Sceloporus) inheritance *tɨko Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 1336 (2008:203) SUA only, needs elevation. And perhaps unite with Stubbs 1342 same underived has tɨ- “earth” prefix etymologically Merriam 61:81 2 2 0 0 0 no
Cahuilla Pygopus lepidopodus? múlʸak ˈmuʎak lizard (generic term) inheritance Only in Cupeño and Cahuila. Because of odd word shape, a potential loan; not obviously Yuman. same (according to S&H) underived no non-possessed noun suffix -7aʃ “pet” possessive classifier -7aʃ (probably) Seiler & Hioki 1979:114 no info 2 Moon gaves lizards their colors; they are her paintings (Seiler 1970:44). Mulyak still looks at sun because he was assigned to watch an evil-doer at Creation Time (Seiler 1970:48) 2 no info hunted women boiled, roasted 0 0 All Americas Diverse habitats no
Central Sierra Miwok Pygopus lepidopodus? šák:aTi- lizard inheritance Eastern Miwokan In all Mis and Mip underived 2 2 0 0 0 no
Chemehuevi Pygopus lepidopodus? tsang-ah' caŋA Scaly lizard (Sceloporus) inheritance *caŋa Proto-Northern Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 1331 (2008;202), may be arealism, cognates are in Chemehuevi, SP, Serrano unknown Merriam 59:535 2 2 0 0 0 no
Chumash Barbareno Pygopus lepidopodus? missing missing missing 2 2 0 0 0 no
Chumash Ineseno Pygopus lepidopodus? o'-no-kō'k Scaly lizard inheritance Central Chumash only Also in Barbareno underived probably complex, but impossible to identify morphemes Merriam 55:17 2 2 0 0 0 no
Chumash Obispeno Pygopus lepidopodus? t'akiškilopo cachora unique Schoenhals et al say is Sceloporus phrase elements unanalyzable JPH III;1:295 2 2 0 0 0 no
Chumash Ventureno Pygopus lepidopodus? an'-tip-snă'-ki scaly lizard unique other complex 7al- Merriam 55:49 2 2 0 0 0 no
Cocopa Pygopus lepidopodus? missing missing missing 2 2 0 0 0 no
Comanche Pygopus lepidopodus? missing missing missing 2 2 0 0 0 no
Cupeño Pygopus lepidopodus? mulyak ˈmulyak lizard sp. inheritance *mulyak Cupan only in Cupeño, Cahuilla broader (seems to be generic for “lizard”) underived note no npn -ʔaʃ "pet" possessive classifier for animals Hill & Nolasquez 1973:163 no info 2 Mulyak spies on frog as he bewitches creator (Hill & Nolasquez 1973:3); ceremonial couplet mulyak $evalchangish (H&N p. 80) 2 no info no info no info no info 0 0 Americas diverse habitats no
Esselen Pygopus lepidopodus? mexile-n lizard loan Costanoan compare Costanoan mexer- other complex -n classifier suffix -n Shaul 1988:696 2 2 0 0 0 no
Gabrielino Pygopus lepidopodus? che-roo'-ko? 60-429 ʧiˈrukuʔ Scaly lizard loan Gabrielino Kitanemuk chiruku' “lizard, cachora (iguana)”; See discussion at S1332 (Stubbs 2009:202). See also note with “Bat” broader (for several kinds of lizards, but not all so-called in English) underived no npn -ʔaʧ “pet possessive classifier for animals http://www.archive.org/stream/bancroft_chartmerriam_1556_60#page/n415/mode/2up; p. 429 no info 2 2 considered disgusting (McC p. 117) no info N/A N/A N/A 0 0 Americas Diverse habitats no
Iipay 'Aa Pygopus lepidopodus? haakwall lizard (Merriam 55:213 confirms Sceloporus) unique same underived Couro & Hutcheson 1973 2 2 0 0 0 no
Kawaiisu Pygopus lepidopodus? wō-wus'-san-nā'-te/ze Sceloporus unique same other complex wō-wus'-san-nā'-te/ze; last element is -zi ABS Merriam 59:375 2 2 0 0 0 no
Kiliwa Pygopus lepidopodus? xmsilq spiny lizards. S. poinsetti? unique same underived Mixco 1985 2 2 0 0 0 no
Kitanemuk Pygopus lepidopodus? che'-roo-po 60-17 chiruku' (Harrington's form in Anderton) lizard, cachora (Iguana) loan Gabrielino Gab. che-roo'-ko? 60-429. See discussion at S1332 (Stubbs 2009:202). See also note with “Bat” no info underived no npn -ʔacit "pet" possessive classifier for animals Anderton 1988:285 no info 2 2 no info no info no info no info 0 0 Americas Diverse habitats no
Lake Miwok Pygopus lepidopodus? petéeli lizard (Merriam confirms as Sceloporus 57:527) inheritance Miwokan Pmiw *pe:te:li, also Mip pit:e:le- Callaghan 1971:24 WW %petel underived Callaghan 1965 2 2 0 0 0 no
Luiseño Pygopus lepidopodus? qa$íla qaʹşila lizard unique I wonder about S1328b *kwaCca, in which Stubbs 2009:202 puts Hopi qöqöci. Vowel is wrong, but ... same other complex qaʹşi-la lizard-non.possessed.noun -ʔaʃ "pet" possessive classifier; NPN form of noun is ʔaʃla no info Elliott 1999:792 no info 2 2 “a tabooed food” White 1963:143 no info N/A N/A N/A 0 0 Americas diverse habitats no
Maidu Pygopus lepidopodus? 7óm píccak'a lizard (Merriam confirms) inheritance *pít-c'ak' Maiduan Ultan 1964:366:208 phrase rock lizard.sp. Shipley 1963 2 2 0 0 0 no
Mojave Pygopus lepidopodus? ɂahatath'ily type of spiny of scaled lizard (lives in greasewood) inheritance Proto-Yuman Contains *(č)-xat “dog”; Note Yavapai thθí(·)la same phrase 7ahat-ath'ily second element only in this form Munro et al.1992 2 2 0 0 0 no
Mutsun Pygopus lepidopodus? mă-hă-ru-ah Scaly lizard (Sceloporus) inheritance Southern Costanoan; Rumseh mĕCH-a-ren Merriam 55:449 other complex morphology unknown Merriam 55:417 2 2 0 0 0 no
Nisenan Pygopus lepidopodus? p'ic'ak', pitc'ak' lizard (Merriam confirms scaly lizard Merriam 57:241 inheritance *pít-c'ak' Maiduan Ultan 1964: 366 # 208 underived Uldall & Shipley 1966 2 2 0 0 0 no
Northern Paiute Pygopus lepidopodus? kah-wē'-dah Scaly lizard (Sceloporus) unique same underived may have the -dɨ nominalizer but impossible to tell Merriam 61:147 2 2 0 0 0 no
Northern Sierra Miwok Pygopus lepidopodus? sak:iTi- Ordinary dark gray lizard (Merriam Sceloporus, Gerrhonotus”) inheritance Eastern Miwokan In all Mis and Mip other complex -Ti Callaghan 1987 2 2 0 0 0 no
Plains Miwok Pygopus lepidopodus? tep:e:na- lizard (generic), telegraph lizard, common lizard, blue lizard (CHM has for Sceloporus CC) unique underived Callaghan 1984 2 2 0 0 0 no
Salinan A Pygopus lepidopodus? xakelé; xa:pelé7 lizard (Merriam confirms scaly lizard 55:379) loan Salinan unknown Note Pmiw *pet:el:li, Mip pit:e:le-, WW %petel underived probably etymologically complex Mason 1918:123; Turner 1980:78 from Harrington, Jacobsen 2 2 0 0 0 no
Salinan M Pygopus lepidopodus? xapailə/' lizard (Merriam confirms scaly lizard 55:379) loan Salinan unknown note Note Pmiw *pet:el:li, Mip pit:e:le-, WW %petel underived Mason 1918:123 2 2 0 0 0 no
Seri (Comcaac) Pygopus lepidopodus? haasj spiny lizard, Sceloporus magister/? unique narrower (a species of Sceloporus) underived Comcaac Dictionary 309 2 2 0 0 0 no
Serrano Pygopus lepidopodus? car:ngt lizard sp. (CHM confirms Sceloporus 60:109) inheritance *canga Northern Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 1331; only other form is Southern Paiute, may be a regionalism, not NUA other complex -t NPN KCHill ms 2001:8 2 2 0 0 0 no
Southern Paiute Pygopus lepidopodus? tcanga: Lizard (Merriam: Scaly lizard (Sceloporus) inheritance *caŋa Proto-Northern Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 1331 (2008:202); may be arealism, cognates in Chemehuevi, S. Paiute, Serrano same underived Sapir 1930:698 2 2 0 0 0 no
Southern Sierra Miwok Pygopus lepidopodus? sok'-kah-de' Scaly lizard (Sceloporus) inheritance Eastern Miwokan In all Mis and Mip other complex -ti (Ti?) Merriam 57:463 2 2 0 0 0 no
Southern Ute Pygopus lepidopodus? missing missing missing 2 2 0 0 0 no
Tübatulabal Pygopus lepidopodus? shikkol ʃiˈkol lizard semantic shift *siko- “stinkbug” Californian S312 (Stubbs 2009:83); alwas reduplicated as sisko in “stinkbug”, perhaps that's the shift from “lizard”. broader (includes several kinds of lizard, more like English “lizard, generic”) other complex ʃiˈko-l lizard-npn Hill 2010:78 no info 2 2 no reptiles eaten (Voegelin 1938:6) no info N/A N/A N/A 0 0 Americas Diverse habitats no
Tümpisa Shoshone Pygopus lepidopodus? awappo'i desert spring lizard, Sceloporus magister unique same underived Dayley 1989:11 2 2 0 0 0 no
Wappo Pygopus lepidopodus? tōn-nŏk; tawn'-nuk-kaw scaly lizard unique underived Merriam 52:577 2 2 0 0 0 no
Washo Pygopus lepidopodus? píteli7 scaly lizard loan Northern Sierra Miwok Pmiw *pet:el:l (Callaghan 1971), WW %petel underived Merriam 55:311; WPD 2 2 0 0 0 no
Western Mono Pygopus lepidopodus? poGo'ya lizard inheritance *poko Western + Central Numic, Tübatulabal Stubbs 1338 (2008:203); distribution looks areal, check Yokuts, Miwok same underived -ya may be detachable (see taba'ya "gooseberry") Bethel et al.:150 no info 2 2 no info no info no info no info 0 0 no
Wintu Pygopus lepidopodus? č'iwiL fence lizard (Sceloporus) (CHM confirms) inheritance *č'iwil Wintun Shepherd 2005 underived č'iw 2 only Schlichter 1981 2 2 0 0 0 no
Yavapai Pygopus lepidopodus? thθí(·)la lizard inheritance Proto-Yuman Note Mojave ahatath'ily unknown Shaterian 1983 2 2 0 0 0 no
Yokuts Palewyami Pygopus lepidopodus? kah-tahl'-mut Scaly lizard unique nothing similar in Kroeber same phrase -mut is probably -meT "big" Merriam 58:529 2 2 0 0 0 no
Yokuts Yawdanchi Pygopus lepidopodus? k'onče:ča (Golla 1964:63) Scaly lizard (Wik) (Merriam confirms genus Sceloporus) inheritance *k'on-čo:čiɂ Nim-Yokuts Golla 1964:63; looks a bit like the Mutsun “snake” word ko:Tehwa broader (may be generic for “lizard” other complex the k'on element is separable Merriam 58:371; transcription Golla 1964:63 2 2 0 0 0 no
Yokuts Yowlumne Pygopus lepidopodus? hol-poiy'-ye/yah scaly lizard, all lizards unique unique among Merriam's forms broader (a generic for “lizard”) other complex surely complex but no analysis available Merriam 58:561 2 2 0 0 0 no
Yuki Pygopus lepidopodus? są:t'e F, sątin A Scaly lizard (CHM confirms) inheritance *sət'i(ya)m Yukian Schlichter 1985 underived Sawyer & Schlichter 1984 2 2 0 0 0 no
Yuma Pygopus lepidopodus? >han-tus-ēl' Scaly lizard (Sceloporus) unique unknown Merriam 61:463 2 2 0 0 0 no