sour berry

Semantic Field
flora-fauna
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
Meaning Portuguese

Languages

Language Linnean Name Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Range of Term Word Structure Word Structure Notes Classifier Classifier Notes Hypernym Source Association with Social Categories Ritual/Mythologically Significant Ritual Notes Food Source Food Notes Medicinal Medicinal Notes How Collected Who Collects How Prepared Psychotropic Psychotropic Notes Traded Trade Notes Distribution Habitat Dangerous Ethnobiology Notes Species Notes General Notes Created By
Bankalachi Toloim Rhus trilobata missing missing missing 2 1 1 0 0 no
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone Rhus trilobata ŭ'-chip; ittse-ppeh “Rhus trilobata, sumac” Miller 1972 170 Sour berry; Aromatic sumac (Rhus trilobata) inheritance Numic Note Kawaiisu Ɂiičivɨ, possibly a loan from Kitanemuk hɨč “Rhus trilobata), but maybe this is a different Numic word??? I'm going with Numic but worrying about the *s- forms same other complex has -pɨ ABS Merriam's Skull Valley Gosiute: 61:313 2 1 1 0 0 no
Cahuilla Rhus trilobata sélet ˈselet sumac (basket-weed), rhus trilobata inheritance *sɨ(ta) Californian Gabrielino sorat, Kitanemuk. hɨč, Tubatulabal shyl; note Chumash V shuna'y same other complex sele-t -m-exan-7a "inanimate" -m-exan-7a (for inanimates; literally "somehow - doing.thus- possessed.noun") Seiler&Hioki 1979:179 no info 2 1 edible berries 1 berries “as restorative for inactive stomachs” (Bean & Saubel 1972:132 gathered (wild) women berries eaten fresh, ground for soup, or soaked for beverage 0 0 Western North America “common to chaparral regions up to 3,500 feet” (Bean & Saubel 1972:132) no
Central Sierra Miwok Rhus trilobata missing missing missing 2 1 1 0 0 no
Chemehuevi Rhus trilobata səˈhəvI squawbush plant; “this is what they weave baskets of” inheritance *sɨʔɨvV Proto-Northern Uto-Aztecan Luiseño $ooval, Hopi sɨɨvi “sumac”'; S. Paiute cɨɨvɨ, Cup. se'evish same underived Harrington Chemehuevi Noun List 2 1 1 0 0 no
Chumash Barbareno Rhus trilobata shu'nay Rhus trilobata unique Central Chumash only underived Timbrook 2007:166 2 1 1 0 0 no
Chumash Ineseno Rhus trilobata shu'nay Rhus trilobata inheritance Central Chumash only Central Chumash underived Timbrook 2007:166 2 1 1 0 0 no
Chumash Obispeno Rhus trilobata missing missing missing 2 1 1 0 0 no
Chumash Ventureno Rhus trilobata shuna'y Rhus trilobata, 3-leaved sumac inheritance Central Chumash only Central Chumash underived Timbrook 2007:166 2 1 1 0 0 no
Cocopa Rhus trilobata missing missing missing 2 1 1 0 0 no
Comanche Rhus trilobata pahmo namahya? sumac (tobacco powder, they gloss tobacco mixer) unique This refers to the custom of making ash of these berries and mixing them with tobacco for smoking same phrase tobacco-powder Robinson & Armagost 1990:223 2 1 1 0 0 no
Cupeño Rhus trilobata se'evish ˈsəʔəviʃ a basketry plant used for the warp inheritance *sɨʔɨvV Northern Uto-Aztecan Luiseño $ooval, Hopi sɨɨvi “sumac”'; not in Stubbs??; S. Paiute cɨɨvɨ, Chemehuevi səˈhəvI same other complex ˈsəʔəvi-ʃ basketweed-npn Hill & Nolasquez 1973:171 no info 2 1 berries eaten no info gathered (wild but closely managed) women berries eaten ripe, or dried and stored; mainly a basketry plant 0 0 western North America “common to chaparral regions up to 3,500 feet” (Bean & Saubel 1972:132) no
Esselen Rhus trilobata missing missing missing 2 1 1 0 0 no
Gabrielino Rhus trilobata so-rah' şoˈra:t (?) Sour berry inheritance *sɨ(ta)- Californian Note Cahuilla selet, Kitanemuk hɨʧr, Tubatulabal shyl same other complex şoˈra:-t sour.berry-NPN (Merriam doesn't have npn but it's there in Cahuilla, I think he just didn't hear it) -hi:n classifier for worthwhile possessions http://www.archive.org/stream/bancroft_chartmerriam_1556_60#page/n415/mode/2up; p. 437 no info 2 1 berries considered not good to eat (in Merriam notes) no info gathered (wild but closely managed) women for basketry 0 0 Western North America chaparral to 3500 feet no
Iipay 'Aa Rhus trilobata pil'CH-chah Sour berry, Rhus trilobata unique same underived Merriam 55:221 2 1 1 0 0 no
Kawaiisu Rhus trilobata Ɂiičivɨ Rhus trilobata inheritance Numic Kitanemuk hɨč “Rhus trilobata), from forms with *s-; but see BSVS ŭ'-chip, suggesting this is Numic same other complex Ɂiiči-vɨ rhus.trilobata-ABS bɨ, pɨ bɨ, pɨ seem to classify for plants, trees 1981 Zigmond 2 1 1 0 0 no
Kiliwa Rhus trilobata xuwaal sumac, laurel (Rhus laurina) unique same underived Mixco 1985 2 1 1 0 0 no
Kitanemuk Rhus trilobata hɨč ˈhɨʧr plant sp., vine with red berries, used for baskets inheritance *sɨ(ta) Californian Note Cahuilla selet, Gabrielino sorat, Tubatulabal shyl broader (plant and basketry material from plant) other complex ˈhɨ-ʧr basketweed-npn; perhaps cf. hɨʔiv “to split” Anderton -niw possessive classifier for things Anderton 1988:311 no info 2 1 “red berries not edible” Anderton no info gathered (wild) women stems for basket warp 0 0 Western North America chaparral to 3500 feet no
Lake Miwok Rhus trilobata hoo-goo'-tah-mi Rhus trilobata (the plant), berries are jawe unique phrase huku (?)-tum-aj (approximation); meaning of elements unknown Merriam 57:537 2 1 1 0 0 no
Luiseño Rhus trilobata $óoval ʹşo:val squaw bush, witch hazel, three-leaf sumac. Bright: Rhus trilobata inheritance *sɨvaC Northern Uto-Aztecan Note Hopi sɨɨvi; this set turns out to be widespread, see Numic forms noted in Stubbs by my hand same other complex ʹşo:va-l sumac-non.possessed.noun Elliott 1999:871 no info 2 1 berries no info gathered (wild) women entire berry ground, mixed with water and eaten (no parching or cooking) 0 0 Western North America chaparral to 3500 feet no
Maidu Rhus trilobata seléwwa bush sp. with red inedible berries unique underived Shipley 1963 2 1 1 0 0 no
Mojave Rhus trilobata missing missing missing 2 1 1 0 0 no
Mutsun Rhus trilobata missing missing missing 2 1 1 0 0 no
Nisenan Rhus trilobata wal'-lŭmim chah sour berry (wal'-lum the berries) unique phrase chah; the plant Merriam 57:249 2 1 1 0 0 no
Northern Paiute Rhus trilobata missing missing missing 2 1 1 0 0 no
Northern Sierra Miwok Rhus trilobata sija:ma- sourberry unique other complex -ma is unproductive suffix on plant names Callaghan 1987 2 1 1 0 0 no
Plains Miwok Rhus trilobata caw:e(s) berry bush, brush inheritance Yok-Utian Callaghan 1997:29; at least Miwokan *čaw(:)il? “bush, brush sp.” underived Callaghan 1984 2 1 1 0 0 no
Salinan A Rhus trilobata missing missing missing 2 1 1 0 0 no
Salinan M Rhus trilobata missing missing missing 2 1 1 0 0 no
Seri (Comcaac) Rhus trilobata missing missing missing 2 1 1 0 0 no
Serrano Rhus trilobata hy:T R. trilobata “for baskets”, CHM's hootsCH; KCH “a kind of basket weed” inheritance *sɨ(ta) Californian Note Cahuilla selet, Gabrielino sorat, Tubatulabal shyl other complex -t NPN Merriam 60:117; Kchill ms 2001:16 2 1 1 0 0 no
Southern Paiute Rhus trilobata cɨɨvɨ Squawbush (stems used for basketry) inheritance *sɨʔɨvV Proto-Northern Uto-Aztecan Luiseño $ooval, Hopi sɨɨvi “sumac”'; underived the -vi is not the ABS; see Cupeno, Luiseno forms Sapir 1930:658 2 1 1 0 0 no
Southern Sierra Miwok Rhus trilobata Tama- sourberry unique underived Broadbent 1964: 2 1 1 0 0 no
Southern Ute Rhus trilobata sųų-vŲ red-berry bush inheritance *sɨʔɨvV Northern Uto-Aztecan Luiseño $ooval, Hopi sɨɨvi “sumac”' same other complex has -pɨ ABS; Givon's folk etymology relating this to “strength, power” is wrong, a good NUA etymology for the plant shows this Givon 1979 2 1 1 0 0 no
Tübatulabal Rhus trilobata shü:l ˈʃɨ:l weft or warp material for coiled baskets inheritance *sɨ(ta) Californian Note Cahuilla selet, Gabrielino sorat, Kitanemuk. hɨč broader (includes a particular stem type from several plants) other complex ˈʃɨ:-l warp-npn Hill 2010:80 no info 2 1 some people considered berries too sour -- mainly a basketry plant no info gathered (wild but closely managed) women used for warp and weft of baskets for dark red color 0 0 Western North America chaparral to 3500 feet no
Tümpisa Shoshone Rhus trilobata missing missing missing 2 1 1 0 0 no
Wappo Rhus trilobata missing missing missing 2 1 1 0 0 no
Washo Rhus trilobata missing missing missing 2 1 1 0 0 no
Western Mono Rhus trilobata kwanunupI sowberry bush, sourberry bush (local name for squawbush)(Rhus trilobata) unique same derived stem may be compound -pi Bethel et al.:58 no info 2 1 no info gathered (wild) women sticks for baskets 0 0 no
Wintu Rhus trilobata pHintus R. trilobata inheritance *pHintus Wintun Shepherd 2005 underived -us derivation? Merriam 56:55; Shepherd 2005:144 2 1 1 0 0 no
Yavapai Rhus trilobata missing missing missing 2 1 1 0 0 no
Yokuts Palewyami Rhus trilobata missing missing missing 2 1 1 0 0 no
Yokuts Yawdanchi Rhus trilobata tă-kah'-te; tah-kah'-te Sour berry (Wik) inheritance Nim-Yokuts kroeber's Chuk taxâti “sour red berry eaten with salt” 1961:219); Note Cupeño tatxa'ish “manzanita berries”! narrower (probably just the berries, not the plant) underived Merriam 58:379 2 1 1 0 0 no
Yokuts Yowlumne Rhus trilobata missing missing missing 2 1 1 0 0 no
Yuki Rhus trilobata missing missing missing 2 1 1 0 0 no
Yuma Rhus trilobata missing missing missing 2 1 1 0 0 no