sparrow hawk

Semantic Field
flora-fauna
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
Meaning Portuguese

Languages

Language Linnean Name Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Range of Term Word Structure Word Structure Notes Classifier Classifier Notes Hypernym Source Association with Social Categories Ritual/Mythologically Significant Ritual Notes Food Source Food Notes Medicinal Medicinal Notes How Collected Who Collects How Prepared Psychotropic Psychotropic Notes Traded Trade Notes Distribution Habitat Dangerous Ethnobiology Notes Species Notes General Notes Created By
Bankalachi Toloim Falco e'-titch, e-tits Sparrow hawk (Falco) unique but morphology looks Yokutsan with the -ch/ts suffix same derived Looks like diminutive of “Red-tailed hawk” (with a probable Yokuts stem and a UA suffix!) C. H. Merriam 72-77, 60-453 2 2 0 0 0 no
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone Falco pik-ker'-ige RM; sparrow hawk (Falco sparverius) inheritance *pik- Northern Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 727 (2008:132); (Mono, Timbisa Shoshone, Round Mountain, Hopi piikwa “lesser nighthawk” ???. This form in Central, Western Numic WW %kili same underived may be onomatopoeia Merriam 61:73 2 2 0 0 0 no
Cahuilla Falco kel-lek'-le-mal keˈleklemal (note Luiseño kolókolomay “red-breasted hawk, small red hawk” (Elliott 1999:1462) Sparrow hawk (Falco) inheritance *kɨlɨ- Uto-Aztecan S721 (Stubbs 2009:131); Note: Guarijío keleti̱ | kereti̱ (?) <kelecí (¿kerecí?)> ‘kind of a hawk’ (Miller 1996: 345); correspondence of medial /l/ is off, perhaps loan. Hopi kyeele “Sparrow Hawk” definitely not regular, perhaps sound-imitation is affec WW %kili same derived keˈlekle-mal kele-kele (a call) - diminutive -7aʃ “pet” Possessive classifier -7aʃ wikikmal (?) http://www.archive.org/stream/bancroft_chartmerriam_1556_60#page/n155/mode/2up; p. 163 no info 2 2 0 0 0 All Americas Diverse habitats no
Central Sierra Miwok Falco tét:ete- sparrow hawk inheritance *te:ete- Eastern Miwokan I think this is probably the wrong hawk,same word is “Cooper's Hawk” in CHM's Misn and Mip. Recon is Callaghan 1962:104 reduplicated Freeland & Broadbent 1960 2 2 0 0 0 no
Chemehuevi Falco pe'-ve-nung'-guts, Sparrow hawk (Falco sparverius) unique Colorado River Southern Numic, note Southern Ute piví-nagá-cI same other complex pe'-ve-nung'-guts, perhaps piivinɨŋgɨ-cI , with final ABS; stem may be complex Merriam 59:525 2 2 0 0 0 no
Chumash Barbareno Falco kwiʧ peregrine falcon, duck hawk unique Central Chumash only underived Beeler 1978:178 CHECK 2 2 0 0 0 no
Chumash Ineseno Falco ke'-lik sparrow hawk loan into protolanguage Central Chumash only unknown a widely-distributed form, might be loan WW %kili underived Merriam 55:7 2 2 0 0 0 no
Chumash Obispeno Falco tšmija7; tšinatyi a kind of gavilan, chiquito, cry mija; aguililla (Schoenhals et al. give F. sparviverius as one meaning); see (22) bald eagle unique underived Harrington III:1:0299; 0118 2 2 0 0 0 no
Chumash Ventureno Falco kwiʧ; perhaps kilik JPH? falcon sp. loan into protolanguage Central Chumash only unknown Ineseno has kilik WW %kili underived Mamet 2008:18 2 2 0 0 0 no
Cocopa Falco mspily sparrow hawk or American kestrel (Falco sparviverus) inheritance Delta-California Iipay Aa mespily same underived first element cognate with 'Iipay Aa mes-, separable in a number of words, no clear meaning Crawford 1989 2 2 0 0 0 no
Comanche Falco huhmara?, huumara? falcon unique perhaps a loan from somewhere? same underived Robinson & Armagost 1990:162 2 2 0 0 0 no
Cupeño Falco keyeyekmal kəˈjɛjɛkmal night hawk loan *kɨlɨ- Cahuilla vowel in Cupeño is /ɛ/, and /y/ is non-correspondent to /l/ in Cahuilla, Luiseño words. same derived kəˈjɛjɛk-ma-l sparrow.hawk-diminutive-npn -ʔaʃ "pet" possessive classifier for animals not a mukikmal as far as I know Hill & Nolasquez 1973:158 no info 2 2 probably not eaten; Luiseño, did not eat no info hunted men feathers for fletching arrows 0 0 Americas diverse habitats no
Esselen Falco missing missing missing 2 2 0 0 0 no
Gabrielino Falco koo'-neets ˈku:niʧ (?) Sparrow hawk unique Could this be the NUA “turkey” word??? Stubbs 2358 (2008;316), *kuyu-...? same underived -ʧ is not an npn. Alexander Taylor gave this word for "bird" (in McC) -ʔaʧ “pet possessive classifier for animals http://www.archive.org/stream/bancroft_chartmerriam_1556_60#page/n415/mode/2up; p. 421 no info 2 beaks, claws in Chingichngich figure (McC p. 28) 2 McC does not mention but is Chingichngish animal no info hunted men for feathers, for arrows and regalia 0 0 feathers used in regalia, traded Americas diverse habitats no
Iipay 'Aa Falco mespily sparrow hawk inheritance Delta-California Cocopa mspily same underived Couro & Hutcheson 1973 2 2 0 0 0 no
Kawaiisu Falco wižiki-ži hunarɨ sparrow hawk inheritance *wi(t)tiki “bird” Proto-Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 205a (2008:67); what is hunarɨ ? Southern Paiute is witsɨ-ungwarats anga “bird-catcher” same phrase wižiki-ži huna-rɨ bird-ABS X-NOMINALIZER (not an adj, which would precede “bird”) Zigmond et al. 2 2 0 0 0 no
Kiliwa Falco missing missing missing 2 2 0 0 0 no
Kitanemuk Falco kɨyɨkɨyɨč ˈkɨyɨkɨyɨʧ red-tailed hawk (which is wrong) inheritance *kɨLɨ; *kɨtɨ Uto-Aztecan S721 (Stubbs 2008:131); but very widespread, sound-imitative; /y/ from *L a bit odd although not unknown reduplicated ˈkɨyɨ-kɨyɨ-ʧ dup-hawk.sp-npn -ʔacit "pet" possessive classifier for animals Anderton 1988:358 no info 2 figure in stories of creation time; also are good guardian spirits 2 no info hunted men perhaps for feathers only 0 0 probably feather regalia traded Americas Diverse habitats no
Lake Miwok Falco 7íit7it sparrow hawk (et) (Merriam confirms 57:517) loan Patwin C. notes Patwin 7i:t7it “sparrow hawk”; see also Yokutsan *?yt'ychH (Callaghan 1997:59 and Palewyami form reduplicated Callaghan 1965 2 2 0 0 0 no
Luiseño Falco kolókolokamay koˈlokolokamaj sparrow hawk inheritance *kɨlɨ- Uto-Aztecan S721 (Stubbs 2009:131); Note: Guarijío keleti̱ | kereti̱ (?) <kelecí (¿kerecí?)> ‘kind of a hawk’ (Miller 1996: 345); correspondence of medial /l/ is off, perhaps loan. Hopi kyeele “Sparrow Hawk” definitely not regular , perhaps sound-imitation affecti WW %kili same derived koˈlo-koloka-maj Dup-sparrow.hawk-diminutive (note: -maj is common variant of -ma-l with usual NPN suffix; -j may = -l -ʔaʃ "pet" possessive classifier; NPN form of noun is ʔaʃla uncertain if is 7ehéngmal Elliott 1999:398 no info 2 feathers for headdresses (Sparkman 1908:208) 2 not eaten (Kroeber 1925:652) no info hunted men feathers for arrows, headdresses, wands 0 0 ceremonial regalia bought and sold Americas diverse habitats no
Maidu Falco ke'-lik-lik'-kim sparrow hawk loan Northern Sierra Miwok areal form in Miwokan, PUA, Salinan, PW *k'ililuk, etc. (imitates bird's cry) WW %kili reduplicated -im suffix Merriam 57:41 2 2 0 0 0 no
Mojave Falco thiinyer sparrowhawk unique same underived Munro et al.1992 2 2 0 0 0 no
Mutsun Falco 7eleymin hawk sp. (Mason 1916:427 goshawk; Merriam confirms sparrow hawk) unique Southern Costanoan only Pinart has “ellem” in Co IV; Merriam has el'-lim “red-tailed hawk” for Rumsen 55:439 relative clause -min "one who is/has" Okrand 1977:58 2 2 0 0 0 no
Nisenan Falco missing missing missing 2 2 0 0 0 no
Northern Paiute Falco wobbe'e Sparrow hawk unique same underived Merriam 61:137 2 2 0 0 0 no
Northern Sierra Miwok Falco kiliksaje- sparrow hawk loan into protolanguage Eastern Miwokan unknown Also in Miss, Mip; areal form, is in PUA,Salinan,Maidu, etc. imitates bird's cry WW %kili compound kilik-saje; saje untralsatable Callaghan 1987 2 2 0 0 0 no
Plains Miwok Falco kiliksa:je- sparrow hawk (Merriam confiirms) loan into protolanguage Eastern Miwokan unknown In Mins, Miss; widespread areal for kili- (see Proto-Wintun *k'ililuk “Cooper's Hawk?” Shepherd 224) WW %kili phrase kilik-sa:je (sound.imitation -uncertain.meaning) Callaghan 1984 2 2 0 0 0 no
Salinan A Falco skele:lé7 sparrow-hawk loan Salinan unknown This is a widespread form; e.g. Chumash B xelex “hawk sp.”, Maidu ke'-lik-lik'-kim; Proto-UA *kɨlɨ-. This is the sound of this hawk. WW %kili other complex s- animal prefix Mason 1918:124; Turner 1980:76 2 2 0 0 0 no
Salinan M Falco skelé:le sparrow hawk loan Salinan unknown This is a widespread form; e.g. Chumash B xelex “hawk sp.”, Maidu ke'-lik-lik'-kim; Proto-UA *kɨlɨ-. This is the sound of this hawk. WW %kili other complex s- animal prefix Mason 1918:124 2 2 0 0 0 no
Seri (Comcaac) Falco siimen American kestrel, Falco sparviverius unique same underived Comcaac Dictionary 558 2 siimen cöittaxz “tener mala suerte” 2 0 0 0 no
Serrano Falco kre'-yu kre'-ets, kre'-yu kre'-yuts Sparrow hawk inheritance *kɨLɨ; *kɨtɨ Uto-Aztecan S721 (Stubbs 2008:131); but very widespread, sound-imitative; /y/ from *L a bit odd although not unknown reduplicated -t NPN Merriam 72-27, 60-101 2 2 0 0 0 no
Southern Paiute Falco qɨrin'nangqatsI Sparrow hawk (?) unique same other complex has -tsi ABS; stem clearly compound but meaningless elements although Sapir speculates that nangqa- may be “ear-ring”??? Sapir 1930:638 2 2 0 0 0 no
Southern Sierra Miwok Falco kil-lik'-si-e; kil-lik'-kik-kŭ Sparrow hawk loan into protolanguage Eastern Miwokan unknown first form also in Mins, Mip WW %kili other complex kilik' -saji Merriam 55:453 2 2 0 0 0 no
Southern Ute Falco piví-nagá-cI sparrow-hawk unique Colorado River Southern Numic -- note Chemehuevi pe'-ve-nung'-guts same other complex has -ci ABS ; looks phrasal but elements have no analysis, don't occur elsewhere obviously Givon 1979 2 2 0 0 0 no
Tübatulabal Falco liklīkīpitt likli:gi:ˈbit a story character loan Southern Sierra Miwok SSM lekleksa (and note Nutuntu Yokuts likik WW %kili same derived likli:gi:-ˈbi-t hawk.sp-diminutive-npn Hill 2010:40 no info 2 Hawk is a supernatural being, a yümükīwal, and must be treated with respect 2 Voegelin 1938:12 no info hunted men for feathers for arrow fletching (Voegelin 1938:28) 0 0 Americas Diverse habitats no
Tümpisa Shoshone Falco pikkitikittsi sparrow hawk inheritance *pik- Proto-Northern Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 727 (2008:132); (Mono, Timbisa Shoshone, Round Mountain, Hopi piikwa “lesser nighthawk” ???. This form in Central, Western Numic same other complex pikkitiki-ttsi onomatopoeia?-DIM Dayley 1989:206 2 2 0 0 0 no
Wappo Falco she'-nes-nah'-tsah, se'-nis-nats'-să Sparrow hawk unique phrase Merriam 52:569 2 2 0 0 0 no
Washo Falco dat-too'-too-de; dă-troo-troo-de sparrow hawk (M. has this as “his call” with red-tail???) unique reduplicated 2 2 0 0 0 no
Western Mono Falco pik-kid'-de-gĕ; Gayton pikɨdigi “sparrow hawk” Sparrow hawk, Falco inheritance *pik- Proto-Northern Uto-Aztecan (Mono, Timbisa Shoshone, Hopi piikwa “lesser nighthawk” ???. This form in Central, Western Numic WW %kili same underived must be derived somehow, too long for real simplex Merriam 59:71 Falcon lineages highly respected and a man from such could become chief (Gayton 2:270); but for Waksachi “not a totem” Gayton 2:223) 2 totem animal 2 no info hunted men probably for feathers 0 0 no
Wintu Falco e'-re-ēs' sparrow hawk (CHM consistent for all dialects) inheritance *7i:r7ir (?) Wintun Shepherd 2005 underived Merriam 56:7 2 2 0 0 0 no
Yavapai Falco ɂčkyô·č diver or chicken hawk unique unknown Shaterian 1983 2 2 0 0 0 no
Yokuts Palewyami Falco e-titch'-wāy sparrow hawk inheritance *?yt'ychH Yokutsan Callaghan 1937:59 says is only Nim, but this form suggests Yokutsan; compare Mil ?i:t'it, (loanword from Patwin?) same other complex clearly has a -we: increment, function and meaning unknown; compare word for “band-tail pigeon” with final -wah in Merriam on a possible cognate Merriam 58:521 2 2 0 0 0 no
Yokuts Yawdanchi Falco üdatc; ütatc 220 (from spec.) hawk sp. (Merriam confirms ut-tuch 58 361) inheritance *?yt'ychH Yokutsan Callaghan 1937:59 says is only Nim, butPalewyami form suggests Yokutsan; compare Mil ?i:t'it, (loanword from Patwin?) same underived Kroeber 1961:211 (212) 2 2 0 0 0 no
Yokuts Yowlumne Falco iditc, 'it'iç hawk sp. inheritance *?yt'ychH Yokutsan Callaghan 1997:59 says is only Nim, but Palewyami form suggests Yokutsan; compare Mil ?i:t'it, (loanword from Patwin?) same underived Kroeber 1961:211 (#212) 2 2 0 0 0 no
Yuki Falco me-leel' MWO sparrow hawk unique other complex -il a noun suffix Sawyer & Schlichter 1984 2 2 0 0 0 no
Yuma Falco missing missing missing 2 2 0 0 0 no