Numerals do not go above 10

Nominal Categories - Numerals
'Many' or some other non-exact term used


Language Feature Status Grammatical Notes Source Created By Etymology Notes General Notes Phylogenetic Code
Cahuilla no Jane Hill
Cupeño no Jane Hill
Luiseño Jane Hill
Serrano no Jane Hill
Kitanemuk no Jane Hill
Kawaiisu no Jane Hill
Timbisha Jane Hill
Western Mono no Jane Hill
Chemehuevi Jane Hill
Southern Paiute no Jane Hill
Southern Ute no Jane Hill
Shoshone no Jane Hill
Comanche no Jane Hill
Idaho Shoshone no Jane Hill
Northern Paiute no Jane Hill
Gabrielino no Jane Hill
Achagua no Wilson & Levinsohn 1992 Ana Paula Brandao
Resígaro no The system counts at least up to twenty. Allin, 1976: 235-238 Aimee Lawrence
Bare yes Aikhenvald, 1995: 21 Ana Paula Brandao, Aimee Lawrence
Piapoco no info. Only numbers up to five are described in Galindo (2002). Aimee Lawrence
Yukuna no Shauer & Shauer, 1978: 49-50 Aimee Lawrence
Yavitero yes Mosonyi, 1987: p. 78 Aimee Lawrence
Wapishana no Santos 2006 Ana Paula Brandao, Amanda Meeks
Wayuu no Captain, 2005 (numerals database) Aimee Lawrence
Tariana no Compound numerals exist up to twenty, but they are rarely used. Aikhenvald, 2003: 217 Aimee Lawrence
Apurinã yes Facundes, 2000: 359-360 Aimee Lawrence
Asheninka Apurucayali yes Payne 1981; Payne 1982; Payne 1983 Amanda Meeks
Maipure yes Numbers above 4 are based on phrases or clauses. Zamponi 2003:31, 46 Amanda Meeks
Yanesha' no info Duff-Tripp Daniel Valle
Kinikinau no info Daniel Valle
Baure yes Numerals are only up to 3 Danielsen 2007:158 Daniel Valle
Nanti yes Michael, 2008. p. 311-312 Aimee Lawrence
Yine no Matteson 1965:593 Daniel Smith
Añun no info Patte 1989 Daniel Smith
Bora no Seifart - 2005:130-132 Amanda Meeks
Makiritare no Hall 1988: 303; Escoriaza 1959:13 Melody Ann Ross, Amanda Meeks
Makushi no Carson 1982: 68-73 Melody Ann Ross
Eñepa no Tosantos 1977:28 Daniel Valle
Pemon no de Armellada 1999: 66, 67 Shannon Dardis
Guna no Smith texts Daniel Smith
Naso no they go above 10, but more common to count in Spanish Quesada 2000 Daniel Smith
Ika no Frank 1985:36 Daniel Valle
Kogi no info Daniel Valle
Cabecar yes Bertoglia 1983:4-5 Daniel Valle
Guaymí no Alphonse 1956:13, Quesada 2008:92 Daniel Valle
Damana yes they use 10 + 1 for 11, etc. Daniel Valle
Sikuani no rarely used Queixalós 1988 Daniel Smith
Macaguan no info Buenaventura - 1993 Amanda Meeks
Aguaruna no Overall 2007:163 Daniel Valle Numbers go up to 20
Northern Emberá yes Aguirre 1999:83 Daniel Valle Chamí
Waorani no info Daniel Valle
Ingá no Levinson 1976b:55 Daniel Valle
Matses no info Daniel Valle
Mapudungun no Zúñiga 2006, p. 189 Daniel Valle
Páez yes Jung:133 Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano no Parker 1965:35 Daniel Valle
Tikuna no info Daniel Valle
Urarina yes In order to form numerals above 10 native and borrowing numerals are combined Olawsky:277-8 Daniel Valle
Waunana yes Loewen 1954:97-98 Daniel Valle
Andoke no Landaburu 1979: 137 Kelsey Neely
Puinave no info Mitz Perez, Daniel Valle
Central Aymara no Shannon Dardis
Kakua no info they do go up to 20 but are just additions to the basic system. And I also wonder if this strategy is induced through contact (from ET for example?) Bolaños fieldnotes Katherine Bolaños
Kaingang no info Goncalves 2011:294 Daniel Smith
Hup no Epps 2008 Pattie Epps
Nadëb/Roçado dialect yes not enough info, but it seems that this is how it works Weir 1984 Katherine Bolaños
Dâw yes Martins 2004 Katherine Bolaños
Desano no numerals go up to 20, aftewards it is 'a lot' Miller 1999, p. 46 Amanda Novak baha 'a lot'
Cubeo no Amanda Novak
Kotiria yes Stenzel 2004, p. 190 Amanda Novak
Makuna no Smothermon & Smothermon 1993, p.39 Chris Clack
Koreguaje no Cook & Criswell 1993, p.42 Chris Clack
Barasano no Chris Clack
Tanimuca no Strom 1992, p.50 Chris Clack The number constructions are long and cumbersome, even for native speakers so that young men may consult older men about accurate pronunciation of numbers between eleven and twenty.
Siona no Wheeler - 1970:79; Wheeler - 1987:119 Amanda Meeks
Tukano no numerals go up to 20 West and Welch 2004: 64 Kelsey Neely
Yanomami yes Mattei-Muller 2007 Kelsey Neely No numerals over 2
Ninam no no numerals above 2 Migliazza 1972, IDS list Kelsey Neely
Sanumá no no numerals above 2 Migliazza 1972 Kelsey Neely
Surui no info Daniel Valle
Karitiana no Numerals can go up to 100 Everett 2006:315-7 Daniel Valle
Nheengatu no info Cruz 2011 Daniel Smith
Paraguayan Guaraní no Ayala 1996:103-4 Daniel Valle
Aché no info Daniel Valle
Kokama no Vallejos 2010:264 Daniel Smith
Nyangumarta yes done 1
Jingulu no info done x
Wambaya yes done 1
Bunuba yes done 1
Walmajarri yes Done-Claire 1
Nyulnyul yes done? 1
Warrwa yes done 1
Worrorra yes ms9.1 done 1
Garrwa yes 12 done 1
Gooniyandi yes done 1
Warlpiri yes LG158-9 done 1
Bardi yes done-Claire 1
Yugambeh Y?
Yorta Yorta yes 82 done 1
Yir Yoront Done-Dan
Yindjibarndi no info done-Dan x
Yidiny yes done-Catherine 1
Yanyuwa no info Done-Austin x
Yandruwandha yes Breen dictionary Done-Dan 1
Yan-nhangu not yet
Yalarnnga no info Done-Dan x
Woiwurrung yes 96 done-Amalia 1
Wirangu yes 70 done 1
Wemba-Wemba yes H Dictionary 23 done-Amalia 1
Warumungu yes 66 done-Amalia 1
Wangkumara no info done X
Uradhi Yes 424 Y 1
Paakantyi yes Y-Hannah 1
Pitta-Pitta yes 238 Done-Amalia 1
Pintupi no info done-Hannah x
Nyungar yes d50 done 1
Nhanta no info Done-Hannah x
Ngiyambaa yes 73 Done-Emily 1
Ngayawang No 10 done-Amalia 0
Muruwari yes 84, 334 Done-Dan 1
Mayi-Yapi yes 198 done 1
Martuthunira yes 190 done 1
Marrgany yes 371 Done-Amalia 1
Kuuk Thaayorre Yes 85 Done-Amalia 1
Kuku Yalanji no 65 Done-Jessica 0
Kugu-Nganhcara yes 477 done-Amalia 1
Kaurna yes 20 wordlist done-Amalia 1
Kalkatungu yes 192 Done-Dan 1
Jaru yes 52 Done-Amalia 1
Guugu-Yimidhirr yes 176 Done-Amalia 1
Gureng Gureng yes 38, 65 Done-Amalia 1
Gumbaynggirr yes 277 done-Amalia 1
Gugu-Badhun n/a done-Jessica 0
Yuwaalaraay No 155 0
Dyirbal No 240 done-Amalia 0
Duungidjawu no 40 done 0
Djinang no info Done-Amalia x
Djabugay done
Diyari yes 56-57 done-Hannah 1
Dharawal no info done-Hannah w Dhurga) x
Darkinyung no 130 done 0
Bularnu no info Done-Austin x
Biri n/a done-Jessica 0
Bidjara-Gungabula n/a done-Jessica 0
Batyala Yes 209 Done-Amalia 1
Arabana yes 103-5 Done-Dan 1
Alyawarr yes 159 done 1
Nyikina yes done-Claire 1
Yawuru Y-Claire
Yulparija Yes 65 Done-Amalia 1
Wathawurrung yes 109 done 1
Mathi-Mathi yes 74 done-Amalia 1
Hunter River and Lake Macquarie yes 151 done-Amalia 1
Thanggati yes 40 done 1
Katthang yes 72 done-Amalia 1
Panyjima yes word list, O: Adjectival Nominals done 1
Ngarinyeri No 22 done-Amalia 0
Kurrama no info done-Dan x
Yingkarta no info Done-Claire x
Githabul yes 33 Done-Amalia 1
Gunya yes 371 Done-Amalia 1
Kunjen No info Done- x
WesternTorres no info done x
Wakaya no info done x
Yindjilindji no info done x
Bandjalang yes 200 Done-Amalia 1
Ngaatjatjara yes 151 done 1
Arrernte Yes 81 1
Kokatha no info x
Karajarri Yes 304 Done-Amalia 1
Pitjantjatjara Yes G 92 1
Ritharrngu Yes 246 Done-Amalia 1
Warrgamay Yes 131 Done-Amalia 1
Warluwarra no info Done-Amalia x
Warnman no info Done-Amalia x
Djapu yes 176 1
Bilinarra no info done x
Wiradjuri yes 26 done 1
Aghu-Tharnggala Yes 159 Y2 1
Narungga No info done x
Tharrkari Yes 18 1
Wajarri No info 36 x
Warungu yes 159 1
Adnyamathanha yes Y2 1
Yagua no info Payne and Payne 1990 Daniel Smith
Baniwa no Ramirez 2001 Patience Epps