Verbal habitual

Verbal Categories - Mood
Modal expressing habituality


Language Feature Status Grammatical Notes Source Created By Etymology Notes General Notes Phylogenetic Code
Cahuilla Jane Hill
Cupeño Jane Hill
Luiseño Jane Hill
Serrano Jane Hill
Kitanemuk Jane Hill
Kawaiisu Jane Hill
Timbisha Jane Hill
Western Mono Jane Hill
Chemehuevi Jane Hill
Southern Paiute Jane Hill
Southern Ute Jane Hill
Shoshone Jane Hill
Comanche Jane Hill
Idaho Shoshone Jane Hill
Northern Paiute Jane Hill
Gabrielino Jane Hill
Achagua no info Wilson & Levinsohn 1992 Ana Paula Brandao
Resígaro yes Allin, 1976: 214-215 Aimee Lawrence
Bare no Repetitive action is marked by reduplication of the verb root. There are no textual examples for habitual meaning. Aikhenvald, 1995: 33 Ana Paula Brandao
Piapoco yes "Frecuentativo," refers to customary events. Galindo, 2002: 168-169 Aimee Lawrence
Yukuna yes Shauer & Shauer 2000: 313, Shauer & Shauer, 1978: 42 Ana Paula Brandao, Aimee Lawrence
Yavitero no Mosonyi, 1987: p. 66-69 Aimee Lawrence
Wapishana no Santos 2006: 169 Ana Paula Brandao, Amanda Meeks
Wayuu yes Mansen & Captain, 2000: p. 800 Aimee Lawrence
Tariana yes Aikhenvald, 2003: 325 Ana Paula Brandao, Aimee Lawrence
Apurinã yes Used to mark events that occur with reasonable frequency. Facundes, 2000: 327 Aimee Lawrence
Asheninka Apurucayali yes Payne 1983:12 Amanda Meeks
Maipure no Habituality is expressed through verbs like "be," "stay," etc. No distinct morpheme. Zamponi 2003:44 Amanda Meeks
Yanesha' no There is a verbal suffix which encodes habitual meaning. The form shown is the graphemic form. Duff-Tripp 1997:116 Daniel Valle
Kinikinau no info Daniel Valle
Baure no info Danielsen 2007 Daniel Valle
Nanti yes In a section on “rare” morphemes, looks like it's either being lost or in the first stages of being borrowed. Michael, 2008. p. 266 Aimee Lawrence
Paresi no Brandão 2010:47-8 Daniel Valle
Palikur no Launey 2003 Daniel Smith
Yine no info Matteson 1965:70-81 Daniel Smith
Añun no info no discussion of mood Patte 1989 Daniel Smith
Bora yes Seifart - 2005:61; Thiesen - 1996:70 Amanda Meeks
Makiritare yes iterative: -hö, abilitative: -hai, negative: -'da, futurative: -'de, desiderative: -se, imperative: -kö, permissive: -ñoho Hall 1988: 336 Melody Ann Ross
Makushi yes Abbott 1991: 118 Melody Ann Ross
Eñepa yes This ia a verbal suffix Payne 2012 Daniel Smith
Pemon yes de Armellada 1999: 134 Shannon Dardis
Guna yes Smith texts Daniel Smith
Naso no Quesada 2000 Daniel Smith
Ika no Frank 1985:60-104 Daniel Valle
Kogi no There is a verbal habitual suffix Ortiz 1994:386 Daniel Valle
Cabecar no a verbal suffix is used to mark habituality Margery 1985:117; Bourland 1976:59 Daniel Valle
Guaymí no A verbal periphrasis is used where the verb to be is used plus the main verb in realis indefinite form. Quesada 2008:137 Daniel Valle
Damana no Daniel Valle
Sikuani yes de Kondo (Vol.1,2) - 1985; Queixalós - 2000 Amanda Meeks
Macaguan no info Buenaventura 1993 Daniel Smith
Aguaruna no Overall 2007:332 Daniel Valle Present tense conveys habituality
Northern Emberá yes Mortensen 1999:80 Daniel Valle Catío
Waorani no info Daniel Valle
Ingá no The non-future time is used which is formed by just adding subject cross-reference markers on the verb Levinson 1974:16 Daniel Valle
Matses yes Fleck:426 Daniel Valle
Mapudungun yes Zúñiga 2006, p.160 Daniel Valle
Páez yes Jung:68 Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano no info more likely not Daniel Valle
Tikuna yes Montes 2004b:83 Daniel Valle
Urarina no There is a verbal suffix marking habituality Olawsky:465 Daniel Valle
Waunana yes But this is a verba suffix instead of a modal Sánchez and Castro 1977:57 Daniel Valle
Andoke no info Kelsey Neely
Puinave yes directly proceding verb Giron 2008: p267 Mitz Perez, Daniel Valle
Central Aymara yes Huayhua Pari 2001: 139 Shannon Dardis
Kakua yes Bolaños fieldnotes Katherine Bolaños
Kaingang yes Goncalves 2011:118-127 Daniel Smith
Minica Witoto yes Minor and Minor 1982. p.103 Christopher Clack
Nadëb/Roçado dialect no info Weir 1984 Katherine Bolaños
Dâw yes Martins 2004 Katherine Bolaños
Desano yes Miller 1999, p. 77, 86 Amanda Novak The suffix -gua 'do as a habit' is used in the sense of talking about whether or not that person will do an action and saying he probably will because he customarily does it.
Cubeo yes there is an accustomed aspect Morse & Maxwell 1999, p. 52 Amanda Novak
Kotiria no habitual meaning expressed via visual evidential, imperfective aspect + activity verb Stenzel 2004 Amanda Novak
Makuna yes Smothermon & Smothermon 1993, p.57 Chris Clack
Koreguaje yes Cook & Criswell 1993, p.63 Chris Clack radical verbal + SUS + VBLZ
Barasano yes Habitual aspect is indicated by -rũgu (habitual) before the tense-evidential and subject-agreement inflection markers. Jones & Jones 1991, p.98 Chris Clack
Tanimuca yes The habitual aspect suffix -wai does not indicate an event as occurring at a specific time but rather as charactericitc of all time. Strom 1992, p.77 Chris Clack
Siona no info Wheeler - 1970; Wheeler - 1987 Amanda Meeks
Tukano yes habitual, durative, repeated Ramirez 1997: 157 Kelsey Neely
Yanomami yes occurs directly before the verb root Ramirez 1994: 160 Kelsey Neely
Ninam no info Goodwin-Gomez Kelsey Neely
Sanumá yes Borgman 1990: 173-186 Kelsey Neely
Surui no info Daniel Valle
Karitiana no Everett 2006:275 Daniel Valle
Nheengatu yes particle Cruz 2011:373 Daniel Smith
Paraguayan Guaraní no Krivoshein and Acosta 2001:97 Daniel Valle
Aché no info Daniel Valle
Kokama yes habitual auxiliary Vallejos 2010:403 Daniel Smith
Nyangumarta no done 0
Jingulu yes done 1
Wambaya yes done 1
Bunuba no info done x
Walmajarri yes Done-Claire 1
Nyulnyul no info done? x
Warrwa yes done 1
Worrorra no ms5.5.2.ii done 0
Garrwa yes 68 done 1
Gooniyandi no info done x
Warlpiri no info done 0
Bardi yes done-Claire 1
Yugambeh Y?
Yorta Yorta no 83 done 0
Yir Yoront Done-Dan
Yindjibarndi yes 98 done-Dan 1
Yidiny not done yet done-Catherine X
Yanyuwa no info Done-Austin x
Yandruwandha yes 159 Done-Dan 1
Yan-nhangu not yet
Yalarnnga yes 40 Done-Dan 1
Woiwurrung no info done-Amalia x
Wirangu No info done x
Wemba-Wemba no info done-Amalia x
Warumungu no 33 done-Amalia 0
Wangkumara no info done X
Uradhi Yes 364 Y 1
Paakantyi yes 180, 195, 217 Y-Hannah 1
Pitta-Pitta No 201 Done-Amalia 0
Pintupi yes 81?; 170?; 174-175; 199-200? done-Hannah 1
Nyungar no info done x
Nhanta no 104 Done-Hannah 0
Ngiyambaa yes 191-192 Done-Emily 1
Ngayawang No info done-Amalia x
Muruwari yes 180 Done-Dan 1
Mayi-Yapi No 57 done 0
Martuthunira yes 146-148 done 1
Marrgany yes 323 Done-Amalia 1
Kuuk Thaayorre No 366 Done-Amalia 0
Kuku Yalanji no Done-Jessica 0
Kugu-Nganhcara No 406 done-Amalia 0
Kaurna No info done-Amalia x
Kalkatungu yes 56 Done-Dan 1
Jaru no 77 Done-Amalia 0
Guugu-Yimidhirr No 80 Done-Amalia 0
Gureng Gureng no info Done-Amalia x
Gumbaynggirr no 299 done-Amalia 0
Gugu-Badhun no info done-Jessica x
Yuwaalaraay No 78 0
Dyirbal No 119, 250 done-Amalia 0
Duungidjawu no 70 done 0
Djinang No 185 Done-Amalia 0
Djabugay done
Diyari yes 90 done-Hannah 1
Dharawal no info done-Hannah w Dhurga) x
Darkinyung no 47 done 0
Bularnu yes 77 Done-Austin 1
Biri yes 37-8 done-Jessica 1
Bidjara-Gungabula no info done-Jessica x
Batyala no info Done-Amalia x
Arabana yes 191 Done-Dan 1
Alyawarr no done 0
Nyikina no done-Claire 0
Yawuru Y-Claire
Yulparija Yes 40 Done-Amalia 1
Wathawurrung no info done x
Mathi-Mathi no 99 done-Amalia 0
Hunter River and Lake Macquarie no 70-72 done-Amalia 0
Thanggati no 42-50 done 0
Katthang no 77 done-Amalia 0
Panyjima yes 173-174 done 1
Ngarinyeri No info done-Amalia x
Kurrama yes 124 done-Dan 1
Yingkarta no Done-Claire 0
Githabul yes 24 Done-Amalia 1
Gunya yes 327 Done-Amalia 1
Kunjen No 110 Done- 0
WesternTorres yes K85c 93 done 1
Wakaya no done 0
Yindjilindji no info done x
Bandjalang yes Sharpe 79 Done-Amalia 1
Ngaatjatjara yes 32 done 1
Arrernte Yes 169 1
Kokatha No 28 0
Karajarri Yes 215 Done-Amalia 1
Pitjantjatjara Yes G 193 1
Ritharrngu Maybe 75 Done-Amalia 1
Warrgamay No 52-9 Done-Amalia 0
Warluwarra no 921 Done-Amalia 0
Warnman Yes 48 Done-Amalia 1
Djapu no 74 0
Bilinarra no done 0
Wiradjuri yes 17 done 1
Aghu-Tharnggala No 73 Y2 0
Narungga No info 74 done x
Tharrkari Yes 42 1
Wajarri Yes 96 1
Warungu no 499 0
Adnyamathanha Y2
Yagua yes Payne and Payne 1990:391 Daniel Smith
Baniwa yes past habitual/durative -de Ramirez 2001 Patience Epps