Verbal number suppletion

Verbal Categories - Verbal number


Language Feature Status Grammatical Notes Source Created By Etymology Notes General Notes Phylogenetic Code
Cahuilla yes Jane Hill
Cupeño yes Jane Hill
Luiseño yes Jane Hill
Serrano yes Jane Hill
Kitanemuk yes Jane Hill
Kawaiisu yes Jane Hill
Timbisha yes Jane Hill
Western Mono yes Jane Hill
Chemehuevi yes Jane Hill
Southern Paiute yes Jane Hill
Southern Ute yes Jane Hill
Shoshone yes Jane Hill
Comanche yes Jane Hill
Idaho Shoshone yes Jane Hill
Northern Paiute yes Jane Hill
Gabrielino yes Jane Hill
Achagua yes these agreement markers aren't required on verb Wilson & Levinsohn 1992: 19 Ana Paula Brandao, Aimee Lawrence
Resígaro no info Allin 1976 Aimee Lawrence
Bare yes Number indicated in person/number cross-referencing prefixes Aikhenvald, 1995: 27 Ana Paula Brandao, Aimee Lawrence
Piapoco no Galindo, 2002: 172-178 Aimee Lawrence
Yukuna no Shauer & Shauer, 1978: p. 42 Aimee Lawrence
Yavitero n/a Mosonyi, 1987: p. 63-69 Aimee Lawrence
Wapishana no Santos 2006 Ana Paula Brandao, Amanda Meeks
Wayuu no info Aimee Lawrence
Tariana no info Aikhenvald, 2003 Aimee Lawrence
Apurinã no info Facundes, 2000 Aimee Lawrence
Asheninka Apurucayali no Payne 1981; Payne 1982; Payne 1983 Amanda Meeks
Maipure no Zamponi 2003:37-47 Amanda Meeks
Yanesha' no Duff-Tripp 1997:71-9 Daniel Valle
Kinikinau no info Daniel Valle
Baure no Danielsen 2007:331-6 Daniel Valle
Nanti no Michael, 2008 Aimee Lawrence
Paresi no Brandão 2010, Rowan and Burgues 1979 Daniel Valle
Palikur no Launey 2003 Daniel Smith
Yine no info Matteson 1965 Daniel Smith
Añun no Patte 1989 Daniel Smith
Bora yes Seifart - 2005:83 Amanda Meeks
Makiritare yes Hall 1988: 333-334 Melody Ann Ross
Makushi yes "Collective number is encoded by a verb suffix and refers to the person of the subject or object or both, but it never occurs with the person category of 1 or 1+3 or 3:PL" Abbott 1991: 123 Melody Ann Ross
Eñepa no Payne 2012 Daniel Smith
Pemon no de Armellada 1999:16-25, 105-70 Daniel Valle
Guna no Smith texts Daniel Smith
Naso no Quesada 2000 Daniel Smith
Ika no Frank 1989:21 Daniel Valle
Kogi no info Daniel Valle
Cabecar no info Daniel Valle
Guaymí no Quesada 2008:99-146 Daniel Valle
Damana no Daniel Valle
Sikuani no de Kondo (Vol.1,2) - 1985; Queixalós - 2000 Amanda Meeks
Macaguan no Buenaventura - 1993 Amanda Meeks
Aguaruna no Overall 2007:123 Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá no There are verbal suffixes marking singular/plural Mortensen 1999:76-7 Daniel Valle Catío
Waorani no Peeke 1973:40 Daniel Valle Number is marked by a portmanteau suffix which also encodes person
Ingá no Levinson 1978:11-23 Daniel Valle
Matses no Fleck:445-6 Daniel Valle
Mapudungun no Zúñiga 2006, p. 104-5 Daniel Valle
Páez no Person verbal agreement is marked along with mood by a portmanteau suffix Jung:75-87 Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano no Parker 1965:23 Daniel Valle
Tikuna no info Daniel Valle
Urarina no info Daniel Valle
Waunana no info Daniel Valle
Andoke no info Kelsey Neely
Puinave no Number is marked by the person agreement prefixes Giron 2008: 228-229 Mitz Perez, Daniel Valle
Central Aymara no info Shannon Dardis
Kakua no Bolaños fieldnotes Katherine Bolaños
Kaingang no info Silva 2011 Daniel Smith
Minica Witoto no info
Nadëb/Roçado dialect yes suppletive forms for some sing/plural variants, with reference to event and/or to S or O Weir 1984:41 Katherine Bolaños
Dâw no Martins 2004 Katherine Bolaños
Desano no Miller 1999, p.64 Chris Clack
Cubeo yes In the recent past/durative, -Rɨ˜ replaces the person/number suffix. Morse & Maxwell 1999, p.21 Amanda Novak
Kotiria no Stenzel 2004 Amanda Novak
Makuna no Smothermon & Smothermon 1993, p.47 Chris Clack
Koreguaje no Cook & Criswell 1993, p.53-87 Chris Clack
Barasano no Jones & Jones 1991, p.83 Chris Clack
Tanimuca no Strom 1992, p.69-71 Chris Clack
Siona yes Wheeler 1987 Daniel Smith
Tukano no West and Welch 2004: 10-11, entire text Kelsey Neely no evidence for this for any verbs
Yanomami no Ramirez 1994 Kelsey Neely no evidence for this
Ninam no Goodwin-Gomez Kelsey Neely no mention of this
Sanumá no Borgman 1990 Kelsey Neely no evidence for this
Surui no info Daniel Valle
Karitiana no There is suppletion in the aspect affix which also encoded number in the verb Everett 2006:348-57 Daniel Valle
Nheengatu no Cruz 2011 Daniel Smith
Paraguayan Guaraní no Zarratea 2002:85 Daniel Valle
Aché no info Daniel Valle
Kokama no Vallejos 2010 Daniel Smith
Nyangumarta no done 0
Jingulu no done 0
Wambaya no done 0
Bunuba no done 0
Walmajarri no Done-Claire 0
Nyulnyul no done? 0
Warrwa no info done x
Worrorra no done 0
Garrwa no done 0
Gooniyandi no info done x
Warlpiri no done 0
Bardi no done-Claire 0
Yugambeh Y?
Yorta Yorta no 83 done 0
Yir Yoront Done-Dan
Yindjibarndi n/a done-Dan 0
Yidiny not done yet done-Catherine X
Yanyuwa no info Done-Austin x
Yandruwandha no 113-4, 230 Done-Dan 0
Yan-nhangu not yet
Yalarnnga n/a Done-Dan 0
Woiwurrung no 74 done-Amalia 0
Wirangu No 111 done 0
Wemba-Wemba no H 41-3 done-Amalia 0
Warumungu N/A done-Amalia 0
Wangkumara no info done X
Uradhi No 352 Y 0
Paakantyi no Y-Hannah 0
Pitta-Pitta No 201 Done-Amalia 0
Pintupi no info done-Hannah x
Nyungar no info done x
Nhanta no info Done-Hannah x
Ngiyambaa no Done-Emily 0
Ngayawang No 15 done-Amalia 0
Muruwari no Done-Dan 0
Mayi-Yapi No 55 done 0
Martuthunira no 136-164 done 0
Marrgany N/A Done-Amalia 0
Kuuk Thaayorre No 87 Done-Amalia 0
Kuku Yalanji n/a Done-Jessica 0
Kugu-Nganhcara No 406 done-Amalia 0
Kaurna N/A done-Amalia 0
Kalkatungu no examples throughout Done-Dan 0
Jaru no Done-Amalia 0
Guugu-Yimidhirr No 80 Done-Amalia 0
Gureng Gureng no info Done-Amalia x
Gumbaynggirr no 300 done-Amalia 0
Gugu-Badhun n/a done-Jessica 0
Yuwaalaraay No 74 0
Dyirbal N/A done-Amalia 0
Duungidjawu no 70 done 0
Djinang No 33 Done-Amalia 0
Djabugay done
Diyari no info done-Hannah x
Dharawal no info done-Hannah w Dhurga) x
Darkinyung no 35, 47 done 0
Bularnu no Done-Austin 0
Biri no done-Jessica 0
Bidjara-Gungabula no 102-5 done-Jessica 0
Batyala no info Done-Amalia x
Arabana n/a Done-Dan 0
Alyawarr no done 0
Nyikina no done-Claire 0
Yawuru Y-Claire
Yulparija No 30 Done-Amalia 0
Wathawurrung no info 71 done x
Mathi-Mathi no 97 done-Amalia 0
Hunter River and Lake Macquarie no 69 done-Amalia 0
Thanggati no 42-3 done 0
Katthang no 75 done-Amalia 0
Panyjima n/a done 0
Ngarinyeri No 42 done-Amalia 0
Kurrama n/a done-Dan 0
Yingkarta no info Done-Claire x
Githabul N/A 21 Done-Amalia 0
Gunya No 304 Done-Amalia 0
Kunjen N/A Done- 0
WesternTorres no FO 136 done 0
Wakaya no info done x
Yindjilindji no info done x
Bandjalang No 94 Done-Amalia 0
Ngaatjatjara No 52 done 0
Arrernte No 182 0
Kokatha N/A 3 0
Karajarri No 191 Done-Amalia 0
Pitjantjatjara No Y 7 0
Ritharrngu No 44 Done-Amalia 0
Warrgamay No 45 Done-Amalia 0
Warluwarra no info Done-Amalia x
Warnman No 33 Done-Amalia 0
Djapu yes 47 1
Bilinarra n/a done 0
Wiradjuri no info done x
Aghu-Tharnggala No 70 Y2 0
Narungga No 73 done 0
Tharrkari No 23 0
Wajarri No 104 0
Warungu no 0
Adnyamathanha Y2
Yagua no Payne and Payne 1990 Daniel Smith
Baniwa no Ramirez 2001 Patience Epps