Dedicated future or non-past marker(s)

Category
Verbal Categories - Aspect and tense
Notes

Languages

Language Feature Status Grammatical Notes Source Created By Etymology Notes General Notes Phylogenetic Code
Cahuilla Jane Hill
Cupeño yes Jane Hill
Luiseño yes Jane Hill
Serrano yes Jane Hill
Kitanemuk yes Jane Hill
Kawaiisu yes Jane Hill
Timbisha yes Jane Hill
Western Mono yes Jane Hill
Chemehuevi yes Jane Hill
Southern Paiute yes Jane Hill
Southern Ute yes Jane Hill
Shoshone yes Jane Hill
Comanche yes Jane Hill
Idaho Shoshone yes Jane Hill
Northern Paiute yes Jane Hill
Gabrielino yes Jane Hill
Achagua yes Wilson & Levinsohn 1992: 109 Ana Paula Brandao, Aimee Lawrence
Resígaro yes Allin, 1976: 342 Aimee Lawrence
Bare no Aikhenvald, 1995: 31 Ana Paula Brandao
Warekena yes Aikhenvald, 1998: 335 Ana Paula Brandao
Piapoco no The "prospective" indicates that action is about to begin, but other aspect and mood markers describe action in the future. Galindo, 2002: 169 Aimee Lawrence
Yukuna yes When the verb is preceded by some modifiers, -hi-ka is used, rather than -he Schuaer & Shauer, 2000: p. 522, Shauer & Shauer, 1978: 42-43 Aimee Lawrence
Yavitero no No regular past/non-future tense. Mosonyi, 1987: p. 63-64 Ana Paula Brandão, Aimee Lawrence
Wapishana no Santos 2006:167 Ana Paula Brandao, Amanda Meeks
Wayuu yes Mansen & Captain, 2000: p. 801 Aimee Lawrence
Tariana yes Aikhenvald, 2003: 287, 320 Ana Paula Brandao, Aimee Lawrence
Apurinã yes Facundes, 2000: 513 Aimee Lawrence
Asheninka Apurucayali no Payne 1983:12 Daniel Smith
Maipure yes Zamponi 2003:39 Amanda Meeks
Yanesha' no Duff-Tripp 1997:117 Daniel Valle
Kinikinau no info Daniel Valle
Baure no Danielsen 2007: p272-275 Mitz Perez
Nanti no Michael, 2008. p. 249 Aimee Lawrence
Paresi no Brandão 2010:38-40 Daniel Valle
Palikur no no tense Launey 2003 Daniel Smith
Yine no Matteson 1965:72-73 Daniel Smith
Añun no Patte 1989 Daniel Smith
Bora yes Seifart - 2005:61 Amanda Meeks
Makiritare yes Non past: -a; Future: immediative: -ta, probabilitive: -tai; non past: -a; future immediative: -ta; future probabilitive: -tai Hall 1988: 330 Melody Ann Ross
Makushi no Abbott 1991: 113 Melody Ann Ross
Eñepa yes Payne 2012:216 Daniel Smith
Pemon no de Armellada 1999: 130 to 133 Shannon Dardis
Guna no Smith texts Daniel Smith
Naso no Quesada 2000 Daniel Smith
Ika yes Frank 1990:61 Daniel Valle
Kogi yes Ortiz 1994:381 Daniel Valle
Cabecar yes Margery 1985:116-7 Daniel Valle
Guaymí yes Alphonse 1956:28 Daniel Valle
Damana yes Daniel Valle
Sikuani yes Queixalós 1998:287 Daniel Smith
Macaguan yes suffix, indicates future Buenaventura - 1993:42 Amanda Meeks
Aguaruna yes Overall 2007:347-57 Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá yes Mortensen 1999:75 Daniel Valle Catío
Waorani yes Peeke 1973:39 Daniel Valle
Ingá yes Levinson 1978:14-5, Levinson 1974:48 Daniel Valle
Matses yes Fleck:397-43 Daniel Valle
Mapudungun yes It appears before the mood marker and after negation Salas 1992, p.142, Zúñiga 2006, p.129-30 Daniel Valle There is also a future tense which expresses a conditioned action in the future.
Páez no Jung:93-4 Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano yes But only the future for 3 person regular Parker 1965:50-1 Daniel Valle
Tikuna no info Daniel Valle
Urarina no Olawsky:459-492 Daniel Valle
Waunana yes future time Loewen 1954:66 Daniel Valle
Andoke no info Kelsey Neely
Puinave yes -ya: after verb; si- placed before verb when the "speaker assumes that the event will occur with certain imminence even without external control of fortuitous conditions." Giron 2008: p279 Mitz Perez, Daniel Valle
Central Aymara yes Huayhua Pari 2001: 132 Shannon Dardis
Kakua yes attached to the verb construction Bolaños fieldnotes Katherine Bolaños
Kaingang yes Goncalves 2011:73 Daniel Smith
Minica Witoto yes Minor and Minor 1982. p.24 Christopher Clack
Hup yes Epps 2008 Pattie Epps
Nadëb/Roçado dialect yes post verbal particle, not required Weir 1984:58 Katherine Bolaños
Dâw yes Martins 2004 Katherine Bolaños
Desano yes Miller 1999, p. 71 Amanda Novak
Cubeo yes Morse & Maxwell 1999, p. 48 Amanda Novak
Kotiria no Stenzel 2007:255-263 Daniel Smith
Makuna no Smothermon & Smothermon 1993, p.55 Chris Clack
Koreguaje no Cook & Criswell 1993, p.53-63 Chris Clack
Barasano yes Jones & Jones 1991, p.73-92 Chris Clack
Tanimuca yes Future tense is indicated by the suffix -rãyu. Strom 1992, p.75 Chris Clack The future tense has a nominalized form that is used for future descriptions or conditions; the form is composed of -rã (future) plus a number/gender suffix.
Siona no prospective aspect instead Wheeler 1987:149 Daniel Smith
Tukano no future is expressed with blend of three suffixes marking person/number and non-present non-visual modal Ramirez 1997: 166-168 Kelsey Neely
Yanomami yes Ramirez 1994: 240 Kelsey Neely
Ninam n/a Kelsey Neely
Sanumá no Borgman 1990 Kelsey Neely no evidence for this
Surui no info Daniel Valle
Karitiana yes Karitiana distinguishes between future and non-future tense Everett 2006:265 Daniel Valle
Nheengatu no according to author, no TAM markers in Nheengatu (footnote pg. 36) Cruz 2011:36 Daniel Smith
Paraguayan Guaraní yes Ayala 1996:317-9 Daniel Valle
Aché yes Rossler 2008:89 Daniel Valle
Kokama yes Vallejos 2010:478-481 Daniel Smith
Nyangumarta yes done 1
Jingulu yes done 1
Wambaya yes done 1
Bunuba yes done 1
Walmajarri yes Done-Claire 1
Nyulnyul yes done? 1
Warrwa yes done 1
Worrorra yes 60-1 done 1
Garrwa yes 51-2 done 1
Gooniyandi yes done 1
Warlpiri yes n40 done 1
Bardi yes done-Claire 1
Yugambeh Y?
Yorta Yorta yes 83 done 1
Yir Yoront Done-Dan
Yindjibarndi no done-Dan 0
Yidiny yes done-Catherine 1
Yanyuwa yes 29 Done-Austin 1
Yandruwandha yes 130 Done-Dan 1
Yan-nhangu not yet
Yalarnnga yes 40 Done-Dan 1
Woiwurrung yes 74 done-Amalia 1
Wirangu yes 113, 119 done 1
Wemba-Wemba yes H 42 done-Amalia 1
Warumungu yes 33 done-Amalia 1
Wangkumara yes 34 done 1
Uradhi Yes 363 Y 1
Paakantyi yes 175, 198, 200, 204, 211- 212 Y-Hannah 1
Pitta-Pitta yes 202 Done-Amalia 1
Pintupi yes 168-169 done-Hannah 1
Nyungar no info done x
Nhanta yes 91 Done-Hannah 1
Ngiyambaa yes 158 Done-Emily 1
Ngayawang yes 15 done-Amalia 1
Muruwari yes 155 Done-Dan 1
Mpakwithi
Mayi-Yapi yes 59 done 1
Martuthunira yes 139 done 1
Marrgany No 317 Done-Amalia 0
Kuuk Thaayorre Yes 354 Done-Amalia 1
Kuku Yalanji yes 93 Done-Jessica 1
Kugu-Nganhcara yes 407 done-Amalia 1
Kaurna yes 16 done-Amalia 1
Kalkatungu yes 45b Done-Dan 1
Jaru no Done-Amalia 0
Guugu-Yimidhirr yes 80 Done-Amalia 1
Gureng Gureng no info Done-Amalia x
Gupapuyngu
Gumbaynggirr yes 291 done-Amalia 1
Gugu-Badhun yes done-Jessica 1
Yuwaalaraay Yes 70 1
Dyirbal yes 55 done-Amalia 1
Duungidjawu yes 70 done 1
Djinang Yes 167 Done-Amalia 1
Djabugay done
Diyari yes 88 done-Hannah 1
Dharuk
Dharawal yes 55 done-Hannah w Dhurga) 1
Darkinyung yes 41 done 1
Bularnu no Done-Austin 0
Biri yes 36-7 done-Jessica 1
Bidjara-Gungabula yes 90; 92 done-Jessica 1
Batyala no info Done-Amalia x
Arabana yes 183 Done-Dan 1
Alyawarr yes 49-55 done 1
Nyikina yes done-Claire 1
Yawuru Y-Claire
Ngarinyin
Yulparija Yes 35 Done-Amalia 1
Wathawurrung yes 77 done 1
Mathi-Mathi yes 97 done-Amalia 1
Hunter River and Lake Macquarie yes 69 done-Amalia 1
Thanggati yes 44-5 done 1
Katthang yes 75 done-Amalia 1
Panyjima yes 169 done 1
Ngarinyeri No 42 done-Amalia 0
Kurrama no done-Dan 0
Yingkarta yes Done-Claire 1
Githabul yes 24 Done-Amalia 1
Gunya yes 326 Done-Amalia 1
Kunjen yes 109 Done- 1
WesternTorres yes K85c 93 done 1
Wakaya yes 212 done 1
Yindjilindji yes 510 done 1
Bandjalang yes 95 Done-Amalia 1
Ngaatjatjara yes 32 done 1
Arrernte Yes 169 1
Kokatha Yes 29 1
Karajarri Yes 165 Done-Amalia 1
Pitjantjatjara Yes Y 8 1
Ritharrngu Yes 65 Done-Amalia 1
Warrgamay No 56 Done-Amalia 0
Warluwarra yes 913 Done-Amalia 1
Warnman Yes 45 Done-Amalia 1
Djapu no 0
Bilinarra yes 5.1.1.1 done 1
Wiradjuri no info done x
Aghu-Tharnggala Yes 70 Y2 1
Narungga No info 74 done x
Tharrkari Yes 39 1
Wajarri Yes 96 1
Warungu yes 276-7 1
Adnyamathanha Y2
Yagua no Payne and Payne 1990 Daniel Smith
Baniwa yes future Ramirez 2001 Patience Epps