Tense-aspect affixes: suffix

Category
Verbal Categories - Aspect and tense
Notes

Languages

Language Feature Status Grammatical Notes Source Created By Etymology Notes General Notes Phylogenetic Code
Cahuilla yes Jane Hill
Cupeño yes Jane Hill
Luiseño yes Jane Hill
Serrano yes Jane Hill
Kitanemuk yes Jane Hill
Kawaiisu yes Jane Hill
Timbisha yes Jane Hill
Western Mono yes Jane Hill
Chemehuevi yes Jane Hill
Southern Paiute yes Jane Hill
Southern Ute yes Jane Hill
Shoshone yes Jane Hill
Comanche yes Jane Hill
Idaho Shoshone yes Jane Hill
Northern Paiute yes Jane Hill
Gabrielino yes Jane Hill
Achagua yes Wilson & Levinsohn, 1992: 107-109 Ana Paula Brandao
Resígaro yes Progressive aspect is a suffix, tense markers are second-position clitics. Allin, 1976:136, 342 Aimee Lawrence
Bare yes Aikhenvald, 1995: 30 Ana Paula Brandao
Warekena yes Aikhenvald, 1998: 335 Ana Paula Brandao
Piapoco yes Galindo, 2002: 161 Aimee Lawrence
Yukuna yes Schuaer & Shauer, 2000: p. 522, Shauer & Shauer, 1978: 42-43 Aimee Lawrence
Yavitero yes Some aspectual information is also conveyed using auxiliary verbs. Mosonyi, 1987: p. 65 Aimee Lawrence
Wapishana yes Relatively few (including past, present, imperative, future). Santos, 2006: 116 Ana Paula Brandao, Amanda Meeks
Wayuu yes Mansen & Captain, 2000: p. 801 Aimee Lawrence
Tariana yes Aikhenvald, 2003: 289, 320 Aimee Lawrence
Apurinã yes Facundes, 2000: 513 Aimee Lawrence
Asheninka Apurucayali yes Payne 1983:12 Amanda Meeks
Maipure yes Zamponi 2003:39-40 Amanda Meeks
Yanesha' yes Duff-Tripp 1997:87-90 Daniel Valle
Kinikinau yes Souza 2008:100 Daniel Valle
Baure yes Danielsen 2007: Table 6.2 Mitz Perez
Nanti yes Michael, 2008. p. 249 Aimee Lawrence
Paresi yes Only for aspect Brandão 2010:40-7 Daniel Valle
Palikur yes Green and Green 1972:79 Daniel Valle
Yine yes Matteson 1965:72-73 Daniel Smith
Añun yes Patte 1989:51-52, 127 Daniel Smith
Bora yes Seifart - 2005: 61-62 Amanda Meeks
Makiritare yes Non past: -a; Future: immediative: -ta, probabilitive: -tai; non past: -a; future immediative: -ta; future probabilitive: -tai Hall 1988: 330 Melody Ann Ross
Makushi yes Abbott 1991: 113 Melody Ann Ross
Eñepa yes Payne 2012:192,204-205,212-220 Daniel Valle
Pemon yes de Armellada 1999; 110 to 136 Shannon Dardis
Guna yes aspect suffixes Smith texts Daniel Smith
Naso yes Quesada 2000 Daniel Smith
Ika yes Frank 1990:56-58 Daniel Valle
Kogi yes Stendal 1976:6-7 Daniel Valle
Cabecar yes Margery 1985:106-17 Daniel Valle
Guaymí yes Quesada 2008:100-8 Daniel Valle
Damana yes Daniel Valle
Sikuani yes de Kondo (Vol.1) - 1985:17; Queixalós - 2000 Amanda Meeks
Macaguan yes Buenaventura - 1993 Amanda Meeks
Aguaruna yes Overall 2007:331-57 Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá yes Mortensen 1999:71-82 Daniel Valle Catío
Waorani yes Peeke 1973:39 Daniel Valle
Ingá yes Levinson 1978:14-5, Levinson 1974:48 Daniel Valle
Matses yes Fleck:397-43 Daniel Valle
Mapudungun yes Salas 1992, p.142, Zúñiga 2006, p.129-30 Daniel Valle
Páez yes Jung:62 Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano yes Parker 1965:49-52 Daniel Valle
Tikuna no info more likely yes Daniel Valle
Urarina yes Olawsky:459-492 Daniel Valle
Waunana yes Loewen 1954:53 Daniel Valle
Andoke yes aspect marked as verbal suffix, but tense is marked as pronominal suffix on subj Landaburu 1979: p.123-124, 208-209 Kelsey Neely
Puinave yes Giron 2008: p217 Mitz Perez, Daniel Valle
Central Aymara yes Deza Galinda 1992: 89 Shannon Dardis
Kakua yes Bolaños fieldnotes Katherine Bolaños
Kaingang yes Goncalves 2011 Daniel Smith
Minica Witoto yes Minor and Minor 1982. p.24-25 Christopher Clack
Hup yes various suffixes Epps 2008 Pattie Epps
Nadëb/Roçado dialect no Weir 1984 Katherine Bolaños
Dâw yes actually most are grammatical or grammaticalized morphemes (only Telic aspect is suffixed) but aspects always occur after the verb. Martins 2004 Katherine Bolaños
Desano yes Miller 1999, p. 63 Amanda Novak
Cubeo yes Morse & Maxwell 1999, p.17 Amanda Novak
Kotiria yes Stenzel 2004 Amanda Novak
Makuna yes Smothermon & Smothermon 1993, p.48-55 Chris Clack
Koreguaje yes Cook & Criswell 1993, p.53-63 Chris Clack
Barasano yes Jones & Jones 1991, p.82-92 Chris Clack Affixation in Barasano consists of suffixes only.
Tanimuca yes Strom 1992, p.70 Chris Clack
Siona yes Wheeler - 1987:170 Amanda Meeks
Tukano yes West and Welch 2004: 10-11; Ramirez 1997: 151 Kelsey Neely
Yanomami yes Ramirez 1994: 240, 254-258, 262-263, 273 Kelsey Neely
Ninam yes Goodwin-Gomez, p.93-98 Kelsey Neely
Sanumá no separate word Borgman 1990: 169 Kelsey Neely
Surui no info Daniel Valle
Karitiana yes Everett 2006:265-79 Daniel Valle
Nheengatu no according to author, no TAM markers in Nheengatu (footnote pg. 36) Cruz 2011:36 Daniel Smith
Paraguayan Guaraní yes Ayala 1996:317-9 Daniel Valle
Aché yes Rossler 2008:89 Daniel Valle
Kokama no Vallejos 2010:473 Daniel Smith
Nyangumarta yes done 1
Jingulu no done 0
Wambaya yes done 1
Bunuba yes done 1
Walmajarri yes Done-Claire 1
Nyulnyul yes done? 1
Warrwa yes done 1
Worrorra yes 31 done 1
Garrwa yes 51 done 1
Gooniyandi no done 0
Warlpiri yes n40 done 1
Bardi yes done-Claire 1
Yugambeh Y?
Yorta Yorta yes 83 done 1
Yir Yoront Done-Dan
Yindjibarndi yes 1, 97-104 done-Dan 1
Yidiny yes done-Catherine 1
Yanyuwa yes 4 Done-Austin 1
Yandruwandha yes 126 Done-Dan 1
Yan-nhangu not yet
Yalarnnga yes 36 Done-Dan 1
Woiwurrung yes 74 done-Amalia 1
Wirangu yes 111 done 1
Wemba-Wemba no H 41-3 done-Amalia 0
Warumungu yes 33 done-Amalia 1
Wangkumara yes r12-15 done 1
Uradhi Yes 363 Y 1
Paakantyi yes 198 Y-Hannah 1
Pitta-Pitta yes 201 Done-Amalia 1
Pintupi yes done-Hannah 1
Nyungar n/a d42 done 0
Nhanta yes 89-91 Done-Hannah 1
Ngiyambaa yes 183 Done-Emily 1
Ngayawang yes 15 done-Amalia 1
Muruwari yes 155 Done-Dan 1
Mpakwithi
Mayi-Yapi yes 55 done 1
Martuthunira yes 136-164 done 1
Marrgany yes 314 Done-Amalia 1
Kuuk Thaayorre Yes 353 Done-Amalia 1
Kuku Yalanji yes 92 Done-Jessica 1
Kugu-Nganhcara yes 405 done-Amalia 1
Kaurna yes 16 done-Amalia 1
Kalkatungu yes 45b Done-Dan 1
Jaru yes 77 Done-Amalia 1
Guugu-Yimidhirr yes 80 Done-Amalia 1
Gureng Gureng no info Done-Amalia x
Gupapuyngu
Gumbaynggirr yes 291 done-Amalia 1
Gugu-Badhun yes 147-9 done-Jessica 1
Yuwaalaraay Yes 61 1
Dyirbal yes 55 done-Amalia 1
Duungidjawu yes 70 done 1
Djinang Yes 167 Done-Amalia 1
Djabugay done
Diyari yes done-Hannah 1
Dharuk
Dharawal yes 46, 55 done-Hannah w Dhurga) 1
Darkinyung yes 40 done 1
Bularnu yes 71 Done-Austin 1
Biri yes 34 done-Jessica 1
Bidjara-Gungabula yes 91-???? done-Jessica 1
Batyala Yes 3 Done-Amalia 1
Arabana yes 130 Done-Dan 1
Alyawarr yes done 1
Nyikina yes done-Claire 1
Yawuru Y-Claire
Ngarinyin
Yulparija Yes 35 Done-Amalia 1
Wathawurrung yes 77 done 1
Mathi-Mathi yes 97 done-Amalia 1
Hunter River and Lake Macquarie yes 69 done-Amalia 1
Thanggati yes 42-3 done 1
Katthang yes 75 done-Amalia 1
Panyjima yes 169-170 done 1
Ngarinyeri yes 42 done-Amalia 1
Kurrama yes 105 done-Dan 1
Yingkarta yes Done-Claire 1
Githabul yes 24 Done-Amalia 1
Gunya yes 314 Done-Amalia 1
Kunjen yes 108 Done- 1
WesternTorres yes K85c 93 done 1
Wakaya yes 97 done 1
Yindjilindji yes 510 done 1
Bandjalang yes 94 Done-Amalia 1
Ngaatjatjara yes 32 done 1
Arrernte Yes 169 1
Kokatha Yes 29 1
Karajarri Yes 165 Done-Amalia 1
Pitjantjatjara Yes Y 8 1
Ritharrngu Yes 65 Done-Amalia 1
Warrgamay Yes 52 Done-Amalia 1
Warluwarra yes 910 Done-Amalia 1
Warnman Yes 45 Done-Amalia 1
Djapu yes 66 1
Bilinarra yes 6.1.1 done 1
Wiradjuri yes 15 done 1
Aghu-Tharnggala Yes 70 Y2 1
Narungga Yes 73 done 1
Tharrkari Yes 39 1
Wajarri Yes 96 1
Warungu yes 260-1 1
Adnyamathanha Y2
Yagua yes Payne and Payne 1990:383 Daniel Smith
Baniwa yes Ramirez 2001 Patience Epps