Nasalization property of morpheme or syllable

Phonology - Suprasegmental
In contrast to nasalization as a property of segments


Language Feature Status Grammatical Notes Source Created By Etymology Notes General Notes Phylogenetic Code
Cahuilla Jane Hill
Cupeño Jane Hill
Luiseño Jane Hill
Serrano Jane Hill
Kitanemuk Jane Hill
Kawaiisu Jane Hill
Timbisha Jane Hill
Western Mono Jane Hill
Chemehuevi Jane Hill
Southern Paiute Jane Hill
Southern Ute Jane Hill
Shoshone Jane Hill
Comanche Jane Hill
Idaho Shoshone Jane Hill
Northern Paiute Jane Hill
Gabrielino Jane Hill
Achagua no Wilson & Levinsohn 1992: 16 Ana Paula Brandao
Resígaro no not discussed as a suprasegmental feature Allin, 1976, p. 72 Ana Paula Brandao, Aimee Lawrence
Bare no Aikhenvald, 1995: 8 Ana Paula Brandao
Piapoco no Sudo, 1976 p. 9 and Galindo, 1992, p. 59 Ana Paula Brandao
Yukuna no Shauer and Shauer, 1972, p. 8 Ana Paula Brandão, Aimee Lawrence
Yavitero no Mosonyi (1987): p. 31 Ana Paula Brandão, Aimee Lawrence
Wapishana no Santos, 2006:32 Ana Paula Brandao, Amanda Meeks
Wayuu no Nasalization spreads from nasal stops to vowels, but it doesn't seem to be a 'property' of a syllable/morpheme. Also, doesn't seem to be phonemic. Mansen, 1967: p. 58, Mansen, Richard A. and Karis Mansen. (1984). Aprendamos Guajiro. SIL Aimee Lawrence
Tariana yes Aikhenvald 2003: 42 Ana Paula Brandao
Apurinã no info not discussed in phonolgoy or morphology sections Facundes, 2000 Aimee Lawrence
Asheninka Apurucayali no Payne 1980:710 Amanda Meeks
Maipure no Zamponi 2003:14-20 Amanda Meeks
Yanesha' no Fast 1953:191-4 Daniel Valle
Kinikinau no info Daniel Valle
Baure no Danielsen 2007:57-8 Daniel Valle
Nanti no Michael, 2008. p. 221 Aimee Lawrence
Paresi no info Rowan 1978, Rowan and Burgess 1979, Brandão 2010 Daniel Valle
Palikur no Launey 2003 Daniel Smith
Yine no Matteson 1965 Daniel Smith
Añun no Patte 1989 Daniel Smith
Bora no Seifart - 2005:32-46 Amanda Meeks
Makiritare no Hall 1988: 214-260 Melody Ann Ross
Makushi no Abbott 1991: 140-148 Melody Ann Ross
Eñepa no No nasalization Payne 2012:41-66 Daniel Smith
Pemon no Pessoa 2005 Daniel Smith
Guna no Smith Daniel Smith
Naso no Quesada 2000 Daniel Smith
Ika no info Daniel Valle
Kogi no info Daniel Valle
Cabecar no info Daniel Valle
Guaymí no Quesada 2008:34 Daniel Valle
Damana no Daniel Valle
Sikuani no de Kondo (Vol.1,2) - 1985 Amanda Meeks
Macaguan no info Buenaventura - 1993 Daniel Smith
Aguaruna no Overall 2007:49-51 Daniel Valle Nasalization to contiguos vowels and/or glides but it is blocked by any non-glide segment.
Northern Emberá yes At least there is a morpheme {-de} which changes to [nẽ] when next to a nasal segment Mortensen 1999:6, Mortensen 1999:26 Daniel Valle Catío
Waorani no info Daniel Valle
Ingá no info Daniel Valle
Matses no Fleck:134-5 Daniel Valle
Mapudungun no Salas 1992, p.73-92 Daniel Valle
Páez no Jung 2000:140-3 Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano no Parker 1965:17 Daniel Valle
Tikuna yes But this is restricted to certain dialects Montes 2005:131 Daniel Valle
Urarina no Olawsky:74 Daniel Valle
Waunana no Nasalization is property of segments Binder et all 1995:172 Daniel Valle
Andoke no Landaburu 1979, p.28-61 Kelsey Neely no indication that they have them in description
Puinave no nasalization is contrastive Giron 2008: p76 Mitz Perez, Daniel Valle
Central Aymara no Deza Galindo 1992: 65 Shannon Dardis
Kakua yes Bolaños fieldnotes Katherine Bolaños
Kaingang no Cavalcante 1987 Daniel Smith
Minica Witoto no The complex letter “ng” consists of sound “n” before sound “g”, but they are pronounced together as one letter. Minor and Minor 1982. p.4 Christopher Clack
Hup yes Epps 2008 Pattie Epps
Nadëb/Roçado dialect no Barbosa 2005 Katherine Bolaños
Dâw no Martins 2004:16-23 Katherine Bolaños
Desano yes morphemes are either inherently nasal or oral or are unmarked for nasality (only suffixes) Miller 1999, p. 13-14 Amanda Novak There is no grammatical or phonological pattern by means of which one can predict whether a morpheme will be inherently nasal, oral, or unspecified for nasality. This feature must be marked in the lexicon.
Cubeo yes Chacón 2012:81-86 Daniel Smith
Kotiria yes Stenzel 2004, p. 49 Amanda Novak
Makuna yes Smothermon & Smothermon 1993, p. 28 Amanda Novak property of morpheme
Koreguaje yes Young 1984, p.76 Amanda Novak; Chris Clack
Barasano yes Each morpheme is analyzed as either being all nasal or all oral Jones & Jones 1991, p.13 Chris Clack
Tanimuca no Strom 1992, p.19-20 Chris Clack
Siona yes Wheeler - 1970:19-22 Daniel Valle
Tukano yes Ramirez 1997: 57 Kelsey Neely nasalization is a property of the morpheme. It's either all nasal or all oral.
Yanomami yes Migliazza 1972: p.154 Kelsey Neely
Ninam yes Migliazza 1972: p.154 Kelsey Neely
Sanumá yes Migliazza 1972: p.208-213 Kelsey Neely
Surui no Nasalization property of segments Bontkes and Bontkes 2009:15-7 Daniel Valle
Karitiana no Everett 2006:207 Daniel Valle
Nheengatu no Cruz 2011 Daniel Smith
Paraguayan Guaraní no Krivoshein and Acosta 2001:34-7 Daniel Valle
Aché no Rossler 2008:30-67 Daniel Valle
Kokama no Vallejos 2010 Daniel Smith
Nyangumarta no done 0
Jingulu no done 0
Wambaya no done 0
Bunuba no done 0
Walmajarri no Done-Claire 0
Nyulnyul no done? 0
Warrwa no done 0
Worrorra no 4-5 done 0
Garrwa no done 0
Gooniyandi no done 0
Warlpiri no done 0
Bardi no done-Claire 0
Yugambeh Y?
Yorta Yorta no 48-9 done 0
Yir Yoront Done-Dan
Yindjibarndi no 10 done-Dan 0
Yidiny no done-Catherine 0
Yanyuwa no Done-Austin 0
Yandruwandha no Done-Dan 0
Yan-nhangu not yet
Yalarnnga no 9 – 12 Done-Dan 0
Woiwurrung no 63 done-Amalia 0
Wirangu No 26 done 0
Wemba-Wemba no H 11 done-Amalia 0
Warumungu No 6 done-Amalia 0
Wangkumara no 6 to 12 done 0
Uradhi No 316 Y 0
Paakantyi no Y-Hannah 0
Pitta-Pitta No 187 Done-Amalia 0
Pintupi no done-Hannah 0
Nyungar no done 0
Nhanta no Done-Hannah 0
Ngiyambaa no Done-Emily 0
Ngayawang no done-Amalia 0
Muruwari no Done-Dan 0
Mayi-Yapi No 21 done 0
Martuthunira no 25-50 done 0
Marrgany No 283 Done-Amalia 0
Kuuk Thaayorre No 30 Done-Amalia 0
Kuku Yalanji no Done-Jessica 0
Kugu-Nganhcara No 374 done-Amalia 0
Kaurna No 1 done-Amalia 0
Kalkatungu no 5-23b Done-Dan 0
Jaru no 44-9 Done-Amalia 0
Guugu-Yimidhirr No 36 Done-Amalia 0
Gureng Gureng no Done-Amalia 0
Gumbaynggirr no xix done-Amalia 0
Gugu-Badhun no done-Jessica 0
Yuwaalaraay No 15 0
Dyirbal No 277 done-Amalia 0
Duungidjawu no 18 done 0
Djinang No 1 Done-Amalia 0
Djabugay done
Diyari no done-Hannah 0
Dharawal no done-Hannah w Dhurga) 0
Darkinyung no 10 done 0
Bularnu no Done-Austin 0
Biri no done-Jessica 0
Bidjara-Gungabula no done-Jessica 0
Batyala No 3 Done-Amalia 0
Arabana no Done-Dan 0
Alyawarr no done 0
Nyikina no done-Claire 0
Yawuru no Y-Claire 0
Yulparija No 16 Done-Amalia 0
Wathawurrung no 66 done 0
Mathi-Mathi no 58 done-Amalia 0
Hunter River and Lake Macquarie no 17-19 done-Amalia 0
Thanggati no 4-5 done 0
Katthang no 17 done-Amalia 0
Panyjima no 130-135 done 0
Ngarinyeri No 9 done-Amalia 0
Kurrama no done-Dan 0
Yingkarta no Done-Claire 0
Githabul No 2 Done-Amalia 0
Gunya No 283 Done-Amalia 0
Kunjen No 14 Done- 0
WesternTorres no K81 120 done 0
Wakaya no done 0
Yindjilindji no done 0
Bandjalang No 7 Done-Amalia 0
Ngaatjatjara No 9 done 0
Arrernte No 67 0
Kokatha No 5 0
Karajarri No 47 Done-Amalia 0
Pitjantjatjara No Y 36 0
Ritharrngu No 9 Done-Amalia 0
Warrgamay No 16 Done-Amalia 0
Warluwarra no Done-Amalia 0
Warnman No 10 Done-Amalia 0
Djapu no 0
Bilinarra no done 0
Wiradjuri no done 0
Aghu-Tharnggala No 25 Y2 0
Narungga No 31 done 0
Tharrkari No 4 0
Wajarri No 17 0
Warungu no 0
Adnyamathanha no Y2 0
Yagua yes Payne and Payne 1990 Daniel Smith
Baniwa no is not discussed by the author Ramirez 2001 Patience Epps