Situational possibility: affix on verb

Verbal Categories - Mood
Inflectional marking of capacity to do something


Language Feature Status Grammatical Notes Source Created By Etymology Notes General Notes Phylogenetic Code
Cahuilla yes Jane Hill
Cupeño Jane Hill
Luiseño yes Jane Hill
Serrano Jane Hill
Kitanemuk Jane Hill
Kawaiisu yes Jane Hill
Timbisha Jane Hill
Western Mono yes Jane Hill
Chemehuevi yes Jane Hill
Southern Paiute yes Jane Hill
Southern Ute Jane Hill
Shoshone yes Jane Hill
Comanche Jane Hill
Idaho Shoshone Jane Hill
Northern Paiute Jane Hill
Gabrielino Jane Hill
Achagua no Wilson & Levinsohn 1992: 104 Ana Paula Brandao
Resígaro no No indication of such an affix in the discussion of verb stems or verb words. Allin, 1976: 105, 124 Aimee Lawrence
Bare no Aikhenvald, 1995: 33 Ana Paula Brandao
Piapoco no Galindo, 2002: 156-178 Aimee Lawrence
Yukuna yes There is a "subjunctive mood," with "possibility" listed as one of the functions. From the examples, it seems to be situational possibility/ability. Shauer & Shauer, 2000: p. 523 Aimee Lawrence
Yavitero no Mosonyi, 1987: p. 66 Aimee Lawrence
Wapishana no info Santos 2006 Ana Paula Brandao, Amanda Meeks
Wayuu no Mansen & Captain, 2000: p. 800 Aimee Lawrence
Tariana no Aikhenvald, 2003: 380-399 Aimee Lawrence
Apurinã no Not listed among verbal morphology or "bound formatives" (clitics). Facundes, 2000: 305-327, 379-410 Aimee Lawrence
Asheninka Apurucayali no Payne 1981:268 Amanda Meeks
Maipure no info Zamponi 2003:44 Amanda Meeks
Yanesha' no info Duff-Tripp Daniel Valle
Kinikinau no info Daniel Valle
Baure no info Danielsen 2007 Daniel Valle
Nanti no Michael, 2008. p. 247-289 Aimee Lawrence
Paresi no info Rowan 1978, Rowan and Burgess 1979, Brandão 2010 Daniel Valle
Palikur no Launey 2003 Daniel Smith
Yine no Matteson 1965:70-81 Daniel Smith
Añun no info no discussion of mood Patte 1989 Daniel Smith
Bora no info Seifart - 2005 Amanda Meeks
Makiritare yes iterative: -hö, abilitative: -hai, negative: -'da, futurative: -'de, desiderative: -se, imperative: -kö, permissive: -ñoho Hall 1988: 336 Melody Ann Ross
Makushi no Abbott: 1991: 122 Melody Ann Ross
Eñepa yes circumfix Payne 2012:103 Daniel Smith
Pemon no de Armellada 1999: 129 Shannon Dardis
Guna no Smith texts Daniel Smith
Naso yes Quesada 2000 Daniel Smith
Ika yes This is a verbal suufix Frank 1990:59-60 Daniel Valle
Kogi yes The suffix appears as -cuca which probably may be represented phonologically as /-kuka/- Stendal 1976:15 Daniel Valle
Cabecar yes Margery 1985:132 Daniel Valle
Guaymí no Quesada 2008:136 Daniel Valle
Damana yes Daniel Valle
Sikuani yes de Kondo (Vol.1) - 1985:18; Queixalós - 2000:348-349 Amanda Meeks
Macaguan no info Buenaventura 1993 Daniel Smith
Aguaruna no Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá no Mortensen 1999:59-88 Daniel Valle Catío
Waorani no info Daniel Valle
Ingá yes Levinson 1976b:56 Daniel Valle
Matses no info Daniel Valle
Mapudungun no Zúñiga 2006, p.102-94 Daniel Valle
Páez no info Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano no info Daniel Valle
Tikuna no info Daniel Valle
Urarina no info Daniel Valle
Waunana no info Daniel Valle
Andoke no info Kelsey Neely
Puinave yes see #118 Giron 2008: p286 Mitz Perez, Daniel Valle
Central Aymara yes Huayhua Pari 2001: 139 Shannon Dardis
Kakua yes Bolaños fieldnotes Katherine Bolaños
Kaingang no info Silva 2011/Goncalves 2011 Daniel Smith
Minica Witoto yes The suffix -re is insertted before the end of the verb, which may also be marked for person. Minor and Minor 1982. p.53 Christopher Clack
Hup no Epps 2008 Pattie Epps
Nadëb/Roçado dialect no info Martins 2005 gives glosses as theme but these are various different morphemes/particles/suffixes and the author does not specify the meaning. Weir 1984 Katherine Bolaños
Dâw no Martins 2004 Katherine Bolaños
Desano yes Miller 1999, p. 81 Chris Clack The variation in form is due to vowel harmony.
Cubeo no Morse & Maxwell 1999, p.19 Amanda Novak
Kotiria no Stenzel 2004 Amanda Novak
Makuna yes Smothermon & Smothermon 1993, p.64 Chris Clack
Koreguaje no Cook & Criswell 1993, p.64 Chris Clack
Barasano no Jones & Jones 1991, p.92-100 Chris Clack
Tanimuca no Strom 1992, p.81 Chris Clack
Siona yes Wheeler - 1987:149 Amanda Meeks
Tukano no Ramirez 1997 Kelsey Neely no evidence for this as distinct from epistemic
Yanomami yes Ramirez 1994: 325 Kelsey Neely
Ninam no Goodwin-Gomez, p.98 Kelsey Neely
Sanumá no info Kelsey Neely
Surui no info Daniel Valle
Karitiana no info Daniel Valle
Nheengatu no Cruz 2011:358 Daniel Smith
Paraguayan Guaraní no info Daniel Valle
Aché no info Daniel Valle
Kokama no Vallejos 2010:492 Daniel Smith
Nyangumarta no info done x
Jingulu no done 0
Wambaya no info done x
Bunuba no info done x
Walmajarri no Done-Claire 0
Nyulnyul no info done? x
Warrwa no info done x
Worrorra no ms5.5.2.v done 0
Garrwa yes? 68 done 1
Gooniyandi no info done x
Warlpiri no info done 0
Bardi no done-Claire 0
Yugambeh Y?
Yorta Yorta yes 87 done 1
Yir Yoront Done-Dan
Yindjibarndi no info done-Dan x
Yidiny not done yet done-Catherine X
Yanyuwa yes 4 Done-Austin 1
Yandruwandha no info Done-Dan x
Yan-nhangu not yet
Yalarnnga no Done-Dan 0
Woiwurrung no info done-Amalia x
Wirangu yes 121, 125 done 1
Wemba-Wemba no H 46 done-Amalia 0
Warumungu No info done-Amalia x
Wangkumara yes 35 done 1
Uradhi No info 364, 381-2 Y x
Paakantyi no info Y-Hannah X
Pitta-Pitta No info 225 Done-Amalia x
Pintupi no info done-Hannah x
Nyungar no info done x
Nhanta no info Done-Hannah x
Ngiyambaa no Done-Emily 0
Ngayawang No info done-Amalia x
Muruwari yes 171 Done-Dan 1
Mayi-Yapi yes 59 done 1
Martuthunira no info done x
Marrgany yes 317 Done-Amalia 1
Kuuk Thaayorre Yes 390 Done-Amalia 1
Kuku Yalanji no Done-Jessica 0
Kugu-Nganhcara No info done-Amalia x
Kaurna yes 19 done-Amalia 1
Kalkatungu yes 60-1 Done-Dan 1
Jaru no info Done-Amalia x
Guugu-Yimidhirr yes 145 Done-Amalia 1
Gureng Gureng no info Done-Amalia x
Gumbaynggirr yes 304 done-Amalia 1
Gugu-Badhun no 155 done-Jessica 0
Yuwaalaraay Yes 46 1
Dyirbal No 118 done-Amalia 0
Duungidjawu no info done x
Djinang Yes 193 Done-Amalia 1
Djabugay done
Diyari no done-Hannah 0
Dharawal no info done-Hannah w Dhurga) x
Darkinyung yes 44-5 done 1
Bularnu yes 75 Done-Austin 1
Biri no info done-Jessica x
Bidjara-Gungabula no info done-Jessica x
Batyala no info Done-Amalia x
Arabana no 238 Done-Dan 0
Alyawarr no info done X
Nyikina no done-Claire 0
Yawuru Y-Claire
Yulparija Yes 39 Done-Amalia 1
Wathawurrung no info done x
Mathi-Mathi maybe 98 done-Amalia 1
Hunter River and Lake Macquarie no 76-8 done-Amalia 0
Thanggati no 74 done 0
Katthang no info done-Amalia x
Panyjima no 171 done 0
Ngarinyeri No info done-Amalia x
Kurrama no 142 done-Dan 0
Yingkarta no Done-Claire 0
Githabul yes 24 Done-Amalia 1
Gunya yes 327 Done-Amalia 1
Kunjen yes 110 Done- 1
WesternTorres no info done x
Wakaya yes 208 done 1
Yindjilindji yes 511 done 1
Bandjalang yes Sharpe 78 Done-Amalia 1
Ngaatjatjara yes 124 done 1
Arrernte No 173 0
Kokatha Yes 38 1
Karajarri No 184 Done-Amalia 0
Pitjantjatjara Yes G 192 1
Ritharrngu Yes 104 Done-Amalia 1
Warrgamay Yes 54 Done-Amalia 1
Warluwarra yes 924 Done-Amalia 1
Warnman No 54 Done-Amalia 0
Djapu no info x
Bilinarra no info done x
Wiradjuri yes 27 done 1
Aghu-Tharnggala No 72 Y2 0
Narungga No info 74 done x
Tharrkari No info 31 x
Wajarri Yes 99 1
Warungu no info X
Adnyamathanha Y2
Yagua no info Payne and Payne 1990 Daniel Smith
Baniwa no Ramirez 2001 Patience Epps