Epistemic possibility: other marking

Verbal Categories - Mood


Language Feature Status Grammatical Notes Source Created By Etymology Notes General Notes Phylogenetic Code
Cahuilla yes Jane Hill
Cupeño yes Jane Hill
Luiseño yes Jane Hill
Serrano yes Jane Hill
Kitanemuk yes Jane Hill
Kawaiisu Jane Hill
Timbisha Jane Hill
Western Mono Jane Hill
Chemehuevi Jane Hill
Southern Paiute yes Jane Hill
Southern Ute Jane Hill
Shoshone yes Jane Hill
Comanche Jane Hill
Idaho Shoshone Jane Hill
Northern Paiute yes Jane Hill
Gabrielino yes Jane Hill
Achagua no Wilson & Levinsohn 1992: 102 Ana Paula Brandao
Resígaro no info No indication of such an affix in the discussion of verb stems or verb words. Aimee Lawrence
Bare no info Aikhenvald, 1995 Ana Paula Brandao
Piapoco no info Galindo, 2002: 308-310 Aimee Lawrence
Yukuna no info Shauer & Shauer, 1978; Shauer & Shauer, 2000 Aimee Lawrence
Yavitero yes Several particles can indicate doubt or 'maybe.' Mosonyi, 1987: p. 68 Aimee Lawrence
Wapishana yes Occurs as its own word, meaning "maybe." Santos 2006 Ana Paula Brandao, Amanda Meeks
Wayuu no info
Tariana no info Aikhenvald, 2003 Aimee Lawrence
Apurinã no info Facundes, 2000 Aimee Lawrence
Asheninka Apurucayali no Payne 1981; Payne 1983 Amanda Meeks
Maipure no Zamponi 2003:41 Amanda Meeks
Yanesha' no info Duff-Tripp Daniel Valle
Kinikinau no info Daniel Valle
Baure no info Danielsen 2007 Daniel Valle
Nanti no info Michael, 2008 Aimee Lawrence
Paresi no info Rowan 1978, Rowan and Burgess 1979, Brandão 2010 Daniel Valle
Palikur no Launey 2003 Daniel Smith
Yine no info Matteson 1965:70-81 Daniel Smith
Añun no info no discussion of mood Patte 1989 Daniel Smith
Bora no info Seifart - 2005 Amanda Meeks
Makiritare no Hall 1988: 336 Melody Ann Ross
Makushi no info Abbott 1991: 117-122 Melody Ann Ross
Eñepa no Payne 2012 Daniel Smith
Pemon no de Armellada 1999: 201, 202 Shannon Dardis
Guna no Smith texts Daniel Smith
Naso no Quesada 2000 Daniel Smith
Ika no Daniel Valle
Kogi no info Daniel Valle
Cabecar no info Daniel Valle
Guaymí no info Daniel Valle
Damana no Daniel Valle
Sikuani no de Kondo (Vol.1) - 1985:18; Queixalós - 2000:348-349 Amanda Meeks
Macaguan no info Buenaventura 1993 Daniel Smith
Aguaruna no info Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá no info Daniel Valle
Waorani no info Daniel Valle
Ingá no info Daniel Valle
Matses no info Daniel Valle
Mapudungun no info Daniel Valle
Páez no info Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano yes Parker 1965:95 Daniel Valle
Tikuna no info Daniel Valle
Urarina no Olawsky:459-92 Daniel Valle
Waunana no info Daniel Valle
Andoke no info Kelsey Neely
Puinave no info Mitz Perez, Daniel Valle
Central Aymara no Huayhua Pari 2001: 138 Shannon Dardis
Kakua no Bolaños fieldnotes Katherine Bolaños
Kaingang no info Silva 2011 Daniel Smith
Minica Witoto no Minor and Minor 1982. p.53 Christopher Clack
Hup no Epps 2008 Pattie Epps
Nadëb/Roçado dialect no Weir 1984 Katherine Bolaños
Dâw yes independent morphemes following the verb. Martins 2005:481. The author calls it experimentativo Martins 2004 Katherine Bolaños
Desano no Miller 1999, p. 81 Amanda Novak
Cubeo no Morse & Maxwell 1999, p.26-30 Amanda Novak
Kotiria no Stenzel 2004 Amanda Novak
Makuna no Smothermon & Smothermon 1993, p.64 Chris Clack
Koreguaje no Cook & Criswell 1993, p.55-65 Chris Clack
Barasano no Jones & Jones 1991, p.97-98 Chris Clack
Tanimuca no Strom 1992, p.82 Chris Clack
Siona no Wheeler - 1987:173-174 Amanda Meeks
Tukano no above all expresses uncertainty West and Welch 2004: 25: Ramirez 1997: 159 Kelsey Neely
Yanomami no Ramirez 1994 Kelsey Neely
Ninam yes postposition Goodwin-Gomez, p.98 Kelsey Neely
Sanumá yes Borgman 1990: 172, 195-197 Kelsey Neely
Surui yes Free particle bontkes and Dooley 1984:5 Daniel Valle
Karitiana no info Daniel Valle
Nheengatu no Cruz 2011:349 Daniel Smith
Paraguayan Guaraní no Krivoshein and Acosta 2001:101 Daniel Valle
Aché no info Daniel Valle
Kokama no Vallejos 2010:500 Daniel Smith
Nyangumarta yes done 1
Jingulu no done 0
Wambaya yes done 1
Bunuba no info done x
Walmajarri no Done-Claire 0
Nyulnyul yes done? 1
Warrwa yes done 1
Worrorra no done 0
Garrwa no info done X
Gooniyandi no done 0
Warlpiri no info done 0
Bardi no done-Claire 0
Yugambeh Y?
Yorta Yorta yes 87 done 1
Yir Yoront Done-Dan
Yindjibarndi no info done-Dan x
Yidiny not done yet done-Catherine X
Yanyuwa no info Done-Austin x
Yandruwandha no info Done-Dan x
Yan-nhangu not yet
Yalarnnga no info Done-Dan x
Woiwurrung no info done-Amalia x
Wirangu No 121, 125 done 0
Wemba-Wemba yes H 46 done-Amalia 1
Warumungu No 34 done-Amalia 0
Wangkumara no info done X
Uradhi No info 364, 381-7 Y x
Paakantyi no info Y-Hannah X
Pitta-Pitta yes 220 Done-Amalia 1
Pintupi no info done-Hannah x
Nyungar no info done x
Nhanta no Done-Hannah 0
Ngiyambaa yes 256 Done-Emily 1
Ngayawang No info done-Amalia x
Muruwari no info Done-Dan x
Mayi-Yapi No 59 done 0
Martuthunira no info done x
Marrgany No 317 Done-Amalia 0
Kuuk Thaayorre No 390 Done-Amalia 0
Kuku Yalanji no Done-Jessica 0
Kugu-Nganhcara No 435 done-Amalia 0
Kaurna No 19 done-Amalia 0
Kalkatungu no info Done-Dan x
Jaru no info Done-Amalia x
Guugu-Yimidhirr No 93 Done-Amalia 0
Gureng Gureng no info Done-Amalia x
Gumbaynggirr yes 335 done-Amalia 1
Gugu-Badhun yes 155 done-Jessica 1
Yuwaalaraay Yes 46 1
Dyirbal yes 123 done-Amalia 1
Duungidjawu no 103, 111-112 done 0
Djinang No 193 Done-Amalia 0
Djabugay done
Diyari yes 172-173 done-Hannah 1
Dharawal no info done-Hannah w Dhurga) x
Darkinyung no info done x
Bularnu no info Done-Austin x
Biri no info done-Jessica x
Bidjara-Gungabula no info done-Jessica x
Batyala no info Done-Amalia x
Arabana no info Done-Dan x
Alyawarr no info done X
Nyikina no done-Claire 0
Yawuru Y-Claire
Yulparija no info Done-Amalia x
Wathawurrung no info done x
Mathi-Mathi no info done-Amalia x
Hunter River and Lake Macquarie no 77 done-Amalia 0
Thanggati no 67 done 0
Katthang no info done-Amalia x
Panyjima no info done x
Ngarinyeri No info done-Amalia x
Kurrama no info done-Dan x
Yingkarta no Done-Claire 0
Githabul No 24 Done-Amalia 0
Gunya No 327 Done-Amalia 0
Kunjen yes 105 Done- 1
WesternTorres no info done x
Wakaya no done 0
Yindjilindji no info done x
Bandjalang No Sharpe 78 Done-Amalia 0
Ngaatjatjara No 119 done 0
Arrernte No 174 0
Kokatha No 38 0
Karajarri No 186 Done-Amalia 0
Pitjantjatjara No G 287 0
Ritharrngu Yes 111 Done-Amalia 1
Warrgamay Yes 82 Done-Amalia 1
Warluwarra no info Done-Amalia x
Warnman no info Done-Amalia x
Djapu no info x
Bilinarra no info done x
Wiradjuri no info done x
Aghu-Tharnggala Yes 72 Y2 1
Narungga No info 74 done x
Tharrkari No 43 0
Wajarri No 99 0
Warungu no info X
Adnyamathanha Y2
Yagua no info Payne and Payne 1990 Daniel Smith
Baniwa yes adverbials, esp. noada 'deductive' Ramirez 2001 Patience Epps