Marking of expected/unexpected action or result

Category
Verbal Categories - Mood
Notes
There is inflectional marking of expected/unexpected

Languages

Language Feature Status Grammatical Notes Source Created By Etymology Notes General Notes Phylogenetic Code
Cahuilla Jane Hill
Cupeño Jane Hill
Luiseño Jane Hill
Serrano Jane Hill
Kitanemuk Jane Hill
Kawaiisu Jane Hill
Timbisha Jane Hill
Western Mono Jane Hill
Chemehuevi Jane Hill
Southern Paiute Jane Hill
Southern Ute Jane Hill
Shoshone Jane Hill
Comanche Jane Hill
Idaho Shoshone Jane Hill
Northern Paiute Jane Hill
Gabrielino Jane Hill
Achagua no info Wilson & Levinsohn 1992 Ana Paula Brandao
Resígaro no No indication of such an affix in the discussion of verb stems or verb words. Allin, 1976: 105, 124 Aimee Lawrence
Bare no Aikhenvald, 1995: 33 Ana Paula Brandao
Warekena yes When used with active or transitive verbs, but not with the verb of perception. Aikhenvald, 1998: 341 Ana Paula Brandao, Aimee Lawrence
Piapoco no Galindo, 2002: 156-178, 299-321 Aimee Lawrence
Yukuna no Shauer & Shauer, 1978: p. 42 Aimee Lawrence
Yavitero no Mosonyi, 1987: p. 66-69 Aimee Lawrence
Wapishana no Santos 2006: 169 Ana Paula Brandao, Amanda Meeks
Wayuu no Mansen & Captain, 2000: p. 800 Aimee Lawrence
Tariana yes Referred to as "counter-expectation," but described as a marker that describes action contrary to either the speaker's or hearer's expectations. Aikhenvald, 2003: 396 Aimee Lawrence
Apurinã yes This is called "frustrative," has the meaning that the result of the action what not expected or desired. Facundes, 2000: 404 Aimee Lawrence
Asheninka Apurucayali no Payne 1981; Payne 1983 Amanda Meeks
Maipure no Zamponi 2003 Amanda Meeks
Yanesha' no There is a particle which conveys "surprise" meaning but it is not marking (un)expected information Duff-Tripp 1997:69-124 Daniel Valle
Kinikinau no info Daniel Valle
Baure no info Danielsen 2007 Daniel Valle
Nanti no Michael, 2008. p. 247-289 Aimee Lawrence
Paresi yes Rowan and Burgess 1979:52-3 Daniel Valle
Palikur no Launey 2003 Daniel Smith
Yine no Matteson 1965:70-81 Daniel Smith
Añun no info no discussion of mood Patte 1989 Daniel Smith
Bora no Seifart - 2005 Amanda Meeks
Makiritare no Hall 1988: 336 Melody Ann Ross
Makushi no info Abbott 1991: 117-122 Melody Ann Ross
Eñepa no Payne 2012 Daniel Smith
Pemon no de Armellada 1999: 121 to 136 Shannon Dardis
Guna no Smith texts Daniel Smith
Naso no Quesada 2000 Daniel Smith
Ika no Frank 1985:60-104 Daniel Valle
Kogi no info Daniel Valle
Cabecar no info Daniel Valle
Guaymí no info Daniel Valle
Damana no Daniel Valle
Sikuani no de Kondo (Vol.1,2) - 1985; Queixalós - 2000 Amanda Meeks
Macaguan no info Buenaventura 1993 Daniel Smith
Aguaruna yes Overall 2007:375 Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá no Mortensen 1999:59-88 Daniel Valle Catío
Waorani no info Daniel Valle
Ingá no info Daniel Valle
Matses yes Fleck:447 Daniel Valle
Mapudungun no Zúñiga 2006, p.102-94 Daniel Valle
Páez no info Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano no info There is a verbal suffix which among its different meanings expresses that an action is caried out in a different way than it is usually done Soto 1976: 106 Daniel Valle
Tikuna no info Daniel Valle
Urarina yes counterexpextation is marked by a verbal suffix Olawsky:474 Daniel Valle
Waunana no info Daniel Valle
Andoke no info Kelsey Neely
Puinave yes speculative marker on verb Giron 2008: p286 Mitz Perez, Daniel Valle
Central Aymara no Huayhua Pari 2001: 135 to 140 Shannon Dardis
Kakua no not sure yet Bolaños fieldnotes Katherine Bolaños
Kaingang no info Silva 2011/Goncalves 2011 Daniel Smith
Minica Witoto no add note Minor and Minor 1982. p.88 Christopher Clack
Hup no Epps 2008 Pattie Epps
Nadëb/Roçado dialect no Weir 1984 Katherine Bolaños
Dâw no Martins 2004 Katherine Bolaños
Desano no Miller 1999, p. 81 Amanda Novak
Cubeo yes The probable evidential indicates that the speaker considers the action probable, based on his feelings. Morse & Maxwell 1999, p.34 Chris Clack desiderative expresses the desire of the subject to do the action (p.27)
Kotiria no Stenzel 2004 Amanda Novak
Makuna no Smothermon & Smothermon 1993, p.64 Chris Clack
Koreguaje no Cook & Criswell 1993, p.55-65, 82 Chris Clack look at 'intención' on p. 59
Barasano yes The aspect of fulfillment expressed by -koã includes both completive aspect as well as the idea of fulfillment of an expectation. Contraexpectation is expressed by -boa. Jones & Jones 1991, p.92-94,104 Chris Clack The fulfillment may be the expectation or the opposite of the expectation, depending on the context. The opposite is determined pragmatically and not marked. (or by contraexp.)
Tanimuca no Strom 1992, p.82-83 Chris Clack
Siona no info Wheeler - 1970; Wheeler - 1987 Amanda Meeks
Tukano yes unexpected action Ramirez 1997: 155 Kelsey Neely
Yanomami yes Ramirez 1994: 319 Kelsey Neely
Ninam no info Goodwin-Gomez Kelsey Neely
Sanumá no info Kelsey Neely
Surui no info Daniel Valle
Karitiana no Everett 2006:223-95 Daniel Valle
Nheengatu no info Cruz 2011:358 Daniel Smith
Paraguayan Guaraní no Krivoshein and Acosta 2001:97-101 Daniel Valle
Aché no info Daniel Valle
Kokama no Vallejos 2010 Daniel Smith
Nyangumarta no done 0
Jingulu no info done x
Wambaya no info done x
Bunuba no info done x
Walmajarri no info Done-Claire x
Nyulnyul no done? 0
Warrwa no info done x
Worrorra no ms8.2.2 done 0
Garrwa no info done X
Gooniyandi no info done x
Warlpiri no info done 0
Bardi no done-Claire 0
Yugambeh Y?
Yorta Yorta no 83 done 0
Yir Yoront Done-Dan
Yindjibarndi no done-Dan 0
Yidiny yes done-Catherine 1
Yanyuwa no info Done-Austin x
Yandruwandha no info Done-Dan x
Yan-nhangu not yet
Yalarnnga no info Done-Dan x
Woiwurrung no info done-Amalia x
Wirangu No 111 done 0
Wemba-Wemba no info done-Amalia x
Warumungu yes 34 done-Amalia 1
Wangkumara no info done X
Uradhi No 363 Y 0
Paakantyi no info Y-Hannah X
Pitta-Pitta No 201 Done-Amalia 0
Pintupi yes 214 done-Hannah 1
Nyungar no info done x
Nhanta no info Done-Hannah x
Ngiyambaa no Done-Emily 0
Ngayawang No info done-Amalia x
Muruwari no info Done-Dan x
Mpakwithi
Mayi-Yapi No 55-60 done 0
Martuthunira yes 151-152 done 1
Marrgany yes 323 Done-Amalia 1
Kuuk Thaayorre No 582 Done-Amalia 0
Kuku Yalanji no Done-Jessica 0
Kugu-Nganhcara No 406 done-Amalia 0
Kaurna No info done-Amalia x
Kalkatungu no info Done-Dan x
Jaru no info Done-Amalia x
Guugu-Yimidhirr No 80 Done-Amalia 0
Gureng Gureng no info Done-Amalia x
Gupapuyngu
Gumbaynggirr no 300 done-Amalia 0
Gugu-Badhun no info done-Jessica x
Yuwaalaraay No info 59 x
Dyirbal No 246-9 done-Amalia 0
Duungidjawu no 83 done 0
Djinang No 167 Done-Amalia 0
Djabugay done
Diyari no info done-Hannah x
Dharuk
Dharawal no info done-Hannah w Dhurga) x
Darkinyung no 47 done 0
Bularnu no Done-Austin 0
Biri no info done-Jessica x
Bidjara-Gungabula no info done-Jessica x
Batyala no info Done-Amalia x
Arabana yes? 247-8 Done-Dan 0
Alyawarr no info done X
Nyikina yes done-Claire 1
Yawuru Y-Claire
Ngarinyin
Yulparija No 36-43 Done-Amalia 0
Wathawurrung no info done x
Mathi-Mathi no 97 done-Amalia 0
Hunter River and Lake Macquarie no done-Amalia 0
Thanggati no 42-3 done 0
Katthang no 75 done-Amalia 0
Panyjima no info done x
Ngarinyeri No info done-Amalia x
Kurrama no info done-Dan x
Yingkarta no Done-Claire 0
Githabul No 22 Done-Amalia 0
Gunya yes 326 Done-Amalia 1
Kunjen No 113 Done- 0
WesternTorres yes? K85a 108 done 1
Wakaya no info done x
Yindjilindji no info done x
Bandjalang No 94 Done-Amalia 0
Ngaatjatjara No 122 done 0
Arrernte No 271 0
Kokatha No 38 0
Karajarri No 216 Done-Amalia 0
Pitjantjatjara No G 236 0
Ritharrngu No 71 Done-Amalia 0
Warrgamay No 52-9 Done-Amalia 0
Warluwarra no info Done-Amalia x
Warnman no info Done-Amalia x
Djapu no info x
Bilinarra no info done x
Wiradjuri no info done x
Aghu-Tharnggala No 70 Y2 0
Narungga No info 74 done x
Tharrkari No 31 0
Wajarri No 96 0
Warungu no info X
Adnyamathanha Y2
Yagua no info Payne and Payne 1990 Daniel Smith
Baniwa yes counter-expective -tʃaa Ramirez 2001:262 Patience Epps