Verbal frustrative

Verbal Categories - Mood
Modal expressing frustration ("in vain")


Language Feature Status Grammatical Notes Source Created By Etymology Notes General Notes Phylogenetic Code
Cahuilla Jane Hill
Cupeño Jane Hill
Luiseño Jane Hill
Serrano Jane Hill
Kitanemuk Jane Hill
Kawaiisu Jane Hill
Timbisha Jane Hill
Western Mono Jane Hill
Chemehuevi Jane Hill
Southern Paiute Jane Hill
Southern Ute Jane Hill
Shoshone Jane Hill
Comanche Jane Hill
Idaho Shoshone Jane Hill
Northern Paiute Jane Hill
Gabrielino Jane Hill
Achagua no info Wilson & Levinsohn 1992 Ana Paula Brandao
Resígaro yes Allin, 1976: 337 Aimee Lawrence
Bare no Aikhenvald, 1995: 33 Ana Paula Brandao
Piapoco yes Galindo, 2002: 321 Aimee Lawrence
Yukuna no Shauer & Shauer, 1978: p. 42 Aimee Lawrence
Yavitero no Mosonyi, 1987: p. 66-69 Aimee Lawrence
Wapishana no Santos 2006: 169 Ana Paula Brandao, Amanda Meeks
Wayuu no Mansen & Captain, 2000: p. 800 Aimee Lawrence
Tariana yes Clitic, usually on main verb. Aikhenvald, 2003: 380 Ana Paula Brandao, Aimee Lawrence
Apurinã yes Facundes calls this anti-perfective/"almost" marking, to indicate that some event almost happened. Facundes, 2000: 315 Aimee Lawrence
Asheninka Apurucayali yes Payne 1983:12 Amanda Meeks
Maipure no Zamponi 2003:37-47 Amanda Meeks
Yanesha' no Duff-Tripp 1997:69-124 Daniel Valle
Kinikinau no info Daniel Valle
Baure no info Danielsen 2007 Daniel Valle
Nanti yes Michael, 2008. p. 275 Aimee Lawrence
Paresi yes Brandão 2010:48 Daniel Valle
Palikur no Launey 2003 Daniel Smith
Yine yes Matteson 1965:70-81 Daniel Smith
Añun no info no discussion of mood Patte 1989 Daniel Smith
Bora yes Seifart - 2005:61; Thiesen - 1996:71 Amanda Meeks
Makiritare no Hall 1988: 336 Melody Ann Ross
Makushi no Abbott 1991: 117-122 Melody Ann Ross
Eñepa no Payne 2012 Daniel Smith
Pemon no de Armellada 1999: 121 to 136 Shannon Dardis
Guna no Smith texts Daniel Smith
Naso yes particle Quesada 2000 Daniel Smith
Ika no Frank 1985:60-104 Daniel Valle
Kogi no info Daniel Valle
Cabecar no info Daniel Valle
Guaymí no Quesada 2008:99-146 Daniel Valle
Damana no Daniel Valle
Sikuani yes Not an affix. Queixalós - 2000:20 Amanda Meeks
Macaguan no info Buenaventura 1993 Daniel Smith
Aguaruna yes Overall 2007:384 Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá no Mortensen 1999:59-88 Daniel Valle Catío
Waorani yes Peeke 1973:18, 39 Daniel Valle
Ingá no info Daniel Valle
Matses no info Daniel Valle
Mapudungun no Zúñiga 2006, p.102-94 Daniel Valle
Páez no info Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano no info Daniel Valle
Tikuna no info Daniel Valle
Urarina no There is a clitc marking frustration Olawsky:509 Daniel Valle
Waunana no info Daniel Valle
Andoke no info Kelsey Neely
Puinave yes person marker-FRUS-Verb Giron 2008: p271 Mitz Perez, Daniel Valle
Central Aymara no Huayhua Pari 2001: 135 to 140 Shannon Dardis
Kakua yes Bolaños fieldnotes Katherine Bolaños
Kaingang no not likely Silva 2011/Goncalves 2011 Daniel Smith
Minica Witoto no not indicated/expected Minor and Minor 1982. p.101-102 Christopher Clack
Hup yes Epps 2008 Pattie Epps
Nadëb/Roçado dialect yes Weir 1984 Katherine Bolaños
Dâw yes Martins 2004 Katherine Bolaños
Desano yes Miller 1999, p. 81 Amanda Novak
Cubeo yes also an optative frustrative Morse & Maxwell 1999, p. 28 Amanda Novak
Kotiria yes Stenzel 2004, p. 313 Amanda Novak
Makuna yes Smothermon & Smothermon 1993, p.64 Chris Clack
Koreguaje yes Cook & Criswell 1993, p.77 Chris Clack
Barasano no Jones & Jones 1991, p.91 Chris Clack The tenses of conjecture with -boo (subjunctive) to express the subj. mood, i.e., that which would have occurred but did not for some reason.
Tanimuca yes The modal -kope(contra-expectation) indicates a situation where the expected result of some proposition is frustrated and does not occur. Strom 1992, p.82-83 Chris Clack
Siona yes Wheeler - 1970:93 Amanda Meeks
Tukano yes Ramirez 1997: 156-157 Kelsey Neely
Yanomami yes occurs directly before the verb root Ramirez 1994: 160 Kelsey Neely
Ninam no info Goodwin-Gomez Kelsey Neely
Sanumá no info Kelsey Neely
Surui no info Daniel Valle
Karitiana no Everett 2006:223-95 Daniel Valle
Nheengatu no info Cruz 2011:358 Daniel Smith
Paraguayan Guaraní no There is a verbal suffix marking "frustration" Krivoshein and Acosta 2001:97 Daniel Valle
Aché yes It seeems to be a verbal suffix Susnik 1974:79 Daniel Valle
Kokama no Vallejos 2010 Daniel Smith
Nyangumarta no done 0
Jingulu no info done x
Wambaya no info done x
Bunuba no info done x
Walmajarri no info Done-Claire x
Nyulnyul no info done? x
Warrwa no info done x
Worrorra yes 74 done 1
Garrwa no info done X
Gooniyandi no info done x
Warlpiri no info done 0
Bardi no done-Claire 0
Yugambeh Y?
Yorta Yorta no 83 done 0
Yir Yoront Done-Dan
Yindjibarndi no done-Dan 0
Yidiny no done-Catherine 0
Yanyuwa no info Done-Austin x
Yandruwandha no 74 Done-Dan 0
Yan-nhangu not yet
Yalarnnga no Done-Dan 0
Woiwurrung no info done-Amalia x
Wirangu No info done x
Wemba-Wemba no info done-Amalia x
Warumungu No info done-Amalia x
Wangkumara no 39 done 0
Uradhi No 363 Y 0
Paakantyi no info Y-Hannah X
Pitta-Pitta No 201 Done-Amalia 0
Pintupi no info done-Hannah x
Nyungar no info done x
Nhanta no info Done-Hannah x
Ngiyambaa no Done-Emily 0
Ngayawang No info done-Amalia x
Muruwari no info Done-Dan x
Mayi-Yapi No 55-60 done 0
Martuthunira yes 151-152 done 1
Marrgany No 319 Done-Amalia 0
Kuuk Thaayorre No 66 Done-Amalia 0
Kuku Yalanji no Done-Jessica 0
Kugu-Nganhcara No 406 done-Amalia 0
Kaurna No info done-Amalia x
Kalkatungu yes 97 Done-Dan 1
Jaru yes 205 Done-Amalia 1
Guugu-Yimidhirr No 80 Done-Amalia 0
Gureng Gureng no info Done-Amalia x
Gumbaynggirr no 300, 314-5 done-Amalia 0
Gugu-Badhun no info done-Jessica x
Yuwaalaraay No info 59 x
Dyirbal No 119 done-Amalia 0
Duungidjawu no 70 done 0
Djinang No 167 Done-Amalia 0
Djabugay done
Diyari no info done-Hannah x
Dharawal no info done-Hannah w Dhurga) x
Darkinyung no 47 done 0
Bularnu no Done-Austin 0
Biri no info done-Jessica x
Bidjara-Gungabula no info done-Jessica x
Batyala no info Done-Amalia x
Arabana yes 238 Done-Dan 1
Alyawarr no info done X
Nyikina no done-Claire 0
Yawuru Y-Claire
Yulparija No 39 Done-Amalia 0
Wathawurrung no info done x
Mathi-Mathi no 99 done-Amalia 0
Hunter River and Lake Macquarie maybe 76 done-Amalia 1
Thanggati no 42-50 done 0
Katthang no 80-81 done-Amalia 0
Panyjima no done 0
Ngarinyeri No info done-Amalia x
Kurrama no info done-Dan x
Yingkarta no Done-Claire 0
Githabul No 24 Done-Amalia 0
Gunya No 329 Done-Amalia 0
Kunjen No 113 Done- 0
WesternTorres no done 0
Wakaya no done 0
Yindjilindji no info done x
Bandjalang No 94 Done-Amalia 0
Ngaatjatjara No 80 done 0
Arrernte No 397 0
Kokatha No 28 0
Karajarri Yes 282 Done-Amalia 1
Pitjantjatjara No Y 8 0
Ritharrngu Yes 94 Done-Amalia 1
Warrgamay Yes 82 Done-Amalia 1
Warluwarra no info Done-Amalia x
Warnman no info Done-Amalia x
Djapu no info x
Bilinarra no done 0
Wiradjuri no info done x
Aghu-Tharnggala No 70 Y2 0
Narungga No info 74 done x
Tharrkari No 31 0
Wajarri No 96 0
Warungu no 271 0
Adnyamathanha Y2
Yagua yes Payne and Payne 1990:403 Daniel Smith
Baniwa yes =tha Ramirez 2001 Patience Epps