Affect markers (positive/negative)

Category
Verbal Categories - Mood
Notes
Note whether these inflectional markers are positive or negative

Languages

Language Feature Status Grammatical Notes Source Created By Etymology Notes General Notes Phylogenetic Code
Cahuilla Jane Hill
Cupeño Jane Hill
Luiseño Jane Hill
Serrano Jane Hill
Kitanemuk Jane Hill
Kawaiisu Jane Hill
Timbisha Jane Hill
Western Mono Jane Hill
Chemehuevi Jane Hill
Southern Paiute Jane Hill
Southern Ute Jane Hill
Shoshone Jane Hill
Comanche Jane Hill
Idaho Shoshone Jane Hill
Northern Paiute Jane Hill
Gabrielino Jane Hill
Achagua no info Wilson & Levinsohn 1992 Ana Paula Brandao
Resígaro no The formulations of verb stems and verb words do not include this type of morphology. Allin, 1976: 105, 124 Aimee Lawrence
Bare no Aikhenvald, 1995: 33 Ana Paula Brandao
Warekena no Aikhenvald, 1998: 334-386 Aimee Lawrence
Piapoco no Galindo, 2002: 156-178, 299-321 Aimee Lawrence
Yukuna no Shauer & Shauer, 1978: p. 42 Aimee Lawrence
Yavitero no Mosonyi, 1987: p. 63-69 Aimee Lawrence
Wapishana no Santos 2006: 169 Ana Paula Brandao, Amanda Meeks
Wayuu no Mansen & Captain, 2000: p. 800 Aimee Lawrence
Tariana no No discussion of affect markers in chapter on mood/modality morphology. Aikhenvald, 2003: 371-399 Aimee Lawrence
Apurinã no Not listed among verbal morphology or "bound formatives" (clitics). Facundes, 2000: 305-327, 379-410 Aimee Lawrence
Asheninka Apurucayali no Payne 1981; Payne 1982; Payne 1983 Amanda Meeks
Maipure no Zamponi 2003:37-47 Amanda Meeks
Yanesha' yes It conveys that the action expressed by the verb is thoguht as been performed badly. Duff-Tripp 1997:106 Daniel Valle
Kinikinau no info Daniel Valle
Baure no info Danielsen 2007 Daniel Valle
Nanti yes There are desirable and undesirable extremals. Both of these mean that the action or state to which the morpheme is affixed is realized to an extreme degree, but the “undesirable extremal” -uma has the idea that the speaker has a negative attitude toward Michael, 2008. p. 263-265 Aimee Lawrence
Paresi no info Rowan 1978, Rowan and Burgess 1979, Brandão 2010 Daniel Valle
Palikur no Launey 2003 Daniel Smith
Yine no Matteson 1965 Daniel Smith
Añun no info no discussion of mood Patte 1989 Daniel Smith
Bora no Seifart - 2005 Amanda Meeks
Makiritare no Hall 1988: 336 Melody Ann Ross
Makushi no Abbott 1991: 117-122 Melody Ann Ross
Eñepa no Payne 2012 Daniel Smith
Pemon no de Armellada 1999: 121 to 136 Shannon Dardis
Guna no Smith texts Daniel Smith
Naso no Quesada 2000 Daniel Smith
Ika no Daniel Valle
Kogi no info Daniel Valle
Cabecar no info Daniel Valle
Guaymí no Quesada 2008:99-146 Daniel Valle
Damana no Daniel Valle
Sikuani no de Kondo (Vol.1,2) - 1985; Queixalós - 2000 Amanda Meeks
Macaguan no info Buenaventura - 1993 Amanda Meeks
Aguaruna no info Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá no info more likely not Mortensen 1999:59-88 Daniel Valle Catío
Waorani no info Daniel Valle
Ingá yes The diminutive suffix borrowed form Spanish /-ito, -ita/ are used as affective markers as well as diminutive Levinson 1976b:65 Daniel Valle
Matses no info Daniel Valle
Mapudungun no info Daniel Valle
Páez no info Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano yes This clitic means sadness or resignation. But it is not clear to what words this clitic attaces to. Parker 1965:96 Daniel Valle
Tikuna no info Daniel Valle
Urarina yes positive and fear Olawsky:508-16 Daniel Valle
Waunana no info Daniel Valle
Andoke no info Kelsey Neely
Puinave yes The author call these morphemes as: "compulsive", "seriousness" and "pathetic" Giron 2008: p289 Mitz Perez, Daniel Valle
Central Aymara no Huayhua Pari 2001: 135 to 140 Shannon Dardis
Kakua no Bolaños fieldnotes Katherine Bolaños
Kaingang no info Silva 2011 Daniel Smith
Minica Witoto no info Minor and Minor 1982. p.73-75, 102-103 Daniel Smith
Hup no Epps 2008 Pattie Epps
Nadëb/Roçado dialect no info Weir 1984 Katherine Bolaños
Dâw no Martins 2004 Katherine Bolaños
Desano no Miller 1999, p.84-85 Chris Clack would INTESITY as expressed by suffixes (3) included in this? Inclination is to say not (bc pos and neg) but notes say "speaker's feelings"
Cubeo no info Amanda Novak
Kotiria no info Stenzel 2004 Amanda Novak
Makuna no Smothermon & Smothermon 1993, p.59-60 Chris Clack
Koreguaje yes Cook & Criswell 1993, p.59 Chris Clack both shown on chart (Cook)
Barasano no Jones & Jones 1991, p.92-105 Chris Clack
Tanimuca no Strom 1992, p.80-83 Chris Clack
Siona no info Wheeler - 1970; Wheeler - 1987 Amanda Meeks
Tukano no info Ramirez 1997 Kelsey Neely
Yanomami no Ramirez 1994 Kelsey Neely no evidence of this
Ninam no info Goodwin-Gomez Kelsey Neely
Sanumá no info Kelsey Neely
Surui no info Daniel Valle
Karitiana no info more likely not Daniel Valle
Nheengatu no Cruz 2011 Daniel Smith
Paraguayan Guaraní no info Daniel Valle
Aché no info Daniel Valle
Kokama no Vallejos 2010 Daniel Smith
Nyangumarta no done 0
Jingulu no info done x
Wambaya no info done x
Bunuba no info done x
Walmajarri no info Done-Claire x
Nyulnyul no info done? x
Warrwa no info done x
Worrorra no done 0
Garrwa no info done X
Gooniyandi no info done x
Warlpiri no info done 0
Bardi no done-Claire 0
Yugambeh Y?
Yorta Yorta no 83 done 0
Yir Yoront Done-Dan
Yindjibarndi no done-Dan 0
Yidiny not done yet done-Catherine X
Yanyuwa no info Done-Austin x
Yandruwandha no info Done-Dan x
Yan-nhangu not yet
Yalarnnga no Done-Dan 0
Woiwurrung no info done-Amalia x
Wirangu No done 0
Wemba-Wemba no H 41 done-Amalia 0
Warumungu No 32, 34 done-Amalia 0
Wangkumara no info done X
Uradhi No 363 Y 0
Paakantyi no info Y-Hannah X
Pitta-Pitta No 225 Done-Amalia 0
Pintupi yes 69 done-Hannah 1
Nyungar no info done x
Nhanta yes 67 Done-Hannah 1
Ngiyambaa yes 242 Done-Emily 1
Ngayawang No info done-Amalia x
Muruwari yes 215 Done-Dan 1
Mpakwithi
Mayi-Yapi No 55-60 done 0
Martuthunira no done 0
Marrgany No 315 Done-Amalia 0
Kuuk Thaayorre No 66 Done-Amalia 0
Kuku Yalanji no Done-Jessica 0
Kugu-Nganhcara No 406 done-Amalia 0
Kaurna No info done-Amalia x
Kalkatungu no Done-Dan 0
Jaru no Done-Amalia 0
Guugu-Yimidhirr No 80 Done-Amalia 0
Gureng Gureng no info Done-Amalia x
Gupapuyngu
Gumbaynggirr no 300 done-Amalia 0
Gugu-Badhun no info done-Jessica x
Yuwaalaraay No info 59 x
Dyirbal No 246-9 done-Amalia 0
Duungidjawu no 70 done 0
Djinang No 167 Done-Amalia 0
Djabugay done
Diyari no info done-Hannah x
Dharuk
Dharawal no info done-Hannah w Dhurga) x
Darkinyung no 47 done 0
Bularnu no Done-Austin 0
Biri no info done-Jessica x
Bidjara-Gungabula no info done-Jessica x
Batyala no info Done-Amalia x
Arabana no Done-Dan 0
Alyawarr no done 0
Nyikina no done-Claire 0
Yawuru Y-Claire
Ngarinyin
Yulparija No 35 Done-Amalia 0
Wathawurrung no info done x
Mathi-Mathi no 98 done-Amalia 0
Hunter River and Lake Macquarie no done-Amalia 0
Thanggati no 42-3 done 0
Katthang no 75 done-Amalia 0
Panyjima no done 0
Ngarinyeri No info done-Amalia x
Kurrama no info done-Dan x
Yingkarta yes Done-Claire 1
Githabul No 22 Done-Amalia 0
Gunya No 324 Done-Amalia 0
Kunjen No 113 Done- 0
WesternTorres no done 0
Wakaya no done 0
Yindjilindji no info done x
Bandjalang No 94 Done-Amalia 0
Ngaatjatjara No 118 done 0
Arrernte Yes 177 1
Kokatha No 28 0
Karajarri No 165 Done-Amalia 0
Pitjantjatjara No G 236 0
Ritharrngu No 71 Done-Amalia 0
Warrgamay No 52-9 Done-Amalia 0
Warluwarra no info Done-Amalia x
Warnman No 45 Done-Amalia 0
Djapu no 0
Bilinarra no done 0
Wiradjuri no info done x
Aghu-Tharnggala No 70 Y2 0
Narungga No info 74 done x
Tharrkari No 31 0
Wajarri No 96 0
Warungu no 0
Adnyamathanha Y2
Yagua no Payne and Payne 1990 Daniel Smith
Baniwa no info Ramirez 2001 Patience Epps