VS in intransitive clauses

Word Order
Verb precedes subject


Language Feature Status Grammatical Notes Source Created By Etymology Notes General Notes Phylogenetic Code
Cahuilla no Jane Hill
Cupeño no Jane Hill
Luiseño no Jane Hill
Serrano no Jane Hill
Kitanemuk no Jane Hill
Kawaiisu Jane Hill
Timbisha no Jane Hill
Western Mono no Jane Hill
Chemehuevi no Jane Hill
Southern Paiute no Jane Hill
Southern Ute Jane Hill
Shoshone no Jane Hill
Comanche no Jane Hill
Idaho Shoshone no Jane Hill
Northern Paiute no Jane Hill
Gabrielino Jane Hill
Achagua no Wilson & Levinsohn 1992: 2 Ana Paula Brandao
Resígaro no SV Allin, 1976: 311 Aimee Lawrence
Bare no but the order VSO exists Aikhenvald, 1995: 44 Ana Paula Brandao
Piapoco yes See example on page 265 Galindo, 2002: 265 Aimee Lawrence
Yukuna no No difference is drawn between word order in transitive and intransitive clauses. Shauer & Shauer, 2000: p. 518 Aimee Lawrence
Yavitero yes When the subject of the verb is a noun, rather than a pronoun, the verb normally precedes the subject. Mosonyi, 1987: p. 62 Aimee Lawrence
Wapishana no Santos, 2006: 217 Ana Paula Brandao, Amanda Meeks
Wayuu yes Mansen and Captain (2000) identify a basic word order, but do not distinguish between intranstives and transitives (or ditransitives). Mansen & Captain, 2000: p. 803 Aimee Lawrence
Tariana no Aikhenvald, 2003: 507 Aimee Lawrence
Apurinã no In corpus, only 15/173 free subjects follow verb. Aberdour, 1985: 28 Aimee Lawrence
Asheninka Apurucayali no Payne 1983:2325 Amanda Meeks
Maipure no Zamponi 2003:37 Amanda Meeks
Yanesha' yes Duff-Tripp 1997:158 Daniel Valle
Kinikinau yes Couto 2005:54 Daniel Valle
Baure yes Danielsen 2007:332-3 Daniel Valle
Nanti no Non-focused, referential NPs are found before the verb when they are subjects and after the verb when they are objects, but these are uncommon. There are no examples of a transitive clause with two free referential NPs. Michael, 2008. p. 345 Aimee Lawrence
Paresi yes Based on examples Rowan and Burgess 1979:35 Daniel Valle
Palikur no SV Green and Green 1972:57 Daniel Valle
Yine no Matteson 1965:39 Daniel Smith
Añun yes author does not discuss word order, but verb seems to be S initial Patte 1989:75, 113-119 Daniel Smith
Bora no Subject usually a verbal affix, but specific subject (e.g. "uncle, friend…") precedes verb. Seifart - 2005:63-68 Amanda Meeks
Makiritare no Hall 1988: 48 Melody Ann Ross
Makushi no Abbott 1991: 24 Melody Ann Ross
Eñepa yes Gildea 1993:45 Daniel Valle
Pemon no de Armellada 1999: 16 Shannon Dardis
Guna no Smith texts Daniel Smith
Naso no Quesada 2000 Daniel Smith
Ika no Daniel Valle
Kogi no info Daniel Valle
Cabecar no info Daniel Valle
Guaymí no Quesada 2008:142 Daniel Valle
Damana no Daniel Valle
Sikuani no Queixalós 2000 Daniel Smith
Macaguan no Buenaventura - 1993 Amanda Meeks
Aguaruna no Overall 2007:545 Daniel Valle But there may be some variation
Northern Emberá no Mortensen 1999:89 Daniel Valle Catío
Waorani no info Daniel Valle
Ingá no Levinson 1978:24-5 Daniel Valle
Matses yes Fleck:814 Daniel Valle
Mapudungun no Zúñiga 2006, p. 240-1 Daniel Valle
Páez no info Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano no Soto 1976:59 Daniel Valle
Tikuna no Based on examples Montes 2004b:80-87,101-120 Daniel Valle
Urarina yes OVS constituen order Olawsky:652 Daniel Valle
Waunana no Mejía 2000:90 Daniel Valle
Andoke no Landaburu 1979: 96 Kelsey Neely
Puinave yes Giron 2008: 336 Mitz Perez, Daniel Valle
Central Aymara no Huayhua Pari 2001: 289-291 Shannon Dardis
Kakua no Bolaños fieldnotes Katherine Bolaños
Kaingang no Silva 2011/Goncalves 2011 Daniel Smith
Minica Witoto no Minor and Minor 1982. p.40 Christopher Clack
Hup no Epps 2008 Pattie Epps
Nadëb/Roçado dialect no preferred only in intransitive clauses where the verb is a descriptive verb; elsewhere SV is preferred Weir 1984:24 Katherine Bolaños
Dâw no SV Martins 2005:521 Katherine Bolaños
Desano no Miller 1999, p. 2 Amanda Novak
Cubeo yes SV is also possible Morse & Maxwell 1999, p. 141 Amanda Novak
Kotiria no Stenzel 2004 Amanda Novak
Makuna no Smothermon & Smothermon 1993, p.44 Chris Clack
Koreguaje yes Cook & Criswell 1993, iii Chris Clack
Barasano yes Jones & Jones 1991, p.108 Chris Clack The subject occurs before the verb only when it is in special focus or in a fozen constuction.
Tanimuca no The basic constituents of an intransitive sentence are an intransitive verb preceded by a free subject or a subject prefix. Strom 1992, p.112 Chris Clack
Siona no Wheeler - 1987:140-141 Amanda Meeks
Tukano no West and Welch 2004; Ramirez 1997: 109, 367-9 Kelsey Neely inferred from examples
Yanomami no Ramirez 1994 Kelsey Neely based on a frequency count of basic declarative clauses with full NPs
Ninam no Goodwin-Gomez: 125 Kelsey Neely
Sanumá no Borgman 1990: 19 Kelsey Neely
Surui no Van der Meer (?):1 Daniel Valle
Karitiana no Everett 2006:320-1 Daniel Valle
Nheengatu no SV seems to occur more commonly Cruz 2011:425 Daniel Smith
Paraguayan Guaraní no Krivoshein and Acosta 2001:136 Daniel Valle
Aché no info Daniel Valle
Kokama no Vallejos 2010:466 Daniel Smith
Nyangumarta yes done 1
Jingulu yes done 1
Wambaya yes done 1
Bunuba yes done 1
Walmajarri yes Done-Claire 1
Nyulnyul yes done? 1
Warrwa yes done 1
Worrorra yes done 1
Garrwa yes 61 done 1
Gooniyandi yes done 1
Warlpiri yes h5-6 done 1
Bardi yes done-Claire 1
Yugambeh Y?
Yorta Yorta no 104 done 0
Yir Yoront Done-Dan
Yindjibarndi yes cf 206, text 13; 271, text 38; 224, text 50 etc. done-Dan 1
Yidiny no done-Catherine 0
Yanyuwa yes 92 Done-Austin 1
Yandruwandha yes 63 Done-Dan 1
Yan-nhangu not yet
Yalarnnga yes 55 Done-Dan 1
Woiwurrung no 67, 72 done-Amalia 0
Wirangu No 48-49 done 0
Wemba-Wemba yes H 51 done-Amalia 1
Warumungu No 42 done-Amalia 0
Wangkumara yes r25 done 1
Uradhi No 368 Y 0
Paakantyi yes 240 Y-Hannah 1
Pitta-Pitta No 213 Done-Amalia 0
Pintupi no info done-Hannah x
Nyungar no info done x
Nhanta yes Done-Hannah 1
Ngiyambaa yes 224 Done-Emily 1
Ngayawang No info done-Amalia x
Muruwari yes 220 Done-Dan 1
Mayi-Yapi No 64 done 0
Martuthunira no 238-239 done 0
Marrgany No 335 Done-Amalia 0
Kuuk Thaayorre No 448 Done-Amalia 0
Kuku Yalanji yes 140 Done-Jessica 1
Kugu-Nganhcara No 415 done-Amalia 0
Kaurna No info done-Amalia x
Kalkatungu yes 151 Done-Dan 1
Jaru no info Done-Amalia x
Guugu-Yimidhirr No 101 Done-Amalia 0
Gureng Gureng no info Done-Amalia x
Gumbaynggirr no 341 done-Amalia 0
Gugu-Badhun no done-Jessica 0
Yuwaalaraay No 93 0
Dyirbal No 291 done-Amalia 0
Duungidjawu no 94 done 0
Djinang No 203 Done-Amalia 0
Djabugay done
Diyari no 148-149 done-Hannah 0
Dharawal yes 46 done-Hannah w Dhurga) 1
Darkinyung no 51 done 0
Bularnu yes 92 Done-Austin 1
Biri no 50 done-Jessica 0
Bidjara-Gungabula no 35; 49 done-Jessica 0
Batyala No 4 Done-Amalia 0
Arabana no 306: cf text 9.2.3, sentence 1 Done-Dan 0
Alyawarr yes 129 done 1
Nyikina yes done-Claire 1
Yawuru Y-Claire
Yulparija No 44 Done-Amalia 0
Wathawurrung yes 84 done 1
Mathi-Mathi yes 109 done-Amalia 1
Hunter River and Lake Macquarie n/a done-Amalia 0
Thanggati no 88 done 0
Katthang no 107 done-Amalia 0
Panyjima no 181-183 done 0
Ngarinyeri No info done-Amalia x
Kurrama yes 191 done-Dan 1
Yingkarta no info Done-Claire x
Githabul No 42 Done-Amalia 0
Gunya No 335 Done-Amalia 0
Kunjen yes 50 Done- 1
WesternTorres no info done x
Wakaya yes 101 done 1
Yindjilindji no info done x
Bandjalang No 115 Done-Amalia 0
Ngaatjatjara No 28 done 0
Arrernte No 329 0
Kokatha No 66 0
Karajarri No 319 Done-Amalia 0
Pitjantjatjara No G 40 0
Ritharrngu Yes 103 Done-Amalia 1
Warrgamay Yes 63 Done-Amalia 1
Warluwarra yes 874 Done-Amalia 1
Warnman Yes 12 Done-Amalia 1
Djapu yes 151 1
Bilinarra no info done x
Wiradjuri no info done x
Aghu-Tharnggala Yes 76 Y2 1
Narungga No 86 done 0
Tharrkari No 13 0
Wajarri No 138 0
Warungu yes 376 1
Adnyamathanha Y2
Yagua yes Payne and Payne 1990:254 Daniel Smith
Baniwa no Ramirez 2001 Patience Epps