VS in transitive clauses

Category
Word Order
Notes

Languages

Language Feature Status Grammatical Notes Source Created By Etymology Notes General Notes Phylogenetic Code
Cahuilla no Jane Hill
Cupeño no Jane Hill
Luiseño Jane Hill
Serrano Jane Hill
Kitanemuk Jane Hill
Kawaiisu Jane Hill
Timbisha Jane Hill
Western Mono no Jane Hill
Chemehuevi Jane Hill
Southern Paiute no Jane Hill
Southern Ute Jane Hill
Shoshone no Jane Hill
Comanche no Jane Hill
Idaho Shoshone no Jane Hill
Northern Paiute no Jane Hill
Gabrielino Jane Hill
Achagua no Wilson & Levinsohn 1992: 2 Ana Paula Brandao
Resígaro no Allin says that SOV order is "quite rigid" in transitive clauses. Allin, 1976: 318 Aimee Lawrence
Bare no Aikhenvald, 1995: 44 Ana Paula Brandao
Warekena no Aikhenvald, 1998: 229 Ana Paula Brandao
Piapoco no See examples on pages 251-252. Galindo, 2002: 251-252 Aimee Lawrence
Yukuna no Shauer & Shauer, 2000: p. 518 Aimee Lawrence
Yavitero yes The verb must be at the beginning and either of the orders are accepted VOS or VSO Mosonyi, 1987: p. 67, 90 Ana Paula Brandão, Aimee Lawrence
Wapishana no Santos, 2006: 217 Ana Paula Brandao, Amanda Meeks
Wayuu yes Mansen & Captain, 2000: p. 803 Aimee Lawrence
Tariana no Aikhenvald, 2003: 507 Aimee Lawrence
Apurinã no In corpus, only 15/173 free subjects follow verb. Aberdour, 1985: 28 Aimee Lawrence
Asheninka Apurucayali no Payne 1982:1820 Amanda Meeks
Maipure no Zamponi 2003:40-42 Amanda Meeks
Yanesha' yes Duff-Tripp 1997:158 Daniel Valle
Kinikinau yes Couto 2005:54 Daniel Valle
Baure yes Danielsen 2007: p333
Nanti no Non-focused, referential NPs are found before the verb when they are subjects and after the verb when they are objects, but these are uncommon. There are no examples of a transitive clause with two free referential NPs. Michael, 2008. p. 345 Aimee Lawrence
Paresi no Rowan and Burgess 1979:31 Daniel Valle
Palikur no SV Green and Green 1972:57 Daniel Valle
Yine no Matteson 1965:39 Daniel Smith
Añun yes author does not discuss word order, but verb seems to be S initial Patte 1989:75, 113-119 Daniel Smith
Bora no Seifart - 2005:63-68 Amanda Meeks
Makiritare no Hall 1988: 46 Melody Ann Ross
Makushi yes Abbott 1991: 24 Melody Ann Ross
Eñepa yes Gildea 1993:44 Daniel Valle
Pemon yes de Armellada 1999: 23 Shannon Dardis
Guna no Smith texts Daniel Smith
Naso no Quesada 2000 Daniel Smith
Ika no Frank 1990:3 Daniel Valle
Kogi no Stendal 1976:3 Daniel Valle
Cabecar no Margery 1985:102 Daniel Valle
Guaymí no Alphonse 1956:51 Daniel Valle
Damana no Daniel Valle
Sikuani no Queixalós 2000 Daniel Smith
Macaguan no Buenaventura - 1993 Amanda Meeks
Aguaruna no Overall 2007:546 Daniel Valle But there may be some variation
Northern Emberá no Mortensen 1999:89 Daniel Valle Catío
Waorani no info Daniel Valle
Ingá no Levinson 1978:25 Daniel Valle
Matses yes Fleck:814 Daniel Valle
Mapudungun no Zúñiga 2006, p. 240-1 Daniel Valle
Páez no Rojas:463 Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano no Soto 1976:59 Daniel Valle
Tikuna yes In the order OVS Soares Faco 1993:96 Daniel Valle
Urarina yes Olawsky:652 Daniel Valle
Waunana no It is only possible in derived passive sentences Mejía 2000:90 Daniel Valle
Andoke no Landaburu 1979: 96 Kelsey Neely
Puinave yes Giron 2008: 336 Mitz Perez, Daniel Valle
Central Aymara no Huayhua Pari 2001: 289-291 Shannon Dardis
Kakua no Bolaños fieldnotes Katherine Bolaños
Kaingang no Silva 2011/Goncalves 2011 Daniel Smith
Minica Witoto no Minor and Minor 1982. p.40 Christopher Clack
Hup no Epps 2008 Pattie Epps
Nadëb/Roçado dialect yes OSV preferred, SVO also common Weir 1984:24 Katherine Bolaños
Dâw no SV Martins 2005:521 Katherine Bolaños
Desano no Miller 1999, p. 2 Amanda Novak
Cubeo yes Morse & Maxwell 1999, p. 141 Amanda Novak
Kotiria no Stenzel 2004, p. 220 Amanda Novak
Makuna yes Smotheron 1993, p.31 Chris Clack subject may appear clause initial also; focus
Koreguaje yes Cook & Criswell 1993, iii Chris Clack
Barasano yes The subject need not be explicit other than to be indicated by the person and number marking on the main verb. Jones & Jones 1991, p.108 Chris Clack
Tanimuca no Strom 1992, p.114 Chris Clack The basic order of a transitive clause is SOV.
Siona no Wheeler - 1987:140 Amanda Meeks
Tukano no West and Welch 2004; Ramirez 1997: 109, 367-9 Kelsey Neely inferred from examples
Yanomami no Ramirez 1994 Kelsey Neely based on a frequency count of basic declarative clauses with full NPs
Ninam no Goodwin-Gomez: 125 Kelsey Neely
Sanumá no Borgman 1990: 19 Kelsey Neely
Surui no Van der Meer (?):1 Daniel Valle
Karitiana no Everett 2006:320-1 Daniel Valle
Nheengatu yes Cruz 2011:417 Daniel Smith
Paraguayan Guaraní no Krivoshein and Acosta 2001:136-7 Daniel Valle
Aché no info Daniel Valle
Kokama no Vallejos 2010:466 Daniel Smith
Nyangumarta yes done 1
Jingulu yes done 1
Wambaya yes done 1
Bunuba yes done 1
Walmajarri yes Done-Claire 1
Nyulnyul yes done? 1
Warrwa yes done 1
Worrorra yes done 1
Garrwa yes 54 done 1
Gooniyandi yes done 1
Warlpiri yes h5-6 done 1
Bardi yes done-Claire 1
Yugambeh Y?
Yorta Yorta no 104 done 0
Yir Yoront Done-Dan
Yindjibarndi yes cf 203, text 7; 238, text 62 done-Dan 1
Yidiny no done-Catherine 0
Yanyuwa yes 106 Done-Austin 1
Yandruwandha yes cf Breen dictionary 176, text A, line 15 Done-Dan 1
Yan-nhangu not yet
Yalarnnga yes 54, cf 39: ex 3-125 Done-Dan 1
Woiwurrung no 67, 72 done-Amalia 0
Wirangu No 49 done 0
Wemba-Wemba yes H 51 done-Amalia 1
Warumungu No 42 done-Amalia 0
Wangkumara yes r26 done 1
Uradhi No 368 Y 0
Paakantyi no 236-237 Y-Hannah 0
Pitta-Pitta No 213 Done-Amalia 0
Pintupi no info done-Hannah x
Nyungar no info done x
Nhanta yes Done-Hannah 1
Ngiyambaa yes 222 Done-Emily 1
Ngayawang No info done-Amalia x
Muruwari yes 219 Done-Dan 1
Mpakwithi
Mayi-Yapi No 64 done 0
Martuthunira no 238-239 done 0
Marrgany No 335 Done-Amalia 0
Kuuk Thaayorre No 450 Done-Amalia 0
Kuku Yalanji yes 140 Done-Jessica 1
Kugu-Nganhcara No 415 done-Amalia 0
Kaurna No info done-Amalia x
Kalkatungu yes 159 Done-Dan 1
Jaru no info Done-Amalia x
Guugu-Yimidhirr NO 101 Done-Amalia 0
Gureng Gureng no info Done-Amalia x
Gupapuyngu
Gumbaynggirr no 341 done-Amalia 0
Gugu-Badhun no done-Jessica 0
Yuwaalaraay No 93 0
Dyirbal No 291 done-Amalia 0
Duungidjawu no 94 done 0
Djinang No 203 Done-Amalia 0
Djabugay done
Diyari no 147 done-Hannah 0
Dharuk
Dharawal yes 46; 63 done-Hannah w Dhurga) 1
Darkinyung no 51 done 0
Bularnu yes 108 Done-Austin 1
Biri no 50 done-Jessica 0
Bidjara-Gungabula no done-Jessica 0
Batyala No 4 Done-Amalia 0
Arabana no 311: cf text 9.2.5, sentence 16 Done-Dan 0
Alyawarr yes 129 done 1
Nyikina yes done-Claire 1
Yawuru Y-Claire
Ngarinyin
Yulparija No 44 Done-Amalia 0
Wathawurrung yes 84 done 1
Mathi-Mathi yes 109 done-Amalia 1
Hunter River and Lake Macquarie n/a done-Amalia 0
Thanggati no 88 done 0
Katthang no 106 done-Amalia 0
Panyjima no 181-183 done 0
Ngarinyeri No info done-Amalia x
Kurrama yes 191 done-Dan 1
Yingkarta yes Done-Claire 1
Githabul No 42 Done-Amalia 0
Gunya No 335 Done-Amalia 0
Kunjen yes 30 Done- 1
WesternTorres no info done x
Wakaya yes 102 done 1
Yindjilindji yes 503 done 1
Bandjalang No 115 Done-Amalia 0
Ngaatjatjara No 28 done 0
Arrernte No 329 0
Kokatha No 66 0
Karajarri No 319 Done-Amalia 0
Pitjantjatjara No G 40 0
Ritharrngu Yes 103 Done-Amalia 1
Warrgamay Yes 63 Done-Amalia 1
Warluwarra no Done-Amalia 0
Warnman Yes 12 Done-Amalia 1
Djapu yes 155-6 1
Bilinarra no info done x
Wiradjuri no info done x
Aghu-Tharnggala Yes 76 Y2 1
Narungga No 86 done 0
Tharrkari Yes 13 1
Wajarri No 138 0
Warungu yes 376 1
Adnyamathanha Y2
Yagua yes Payne and Payne 1990:254 Daniel Smith
Baniwa no Ramirez 2001 Patience Epps