VO in transitive clauses

Category
Word Order
Notes
Verb precedes object

Languages

Language Feature Status Grammatical Notes Source Created By Etymology Notes General Notes Phylogenetic Code
Cahuilla no Jane Hill
Cupeño no Jane Hill
Luiseño Jane Hill
Serrano Jane Hill
Kitanemuk Jane Hill
Kawaiisu Jane Hill
Timbisha no Jane Hill
Western Mono no Jane Hill
Chemehuevi Jane Hill
Southern Paiute no Jane Hill
Southern Ute no Jane Hill
Shoshone no Jane Hill
Comanche no Jane Hill
Idaho Shoshone no Jane Hill
Northern Paiute no Jane Hill
Gabrielino Jane Hill
Achagua yes Wilson & Levinsohn 1992: 2 Ana Paula Brandao
Resígaro no Allin says that SOV order is "quite rigid" in transitive clauses. Allin, 1976: 318 Aimee Lawrence
Bare yes Aikhenvald, 1995: 44 Ana Paula Brandao
Warekena yes Aikhenvald, 1998: 229 Ana Paula Brandao
Piapoco yes See examples on pgs. 251-252 Galindo, 2002: 251-252 Aimee Lawrence
Yukuna yes SVO Shauer & Shauer, 2000: p. 518 Aimee Lawrence, Ana Paula Brandao
Yavitero yes The verb must be at the beginning and either of the orders are accepted VOS or VSO Mosonyi, 1987: p. 90 Ana Paula Brandão, Aimee Lawrence
Wapishana yes Santos, 2006: 217 Ana Paula Brandao, Amanda Meeks
Wayuu yes Mansen & Captain, 2000: p. 803 Aimee Lawrence
Tariana no Aikhenvald, 2003: 507 Aimee Lawrence
Apurinã no In corpus, 38 of 57 free objects precede verb. Aberdour, 1985: 28 Aimee Lawrence
Asheninka Apurucayali yes OV is also acceptable in some circumstances. Payne 1982:1820 Amanda Meeks
Maipure yes Zamponi 2003:40-42 Amanda Meeks
Yanesha' yes Duff-Tripp 1997:168 Daniel Valle
Kinikinau yes Couto 2005:54 Daniel Valle
Baure yes Danielsen 2007: p333
Nanti yes Non-focused, referential NPs are found before the verb when they are subjects and after the verb when they are objects, but these are uncommon. There are no examples of a transitive clause with two free referential NPs. Michael, 2008. p. 345 Aimee Lawrence
Paresi no Rowan and Burgess 1979:31 Daniel Valle
Palikur yes Green and Green 1972:4 Daniel Valle
Yine no Matteson 1965:39 Daniel Smith
Añun yes Patte 1989:75, 113-119 Daniel Smith
Bora yes Not most common order, however. Seifart - 2005:63-68 Amanda Meeks
Makiritare no Hall 1988: 46 Melody Ann Ross
Makushi no Abbott 1991: 24 Melody Ann Ross
Eñepa yes But this is mostly restricted to elicited sentences in contrast to texts. Gildea 1993:44 Daniel Valle
Pemon no de Armellada 1999: 23 Shannon Dardis
Guna no Smith texts Daniel Smith
Naso no Quesada 2000 Daniel Smith
Ika no Frank 1990:3 Daniel Valle
Kogi no Stendal 1976:3 Daniel Valle
Cabecar no Margery 1985:102 Daniel Valle
Guaymí no Alphonse 1956:51 Daniel Valle
Damana no Daniel Valle
Sikuani no Queixalós 2000 Daniel Smith
Macaguan yes Buenaventura - 1993 Amanda Meeks
Aguaruna no Overall 2007:545 Daniel Valle But there may be some variation
Northern Emberá no Mortensen 1999:89 Daniel Valle Catío
Waorani no Orr et all. 1991:20 Daniel Valle
Ingá no Levinson 1978:25 Daniel Valle
Matses yes All six possible combinations of S, O and V are allowed Fleck:814 Daniel Valle
Mapudungun yes But it is the preferred order, not the only possible order. Zúñiga 2006, p. 240-1 Daniel Valle
Páez no Rojas:463 Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano no Soto 1976:59 Daniel Valle
Tikuna yes Soares Faco 1993:94 Daniel Valle
Urarina no Olawsky:652 Daniel Valle
Waunana yes Mejía 2000:90 Daniel Valle
Andoke yes Landaburu 1979: 96 Kelsey Neely
Puinave yes Giron 2008: 336 Mitz Perez, Daniel Valle
Central Aymara no Huayhua Pari 2001: 289-291 Shannon Dardis
Kakua no Bolaños fieldnotes Katherine Bolaños
Kaingang no Silva 2011/Goncalves 2011 Daniel Smith
Minica Witoto no Minor and Minor 1982. p.40 Christopher Clack
Hup no Epps 2008 Pattie Epps
Nadëb/Roçado dialect yes not preferred Weir 1984:25 Katherine Bolaños
Dâw yes but the position of the object is not actually fixed as long as it doesn't intervene between the SV Martins 2005:521 Katherine Bolaños
Desano no Miller 1999, p. 2 Amanda Novak
Cubeo no OV is more common Morse & Maxwell 1999, p. 142 Amanda Novak
Kotiria no Stenzel 2004, p. 182 Amanda Novak
Makuna no Smotheron 1993, p.31 Chris Clack
Koreguaje yes Cook & Criswell 1993, p.47-51 Chris Clack
Barasano no Trans. Clauses do not necessarily require an explicit direct object or subject. Jones & Jones 1991, p.108 Chris Clack when the direct object is explicit, it precedes the verb.
Tanimuca no In a transitive clause, the object often precedes the verb. Strom 1992, p.111 Chris Clack
Siona no Wheeler - 1987:140 Amanda Meeks
Tukano no West and Welch 2004; Ramirez 1997: 109, 367-9 Kelsey Neely inferred from examples
Yanomami no Ramirez 1994: 98 Kelsey Neely
Ninam no Goodwin-Gomez: 125 Kelsey Neely
Sanumá no Borgman 1990: 19 Kelsey Neely
Surui no Van der Meer (?):1 Daniel Valle
Karitiana yes Everett 2006:320-1 Daniel Valle
Nheengatu yes Cruz 2011:417 Daniel Smith
Paraguayan Guaraní yes Krivoshein and Acosta 2001:136-7 Daniel Valle
Aché no Susnilk 1974:102 Daniel Valle
Kokama yes Vallejos 2010:466 Daniel Smith
Nyangumarta yes done 1
Jingulu yes done 1
Wambaya yes done 1
Bunuba yes done 1
Walmajarri yes Done-Claire 1
Nyulnyul yes done? 1
Warrwa yes done 1
Worrorra yes 107 done 1
Garrwa yes 56 done 1
Gooniyandi yes done 1
Warlpiri yes h5-6 done 1
Bardi yes done-Claire 1
Yugambeh Y?
Yorta Yorta maybe 104 done 1
Yir Yoront Done-Dan
Yindjibarndi yes cf 215, text 35, etc done-Dan 1
Yidiny no done-Catherine 0
Yanyuwa yes 109 Done-Austin 1
Yandruwandha no? 47 Done-Dan 0
Yan-nhangu not yet
Yalarnnga yes 54, cf 39: ex 3-125 Done-Dan 1
Woiwurrung maybe 67, 72 done-Amalia 1
Wirangu No 48 done 0
Wemba-Wemba yes H 51 done-Amalia 1
Warumungu No 42 done-Amalia 0
Wangkumara yes r26 done 1
Uradhi No 368 Y 0
Paakantyi yes 236, 239 Y-Hannah 1
Pitta-Pitta yes 213 Done-Amalia 1
Pintupi no info done-Hannah x
Nyungar no info done x
Nhanta yes Done-Hannah 1
Ngiyambaa yes 224 Done-Emily 1
Ngayawang No info done-Amalia x
Muruwari yes 219 Done-Dan 1
Mpakwithi
Mayi-Yapi yes 64 done 1
Martuthunira no 238-239 done 0
Marrgany yes 335 Done-Amalia 1
Kuuk Thaayorre No 450 Done-Amalia 0
Kuku Yalanji yes 140 Done-Jessica 1
Kugu-Nganhcara No 415 done-Amalia 0
Kaurna No info done-Amalia x
Kalkatungu yes 107 Done-Dan 1
Jaru no info Done-Amalia x
Guugu-Yimidhirr No 101 Done-Amalia 0
Gureng Gureng no info Done-Amalia x
Gupapuyngu
Gumbaynggirr no 341 done-Amalia 0
Gugu-Badhun no done-Jessica 0
Yuwaalaraay No 93 0
Dyirbal No 291 done-Amalia 0
Duungidjawu no 94 done 0
Djinang No 203 Done-Amalia 0
Djabugay done
Diyari no 147 done-Hannah 0
Dharuk
Dharawal yes 46; 63 done-Hannah w Dhurga) 1
Darkinyung yes 52 done 1
Bularnu yes 106 Done-Austin 1
Biri no 50 done-Jessica 0
Bidjara-Gungabula no done-Jessica 0
Batyala No 4 Done-Amalia 0
Arabana yes 260: example 941, 264: example 957; personal communicatio Done-Dan 1
Alyawarr yes 129 done 1
Nyikina yes done-Claire 1
Yawuru Y-Claire
Ngarinyin
Yulparija No 44 Done-Amalia 0
Wathawurrung yes 84 done 1
Mathi-Mathi yes 109 done-Amalia 1
Hunter River and Lake Macquarie n/a done-Amalia 0
Thanggati no 88 done 0
Katthang no 106 done-Amalia 0
Panyjima yes 181-183 done 1
Ngarinyeri No info done-Amalia x
Kurrama yes 191 done-Dan 1
Yingkarta yes Done-Claire 1
Githabul No 42 Done-Amalia 0
Gunya yes 335 Done-Amalia 1
Kunjen yes 50 Done- 1
WesternTorres no info done x
Wakaya yes 97 done 1
Yindjilindji yes 509 done 1
Bandjalang No 115 Done-Amalia 0
Ngaatjatjara No 28 done 0
Arrernte No 329 0
Kokatha No 66 0
Karajarri No 319 Done-Amalia 0
Pitjantjatjara No G 40 0
Ritharrngu Yes 103 Done-Amalia 1
Warrgamay Yes 63 Done-Amalia 1
Warluwarra no Done-Amalia 0
Warnman Yes 12 Done-Amalia 1
Djapu no info x
Bilinarra yes cf 9.0 (38) done 1
Wiradjuri no info done x
Aghu-Tharnggala Yes 76 Y2 1
Narungga No 86 done 0
Tharrkari Yes 13 1
Wajarri No 138 0
Warungu yes 376 1
Adnyamathanha Y2
Yagua yes basic order is VSO Payne and Payne 1990:254 Daniel Smith
Baniwa yes Ramirez 2001:111 indicates preference for SVO Ramirez 2001 Patience Epps