OS in transitive clauses

Word Order
Object precedes subject


Language Feature Status Grammatical Notes Source Created By Etymology Notes General Notes Phylogenetic Code
Cahuilla no Jane Hill
Cupeño no Jane Hill
Luiseño Jane Hill
Serrano Jane Hill
Kitanemuk Jane Hill
Kawaiisu Jane Hill
Timbisha Jane Hill
Western Mono no Jane Hill
Chemehuevi Jane Hill
Southern Paiute no Jane Hill
Southern Ute Jane Hill
Shoshone no Jane Hill
Comanche no Jane Hill
Idaho Shoshone no Jane Hill
Northern Paiute no Jane Hill
Gabrielino Jane Hill
Achagua no Wilson & Levinsohn 1992: 2 Ana Paula Brandao
Resígaro no Allin says that SOV order is "quite rigid" in transitive clauses. Allin, 1976: 318 Aimee Lawrence
Bare no Aikhenvald, 1995: 44 Ana Paula Brandao
Piapoco no See examples on pgs. 251-252 Galindo, 2002: 251-252 Aimee Lawrence
Yukuna no Shauer & Shauer, 2000: p. 518, Shauer 1978: p. 518 Aimee Lawrence
Yavitero yes This is the preferred interpretation, but also possible to use VSO order or interpret a sentence as VSO. Mosonyi, 1987: p. 90 Aimee Lawrence
Wapishana no Santos, 2006: 217 Ana Paula Brandao, Amanda Meeks
Wayuu no Mansen & Captain, 2000: p. 803 Aimee Lawrence
Tariana no Aikhenvald, 2003: 507 Aimee Lawrence
Apurinã no Aberdour notes that SVO seems like a viable candidate for basic constituent order on the basis of corpus evidence, although notes that more information is necessary. Aberdour, 1985: 27 Aimee Lawrence
Asheninka Apurucayali no Payne 1982:1820 Amanda Meeks
Maipure no Zamponi 2003:40-42 Amanda Meeks
Yanesha' no Duff-Tripp 1997:168 Daniel Valle
Kinikinau yes Couto 2005:54 Daniel Valle
Baure yes Danielsen 2007: p333
Nanti no Non-focused, referential NPs are found before the verb when they are subjects and after the verb when they are objects, but these are uncommon. There are no examples of a transitive clause with two free referential NPs. Michael, 2008. p. 345 Aimee Lawrence
Paresi yes Based on examples Rowan and Burgess 1979:32 Daniel Valle
Palikur no Launey 2003:57 Daniel Smith
Yine no Matteson 1965:39 Daniel Smith
Añun no info Patte 1989:75, 113-119 Daniel Smith
Bora yes Not most common order, however. Seifart - 2005:63-68 Amanda Meeks
Makiritare no Hall 1988: 46 Melody Ann Ross
Makushi yes Abbott 1991: 24 Melody Ann Ross
Eñepa yes But the verb occurs in between them as in OVS. Gildea 1993:44 Daniel Valle
Pemon no de Armellada 1999: 23 Shannon Dardis
Guna no Smith texts Daniel Smith
Naso no Quesada 2000 Daniel Smith
Ika no Frank 1990:3 Daniel Valle
Kogi no Stendal 1976:3 Daniel Valle
Cabecar no Margery 1985:102 Daniel Valle
Guaymí no Alphonse 1956:51 Daniel Valle
Damana no Daniel Valle
Sikuani no Queixalós 2000 Daniel Smith
Macaguan no Buenaventura - 1993 Amanda Meeks
Aguaruna no Overall 2007:545 Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá yes Mortensen 1999:89-90 Daniel Valle Catío
Waorani no Orr et all. 1991:20 Daniel Valle
Ingá no Levinson 1978:25 Daniel Valle
Matses yes Fleck:814 Daniel Valle
Mapudungun no But it is possible though not the most frequent Zúñiga 2006, p. 240-1 Daniel Valle
Páez no Rojas:463 Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano no Soto 1976:59 Daniel Valle
Tikuna yes Soares Faco 1993:97 Daniel Valle
Urarina yes Olawsky:652 Daniel Valle
Waunana yes Mejía 2000:90 Daniel Valle
Andoke no Landaburu 1979: 96 Kelsey Neely
Puinave yes O A V Giron 2008: 318 Mitz Perez, Daniel Valle
Central Aymara no Huayhua Pari 2001: 289-291 Shannon Dardis
Kakua no Bolaños fieldnotes Katherine Bolaños
Kaingang no Silva 2011/Goncalves 2011 Daniel Smith
Minica Witoto no Minor and Minor 1982. p.40 Christopher Clack
Hup no Epps 2008 Pattie Epps
Nadëb/Roçado dialect yes preferred Weir 1984:25 Katherine Bolaños
Dâw no but the position of the object is not actually fixed as long as it doesn't intervene between the SV Martins 2005:521 Katherine Bolaños
Desano no Miller 1999, p. 2 Amanda Novak
Cubeo no info Chacón 2012 Daniel Smith
Kotiria no Stenzel 2004, p. 182 Amanda Novak
Makuna yes Smotheron 1993, p.31 Chris Clack
Koreguaje no Cook & Criswell 1993, iii Chris Clack
Barasano yes Jones & Jones 1991, p.108 Chris Clack
Tanimuca no A subject noun phrase precedes the object so that in potentially ambiguous sentences where the subject and object cannot be distinguished by case marking nor semantic clues, they are distinguished by word order. Strom 1992, p.114 Chris Clack
Siona no Wheeler - 1987:140-141 Amanda Meeks
Tukano no Ramirez 1997: 109, 367-9 Kelsey Neely
Yanomami no Ramirez 1994: 98 Kelsey Neely
Ninam no Goodwin-Gomez: 125 Kelsey Neely
Sanumá no Borgman 1990: 19 Kelsey Neely
Surui no Van der Meer (?):1 Daniel Valle
Karitiana no Everett 2006:320-1 Daniel Valle
Nheengatu no Cruz 2011:417 Daniel Smith
Paraguayan Guaraní no Krivoshein and Acosta 2001:136-7 Daniel Valle
Aché no info Daniel Valle
Kokama no Vallejos 2010:466 Daniel Smith
Nyangumarta yes done 1
Jingulu yes done 1
Wambaya yes done 1
Bunuba yes done 1
Walmajarri yes Done-Claire 1
Nyulnyul yes done? 1
Warrwa yes done 1
Worrorra yes done 1
Garrwa yes 52 done 1
Gooniyandi yes done 1
Warlpiri yes h5-6 done 1
Bardi yes done-Claire 1
Yugambeh Y?
Yorta Yorta no 104 done 0
Yir Yoront Done-Dan
Yindjibarndi yes cf 267, paragraph 2, text 75 done-Dan 1
Yidiny no done-Catherine 0
Yanyuwa no Done-Austin 0
Yandruwandha yes 63-4 Done-Dan 1
Yan-nhangu not yet
Yalarnnga yes 54, cf 61: ex 4-39 Done-Dan 1
Woiwurrung no 67 done-Amalia 0
Wirangu No 48 done 0
Wemba-Wemba yes H 51 done-Amalia 1
Warumungu No 42 done-Amalia 0
Wangkumara no info done X
Uradhi No 368 Y 0
Paakantyi no 236 Y-Hannah 0
Pitta-Pitta No 213 Done-Amalia 0
Pintupi no info done-Hannah x
Nyungar no info done x
Nhanta yes Done-Hannah 1
Ngiyambaa yes 224 Done-Emily 1
Ngayawang No info done-Amalia x
Muruwari no 219 Done-Dan 0
Mayi-Yapi No 64 done 0
Martuthunira no 238-239 done 0
Marrgany yes 335 Done-Amalia 1
Kuuk Thaayorre No 450 Done-Amalia 0
Kuku Yalanji yes 140 Done-Jessica 1
Kugu-Nganhcara yes 415 done-Amalia 1
Kaurna No info done-Amalia x
Kalkatungu yes 42, 152 Done-Dan 1
Jaru no info Done-Amalia x
Guugu-Yimidhirr No 101 Done-Amalia 0
Gureng Gureng no info Done-Amalia x
Gumbaynggirr no 341 done-Amalia 0
Gugu-Badhun no done-Jessica 0
Yuwaalaraay No 93 0
Dyirbal yes 291 done-Amalia 1
Duungidjawu no 94 done 0
Djinang No 203 Done-Amalia 0
Djabugay done
Diyari no 147-148 done-Hannah 0
Dharawal yes 46; 62-64 done-Hannah w Dhurga) 1
Darkinyung no 52 done 0
Bularnu yes 94 Done-Austin 1
Biri yes 47 done-Jessica 1
Bidjara-Gungabula no done-Jessica 0
Batyala No 4 Done-Amalia 0
Arabana no 264: example 958 Done-Dan 0
Alyawarr yes 129 done 1
Nyikina yes done-Claire 1
Yawuru Y-Claire
Yulparija No 44 Done-Amalia 0
Wathawurrung yes 84 done 1
Mathi-Mathi no 109 done-Amalia 0
Hunter River and Lake Macquarie n/a done-Amalia 0
Thanggati no 88 done 0
Katthang no 107 done-Amalia 0
Panyjima no 181-183 done 0
Ngarinyeri No info done-Amalia x
Kurrama yes 191 done-Dan 1
Yingkarta yes Done-Claire 1
Githabul yes 42 Done-Amalia 1
Gunya yes 335 Done-Amalia 1
Kunjen No 30 Done- 0
WesternTorres yes? cf K85b 63 ex11 done 1
Wakaya yes 102 done 1
Yindjilindji no info done x
Bandjalang No 115 Done-Amalia 0
Ngaatjatjara No 28 done 0
Arrernte No 329 0
Kokatha No 66 0
Karajarri No 319 Done-Amalia 0
Pitjantjatjara No G 40 0
Ritharrngu No 103 Done-Amalia 0
Warrgamay Yes 63 Done-Amalia 1
Warluwarra yes 874 Done-Amalia 1
Warnman Yes 12 Done-Amalia 1
Djapu no info x
Bilinarra no info done x
Wiradjuri no info done x
Aghu-Tharnggala No 76 Y2 0
Narungga No 86 done 0
Tharrkari No 13 0
Wajarri No 138 0
Warungu yes 376 1
Adnyamathanha Y2
Yagua no Payne and Payne 1990:254 Daniel Smith
Baniwa no Ramirez 2001 Patience Epps