Preposition-Noun

Category
Word Order
Notes

Languages

Language Feature Status Grammatical Notes Source Created By Etymology Notes General Notes Phylogenetic Code
Cahuilla no Jane Hill
Cupeño no Jane Hill
Luiseño no Jane Hill
Serrano no Jane Hill
Kitanemuk no Jane Hill
Kawaiisu no Jane Hill
Timbisha no Jane Hill
Western Mono no Jane Hill
Chemehuevi no Jane Hill
Southern Paiute no Jane Hill
Southern Ute no Jane Hill
Shoshone no Jane Hill
Comanche no Jane Hill
Idaho Shoshone no Jane Hill
Northern Paiute no Jane Hill
Gabrielino no Jane Hill
Achagua no Wilson & Levinsohn 1992: 3 Ana Paula Brandao
Resígaro no Case markers (clitics?) are all postpositions. Allin, 1976: 238-279 Aimee Lawrence
Bare no Aikhenvald, 1995: 26 Ana Paula Brandao
Warekena no Aikhenvald, 1998: 230 Ana Paula Brandao
Piapoco no Galindo, 2002: 339 Aimee Lawrence
Yukuna no Shauer & Shauer, 1978: p. 28, Shauer & Shauer 2000: p. 518 Aimee Lawrence
Yavitero yes Prepositions. Prepositions also take a cross-referencing prefix that agrees with the object of the preposition. Mosonyi, 1987: p. 52-53 Aimee Lawrence
Wapishana no Santos, 2006: 201 Ana Paula Brandao, Amanda Meeks
Wayuu no Mansen & Captain, 2000: p. 800 Aimee Lawrence
Tariana no Aikhenvald, 2003: 139-140 Aimee Lawrence
Apurinã no Facundes, 2000: 385 Aimee Lawrence
Asheninka Apurucayali no Mihas 2010 Daniel Smith
Maipure yes Only happens when a postposition is already being used. Zamponi 2003:33-34 Amanda Meeks
Yanesha' no There is no mention of either preposition or postposition. However, locative or possessice expresions are encoded by suffixes. Duff-Tripp 1997:23-122 Daniel Valle
Kinikinau yes Souza 2008:123 Daniel Valle
Baure no It seems that the language does not have adpositions Danielsen 2007:301-29 Daniel Valle
Nanti no No prepositions or postpositions. Michael, 2008. p. 369 Aimee Lawrence
Paresi no Rowan and Burgess 1979:66-7 Daniel Valle
Palikur yes Launey 2003:147 Daniel Smith
Yine no Matteson 1965 Daniel Smith
Añun yes called 'relatores', also carry person Patte 1989:75, 113-119 Daniel Smith
Bora no Seifart - 2005:63-68 Amanda Meeks
Makiritare no Hall 1988: 48 Melody Ann Ross
Makushi no Carson 1982:79-85 Amanda Meeks
Eñepa no Daniel Valle
Pemon no de Armellada 1999: 71 Shannon Dardis
Guna no Smith texts Daniel Smith
Naso no Quesada 2000 Daniel Smith
Ika no Frank 1990:3 Daniel Valle
Kogi no info Daniel Valle
Cabecar no info Daniel Valle
Guaymí no Alphonse 1956:51 Daniel Valle
Damana no Daniel Valle
Sikuani no de Kondo (Vol.1,2) - 1985; Queixalós - 2000; 49-206 Amanda Meeks
Macaguan no Buenaventura - 1993 Amanda Meeks
Aguaruna no Overall 2007:214-30 Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá no Mortensen 1999:10 Daniel Valle Catío
Waorani no info Daniel Valle
Ingá no Parks 1990:76 Daniel Valle
Matses no Fleck:280-2 Daniel Valle
Mapudungun yes Zúñiga 2006, p. 194-7 Daniel Valle
Páez no Jung:120-34 Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano no Parker 1965:39-44 Daniel Valle
Tikuna no Montes 2004, 2005 Daniel Valle
Urarina no Olawsky:224-45 Daniel Valle
Waunana no Mejía 2000:89-90 Daniel Valle
Andoke no Landaburu 1979: 158-165 Kelsey Neely
Puinave no Giron 2008: 194 Mitz Perez, Daniel Valle
Central Aymara yes Huayhua Pari 2001: 282 Shannon Dardis
Kakua no Bolaños fieldnotes Katherine Bolaños
Kaingang no Silva 2011/Goncalves 2011 Daniel Smith
Minica Witoto no Minor and Minor 1982. p.36 Christopher Clack
Hup no Epps 2008 Pattie Epps
Nadëb/Roçado dialect no Weir 1984 Katherine Bolaños
Dâw no applicable no prepositions Martins 2004 Katherine Bolaños
Desano no Miller 1999, p. 3 Amanda Novak
Cubeo no Morse & Maxwell 1999, p. 135 Amanda Novak
Kotiria no Stenzel 2004 Amanda Novak
Makuna no Smothermon & Smothermon 1993, p.42 Chris Clack
Koreguaje no Cook & Criswell 1993, p.51 Chris Clack No prepositions
Barasano no Jones & Jones 1991, p.63 Chris Clack
Tanimuca no Strom 1992, p.126 Chris Clack
Siona no Wheeler - 1987:124-130 Amanda Meeks
Tukano no West and Welch 2004: 35 Kelsey Neely
Yanomami no Ramirez 1994: 193, 202, 223 Kelsey Neely
Ninam no Goodwin-Gomez: 81 Kelsey Neely evidenced by examples
Sanumá no Borgman 1990 Kelsey Neely evidenced by examples throughout
Surui no Van der Meer (?):1 Daniel Valle
Karitiana no Everett 2006:304-5 Daniel Valle
Nheengatu no Cruz 2011 Daniel Smith
Paraguayan Guaraní no Zarratea 2002:156-8 Daniel Valle
Aché no info Daniel Valle
Kokama no Vallejos 2010:163,279-306 Daniel Smith
Nyangumarta no done 0
Jingulu no done 0
Wambaya no done 0
Bunuba no done 0
Walmajarri no Done-Claire 0
Nyulnyul no done? 0
Warrwa no done 0
Worrorra no done 0
Garrwa yes 33 done 1
Gooniyandi no done 0
Warlpiri no done 0
Bardi yes done-Claire 1
Yugambeh Y?
Yorta Yorta maybe 79-81 done 1
Yir Yoront Done-Dan
Yindjibarndi n/a 46, 78, cf 141 done-Dan 0
Yidiny not done yet done-Catherine X
Yanyuwa n/a Done-Austin 0
Yandruwandha no Done-Dan 0
Yan-nhangu not yet
Yalarnnga n/a 1 Done-Dan 0
Woiwurrung yes 72, 78 done-Amalia 1
Wirangu No 47 done 0
Wemba-Wemba yes H 31 done-Amalia 1
Warumungu No 18 done-Amalia 0
Wangkumara no done 0
Uradhi No 371 Y 0
Paakantyi no Y-Hannah 0
Pitta-Pitta No 214 Done-Amalia 0
Pintupi no info done-Hannah x
Nyungar no done 0
Nhanta no Done-Hannah 0
Ngiyambaa n/a Done-Emily 0
Ngayawang No 3 done-Amalia 0
Muruwari no Done-Dan 0
Mpakwithi
Mayi-Yapi No 34 done 0
Martuthunira n/a done 0
Marrgany No 302 Done-Amalia 0
Kuuk Thaayorre No 148 Done-Amalia 0
Kuku Yalanji no 135 Done-Jessica 0
Kugu-Nganhcara No 389 done-Amalia 0
Kaurna No 5 done-Amalia 0
Kalkatungu n/a Done-Dan 0
Jaru n/a Done-Amalia 0
Guugu-Yimidhirr No 47 Done-Amalia 0
Gureng Gureng no info Done-Amalia x
Gupapuyngu
Gumbaynggirr no 254, 264-5 done-Amalia 0
Gugu-Badhun no done-Jessica 0
Yuwaalaraay No 96 0
Dyirbal No 44 done-Amalia 0
Duungidjawu no 44 done 0
Djinang No 27 Done-Amalia 0
Djabugay done
Diyari no done-Hannah 0
Dharuk
Dharawal no info done-Hannah w Dhurga) x
Darkinyung no 20-21 done 0
Bularnu n/a Done-Austin 0
Biri no 14-21 done-Jessica 0
Bidjara-Gungabula no done-Jessica 0
Batyala no info Done-Amalia x
Arabana n/a Done-Dan 0
Alyawarr no 69-70 done 0
Nyikina no done-Claire 0
Yawuru Y-Claire
Ngarinyin
Yulparija No 19 Done-Amalia 0
Wathawurrung no 83 done 0
Mathi-Mathi yes 82 done-Amalia 1
Hunter River and Lake Macquarie no 26 done-Amalia 0
Thanggati no 10-11 done 0
Katthang no 30 done-Amalia 0
Panyjima n/a done 0
Ngarinyeri No 18 done-Amalia 0
Kurrama n/a done-Dan 0
Yingkarta no Done-Claire 0
Githabul No 33 Done-Amalia 0
Gunya No 302 Done-Amalia 0
Kunjen No 29 Done- 0
WesternTorres n/a done 0
Wakaya no info done x
Yindjilindji n/a done 0
Bandjalang No 31 Done-Amalia 0
Ngaatjatjara No 28 done 0
Arrernte No 126 0
Kokatha No 52 0
Karajarri No 293 Done-Amalia 0
Pitjantjatjara No Y 16 0
Ritharrngu No 33 Done-Amalia 0
Warrgamay No 28 Done-Amalia 0
Warluwarra no Done-Amalia 0
Warnman No 13 Done-Amalia 0
Djapu no 0
Bilinarra no done 0
Wiradjuri no info done x
Aghu-Tharnggala No 49 Y2 0
Narungga No 64 done 0
Tharrkari No 24 0
Wajarri No 138 0
Warungu n/a 0
Adnyamathanha Y2
Yagua no Payne and Payne 1990 Daniel Smith
Baniwa no Ramirez 2001 Patience Epps