Gen-Noun

Category
Word Order
Notes
Possessive phrase composed of a free possessor and its possessum has possessor first (e.g. John's book)

Languages

Language Feature Status Grammatical Notes Source Created By Etymology Notes General Notes Phylogenetic Code
Cahuilla yes Jane Hill
Cupeño yes Jane Hill
Luiseño yes Jane Hill
Serrano yes Jane Hill
Kitanemuk no Jane Hill
Kawaiisu Jane Hill
Timbisha yes Jane Hill
Western Mono yes Jane Hill
Chemehuevi yes Jane Hill
Southern Paiute yes Jane Hill
Southern Ute yes Jane Hill
Shoshone yes Jane Hill
Comanche yes Jane Hill
Idaho Shoshone yes Jane Hill
Northern Paiute yes Jane Hill
Gabrielino Jane Hill
Achagua yes Wilson & Levinsohn 1992: 5 Ana Paula Brandao
Resígaro yes "Limiter" corresponds to possessor, precedes noun. Allin, 1976: 223 Aimee Lawrence
Bare yes Aikhenvald, 1995: 14 Ana Paula Brandao
Warekena no Aikhenvald, 1998: 295 Ana Paula Brandao
Piapoco yes Galindo, 2002: 96 Aimee Lawrence
Yukuna yes Shauer & Shauer, 1978: p. 28, Shauer and Shauer 2000: p. 518 Aimee Lawrence
Yavitero no All examples of possessive noun phrases show a noun-gen pattern. Mosonyi, 1987: p. 37 Aimee Lawrence
Wapishana no Santos, 2006: 222 Ana Paula Brandao, Amanda Meeks
Wayuu no Mansen & Captain, 2000: p. 799 Aimee Lawrence
Tariana yes Aikhenvald, 2003: 562 Aimee Lawrence
Apurinã yes Facundes, 2000: 449 Aimee Lawrence
Asheninka Apurucayali no Payne 1983:49 Amanda Meeks
Maipure yes Zamponi 2003:32 Amanda Meeks
Yanesha' yes But the possessive marker is in the head noun Duff-Tripp 1997:29 Daniel Valle
Kinikinau no Souza 2008:115-6 Daniel Valle
Baure no Danielsen 2007:125 Daniel Valle
Nanti yes Nanti noun phrases are “right-headed,” although a genitive isn't specifically mentioned as a possible modifer in an NP. Michael, 2008. p. 369 Aimee Lawrence
Paresi yes Based on examples Rowan and Burgess 1979:55 Daniel Valle
Palikur yes Green and Green 1972:26 Daniel Valle
Yine yes Matteson 1965:65 Daniel Smith
Añun no info author doesn't discuss possession with a nominal Patte 1989 Daniel Smith
Bora yes Seifart - 2005:52 Amanda Meeks
Makiritare yes Hall 1988: 42 Melody Ann Ross
Makushi yes Carson 1982: 56 Melody Ann Ross
Eñepa yes The possessive marker is a prefix which attaches to the noun or noun classifier Gildea 1993:49 Daniel Valle
Pemon yes de Armellada 1999: 13 Shannon Dardis
Guna yes Smith texts Daniel Smith
Naso yes Quesada 2000 Daniel Smith
Ika yes This order is preffered and more frequent. Frank 1990:4 Daniel Valle
Kogi no info Daniel Valle
Cabecar no Bourland 1976:57 Daniel Valle
Guaymí yes Quesada 2008:72 Daniel Valle
Damana yes Daniel Valle
Sikuani yes de Kondo (Vol.2) - 1985:4; Queixalós - 2000:49-206 Amanda Meeks
Macaguan no Buenaventura - 1993 Amanda Meeks
Aguaruna yes Overall 2007:545 Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá yes Aguirre 1999:79-80 Daniel Valle Chamí
Waorani yes Orr et all. 1991:21 Daniel Valle
Ingá yes ILV 1976:35-6 Daniel Valle
Matses yes Fleck:760-9 Daniel Valle
Mapudungun no info Daniel Valle
Páez yes Jung:122 Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano yes Parker 1965:41 Daniel Valle
Tikuna yes Faco Soares 1990:86; 1992:109 Daniel Valle
Urarina yes Olawsky:331-40 Daniel Valle
Waunana yes Mejía 2000:90 Daniel Valle
Andoke no for alienable possession; I've only seen this with a free N and pronominal possessor Landaburu 1979: 160 Kelsey Neely
Puinave yes Giron 2008: p386 Mitz Perez, Daniel Valle
Central Aymara yes Huayhua Pari 2001: 284 Shannon Dardis
Kakua no Bolaños fieldnotes Katherine Bolaños
Kaingang no info Silva 2011/Goncalves 2011 Daniel Smith
Minica Witoto no Minor and Minor 1982. p.36 Christopher Clack
Hup yes Epps 2008 Pattie Epps
Nadëb/Roçado dialect yes except for 1sg possessors Weir 1984 Katherine Bolaños
Dâw no Martins 2004 Katherine Bolaños
Desano yes Miller 1999, p. 5 Amanda Novak
Cubeo yes Morse & Maxwell 1999, p. 91 Amanda Novak
Kotiria yes Stenzel 2004, p. 183 Amanda Novak
Makuna no Smothermon & Smothermon 1993, p.40 Chris Clack genitive takes classifier
Koreguaje yes Cook & Criswell 1993, iii Chris Clack
Barasano yes Jones & Jones 1991, p.61 Chris Clack
Tanimuca yes Strom 1992, p.131 Chris Clack
Siona yes Wheeler - 1987:121-125 Amanda Meeks
Tukano yes Ramirez 1997: 324 Kelsey Neely
Yanomami yes Ramirez 1994: 179 Kelsey Neely
Ninam no info Goodwin-Gomez Kelsey Neely no examples with full NPs, pronoun order varies
Sanumá yes Borgman 1990: 127 Kelsey Neely
Surui yes Van der Meer (?):1 Daniel Valle
Karitiana yes Based only on word order since the possessum does not take any affix Everett 2006:303-4 Daniel Valle
Nheengatu yes Cruz 2011:259 Daniel Smith
Paraguayan Guaraní yes Ayala 1996:85-6 Daniel Valle
Aché no info Daniel Valle
Kokama yes Vallejos 2010:251 Daniel Smith
Nyangumarta yes done 1
Jingulu yes done 1
Wambaya yes done 1
Bunuba yes done 1
Walmajarri yes Done-Claire 1
Nyulnyul yes done? 1
Warrwa yes done 1
Worrorra yes ms13.1 done 1
Garrwa no info done X
Gooniyandi yes done 1
Warlpiri yes L50 done 1
Bardi yes done-Claire 1
Yugambeh Y?
Yorta Yorta yes 57 done 1
Yir Yoront Done-Dan
Yindjibarndi yes cf text 55, line 2, p228 done-Dan 1
Yidiny yes done-Catherine 1
Yanyuwa n/a Done-Austin 0
Yandruwandha no? Done-Dan 0
Yan-nhangu not yet
Yalarnnga n/a Done-Dan 0
Woiwurrung yes 68 done-Amalia 1
Wirangu yes 51 done 1
Wemba-Wemba yes H 32 done-Amalia 1
Warumungu yes 55 done-Amalia 1
Wangkumara no info done X
Uradhi Yes 371 Y 1
Paakantyi yes 75 Y-Hannah 1
Pitta-Pitta yes 214 Done-Amalia 1
Pintupi no info done-Hannah x
Nyungar yes? d44 done 1
Nhanta yes 77 Done-Hannah 1
Ngiyambaa yes 230 Done-Emily 1
Ngayawang No info done-Amalia x
Muruwari yes 67 Done-Dan 1
Mpakwithi
Mayi-Yapi No 45, 48 done 0
Martuthunira no 91-92 done 0
Marrgany yes 335 Done-Amalia 1
Kuuk Thaayorre No 77 Done-Amalia 0
Kuku Yalanji yes 121 Done-Jessica 1
Kugu-Nganhcara No 389 done-Amalia 0
Kaurna No info done-Amalia x
Kalkatungu yes cf 50, (3.78), e.g. Done-Dan 1
Jaru no info Done-Amalia x
Guugu-Yimidhirr No 56 Done-Amalia 0
Gureng Gureng no info Done-Amalia x
Gupapuyngu
Gumbaynggirr yes 260 done-Amalia 1
Gugu-Badhun yes 123-4 done-Jessica 1
Yuwaalaraay No 96 0
Dyirbal yes 291 done-Amalia 1
Duungidjawu yes 36-37 done 1
Djinang Yes 197 Done-Amalia 1
Djabugay done
Diyari yes 96; 138 done-Hannah 1
Dharuk
Dharawal yes 63 done-Hannah w Dhurga) 1
Darkinyung yes 51 done 1
Bularnu yes 39 Done-Austin 1
Biri yes 55 done-Jessica 1
Bidjara-Gungabula yes 53; 54 done-Jessica 1
Batyala no info Done-Amalia x
Arabana no info Done-Dan x
Alyawarr no 75, 117 done 0
Nyikina yes done-Claire 1
Yawuru Y-Claire
Ngarinyin
Yulparija No 28 Done-Amalia 0
Wathawurrung yes 74 done 1
Mathi-Mathi yes 89 done-Amalia 1
Hunter River and Lake Macquarie yes 26 done-Amalia 1
Thanggati yes 20-21 done 1
Katthang yes 103 done-Amalia 1
Panyjima yes 144 done 1
Ngarinyeri yes 11 done-Amalia 1
Kurrama yes 38 done-Dan 1
Yingkarta yes Done-Claire 1
Githabul yes 33 Done-Amalia 1
Gunya yes 335 Done-Amalia 1
Kunjen yes 42 Done- 1
WesternTorres yes FO 125, 129 done 1
Wakaya yes 133 done 1
Yindjilindji yes 502 done 1
Bandjalang yes 31 Done-Amalia 1
Ngaatjatjara yes 29 done 1
Arrernte No 149 0
Kokatha Yes 55 1
Karajarri No 293 Done-Amalia 0
Pitjantjatjara Yes Y 17 1
Ritharrngu Yes 24 Done-Amalia 1
Warrgamay Yes 63 Done-Amalia 1
Warluwarra no 876 Done-Amalia 0
Warnman Yes 23 Done-Amalia 1
Djapu yes 123 1
Bilinarra yes 4.7.1 done 1
Wiradjuri no info done x
Aghu-Tharnggala No 81 Y2 0
Narungga Yes 65 done 1
Tharrkari Yes 13 1
Wajarri No 138 0
Warungu yes 646 1
Adnyamathanha Y2
Yagua yes Payne and Payne 1990 Daniel Smith
Baniwa yes Ramirez 2001 Patience Epps