Word Order
Adjective precedes the noun


Language Feature Status Grammatical Notes Source Created By Etymology Notes General Notes Phylogenetic Code
Cahuilla yes Jane Hill
Cupeño no Jane Hill
Luiseño no Jane Hill
Serrano no Jane Hill
Kitanemuk no Jane Hill
Kawaiisu Jane Hill
Timbisha yes Jane Hill
Western Mono yes Jane Hill
Chemehuevi Jane Hill
Southern Paiute Jane Hill
Southern Ute no Jane Hill
Shoshone yes Jane Hill
Comanche yes Jane Hill
Idaho Shoshone Jane Hill
Northern Paiute yes Jane Hill
Gabrielino Jane Hill
Achagua no Wilson & Levinsohn 1992: 4 Ana Paula Brandao
Resígaro yes Allin, 1976: 223 Aimee Lawrence
Bare no Aikhenvald, 1995: 25 Ana Paula Brandao
Warekena no Aikhenvald, 1998: 306 Ana Paula Brandao
Piapoco no Adjectives follow the noun unless the noun is topicalized or the adjective is acting on a complex noun phrase. Galindo, 2002: 328-329 Aimee Lawrence
Yukuna yes Shauer & Shauer, 1978: p. 28, Shauer and Shauer 2000: p. 518 Aimee Lawrence
Yavitero no Mosonyi, 1987: p. 58 Aimee Lawrence
Wapishana yes Santos, 2006: 179 Ana Paula Brandao, Amanda Meeks
Wayuu yes Mansen & Captain, 2000: p. 798 Aimee Lawrence
Tariana yes All adjectives can be used both before and after the head. Aikhenvald, 2003: 475 Aimee Lawrence
Apurinã n/a Apurinã does not have adjectives. Facundes, 2000: 342 Aimee Lawrence
Asheninka Apurucayali yes Mihas 2010:143 Daniel Smith
Maipure no Zamponi 2003:30 Amanda Meeks
Yanesha' yes Duff-Tripp 1997:158 Daniel Valle
Kinikinau yes Couto 2005:48, Souza 2008:115-6 Daniel Valle
Baure yes Danielsen 2007:105 Daniel Valle
Nanti yes Nanti noun phrases are “right-headed.” Michael, 2008. p. 369 Aimee Lawrence
Paresi no info Rowan 1978, Rowan and Burgess 1979, Brandão 2010 Daniel Valle
Palikur yes Green and Green 1972:24 Daniel Valle
Yine no Matteson 1965 Daniel Smith
Añun yes Patte 1989:60 Daniel Smith
Bora no Seifart - 2005:133-134 Amanda Meeks
Makiritare no Hall 1988: 52 Daniel Smith
Makushi no "There are no adjectives. Only nouns occur to modify nouns in noun phrases" Abbott 1991: 129 Melody Ann Ross
Eñepa yes Palmegiani 2002:80 Daniel Valle
Pemon no de Armellada 1999: 58 Shannon Dardis
Guna no Smith texts Daniel Smith
Naso no Quesada 2000 Daniel Smith
Ika no Frank 1990:3 Daniel Valle
Kogi no info Daniel Valle
Cabecar no info Daniel Valle
Guaymí no Quesada 2008:54 Daniel Valle
Damana no Daniel Valle
Sikuani yes Adjectives have their own class, but function most often as prenominal affixes (especially with animate/intimate nouns). de Kondo (Vol.2) - 1985:4; Queixalós - 2000:2-26 Amanda Meeks
Macaguan yes Buenaventura - 1993 Amanda Meeks
Aguaruna no Overall 2007:243 Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá yes Mortensen 1999:10 Daniel Valle Catío
Waorani yes Orr et all. 1991:21 Daniel Valle
Ingá yes Levinson 1978:23 Daniel Valle
Matses no Fleck:759 Daniel Valle
Mapudungun no info Daniel Valle
Páez no info Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano yes Parker 1965:33-4 Daniel Valle
Tikuna no info Daniel Valle
Urarina no Olawsky:309-10 Daniel Valle
Waunana no info Daniel Valle
Andoke no info Kelsey Neely
Puinave yes Giron 2008: p296 Mitz Perez, Daniel Valle
Central Aymara yes Huayhua Pari 2001: 282 Shannon Dardis
Kakua no info Bolaños fieldnotes Katherine Bolaños
Kaingang no info Silva 2011/Goncalves 2011 Daniel Smith
Minica Witoto yes Minor and Minor 1982. p.42 Christopher Clack
Hup no Epps 2008 Pattie Epps
Nadëb/Roçado dialect no Weir 1984:118 ex Katherine Bolaños
Dâw no Martins 2004 Katherine Bolaños
Desano yes Miller 1999, p. 4 Amanda Novak
Cubeo yes Chacón 2012:305 Daniel Smith
Kotiria no no adj class, but property concepts do tend to precede nouns Stenzel 2004 Amanda Novak
Makuna no Smothermon & Smothermon 1993, p.37-42 Chris Clack
Koreguaje no Cook & Criswell 1993, iv Chris Clack
Barasano yes The descriptive modifier generally precedes the head noun in the noun phrase. Jones & Jones 1991, p.4 Chris Clack
Tanimuca yes The adjective generally precedes the head in Retuarã. Strom 1992, p.51 Chris Clack
Siona yes Wheeler - 1987:117, 133 Amanda Meeks
Tukano no West and Welch 2004: 62-63 Kelsey Neely
Yanomami n/a no true adjectives Ramirez 1994: 202 Kelsey Neely
Ninam yes only with the adjective 'pata' big Goodwin-Gomez: 75 Kelsey Neely
Sanumá no Borgman 1990: 129 Kelsey Neely
Surui no Van der Meer (?):1 Daniel Valle
Karitiana no Everett 2006:308-12 Daniel Valle
Nheengatu no Cruz 2011 Daniel Smith
Paraguayan Guaraní no Zarratea 2002:143 Daniel Valle
Aché no info Daniel Valle
Kokama no no adjective in Kokama Vallejos 2010 Daniel Smith
Nyangumarta yes done 1
Jingulu yes done 1
Wambaya yes done 1
Bunuba yes done 1
Walmajarri yes Done-Claire 1
Nyulnyul yes done? 1
Warrwa yes done 1
Worrorra no info done X
Garrwa no info done X
Gooniyandi yes done 1
Warlpiri yes s264-5 done 1
Bardi yes done-Claire 1
Yugambeh Y?
Yorta Yorta yes 106 done 1
Yir Yoront Done-Dan
Yindjibarndi n/a done-Dan 0
Yidiny no done-Catherine 0
Yanyuwa no Done-Austin 0
Yandruwandha no 47 Done-Dan 0
Yan-nhangu not yet
Yalarnnga yes 57 Done-Dan 1
Woiwurrung no 67 done-Amalia 0
Wirangu No 48 done 0
Wemba-Wemba yes H 26 done-Amalia 1
Warumungu yes 44 done-Amalia 1
Wangkumara no info done X
Uradhi No 371 Y 0
Paakantyi yes 98-99 Y-Hannah 1
Pitta-Pitta yes 214 Done-Amalia 1
Pintupi no info done-Hannah x
Nyungar no? d44 done 0
Nhanta yes Done-Hannah 1
Ngiyambaa yes 234 Done-Emily 1
Ngayawang No info done-Amalia x
Muruwari yes 87, 205 Done-Dan 1
Mayi-Yapi yes 63 done 1
Martuthunira n/a 189 done 0
Marrgany No info 335 Done-Amalia x
Kuuk Thaayorre No 77 Done-Amalia 0
Kuku Yalanji no 120 Done-Jessica 0
Kugu-Nganhcara No 389 done-Amalia 0
Kaurna No info done-Amalia x
Kalkatungu no 108 Done-Dan 0
Jaru no 93 Done-Amalia 0
Guugu-Yimidhirr No 103 Done-Amalia 0
Gureng Gureng no info Done-Amalia x
Gumbaynggirr no 252 done-Amalia 0
Gugu-Badhun no 99 done-Jessica 0
Yuwaalaraay Yes 96 1
Dyirbal No 291 done-Amalia 0
Duungidjawu yes 95-6 done 1
Djinang Yes 197 Done-Amalia 1
Djabugay done
Diyari no done-Hannah 0
Dharawal yes 63 done-Hannah w Dhurga) 1
Darkinyung yes 49 done 1
Bularnu yes 108 Done-Austin 1
Biri yes 47 done-Jessica 1
Bidjara-Gungabula no 31 done-Jessica 0
Batyala no info Done-Amalia x
Arabana no 60 Done-Dan 0
Alyawarr no 116-7 done 0
Nyikina yes done-Claire 1
Yawuru Y-Claire
Yulparija Yes 25 Done-Amalia 1
Wathawurrung yes 84 done 1
Mathi-Mathi yes 72-3 done-Amalia 1
Hunter River and Lake Macquarie yes 67 done-Amalia 1
Thanggati no 81 done 0
Katthang no 103 done-Amalia 0
Panyjima yes 186 done 1
Ngarinyeri yes 20 done-Amalia 1
Kurrama no info done-Dan x
Yingkarta yes Done-Claire 1
Githabul yes 33 Done-Amalia 1
Gunya No info 335 Done-Amalia x
Kunjen No 68 Done- 0
WesternTorres yes FO 125 done 1
Wakaya yes 125 done 1
Yindjilindji no info done x
Bandjalang yes 31 Done-Amalia 1
Ngaatjatjara No 29 done 0
Arrernte No 78 0
Kokatha No 56 0
Karajarri No 293 Done-Amalia 0
Pitjantjatjara No Y 12 0
Ritharrngu no info Done-Amalia x
Warrgamay Yes 63 Done-Amalia 1
Warluwarra yes 877 Done-Amalia 1
Warnman Yes 32 Done-Amalia 1
Djapu yes 156 1
Bilinarra no info done x
Wiradjuri no info done x
Aghu-Tharnggala No 49 Y2 0
Narungga Yes 61 done 1
Tharrkari Yes 13 1
Wajarri No 138 0
Warungu yes 347 1
Adnyamathanha Y2
Yagua no Payne and Payne 1990:349 Daniel Smith
Baniwa no Ramirez 2001 Patience Epps