Noun-Adj

Category
Word Order
Notes
Adjective follows the noun

Languages

Language Feature Status Grammatical Notes Source Created By Etymology Notes General Notes Phylogenetic Code
Cahuilla no Jane Hill
Cupeño yes Jane Hill
Luiseño yes Jane Hill
Serrano yes Jane Hill
Kitanemuk yes Jane Hill
Kawaiisu Jane Hill
Timbisha no Jane Hill
Western Mono no Jane Hill
Chemehuevi Jane Hill
Southern Paiute Jane Hill
Southern Ute yes Jane Hill
Shoshone no Jane Hill
Comanche no Jane Hill
Idaho Shoshone Jane Hill
Northern Paiute no Jane Hill
Gabrielino Jane Hill
Achagua yes Wilson & Levinsohn 1992: 4 Ana Paula Brandao
Resígaro no Allin, 1976: 223 Aimee Lawrence
Bare yes Aikhenvald, 1995: 25 Ana Paula Brandao
Warekena yes Aikhenvald, 1998: 306 Ana Paula Brandao
Piapoco yes Adjectives follow the noun unless the noun is topicalized or the adjective is acting on a complex noun phrase. Galindo, 2002: 328-329 Aimee Lawrence
Yukuna no Shauer & Shauer, 1978: p. 28, Shauer and Shauer 2000: p. 518 Aimee Lawrence
Yavitero yes The order can be reversed, but noun-adj is the most frequent and normal. Mosonyi, 1987: p. 58 Aimee Lawrence
Wapishana yes Santos, 2006: 179 Ana Paula Brandao, Amanda Meeks
Wayuu no Mansen & Captain, 2000: p. 798 Aimee Lawrence
Tariana yes All adjectives can be used both before and after the head. Aikhenvald, 2003: 475 Aimee Lawrence
Apurinã n/a Apurinã does not have adjectives. Facundes, 2000: 342 Aimee Lawrence
Asheninka Apurucayali no Mihas 2010:143 Daniel Smith
Maipure yes Zamponi 2003:30 Amanda Meeks
Yanesha' yes Duff-Tripp 1997:158 Daniel Valle
Kinikinau no Souza 2008:115-6 Daniel Valle
Baure yes Danielsen 2007:104 Daniel Valle
Nanti no Michael, 2008. p. 369 Aimee Lawrence
Paresi yes Brandão 2010:14 Daniel Valle
Palikur yes Green and Green 1972:24 Daniel Valle
Yine yes SComp and OComp Matteson 1965:68 Daniel Smith
Añun no Patte 1989 Daniel Smith
Bora yes Seifart - 2005:133-134 Amanda Meeks
Makiritare yes Hall 1988: 52 Daniel Smith
Makushi no "There are no adjectives. Only nouns occur to modify nouns in noun phrases" Abbott 1991: 129 Melody Ann Ross
Eñepa yes Palmegiani 2002:80 Daniel Valle
Pemon yes de Armellada 1999: 58 Shannon Dardis
Guna yes Smith texts Daniel Smith
Naso yes Quesada 2000 Daniel Smith
Ika yes Frank 1990:3 Daniel Valle
Kogi yes Stendal 1976:1 Daniel Valle
Cabecar yes Bourland 1976:55 Daniel Valle
Guaymí yes It seems to be the only possible order for noun and adjective Quesada 2008:54 Daniel Valle
Damana yes Daniel Valle
Sikuani no de Kondo (Vol.2) - 1985:4; Queixalós - 2000:2-26 Amanda Meeks
Macaguan no Buenaventura - 1993 Amanda Meeks
Aguaruna yes Overall 2007:243 Daniel Valle So, the general structure of Aguaruna NP is (Det)N(Adj)
Northern Emberá yes descriptive adjectives follow the noun Mortensen 1999:10 Daniel Valle Catío
Waorani no Orr et all. 1991:21 Daniel Valle Based on examples
Ingá no Levinson 1974:19 Daniel Valle
Matses yes Fleck:759 Daniel Valle
Mapudungun no info Daniel Valle
Páez no info Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano no Parker 1965:33-4 Daniel Valle
Tikuna no info Daniel Valle
Urarina yes Olawsky:309-10 Daniel Valle
Waunana no info Daniel Valle
Andoke no info Kelsey Neely
Puinave yes Giron 2008: p297 Mitz Perez, Daniel Valle
Central Aymara no Huayhua Pari 2001: 282 Shannon Dardis
Kakua no info Bolaños fieldnotes Katherine Bolaños
Kaingang no info Silva 2011/Goncalves 2011 Daniel Smith
Minica Witoto no Minor and Minor 1982. p.42 Christopher Clack
Hup yes Epps 2008 Pattie Epps
Nadëb/Roçado dialect yes Weir 1984:118 ex Katherine Bolaños
Dâw yes Martins does not view these as an adjective class, but there is a class of adjective-like modifiers that follow nouns Martins 2004 Katherine Bolaños
Desano no Miller 1999, p. 4 Amanda Novak
Cubeo yes Morse & Maxwell 1999, p. 91 Amanda Novak
Kotiria no Stenzel 2004 Amanda Novak
Makuna yes Smothermon & Smothermon 1993, p.37-42 Chris Clack
Koreguaje yes Cook & Criswell 1993, iv Chris Clack
Barasano no Jones & Jones 1991, p.63 Chris Clack Barasano is a verb-adjective language, which is to say that there is a single set of roots which may take either regular verbal inflection and serve as predicates, or may take nominalizers/participials/classifiers and serve as modifiers in noun phrases.
Tanimuca no Strom 1992, p.51 Chris Clack Adjectives may follow the noun, however, and such phrases in isolation may be interpreted as a noun phrase or as a descriptive clause with a predicate adj and an implicit copula.
Siona no Wheeler - 1987:117, 133 Amanda Meeks
Tukano yes West and Welch 2004: 62-63 Kelsey Neely
Yanomami n/a no true adjectives Ramirez 1994: 202 Kelsey Neely
Ninam yes only with the adjective 'wai' small Goodwin-Gomez: 81 Kelsey Neely
Sanumá yes Borgman 1990: 129 Kelsey Neely
Surui yes Van der Meer (?):1 Daniel Valle
Karitiana yes Everett 2006:308-12 Daniel Valle
Nheengatu no Cruz 2011 Daniel Smith
Paraguayan Guaraní yes Zarratea 2002:143 Daniel Valle
Aché no info Daniel Valle
Kokama no no adjective in Kokama Vallejos 2010 Daniel Smith
Nyangumarta yes done 1
Jingulu yes done 1
Wambaya yes done 1
Bunuba no done 0
Walmajarri yes Done-Claire 1
Nyulnyul no done? 0
Warrwa no done 0
Worrorra yes ms6.2.3 done 1
Garrwa yes 8 done 1
Gooniyandi yes done 1
Warlpiri yes s258 done 1
Bardi no done-Claire 0
Yugambeh Y?
Yorta Yorta yes 106 done 1
Yir Yoront Done-Dan
Yindjibarndi n/a done-Dan 0
Yidiny yes done-Catherine 1
Yanyuwa yes 191 Done-Austin 1
Yandruwandha yes 47 Done-Dan 1
Yan-nhangu not yet
Yalarnnga yes 57 Done-Dan 1
Woiwurrung yes 67 done-Amalia 1
Wirangu yes 48 done 1
Wemba-Wemba no H 26 done-Amalia 0
Warumungu yes 44 done-Amalia 1
Wangkumara no info done X
Uradhi Yes 371 Y 1
Paakantyi yes 99 Y-Hannah 1
Pitta-Pitta No 214 Done-Amalia 0
Pintupi no info done-Hannah x
Nyungar yes d44 done 1
Nhanta yes Done-Hannah 1
Ngiyambaa yes 225 Done-Emily 1
Ngayawang No info done-Amalia x
Muruwari yes 87 Done-Dan 1
Mpakwithi
Mayi-Yapi yes 63 done 1
Martuthunira n/a 189 done 0
Marrgany No info Done-Amalia x
Kuuk Thaayorre Yes 77 Done-Amalia 1
Kuku Yalanji yes 120 Done-Jessica 1
Kugu-Nganhcara yes 389 done-Amalia 1
Kaurna No info done-Amalia x
Kalkatungu yes 108 Done-Dan 1
Jaru yes 93 Done-Amalia 1
Guugu-Yimidhirr yes 103 Done-Amalia 1
Gureng Gureng no info Done-Amalia x
Gupapuyngu
Gumbaynggirr yes 252 done-Amalia 1
Gugu-Badhun yes 99 done-Jessica 1
Yuwaalaraay No 96 0
Dyirbal yes 291 done-Amalia 1
Duungidjawu yes 95-6 done 1
Djinang Yes 197 Done-Amalia 1
Djabugay done
Diyari yes 34; 96 done-Hannah 1
Dharuk
Dharawal no info done-Hannah w Dhurga) x
Darkinyung yes 49 done 1
Bularnu yes 85 Done-Austin 1
Biri yes 47 done-Jessica 1
Bidjara-Gungabula yes 31 done-Jessica 1
Batyala no info Done-Amalia x
Arabana yes 60 Done-Dan 1
Alyawarr yes 116-7 done 1
Nyikina no? done-Claire 0
Yawuru Y-Claire
Ngarinyin
Yulparija No 25 Done-Amalia 0
Wathawurrung no 84 done 0
Mathi-Mathi no 72-3 done-Amalia 0
Hunter River and Lake Macquarie yes 67 done-Amalia 1
Thanggati yes 81 done 1
Katthang yes 103 done-Amalia 1
Panyjima yes 186 done 1
Ngarinyeri No 20 done-Amalia 0
Kurrama no info done-Dan x
Yingkarta no Done-Claire 0
Githabul No 33 Done-Amalia 0
Gunya No info Done-Amalia x
Kunjen yes 68 Done- 1
WesternTorres yes FO 130 done 1
Wakaya yes 133 done 1
Yindjilindji no info done x
Bandjalang No 31 Done-Amalia 0
Ngaatjatjara yes 29 done 1
Arrernte Yes 78 1
Kokatha Yes 56 1
Karajarri Yes 293 Done-Amalia 1
Pitjantjatjara Yes Y 12 1
Ritharrngu no info Done-Amalia x
Warrgamay Yes 63 Done-Amalia 1
Warluwarra yes 877 Done-Amalia 1
Warnman no info Done-Amalia x
Djapu yes 83 1
Bilinarra no info done x
Wiradjuri yes m287 done 1
Aghu-Tharnggala Yes 49 Y2 1
Narungga No 61 done 0
Tharrkari Yes 13 1
Wajarri Yes 138 1
Warungu yes 347 1
Adnyamathanha Y2
Yagua yes Payne and Payne 1990:349 Daniel Smith
Baniwa yes Ramirez 2001 Patience Epps