Word Order


Language Feature Status Grammatical Notes Source Created By Etymology Notes General Notes Phylogenetic Code
Cahuilla yes Jane Hill
Cupeño Jane Hill
Luiseño yes Jane Hill
Serrano Jane Hill
Kitanemuk yes Jane Hill
Kawaiisu yes Jane Hill
Timbisha yes Jane Hill
Western Mono yes Jane Hill
Chemehuevi yes Jane Hill
Southern Paiute yes Jane Hill
Southern Ute yes Jane Hill
Shoshone yes Jane Hill
Comanche yes Jane Hill
Idaho Shoshone yes Jane Hill
Northern Paiute yes Jane Hill
Gabrielino yes Jane Hill
Achagua yes Wilson & Levinsohn 1992: 45 Ana Paula Brandao
Resígaro yes Allin, 1976: 223 Aimee Lawrence
Bare yes Aikhenvald, 1995: 40 Ana Paula Brandao
Piapoco yes Galindo, 2002: 328 Aimee Lawrence
Yukuna yes Shauer & Shauer, 1978: p. 49 Aimee Lawrence
Yavitero yes In the examples, all are Num-Noun Mosonyi, 1987: p. 78 Aimee Lawrence
Wapishana yes Santos, 2006: 198 Ana Paula Brandao, Amanda Meeks
Wayuu yes Mansen & Captain, 2000: p. 798 Aimee Lawrence
Tariana yes Numerals can be both pre- and post-head. Aikhenvald, 2003: 475 Aimee Lawrence
Apurinã yes All examples are Num N, although Facundes does not discuss it explicitly. Facundes, 2000: 359 Aimee Lawrence
Asheninka Apurucayali yes Payne 1983:51 Amanda Meeks
Maipure yes Zamponi 2003:32 Amanda Meeks
Yanesha' no info Duff-Tripp Daniel Valle
Kinikinau yes Souza 2008:115-6 Daniel Valle
Baure yes Danielsen 2007:105 Daniel Valle
Nanti yes Nanti noun phrases are “right-headed.” Michael, 2008. p. 369 Aimee Lawrence
Paresi yes Brandão 2010:14 Daniel Valle
Palikur yes Green and Green 1972:8 Daniel Valle
Yine no info author does not indicate position Matteson 1965 Daniel Smith
Añun no info Patte 1989:56 Daniel Smith
Bora no Seifart - 2005:230 Amanda Meeks
Makiritare yes Hall 1988: 52 Melody Ann Ross
Makushi no Carson 1982:73 Amanda Meeks
Eñepa yes Payne 1993:133 Daniel Valle
Pemon no info Daniel Valle
Guna no Smith texts Daniel Smith
Naso no Quesada 2000 Daniel Smith
Ika yes indefinite construction Frank 1985:41 Daniel Valle
Kogi no info Daniel Valle
Cabecar no info Daniel Valle
Guaymí no Quesada 2008:148 Daniel Valle
Damana yes Daniel Valle
Sikuani no de Kondo (Vol.2) - 1985:4; Queixalós - 2000:2-26 Amanda Meeks
Macaguan yes only example with numeral one Buenaventura - 1993 Amanda Meeks
Aguaruna yes Overall 2007:248 Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá no Mortensen 1999:10 Daniel Valle Catío
Waorani no info Daniel Valle
Ingá yes Based on the other instances of dependet-head found in the NP. Levinson 1978:23, Levinson 1974:19 Daniel Valle
Matses no info Daniel Valle
Mapudungun yes Zúñiga 2006, p. 189 Daniel Valle
Páez yes Jung:131 Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano yes Parker 1965:35 Daniel Valle
Tikuna yes Faco Soares 1992:108-109 Daniel Valle
Urarina yes Olawsky:300 Daniel Valle
Waunana no info Daniel Valle
Andoke no info Kelsey Neely
Puinave no info Mitz Perez, Daniel Valle
Central Aymara yes Huayhua Pari 2001: 282 Shannon Dardis
Kakua yes Bolaños fieldnotes Katherine Bolaños
Kaingang no info Silva 2011/Goncalves 2011 Daniel Smith
Minica Witoto yes Minor and Minor 1982. p.42 Daniel Smith
Hup yes Epps 2008 Pattie Epps
Nadëb/Roçado dialect yes Weir 1984:103-104 Katherine Bolaños
Dâw yes Martins 2004 Katherine Bolaños
Desano yes Miller 1999, p. 4 Amanda Novak
Cubeo yes Morse & Maxwell 1999, p. 124 Amanda Novak
Kotiria yes Stenzel 2004, p. 185 Amanda Novak
Makuna yes Smothermon & Smothermon 1993, p.39 Chris Clack
Koreguaje no Cook & Criswell 1993, p.42 Chris Clack
Barasano yes Jones & Jones 1991, p.59 Chris Clack When they occur with the head noun, they may precede or follow it. (Numerals normally occur with suffixes which generally refer to an implicit head.)
Tanimuca yes Numerals preced the head and have an obligatory classifier follwing the numeral. Strom 1992, p.50 Chris Clack
Siona yes Wheeler - 1987:133 Amanda Meeks
Tukano yes West and Welch 2004: 66 Kelsey Neely
Yanomami no info Ramirez 1994 Kelsey Neely
Ninam no Goodwin-Gomez: 72 Kelsey Neely
Sanumá no info Kelsey Neely
Surui no info Daniel Valle
Karitiana yes Everett 2006:315 Daniel Valle
Nheengatu yes Cruz 2011:266 Daniel Smith
Paraguayan Guaraní no info Daniel Valle
Aché no info Daniel Valle
Kokama yes Vallejos 2010:265 Daniel Smith
Nyangumarta yes done 1
Jingulu no info done x
Wambaya yes done 1
Bunuba yes done 1
Walmajarri no info Done-Claire x
Nyulnyul yes done? 1
Warrwa yes done 1
Worrorra no info done X
Garrwa yes 60 done 1
Gooniyandi yes done 1
Warlpiri yes s59 done 1
Bardi yes done-Claire 1
Yugambeh Y?
Yorta Yorta yes 106 done 1
Yir Yoront Done-Dan
Yindjibarndi yes 160 done-Dan 1
Yidiny no done-Catherine 0
Yanyuwa no info Done-Austin x
Yandruwandha yes? 47 Done-Dan 1
Yan-nhangu not yet
Yalarnnga yes 57 Done-Dan 1
Woiwurrung no 72-73 done-Amalia 0
Wirangu No info 70 done x
Wemba-Wemba yes H 27 done-Amalia 1
Warumungu yes 27 done-Amalia 1
Wangkumara no info done X
Uradhi No 371 Y 0
Paakantyi yes 84 Y-Hannah 1
Pitta-Pitta No 214 Done-Amalia 0
Pintupi no info done-Hannah x
Nyungar no info done x
Nhanta yes Done-Hannah 1
Ngiyambaa no info Done-Emily x
Ngayawang No info done-Amalia x
Muruwari no info Done-Dan x
Mayi-Yapi yes 64 done 1
Martuthunira yes 189 done 1
Marrgany No info Done-Amalia x
Kuuk Thaayorre No 77 Done-Amalia 0
Kuku Yalanji yes 120 Done-Jessica 1
Kugu-Nganhcara No 389 done-Amalia 0
Kaurna No info done-Amalia x
Kalkatungu no info Done-Dan x
Jaru yes? 93 Done-Amalia 1
Guugu-Yimidhirr No 104 Done-Amalia 0
Gureng Gureng no info Done-Amalia x
Gumbaynggirr yes 277-279 done-Amalia 1
Gugu-Badhun yes 139-40 done-Jessica 1
Yuwaalaraay Yes 96 1
Dyirbal No 240 done-Amalia 0
Duungidjawu yes 40 done 1
Djinang Yes 197 Done-Amalia 1
Djabugay done
Diyari no done-Hannah 0
Dharawal no info done-Hannah w Dhurga) x
Darkinyung yes 18 done 1
Bularnu no info Done-Austin x
Biri yes 47 done-Jessica 1
Bidjara-Gungabula no 123 done-Jessica 0
Batyala no info Done-Amalia x
Arabana yes 103 Done-Dan 1
Alyawarr no done 0
Nyikina yes done-Claire 1
Yawuru Y-Claire
Yulparija No 26 Done-Amalia 0
Wathawurrung no 71 done 0
Mathi-Mathi yes 73-4 done-Amalia 1
Hunter River and Lake Macquarie no 60 done-Amalia 0
Thanggati yes 40-41 done 1
Katthang yes 190 done-Amalia 1
Panyjima yes 186 done 1
Ngarinyeri No info done-Amalia x
Kurrama no info done-Dan x
Yingkarta no info Done-Claire x
Githabul yes 33 Done-Amalia 1
Gunya No info Done-Amalia x
Kunjen No info Done- x
WesternTorres yes FO 130 done 1
Wakaya yes 126 done 1
Yindjilindji no info done x
Bandjalang yes 31 Done-Amalia 1
Ngaatjatjara No 29 done 0
Arrernte No 76 0
Kokatha No 55 0
Karajarri No 293 Done-Amalia 0
Pitjantjatjara No G 92 0
Ritharrngu no info Done-Amalia x
Warrgamay Yes 63 Done-Amalia 1
Warluwarra no info Done-Amalia x
Warnman Yes 32 Done-Amalia 1
Djapu yes 84-6 1
Bilinarra no info done x
Wiradjuri no info done x
Aghu-Tharnggala No 49 Y2 0
Narungga Yes 56 done 1
Tharrkari Yes 13 1
Wajarri No 138 0
Warungu no? 350-1 0
Adnyamathanha Y2
Yagua yes Payne and Payne 1990:349 Daniel Smith
Baniwa yes Ramirez 2001 Patience Epps