Word Order
Relative clause follows noun that it modifies


Language Feature Status Grammatical Notes Source Created By Etymology Notes General Notes Phylogenetic Code
Cahuilla yes Jane Hill
Cupeño yes Jane Hill
Luiseño yes Jane Hill
Serrano yes Jane Hill
Kitanemuk yes Jane Hill
Kawaiisu yes Jane Hill
Timbisha Jane Hill
Western Mono yes Jane Hill
Chemehuevi yes Jane Hill
Southern Paiute yes Jane Hill
Southern Ute yes Jane Hill
Shoshone yes Jane Hill
Comanche yes Jane Hill
Idaho Shoshone yes Jane Hill
Northern Paiute yes Jane Hill
Gabrielino Jane Hill
Achagua yes Wilson & Levinsohn 1992: 143 Ana Paula Brandao
Resígaro yes The relative clause fills the "modifier" slot. Allin, 1976: 368 Aimee Lawrence
Bare yes Aikhenvald, 1995: 47 Ana Paula Brandao
Piapoco yes All examples are N-Rel. The source discusses relative clauses as a type of adjective, which follow the noun unless the noun is topicalized or the adjective is acting on a complex noun phrase. Galindo, 2002: 241-242 Aimee Lawrence
Yukuna yes The "appositive" (which the relative clauses are identified as) follows the noun. Shauer & Shauer, 1978: p. 28 Aimee Lawrence
Yavitero yes Mosonyi, 1987: p. 94 Ana Paula Brandão, Aimee Lawrence
Wapishana yes Santos, 2006: 247 Ana Paula Brandao, Amanda Meeks
Wayuu yes Mansen & Captain, 2000: p. 799 Aimee Lawrence
Tariana yes Relative clauses can either follow or precede the head noun. Aikhenvald, 2003: 479 Aimee Lawrence
Apurinã yes Postnominal relative clauses are the most common and the most easily accepted by speakers. Facundes, 2000: 572 Aimee Lawrence
Asheninka Apurucayali yes Payne 1981:1011 Amanda Meeks
Maipure yes Zamponi 2003:42,58 Daniel Smith
Yanesha' yes Duff-Tripp 1997:206 Daniel Valle
Kinikinau no info Daniel Valle
Baure yes Danielsen 2007:399 Daniel Valle
Nanti yes There are several types and several types of relative clauses. It looks like it is most common for relative clauses to appear postnominally, and there are some subtypes that can only appear postnominally. Internally-headed relative clauses occur, but it l Michael, 2008. p. 402-414 Aimee Lawrence
Paresi yes Brandão 2010:16 Daniel Valle
Palikur no info Launey 2003 Daniel Smith
Yine no info author does not address relative clauses Matteson 1965 Daniel Smith
Añun no info author does not discuss complex structures Patte 1989 Daniel Smith
Bora yes Seifart - 2005:69-73 Amanda Meeks
Makiritare yes Hall 1988: 53 Melody Ann Ross
Makushi yes Carson 1982: 168 Melody Ann Ross
Eñepa yes Gildea 1989:103 Daniel Valle
Pemon no info Daniel Valle
Guna yes Smith texts Daniel Smith
Naso yes li relativizer Quesada 2000 Daniel Smith
Ika yes Frank 1990:5 Daniel Valle
Kogi no info Daniel Valle
Cabecar no info Daniel Valle
Guaymí yes Quesada 2008:173-5 Daniel Valle
Damana no info Daniel Valle
Sikuani no de Kondo (Vol.2) - 1985:4; Queixalós - 2000:2-26 Amanda Meeks
Macaguan no info Buenaventura - 1993 Amanda Meeks
Aguaruna yes Overall 2007:243 Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá no Relative clauses are internally headed Mortensen 1999:11 Daniel Valle Catío
Waorani yes Orr et all. 1991:22 Daniel Valle
Ingá no info Daniel Valle
Matses no However, there are not "relative" clause strictum sensus but nominalizations Fleck:1019 Daniel Valle
Mapudungun yes Zúñiga 2006, p. 249-51 Daniel Valle
Páez no info Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano no Soto 1976:152-4 Daniel Valle
Tikuna yes Faco Soares 1992:108 Daniel Valle
Urarina no There are no relative clauses in the language Olawsky:320 Daniel Valle
Waunana no info Daniel Valle
Andoke no info Kelsey Neely
Puinave yes Giron 2008: p408 Mitz Perez, Daniel Valle
Central Aymara no Huayhua Pari 2001: 304 Shannon Dardis
Kakua no info not sure yet Bolaños fieldnotes Katherine Bolaños
Kaingang no info Silva 2011/Goncalves 2011 Daniel Smith
Minica Witoto yes Minor and Minor 1982. p.95-96 Christopher Clack
Hup no Epps 2008 Pattie Epps
Nadëb/Roçado dialect yes flexible order of Rel and N positions Weir 1984:71 Katherine Bolaños
Dâw yes Martins 2004 Katherine Bolaños
Desano yes Miller 1999, p. 6 Amanda Novak
Cubeo yes Morse & Maxwell 1999, p. 151 Amanda Novak
Kotiria no Stenzel 2004 Amanda Novak
Makuna no Smothermon & Smothermon 1993, p.41 Chris Clack
Koreguaje yes Cook & Criswell 1993, iv Chris Clack
Barasano no Jones & Jones 1991, p.149 Chris Clack There seem to be no relative clauses in Barasano just as there are no relative pronouns.
Tanimuca no Strom 1992, p.151 Chris Clack Relative clauses are not common.
Siona no Wheeler - 1987:117 Amanda Meeks
Tukano no Ramirez 1997: 279-285 Kelsey Neely most common order; from examples
Yanomami yes Ramirez 1994 Kelsey Neely evidenced by what few relative examples I could find
Ninam no info Goodwin-Gomez Kelsey Neely
Sanumá yes Borgman 1990: 129, 133 Kelsey Neely
Surui no info Daniel Valle
Karitiana yes based on examples Everett 2006:383-4 Daniel Valle
Nheengatu yes Cruz 2011:510 Daniel Smith
Paraguayan Guaraní yes Krivoshein and Acosta 2001:152-3 Daniel Valle
Aché no info Daniel Valle
Kokama yes RC can precede or follow the head noun Vallejos 2010:585 Daniel Smith
Nyangumarta yes done 1
Jingulu yes done 1
Wambaya yes done 1
Bunuba no done 0
Walmajarri no info Done-Claire x
Nyulnyul no info done? x
Warrwa no info done x
Worrorra yes ms17.1.1.i done 1
Garrwa no info done X
Gooniyandi no info done x
Warlpiri yes L51 done 1
Bardi yes done-Claire 1
Yugambeh Y?
Yorta Yorta no info done x
Yir Yoront Done-Dan
Yindjibarndi yes 183-184 done-Dan 1
Yidiny yes done-Catherine 1
Yanyuwa n/a Done-Austin 0
Yandruwandha no info Done-Dan x
Yan-nhangu not yet
Yalarnnga no info Done-Dan x
Woiwurrung no info done-Amalia x
Wirangu No info done x
Wemba-Wemba no info done-Amalia x
Warumungu yes 58 done-Amalia 1
Wangkumara no info done X
Uradhi Maybe 378-80 Y 1
Paakantyi no info Y-Hannah X
Pitta-Pitta No 216 Done-Amalia 0
Pintupi no info done-Hannah x
Nyungar no info done x
Nhanta yes 131 Done-Hannah 1
Ngiyambaa yes 294-301 Done-Emily 1
Ngayawang No info done-Amalia x
Muruwari yes 226 Done-Dan 1
Mayi-Yapi yes 72-73 done 1
Martuthunira yes 240-249 done 1
Marrgany yes 336 Done-Amalia 1
Kuuk Thaayorre Yes 533 Done-Amalia 1
Kuku Yalanji no info 181 Done-Jessica x
Kugu-Nganhcara yes 389 done-Amalia 1
Kaurna yes 13 done-Amalia 1
Kalkatungu yes 100-1 Done-Dan 1
Jaru yes? 168-9 Done-Amalia 1
Guugu-Yimidhirr No info Done-Amalia x
Gureng Gureng no info Done-Amalia x
Gumbaynggirr yes 366 done-Amalia 1
Gugu-Badhun no info done-Jessica x
Yuwaalaraay Yes 116 1
Dyirbal No 99 done-Amalia 0
Duungidjawu yes 104 done 1
Djinang Yes 207 Done-Amalia 1
Djabugay done
Diyari no 188-189 done-Hannah 0
Dharawal no info done-Hannah w Dhurga) x
Darkinyung no info done x
Bularnu n/a Done-Austin 0
Biri yes 61 done-Jessica 1
Bidjara-Gungabula no info done-Jessica x
Batyala no info Done-Amalia x
Arabana no info Done-Dan x
Alyawarr yes 135 done 1
Nyikina N/A done-Claire 0
Yawuru Y-Claire
Yulparija no info Done-Amalia x
Wathawurrung no info done x
Mathi-Mathi no info done-Amalia x
Hunter River and Lake Macquarie no info done-Amalia x
Thanggati yes 69-70 done 1
Katthang no info done-Amalia x
Panyjima no 198 done 0
Ngarinyeri yes 32 done-Amalia 1
Kurrama yes 229-234 done-Dan 1
Yingkarta no info Done-Claire x
Githabul yes 47 Done-Amalia 1
Gunya yes 336 Done-Amalia 1
Kunjen yes 56 Done- 1
WesternTorres yes? FO 134 done 1
Wakaya yes 241 done 1
Yindjilindji no info done x
Bandjalang yes 123 Done-Amalia 1
Ngaatjatjara yes 114 done 1
Arrernte Yes 268 1
Kokatha no info x
Karajarri Yes 396 Done-Amalia 1
Pitjantjatjara Yes G 154 1
Ritharrngu Yes 111 Done-Amalia 1
Warrgamay Yes 72 Done-Amalia 1
Warluwarra n/a Done-Amalia 0
Warnman no info Done-Amalia x
Djapu yes 137 1
Bilinarra no info done x
Wiradjuri no info done x
Aghu-Tharnggala Maybe 73 Y2 1
Narungga No info done x
Tharrkari No 53 0
Wajarri Yes 114 1
Warungu yes? 613 1
Adnyamathanha Y2
Yagua yes Payne and Payne 1990:342 Daniel Smith
Baniwa yes Ramirez 2001 Patience Epps