Rel-Noun

Category
Word Order
Notes
Relative clause precedes noun that it modifies

Languages

Language Feature Status Grammatical Notes Source Created By Etymology Notes General Notes Phylogenetic Code
Cahuilla no Jane Hill
Cupeño no Jane Hill
Luiseño no Jane Hill
Serrano no Jane Hill
Kitanemuk no Jane Hill
Kawaiisu no Jane Hill
Timbisha Jane Hill
Western Mono no Jane Hill
Chemehuevi no Jane Hill
Southern Paiute no Jane Hill
Southern Ute no Jane Hill
Shoshone no Jane Hill
Comanche no Jane Hill
Idaho Shoshone no Jane Hill
Northern Paiute no Jane Hill
Gabrielino Jane Hill
Achagua no Wilson & Levinsohn 1992: 143 Ana Paula Brandao
Resígaro no Allin, 1976: 368 Aimee Lawrence
Bare no info Postnominal relative clauses are the only examples given and she does not make a distinction, it seems that prenominal Rcs do not exist. Aikhenvald, 1995: 47 Ana Paula Brandao
Warekena no Aikhenvald, 1998: 380 Ana Paula Brandao
Piapoco no All examples are N-Rel. Galindo, 2002: 241-242 Aimee Lawrence
Yukuna no Shauer & Shauer, 1978: p. 28 Aimee Lawrence
Yavitero no Mosonyi, 1987: p. 94 Ana Paula Brandão, Aimee Lawrence
Wapishana no Santos, 2006: 247 Ana Paula Brandao, Amanda Meeks
Wayuu no Mansen & Captain, 2000: p. 799 Aimee Lawrence
Tariana yes Relative clauses can either follow or precede the head noun. Aikhenvald, 2003: 479 Aimee Lawrence
Apurinã no Facundes, 2000: 572 Aimee Lawrence
Asheninka Apurucayali no Payne 1981:1011 Amanda Meeks
Maipure no Zamponi 2003:42,58 Amanda Meeks
Yanesha' no Duff-Tripp 1997:206 Daniel Valle
Kinikinau no info Daniel Valle
Baure yes Danielsen 2007:399 Daniel Valle
Nanti no Michael, 2008. p. 402-414 Aimee Lawrence
Paresi no info Rowan 1978, Rowan and Burgess 1979, Brandão 2010 Daniel Valle
Palikur no Launey 2003 Daniel Smith
Yine no info author does not address relative clauses Matteson 1965 Daniel Smith
Añun no info author does not discuss complex structures Patte 1989 Daniel Smith
Bora no Seifart - 2005:69-73 Amanda Meeks
Makiritare no Hall 1988: 53 Melody Ann Ross
Makushi no Carson 1982: 168 Melody Ann Ross
Eñepa yes Gildea 1989:63 Daniel Valle
Pemon yes Based on examples de Armellada 1999: 178 Daniel Valle
Guna no Smith texts Daniel Smith
Naso no Quesada 2000 Daniel Smith
Ika yes But this order is rare Frank 1990:5 Daniel Valle
Kogi no info Daniel Valle
Cabecar no info Daniel Valle
Guaymí yes Quesada 2008:173-5 Daniel Valle
Damana no info Daniel Valle
Sikuani yes Queixalós 2000:232 Daniel Smith
Macaguan no info Buenaventura - 1993 Amanda Meeks
Aguaruna no Overall 2007:243 Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá no Mortensen 1999:11 Daniel Valle Catío
Waorani yes Orr et all. 1991:22 Daniel Valle
Ingá no info Daniel Valle
Matses yes Fleck:1019 Daniel Valle
Mapudungun no Zúñiga 2006, p. 249-51 Daniel Valle
Páez no info Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano yes Soto 1976:152-4 Daniel Valle
Tikuna no info Daniel Valle
Urarina no Olawsky:320 Daniel Valle
Waunana no info Daniel Valle
Andoke no info Kelsey Neely
Puinave yes Giron 2008: p408 Mitz Perez, Daniel Valle
Central Aymara yes Huayhua Pari 2001: 304 Shannon Dardis
Kakua no info not sure yet Bolaños fieldnotes Katherine Bolaños
Kaingang no info Silva 2011/Goncalves 2011 Daniel Smith
Minica Witoto no Minor and Minor 1982. p.95-96 Christopher Clack
Hup yes Epps 2008 Pattie Epps
Nadëb/Roçado dialect yes flexible order of Rel and N positions Weir 1984:71 Katherine Bolaños
Dâw no Martins 2004 Katherine Bolaños
Desano no Miller 1999, p. 6 Amanda Novak
Cubeo no Morse & Maxwell 1999, p. 151 Amanda Novak
Kotiria yes seems to be preferred Stenzel 2004 Amanda Novak
Makuna no Smothermon & Smothermon 1993, p.41 Chris Clack
Koreguaje no Cook & Criswell 1993, p.41 Chris Clack
Barasano no There seem to be no relative clauses in Barasano just as there are no relative pronouns. Jones & Jones 1991, p.149 Chris Clack
Tanimuca no Internally-headed construction. Strom 1992, p.151 Chris Clack
Siona yes Wheeler - 1987:117 Amanda Meeks
Tukano yes Ramirez 1997: 279-285 Kelsey Neely most common order; from examples
Yanomami no Ramirez 1994 Kelsey Neely
Ninam no info Goodwin-Gomez Kelsey Neely
Sanumá no Borgman 1990: 129, 133 Kelsey Neely
Surui no info Daniel Valle
Karitiana no Everett 2006:383-4 Daniel Valle
Nheengatu no Cruz 2011:510 Daniel Smith
Paraguayan Guaraní no Krivoshein and Acosta 2001:152-3 Daniel Valle
Aché no info Daniel Valle
Kokama yes RC can precede or follow the head noun Vallejos 2010:586 Daniel Smith
Nyangumarta no done 0
Jingulu no done 0
Wambaya no done 0
Bunuba yes done 1
Walmajarri no info Done-Claire x
Nyulnyul no info done? x
Warrwa no info done x
Worrorra yes ms17.1.1.i done 1
Garrwa no info done X
Gooniyandi no info done x
Warlpiri no info done 0
Bardi no done-Claire 0
Yugambeh Y?
Yorta Yorta no info done x
Yir Yoront Done-Dan
Yindjibarndi no 183-184 done-Dan 0
Yidiny no done-Catherine 0
Yanyuwa n/a Done-Austin 0
Yandruwandha no info Done-Dan x
Yan-nhangu not yet
Yalarnnga no info Done-Dan x
Woiwurrung no info done-Amalia x
Wirangu No info done x
Wemba-Wemba no info done-Amalia x
Warumungu No 58 done-Amalia 0
Wangkumara no info done X
Uradhi No 378-81 Y 0
Paakantyi no info Y-Hannah X
Pitta-Pitta yes 216 Done-Amalia 1
Pintupi no info done-Hannah x
Nyungar no info done x
Nhanta no 132 Done-Hannah 0
Ngiyambaa yes 294-301 Done-Emily 1
Ngayawang No info done-Amalia x
Muruwari no info Done-Dan x
Mpakwithi
Mayi-Yapi No 72-73 done 0
Martuthunira no 240-249 done 0
Marrgany No 336 Done-Amalia 0
Kuuk Thaayorre No 533 Done-Amalia 0
Kuku Yalanji no info 181 Done-Jessica x
Kugu-Nganhcara No 389 done-Amalia 0
Kaurna No 13 done-Amalia 0
Kalkatungu no info Done-Dan x
Jaru no 168-9 Done-Amalia 0
Guugu-Yimidhirr No info Done-Amalia x
Gureng Gureng no info Done-Amalia x
Gupapuyngu
Gumbaynggirr no 366 done-Amalia 0
Gugu-Badhun no info done-Jessica x
Yuwaalaraay No 116 0
Dyirbal No 99 done-Amalia 0
Duungidjawu no 104 done 0
Djinang No 207 Done-Amalia 0
Djabugay done
Diyari no 188-189 done-Hannah 0
Dharuk
Dharawal no info done-Hannah w Dhurga) x
Darkinyung no info done x
Bularnu n/a Done-Austin 0
Biri no 61 done-Jessica 0
Bidjara-Gungabula no info done-Jessica x
Batyala no info Done-Amalia x
Arabana no 266 Done-Dan 0
Alyawarr no? 135-6 done 0
Nyikina N/A done-Claire 0
Yawuru Y-Claire
Ngarinyin
Yulparija no info Done-Amalia x
Wathawurrung no info done x
Mathi-Mathi no info done-Amalia x
Hunter River and Lake Macquarie no info done-Amalia x
Thanggati no 69-70 done 0
Katthang no info done-Amalia x
Panyjima no 198 done 0
Ngarinyeri No 32 done-Amalia 0
Kurrama no 229-234 done-Dan 0
Yingkarta no info Done-Claire x
Githabul No 47 Done-Amalia 0
Gunya No 336 Done-Amalia 0
Kunjen No 56 Done- 0
WesternTorres yes? FO 134 done 1
Wakaya no done 0
Yindjilindji no info done x
Bandjalang No 123 Done-Amalia 0
Ngaatjatjara No 114 done 0
Arrernte No 268 0
Kokatha no info x
Karajarri Yes 396 Done-Amalia 1
Pitjantjatjara No G 154 0
Ritharrngu Yes 111 Done-Amalia 1
Warrgamay Yes 74 Done-Amalia 1
Warluwarra n/a Done-Amalia 0
Warnman no info Done-Amalia x
Djapu no info x
Bilinarra yes 8.1.1 (8-2) done 1
Wiradjuri no info done x
Aghu-Tharnggala No 73 Y2 0
Narungga No info done x
Tharrkari Yes 53 1
Wajarri No 114 0
Warungu no info X
Adnyamathanha Y2
Yagua no Payne and Payne 1990 Daniel Smith
Baniwa no Ramirez 2001 Patience Epps