Alignment of case marking in full NPs: ergative-absolutive

Category
Simple Clauses - Alignment
Notes
Subjects of intransitive clauses and objects of transitives share a unique marker, while subjects of transitive clauses are unmarked or have a different marker

Languages

Language Feature Status Grammatical Notes Source Created By Etymology Notes General Notes Phylogenetic Code
Cahuilla no Jane Hill
Cupeño no Jane Hill
Luiseño no Jane Hill
Serrano no Jane Hill
Kitanemuk no Jane Hill
Kawaiisu no Jane Hill
Timbisha no Jane Hill
Western Mono no Jane Hill
Chemehuevi no Jane Hill
Southern Paiute no Jane Hill
Southern Ute no Jane Hill
Shoshone no Jane Hill
Comanche no Jane Hill
Idaho Shoshone no Jane Hill
Northern Paiute no Jane Hill
Gabrielino no Jane Hill
Achagua no Wilson & Levinsohn 1992 Ana Paula Brandao
Resígaro no Allin, 1976: 290-291 Aimee Lawrence
Bare no Aikhenvald, 1995: 44 Ana Paula Brandao
Warekena no Aikhenvald, 2003: 287 Ana Paula Brandao
Piapoco n/a Galindo, 2002: 113-121 Aimee Lawrence
Yukuna n/a Shauer & Shauer, 1978: p. 37 Aimee Lawrence
Yavitero no Mosonyi, 1987: p. 36-48 Aimee Lawrence
Wapishana no Santos, 2006: 210 Ana Paula Brandao, Amanda Meeks
Wayuu n/a Mansen & Captain, 2000: p. 800 Aimee Lawrence
Tariana no Aikhenvald, 2003: 139 Aimee Lawrence
Apurinã no Facundes, 2000: 471-481 Aimee Lawrence
Asheninka Apurucayali no Full NPs are not marked for case Payne 1983:1619, 2325 Daniel Smith
Maipure no Zamponi 2003:21-26, 37 Amanda Meeks
Yanesha' no subjects and objects do not get case Duff-Tripp 1997:35 Daniel Valle
Kinikinau no info Daniel Valle
Baure no Danielsen 2007:100-1 Daniel Valle
Nanti n/a Michael, 2008. p. 340 Aimee Lawrence
Paresi no Brandão 2010, Rowan and Burgues 1979 Daniel Valle
Palikur no Green and Green 1972:3-9 Daniel Valle
Yine no no case markers Matteson 1965 Daniel Smith
Añun no Patte 1989 Daniel Smith
Bora no Seifart - 2005:68 Amanda Meeks
Makiritare no no core case marking on full NPs Hall 1988:44 Daniel Smith Discussions of ergativity in Hall 1988: 123-128; Hall 1984 (Split-ergativity in pronominal agreement systems) is inconclusive
Makushi yes Carson 1982: 79 Melody Ann Ross
Eñepa no The whole point of this article is to argue that Panare does not show ergativity in NP/pronouns. However, the author says that there is a dative marker on the passive subject which in sister languages is the ergative marker but this is not the case in Pan Thomas Payne 1989 Daniel Valle
Pemon yes de Armellada 1999: 22 Shannon Dardis
Guna no Smith texts Daniel Smith
Naso no Quesada 2000 Daniel Smith
Ika yes But the marking of the A relation is optional and is restricted to contexts in which A appears contigous to the verb and not in its canonical position before the object. Frank 1990:9-10 Daniel Valle
Kogi no Stendal 1976:18 Daniel Valle
Cabecar no info Daniel Valle
Guaymí yes Quesada 2008:155-9 Daniel Valle
Damana yes Daniel Valle
Sikuani no no core case marking Queixalós 2000 Daniel Smith
Macaguan no info Buenaventura - 1993:91-101 Amanda Meeks
Aguaruna no Overall 2007:214 Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá yes Mortensen 1999:8, 47 Daniel Valle Catío
Waorani no info Daniel Valle
Ingá no Levinson 1978:7, Levinson 1974:15-7 Daniel Valle
Matses yes Fleck:854 Daniel Valle
Mapudungun no Zúñiga 2006, p. 87 Daniel Valle
Páez no Jung:114-5 Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano no Parker 1965:39-46 Daniel Valle
Tikuna no Faco Soares 1993:92-93; Montes 2004b:55-152 Daniel Valle
Urarina no Olawsky:152-4, 298-354 Daniel Valle
Waunana yes Mejía 2000:88-9 Daniel Valle
Andoke no Landaburu 1979: 155-160 Kelsey Neely
Puinave yes There is a split system based on wheter the intransitive verb is active/stative Giron 2008: p356 Mitz Perez, Daniel Valle
Central Aymara no Huayhua Pari 2001: 123 Shannon Dardis
Kakua no Bolaños fieldnotes Katherine Bolaños
Kaingang no Silva 2011/Goncalves 2011 Daniel Smith
Minica Witoto no Minor and Minor 1982. p.71-82 Christopher Clack
Hup no Epps 2008 Pattie Epps
Nadëb/Roçado dialect no no case marking, but alignment is otherwise erg Weir 1984 Katherine Bolaños
Dâw no Martins 2004 Katherine Bolaños
Desano no Miller 1999, p. 123 Amanda Novak
Cubeo no Morse & Maxwell 1999, p. 110 Amanda Novak
Kotiria no Stenzel 2004, p. 217 Amanda Novak
Makuna no Smothermon & Smothermon 1993, p.31 Chris Clack
Koreguaje no Cook & Criswell 1993, p.89-91 Chris Clack
Barasano no Jones & Jones 1991, p.65 Chris Clack
Tanimuca no Strom 1992, p.112-116 Chris Clack
Siona no info Wheeler - 1987:124-133 Daniel Smith
Tukano no Ramirez 1997: 108 Kelsey Neely
Yanomami yes Lizot 1996: 51 Kelsey Neely
Ninam yes Goodwin-Gomez: 77-78 Kelsey Neely
Sanumá yes Borgman 1990: 121 Kelsey Neely
Surui no info Daniel Valle
Karitiana no Everett 2006:304-5 Daniel Valle
Nheengatu no no core NP marking Cruz 2011 Daniel Smith
Paraguayan Guaraní no Krivoshein and Acosta 2001:130-1 Daniel Valle
Aché no info Daniel Valle
Kokama no NPs are not marked for core cases Vallejos 2010 Daniel Smith
Nyangumarta yes done 1
Jingulu yes done 1
Wambaya yes done 1
Bunuba yes done 1
Walmajarri yes Done-Claire 1
Nyulnyul yes done? 1
Warrwa yes done 1
Worrorra no 44, ms1.7 done 0
Garrwa no 2, 4-6 done 0
Gooniyandi yes done 1
Warlpiri yes BS152 done 1
Bardi yes done-Claire 1
Yugambeh Y?
Yorta Yorta yes 79 done 1
Yir Yoront Done-Dan
Yindjibarndi no 55, 2 done-Dan 0
Yidiny yes done-Catherine 1
Yanyuwa yes 13 Done-Austin 1
Yandruwandha yes 75 Done-Dan 1
Yan-nhangu not yet
Yalarnnga yes 1 Done-Dan 1
Woiwurrung yes 67 done-Amalia 1
Wirangu yes 47 done 1
Wemba-Wemba yes H 28 done-Amalia 1
Warumungu yes 18 done-Amalia 1
Wangkumara no? r8-9 done 0
Uradhi Yes 336 Y 1
Paakantyi yes 53; 63 Y-Hannah 1
Pitta-Pitta No 196 Done-Amalia 0
Pintupi yes 51-53 done-Hannah 1
Nyungar no info done x
Nhanta yes 46-48 Done-Hannah 1
Ngiyambaa yes 83 Done-Emily 1
Ngayawang yes 7 done-Amalia 1
Muruwari yes 53 Done-Dan 1
Mpakwithi
Mayi-Yapi yes 51 done 1
Martuthunira no 66-88 done 0
Marrgany yes 301 Done-Amalia 1
Kuuk Thaayorre Yes 148 Done-Amalia 1
Kuku Yalanji yes Done-Jessica 1
Kugu-Nganhcara yes 390 done-Amalia 1
Kaurna yes 5 done-Amalia 1
Kalkatungu yes 27 Done-Dan 1
Jaru yes 57 Done-Amalia 1
Guugu-Yimidhirr yes 47 Done-Amalia 1
Gureng Gureng no info Done-Amalia x
Gupapuyngu
Gumbaynggirr yes 264 done-Amalia 1
Gugu-Badhun yes 110-1 done-Jessica 1
Yuwaalaraay Yes 36 1
Dyirbal yes 42 done-Amalia 1
Duungidjawu yes 25 done 1
Djinang No 27 Done-Amalia 0
Djabugay done
Diyari yes 46; 48-49 done-Hannah 1
Dharuk
Dharawal yes 47-48 done-Hannah w Dhurga) 1
Darkinyung yes 19 done 1
Bularnu no Done-Austin 0
Biri yes 14 done-Jessica 1
Bidjara-Gungabula n/a done-Jessica 0
Batyala No 200 Done-Amalia 0
Arabana yes 65-6 Done-Dan 1
Alyawarr yes 70 done 1
Nyikina yes done-Claire 1
Yawuru Y-Claire
Ngarinyin
Yulparija Yes 20 Done-Amalia 1
Wathawurrung yes 72 done 1
Mathi-Mathi yes 75-78 done-Amalia 1
Hunter River and Lake Macquarie yes 26 done-Amalia 1
Thanggati yes 11 done 1
Katthang yes 30 done-Amalia 1
Panyjima no 137 done 0
Ngarinyeri No 18 done-Amalia 0
Kurrama no done-Dan 0
Yingkarta yes Done-Claire 1
Githabul yes 13 Done-Amalia 1
Gunya yes 301 Done-Amalia 1
Kunjen yes 30 Done- 1
WesternTorres no FO 122 done 0
Wakaya no done 0
Yindjilindji yes 505 done 1
Bandjalang yes 58 Done-Amalia 1
Ngaatjatjara yes 35 done 1
Arrernte Yes 121 1
Kokatha Yes 52 1
Karajarri Yes 115 Done-Amalia 1
Pitjantjatjara Yes Y 20 1
Ritharrngu Yes 35 Done-Amalia 1
Warrgamay Yes 28 Done-Amalia 1
Warluwarra yes 885 Done-Amalia 1
Warnman Yes 13 Done-Amalia 1
Djapu yes 33 1
Bilinarra yes 1.1000000000000000888 done 1
Wiradjuri no info done x
Aghu-Tharnggala Yes 54 Y2 1
Narungga Yes 69 done 1
Tharrkari Yes 24-5 1
Wajarri Yes 39 1
Warungu yes 157, 183 1
Adnyamathanha Y2
Yagua no Payne and Payne 1990 Daniel Smith
Baniwa no Ramirez 2001 Patience Epps