Alignment of case marking in full NPs: active-inactive

Category
Simple Clauses - Alignment
Notes
Subjects of intransitive clauses are treated two different ways: like subjects of transitives if they are more agent-like (e.g. he jumped), and like objects of transitives if they are more patient-like (e.g. he fell asleep)

Languages

Language Feature Status Grammatical Notes Source Created By Etymology Notes General Notes Phylogenetic Code
Cahuilla no Jane Hill
Cupeño no Jane Hill
Luiseño no Jane Hill
Serrano no Jane Hill
Kitanemuk no Jane Hill
Kawaiisu no Jane Hill
Timbisha no Jane Hill
Western Mono no Jane Hill
Chemehuevi no Jane Hill
Southern Paiute no Jane Hill
Southern Ute no Jane Hill
Shoshone no Jane Hill
Comanche no Jane Hill
Idaho Shoshone no Jane Hill
Northern Paiute no Jane Hill
Gabrielino no Jane Hill
Achagua no Wilson & Levinsohn 1992 Ana Paula Brandao
Resígaro no Allin, 1976: 290-291 Aimee Lawrence
Bare no In person marking there is active-inactive alignment, but full NPs aren't case marked Aikhenvald, 1995: 44 Ana Paula Brandao
Warekena no Aikhenvald, 2003: 287 Ana Paula Brandao
Piapoco n/a Galindo, 2002: 113-121 Aimee Lawrence
Yukuna n/a Shauer & Shauer, 1978: p. 37 Aimee Lawrence
Yavitero no Mosonyi, 1987: p. 36-48 Aimee Lawrence
Wapishana no Santos, 2006: 210 Ana Paula Brandao, Amanda Meeks
Wayuu n/a Mansen & Captain, 2000: p. 800 Aimee Lawrence
Tariana no Verbs of physical states take O-marking, although Aikhenvald says that Tariana is "basicaly nominative-accusative." Aikhenvald, 2003: 139 Aimee Lawrence
Apurinã no Facundes, 2000: 471-481 Aimee Lawrence
Asheninka Apurucayali no Payne 1983:1619, 2325 Amanda Meeks
Maipure yes Zamponi 2003:21-26, 37 Amanda Meeks
Yanesha' no subjects and objects do not get case Duff-Tripp 1997:35 Daniel Valle
Kinikinau no info Daniel Valle
Baure no Danielsen 2007:100-1 Daniel Valle
Nanti n/a Michael, 2008. p. 340 Aimee Lawrence
Paresi no Brandão 2010, Rowan and Burgues 1979 Daniel Valle
Palikur no Green and Green 1972:3-9 Daniel Valle
Yine no no case markers Matteson 1965 Daniel Smith
Añun no no case marking on full NPs Patte 1989 Daniel Smith
Bora no Seifart - 2005:68 Amanda Meeks
Makiritare no no core case marking on full NPs Hall 1988:44 Daniel Smith Discussions of ergativity in Hall 1988: 123-128; Hall 1984 (Split-ergativity in pronominal agreement systems) is inconclusive
Makushi no Carson 1982; Abbott 1991 Melody Ann Ross, Amanda Meeks
Eñepa no Thomas Payne 1989 Daniel Valle
Pemon no de Armellada 1999:16-25, 112-8, 276-7 Daniel Valle
Guna no Smith texts Daniel Smith
Naso no Quesada 2000 Daniel Smith
Ika no Frank 1985:39-59 Daniel Valle
Kogi no info Daniel Valle
Cabecar no info Daniel Valle
Guaymí no Quesada 2008:155-9 Daniel Valle
Damana no Daniel Valle
Sikuani no no core case marking Queixalós 2000 Daniel Smith
Macaguan no Buenaventura - 1993:91-101 Amanda Meeks
Aguaruna no Overall 2007:214 Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá no Mortensen 1999:8, 47 Daniel Valle Catío
Waorani no info Daniel Valle
Ingá no Levinson 1978:7, Levinson 1974:15-7 Daniel Valle
Matses no Fleck:854 Daniel Valle
Mapudungun no Zúñiga 2006, p. 87 Daniel Valle
Páez no Jung:114-5 Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano no Parker 1965:39-46 Daniel Valle
Tikuna no Faco Soares 1993:92-93; Montes 2004b:55-152 Daniel Valle
Urarina no Olawsky:152-4, 298-354 Daniel Valle
Waunana no info Daniel Valle
Andoke no Landaburu 1979: 155-160 Kelsey Neely
Puinave yes Giron 2008: p356 Mitz Perez, Daniel Valle
Central Aymara no Huayhua Pari 2001: 123, 124 Shannon Dardis
Kakua no Bolaños fieldnotes Katherine Bolaños
Kaingang no info not likely according to examples Silva 2011/Goncalves 2011 Daniel Smith
Minica Witoto no not indicated/expected Minor and Minor 1982. p.71-82 Christopher Clack
Hup no Epps 2008 Pattie Epps
Nadëb/Roçado dialect no Weir 1984 Katherine Bolaños
Dâw no Martins 2004 Katherine Bolaños
Desano no Miller 1999, p. 123 Amanda Novak
Cubeo no Morse & Maxwell 1999, p. 110 Amanda Novak
Kotiria no Stenzel 2004, p. 217 Amanda Novak
Makuna no Smothermon & Smothermon 1993, p.31-33 Chris Clack
Koreguaje no Cook & Criswell 1993, p.89-91 Chris Clack
Barasano no Jones & Jones 1991, p.65 Chris Clack
Tanimuca no Strom 1992, p.112-113 Chris Clack
Siona no info Wheeler - 1987:124-133 Daniel Smith
Tukano no Ramirez 1997: 108 Kelsey Neely
Yanomami no Lizot 1996: 51 Kelsey Neely
Ninam no Goodwin-Gomez: 77-78 Kelsey Neely
Sanumá no Borgman 1990: 121 Kelsey Neely
Surui no info Daniel Valle
Karitiana no Everett 2006:304-5 Daniel Valle
Nheengatu no no core NP marking Cruz 2011 Daniel Smith
Paraguayan Guaraní no Krivoshein and Acosta 2001:130-1 Daniel Valle
Aché no info Daniel Valle
Kokama no NPs are not marked for core cases Vallejos 2010 Daniel Smith
Nyangumarta no done 0
Jingulu no done 0
Wambaya no done 0
Bunuba no done 0
Walmajarri no Done-Claire 0
Nyulnyul no done? 0
Warrwa no done 0
Worrorra no 44, ms1.7 done 0
Garrwa no 2, 4-6 done 0
Gooniyandi no done 0
Warlpiri no BS152 done 0
Bardi no done-Claire 0
Yugambeh Y?
Yorta Yorta no 79 done 0
Yir Yoront Done-Dan
Yindjibarndi no 54-70 done-Dan 0
Yidiny no done-Catherine 0
Yanyuwa no 13 Done-Austin 0
Yandruwandha no 75 Done-Dan 0
Yan-nhangu not yet
Yalarnnga no 1, 18-29 Done-Dan 0
Woiwurrung no info done-Amalia x
Wirangu No 47 done 0
Wemba-Wemba no H 28 done-Amalia 0
Warumungu No 18 done-Amalia 0
Wangkumara no? r8-9 done 0
Uradhi No 336 Y 0
Paakantyi no Y-Hannah 0
Pitta-Pitta No 196 Done-Amalia 0
Pintupi no info done-Hannah x
Nyungar no info done x
Nhanta no Done-Hannah 0
Ngiyambaa no 83 Done-Emily 0
Ngayawang No 10 done-Amalia 0
Muruwari no Done-Dan 0
Mpakwithi
Mayi-Yapi No 51 done 0
Martuthunira no done 0
Marrgany No 301 Done-Amalia 0
Kuuk Thaayorre No 148 Done-Amalia 0
Kuku Yalanji no Done-Jessica 0
Kugu-Nganhcara No 390 done-Amalia 0
Kaurna No 5 done-Amalia 0
Kalkatungu no 27 Done-Dan 0
Jaru no 57, 96-7 Done-Amalia 0
Guugu-Yimidhirr No 47 Done-Amalia 0
Gureng Gureng no info Done-Amalia x
Gupapuyngu
Gumbaynggirr no 254 done-Amalia 0
Gugu-Badhun no 110-1 done-Jessica 0
Yuwaalaraay No 36 0
Dyirbal No 42 done-Amalia 0
Duungidjawu no 25 done 0
Djinang No 27 Done-Amalia 0
Djabugay done
Diyari no done-Hannah 0
Dharuk
Dharawal no info done-Hannah w Dhurga) x
Darkinyung no 19 done 0
Bularnu no Done-Austin 0
Biri no 14 done-Jessica 0
Bidjara-Gungabula no done-Jessica 0
Batyala No 200 Done-Amalia 0
Arabana no 65-6 Done-Dan 0
Alyawarr no 70 done 0
Nyikina no done-Claire 0
Yawuru Y-Claire
Ngarinyin
Yulparija No 20 Done-Amalia 0
Wathawurrung no 73 done 0
Mathi-Mathi no 81 done-Amalia 0
Hunter River and Lake Macquarie no 26 done-Amalia 0
Thanggati no 11 done 0
Katthang no 30 done-Amalia 0
Panyjima no 137 done 0
Ngarinyeri No 18 done-Amalia 0
Kurrama yes 28-34 done-Dan 1
Yingkarta no Done-Claire 0
Githabul No 13 Done-Amalia 0
Gunya No 301 Done-Amalia 0
Kunjen No 30 Done- 0
WesternTorres no FO 122 done 0
Wakaya no done 0
Yindjilindji no 505 done 0
Bandjalang No 58 Done-Amalia 0
Ngaatjatjara No 35 done 0
Arrernte No 121 0
Kokatha No 52 0
Karajarri No 115 Done-Amalia 0
Pitjantjatjara No Y 20 0
Ritharrngu No 35 Done-Amalia 0
Warrgamay No 40 Done-Amalia 0
Warluwarra no 885 Done-Amalia 0
Warnman No 13 Done-Amalia 0
Djapu yes 2 1
Bilinarra no 1.1000000000000000888 done 0
Wiradjuri no info done x
Aghu-Tharnggala No 54 Y2 0
Narungga No 69 done 0
Tharrkari No 24-5 0
Wajarri No 39 0
Warungu no 157 0
Adnyamathanha Y2
Yagua no Payne and Payne 1990 Daniel Smith
Baniwa no Ramirez 2001 Patience Epps