Alignment of case marking of pronouns: marked nominative

Category
Simple Clauses - Alignment
Notes

Languages

Language Feature Status Grammatical Notes Source Created By Etymology Notes General Notes Phylogenetic Code
Cahuilla no Jane Hill
Cupeño no Jane Hill
Luiseño no Jane Hill
Serrano no Jane Hill
Kitanemuk no Jane Hill
Kawaiisu no Jane Hill
Timbisha no Jane Hill
Western Mono no Jane Hill
Chemehuevi no Jane Hill
Southern Paiute no Jane Hill
Southern Ute no Jane Hill
Shoshone no Jane Hill
Comanche no Jane Hill
Idaho Shoshone no Jane Hill
Northern Paiute no Jane Hill
Gabrielino no Jane Hill
Achagua no Wilson & Levinsohn 1992 Ana Paula Brandao
Resígaro no Allin, 1976: 176-179 Aimee Lawrence
Bare no Aikhenvald, 1995: 22 Ana Paula Brandao
Warekena no Aikhenvald, 1998: 322 Ana Paula Brandao
Piapoco no Galindo, 2002: 157-159 Aimee Lawrence
Yukuna n/a Shauer & Shauer, 1978: p. 37 Aimee Lawrence
Yavitero no Mosonyi, 1987: p. 36-49 Aimee Lawrence
Wapishana no Santos, 2006: 187 Ana Paula Brandao, Amanda Meeks
Wayuu n/a Mansen & Captain, 2000: p. 798, 800 Aimee Lawrence
Tariana no Aikhenvald, 2003: 204 Aimee Lawrence
Apurinã no Facundes, 2000: 346 Aimee Lawrence
Asheninka Apurucayali no No apparent case markings on pronouns. Pronouns appear as verbal markings rather than free pronouns. Payne 1983:1619, 2325, 9096 Amanda Meeks
Maipure no Zamponi 2003:21-37 Amanda Meeks
Yanesha' no subjects and objects do not get case Duff-Tripp 1997:67 Daniel Valle
Kinikinau no info Daniel Valle
Baure no Danielsen 2007:100-1 Daniel Valle
Nanti n/a Michael, 2008. p. 340 Aimee Lawrence
Paresi no info Rowan 1978, Rowan and Burgess 1979, Brandão 2010 Daniel Valle
Palikur no Green and Green 1972:3-9 Daniel Valle
Yine no Matteson 1965 Daniel Smith
Añun no Patte 1989 Daniel Smith
Bora no Seifart - 2005:65-68 Amanda Meeks
Makiritare no Escoriaza 1959:14-15 Amanda Meeks Discussions of ergativity in Hall 1988: 123-128; Hall 1984 (Split-ergativity in pronominal agreement systems) is inconclusive
Makushi no Abbott 1991: 83 Melody Ann Ross
Eñepa no Thomas Payne 1989 Daniel Valle
Pemon no de Armellada 1999:16-25, 112-8, 276-7 Daniel Valle
Guna no Smith texts Daniel Smith
Naso yes Set of pronouns only used for subject of transitive and intransitive Quesada 2000 Daniel Smith
Ika no No. More likely similar to that of nouns. Frank 1985:39-59 Daniel Valle
Kogi no info Daniel Valle
Cabecar no info Daniel Valle
Guaymí no Quesada 2008:155-9 Daniel Valle
Damana no Daniel Valle
Sikuani no Queixalós 2000 Daniel Smith
Macaguan no Buenaventura - 1993:91-101 Amanda Meeks
Aguaruna no Overall 2007:215 Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá no Mortensen 1999:42-3 Daniel Valle Catío
Waorani no info Daniel Valle
Ingá no Levinson 1978:7, Levinson 1974:15-7 Daniel Valle
Matses no Fleck:854 Daniel Valle
Mapudungun no Zúñiga 2006, p. 87 Daniel Valle
Páez no Jung:136 Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano no Soto 1976:61-92 Daniel Valle
Tikuna no Montes 2005:133-141 Daniel Valle
Urarina no Olawsky:152-4, 298-354 Daniel Valle
Waunana no info Daniel Valle
Andoke yes Landaburu 1979: 156 Kelsey Neely
Puinave yes Giron 2008: p356 Mitz Perez, Daniel Valle
Central Aymara yes Huayhua Pari 2001: 202 Shannon Dardis
Kakua no Bolaños fieldnotes Katherine Bolaños
Kaingang no Goncalves 2011:12 Daniel Smith
Minica Witoto yes Minor and Minor 1982. p.78-80 Christopher Clack
Hup no Epps 2008 Pattie Epps
Nadëb/Roçado dialect no Weir 1984 Katherine Bolaños
Dâw no Martins 2004 Katherine Bolaños
Desano no Miller 1999, p. 30 Amanda Novak
Cubeo no Morse & Maxwell 1999, p.110 Amanda Novak
Kotiria no Stenzel 2004, p. 217 Amanda Novak
Makuna no info Smothermon & Smothermon 1993, p.35-36 Chris Clack
Koreguaje no Cook & Criswell 1993, p.90 Chris Clack subject change indicated by suffix -na
Barasano no Jones & Jones 1991, p.65-72 Chris Clack
Tanimuca no Strom 1992, p.114 Chris Clack Subject pronouns are usually cliticized and prefixed to the verb (and thus are not case-marked.
Siona no Wheeler - 1987:124-136 Amanda Meeks
Tukano no Ramirez 1997: from examples (like the one on p 313) Kelsey Neely
Yanomami no Ramirez 1994: 209-213 Kelsey Neely
Ninam no Goodwin-Gomez: 48 Kelsey Neely
Sanumá no Borgman 1990: 121 Kelsey Neely
Surui no info Daniel Valle
Karitiana no Everett 2006:304-5 Daniel Valle
Nheengatu no pronouns don't mark case Cruz 2011:141 Daniel Smith
Paraguayan Guaraní no Krivoshein and Acosta 2001:130-1 Daniel Valle
Aché no info Daniel Valle
Kokama no Vallejos 2010 Daniel Smith
Nyangumarta no done 0
Jingulu no done 0
Wambaya no done 0
Bunuba no done 0
Walmajarri no Done-Claire 0
Nyulnyul no done? 0
Warrwa no done 0
Worrorra no 44, ms1.7 done 0
Garrwa no 2, 6 done 0
Gooniyandi no done 0
Warlpiri no BS152 done 0
Bardi no done-Claire 0
Yugambeh Y?
Yorta Yorta no 79 done 0
Yir Yoront Done-Dan
Yindjibarndi yes 73-75 done-Dan 1
Yidiny yes done-Catherine 1
Yanyuwa no 13 Done-Austin 0
Yandruwandha no 75 Done-Dan 0
Yan-nhangu not yet
Yalarnnga no 16-17 Done-Dan 0
Woiwurrung no info done-Amalia x
Wirangu No 71-3 done 0
Wemba-Wemba no H 37 done-Amalia 0
Warumungu No 27 done-Amalia 0
Wangkumara no? r4-6 done 0
Uradhi No 352 Y 0
Paakantyi no 105 Y-Hannah 0
Pitta-Pitta No 195 Done-Amalia 0
Pintupi no done-Hannah 0
Nyungar no info done x
Nhanta no 76 Done-Hannah 0
Ngiyambaa yes 122 Done-Emily 1
Ngayawang No 10 done-Amalia 0
Muruwari yes 90 Done-Dan 1
Mpakwithi
Mayi-Yapi No 53-54 done 0
Martuthunira yes 101 done 1
Marrgany No 301 Done-Amalia 0
Kuuk Thaayorre No 148 Done-Amalia 0
Kuku Yalanji no 72 Done-Jessica 0
Kugu-Nganhcara No 397 done-Amalia 0
Kaurna No 7-8 done-Amalia 0
Kalkatungu yes 31-2 Done-Dan 1
Jaru no 64-5 Done-Amalia 0
Guugu-Yimidhirr No 66 Done-Amalia 0
Gureng Gureng no info Done-Amalia x
Gupapuyngu
Gumbaynggirr no 283 done-Amalia 0
Gugu-Badhun yes 126-7 done-Jessica 1
Yuwaalaraay No 47 0
Dyirbal No 132-3 done-Amalia 0
Duungidjawu no 51 done 0
Djinang No 33 Done-Amalia 0
Djabugay done
Diyari no done-Hannah 0
Dharuk
Dharawal no 49-50 done-Hannah w Dhurga) 0
Darkinyung no 37 done 0
Bularnu yes 50 Done-Austin 1
Biri no 14; 23-4 done-Jessica 0
Bidjara-Gungabula yes 55 done-Jessica 1
Batyala No 4 Done-Amalia 0
Arabana no 66 Done-Dan 0
Alyawarr no 93 done 0
Nyikina no done-Claire 0
Yawuru Y-Claire
Ngarinyin
Yulparija No 29 Done-Amalia 0
Wathawurrung no 75 done 0
Mathi-Mathi no 90 done-Amalia 0
Hunter River and Lake Macquarie no 40 done-Amalia 0
Thanggati yes 22-23 done 1
Katthang no 64 done-Amalia 0
Panyjima yes 157 done 1
Ngarinyeri No 23 done-Amalia 0
Kurrama no 74-75 done-Dan 0
Yingkarta no Done-Claire 0
Githabul No 15 Done-Amalia 0
Gunya No 304 Done-Amalia 0
Kunjen No 87 Done- 0
WesternTorres no FO 121 done 0
Wakaya no 150 done 0
Yindjilindji yes 515 done 1
Bandjalang No 78 Done-Amalia 0
Ngaatjatjara No 55 done 0
Arrernte No 101 0
Kokatha No 48 0
Karajarri No 227 Done-Amalia 0
Pitjantjatjara No Y 20 0
Ritharrngu No 34 Done-Amalia 0
Warrgamay NO 40 Done-Amalia 0
Warluwarra no 885 Done-Amalia 0
Warnman No 13 Done-Amalia 0
Djapu no 51 0
Bilinarra no 5.1.1 done 0
Wiradjuri no info done x
Aghu-Tharnggala No 62 Y2 0
Narungga No 58 done 0
Tharrkari No 24-5 0
Wajarri No 39 0
Warungu no 157-8 0
Adnyamathanha Y2
Yagua no Payne and Payne 1990 Daniel Smith
Baniwa no Ramirez 2001 Patience Epps