Prefixing/suffixing inflectional morph: strongly prefixing

Category
Morphology - General
Notes
There are many more prefixes than suffixes

Languages

Language Feature Status Grammatical Notes Source Created By Etymology Notes General Notes Phylogenetic Code
Cahuilla no Jane Hill
Cupeño no Jane Hill
Luiseño no Jane Hill
Serrano no Jane Hill
Kitanemuk no Jane Hill
Kawaiisu no Jane Hill
Timbisha no Jane Hill
Western Mono no Jane Hill
Chemehuevi no Jane Hill
Southern Paiute no Jane Hill
Southern Ute no Jane Hill
Shoshone no Jane Hill
Comanche no Jane Hill
Idaho Shoshone no Jane Hill
Northern Paiute no Jane Hill
Gabrielino no Jane Hill
Achagua no Wilson & Levinsohn 1992: 6 Ana Paula Brandao
Resígaro yes Allin, 1976 Aimee Lawrence
Bare no Aikhenvald, 1995: 13 Ana Paula Brandao
Warekena no Aikhenvald, 1998: 419 Ana Paula Brandao
Piapoco no Galindo, 2002: 85 Aimee Lawrence
Yukuna no Shauer & Shauer, 2000: p. 518 Aimee Lawrence
Yavitero no Mosonyi, 1987: p. 59-69 Aimee Lawrence
Wapishana no Santos 2006 Ana Paula Brandao, Amanda Meeks
Wayuu no Mansen & Captain, 2000: 798-801 Aimee Lawrence
Tariana no Aikhenvald 2003: 253 Aimee Lawrence
Apurinã no Facundes, 2000: 270 Aimee Lawrence
Asheninka Apurucayali no Payne 1983:1112 Amanda Meeks
Maipure no Zamponi 2003:21-35 Amanda Meeks
Yanesha' no Duff-Tripp 1997:22-124 Daniel Valle
Kinikinau no Souza 2008:87 Daniel Valle
Baure no Danielsen 2007: p89 Mitz Perez
Nanti no Michael, 2008. p. 248 Aimee Lawrence
Paresi yes Brandão 2010:17 Daniel Valle
Palikur no Launey 2003 Daniel Smith
Yine yes Matteson 1965 Daniel Smith
Añun no Patte 1989 Daniel Smith
Bora no Seifart - 2005: 58 Amanda Meeks
Makiritare no person markers, tense, aspect and mood are suffixes Hall 1988: 331 - 335 Daniel Smith
Makushi no Abbott 1991: 113-115 Melody Ann Ross
Eñepa no only person is prefixed Payne 2012:152 - 153 Daniel Smith
Pemon no de Armellada 1999 Shannon Dardis
Guna no Smith texts Daniel Smith
Naso no Quesada 2000 Daniel Smith
Ika no Frank 1990:4 Daniel Valle
Kogi no info Daniel Valle
Cabecar no info Daniel Valle
Guaymí no Quesada 2008:49-145 Daniel Valle
Damana no Daniel Valle
Sikuani no Queixalós 2000:575-576 Daniel Smith
Macaguan no Buenaventura - 1993 Amanda Meeks
Aguaruna no Overall 2007:301 Daniel Valle The causative is the only prefix in the language
Northern Emberá no Mortensen 1999:10 Daniel Valle Catío
Waorani no Peeke 1973:39-40 Daniel Valle
Ingá no variety of affixes, including infixes Levinson 1974, 1976, 1978 Daniel Valle
Matses no 114 suffixes and 30 prefixes Fleck:204 Daniel Valle
Mapudungun no Salas 1992, p.108-11 Daniel Valle
Páez no Rojas: 59 Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano yes Parker 1965:32-98, Perroud 1973:11-123 Daniel Valle
Tikuna no Montes 2005:133 Daniel Valle
Urarina no Olawsky:459-492 Daniel Valle
Waunana no info Daniel Valle
Andoke no Landaburu 1979 Kelsey Neely based on examples in text
Puinave yes Giron 2008: p442 Mitz Perez, Daniel Valle
Central Aymara no Deza Galindo 1992: 143 Shannon Dardis
Kakua no Bolaños fieldnotes Katherine Bolaños
Kaingang no Silva 2011 Daniel Smith
Minica Witoto no Minor and Minor 1982. p.36-40 Christopher Clack
Hup no Epps 2008 Pattie Epps
Nadëb/Roçado dialect yes Weir 1984 Katherine Bolaños
Dâw no Martins 2004:125 Katherine Bolaños
Desano no Miller 1999, p. 5 Amanda Novak
Cubeo no Morse & Maxwell 1999, p.17 Amanda Novak
Kotiria no Stenzel 2004, p. 96 Amanda Novak
Makuna no Smothermon & Smothermon 1993, p.31 Chris Clack only one prefix; du- 'hacer al revés'
Koreguaje no Cook & Criswell 1993, p.iii Chris Clack
Barasano no Jones & Jones 1991, p.5 Chris Clack
Tanimuca no The only prefixes in the language are cliticized subject pronouns and one nonhuman object pronoun. Strom 1992, p.5 Chris Clack
Siona no Wheeler - 1987:138-174 Amanda Meeks
Tukano no West and Welch 2004; Ramirez 1997: 107 Kelsey Neely inferred from examples
Yanomami no Ramirez 1994: p.92 Kelsey Neely Ramirez only says that an affix is "generally a suffix", but from looking at the rest of the examples in the book, I think it's obvious that there are far more suffixes (incorporated proclitics (typically just marking agreement) are the only exceptions to
Ninam no Goodwin-Gomez : p.81 Kelsey Neely
Sanumá no Borgman 1990 Kelsey Neely inferred from examples throughout text
Surui no info Daniel Valle
Karitiana no Everett 2006:223-317 Daniel Valle
Nheengatu no Cruz 2011 Daniel Smith
Paraguayan Guaraní no Zarratea 2002:86-147 Daniel Valle
Aché no There are no prefixes in the language Rossler 2008:69 Daniel Valle
Kokama no Vallejos 2010:143 Daniel Smith
Nyangumarta no done 0
Jingulu no done 0
Wambaya no done 0
Bunuba no done 0
Walmajarri no Done-Claire 0
Nyulnyul no done? 0
Warrwa no done 0
Worrorra no done 0
Garrwa no 2, 63 done 0
Gooniyandi no done 0
Warlpiri no s37 done 0
Bardi no done-Claire 0
Yugambeh Y?
Yorta Yorta no 79, 83 done 0
Yir Yoront Done-Dan
Yindjibarndi no 1 done-Dan 0
Yidiny no done-Catherine 0
Yanyuwa no Done-Austin 0
Yandruwandha no Done-Dan 0
Yan-nhangu not yet
Yalarnnga no 1 Done-Dan 0
Woiwurrung no 74 done-Amalia 0
Wirangu No 47, 96 done 0
Wemba-Wemba no H 28, 41 done-Amalia 0
Warumungu No 18, 32 done-Amalia 0
Wangkumara no 4 done 0
Uradhi Yes 308 Y 1
Paakantyi no Y-Hannah 0
Pitta-Pitta No 193, 201 Done-Amalia 0
Pintupi no done-Hannah 0
Nyungar no done 0
Nhanta no Done-Hannah 0
Ngiyambaa no 39 Done-Emily 0
Ngayawang No 3 done-Amalia 0
Muruwari no 49. 126 Done-Dan 0
Mpakwithi
Mayi-Yapi No 55 done 0
Martuthunira no 57-58 done 0
Marrgany No 314 Done-Amalia 0
Kuuk Thaayorre No 66 Done-Amalia 0
Kuku Yalanji no 57 Done-Jessica 0
Kugu-Nganhcara No 386, 407 done-Amalia 0
Kaurna No 5 done-Amalia 0
Kalkatungu no 1b Done-Dan 0
Jaru no 1 Done-Amalia 0
Guugu-Yimidhirr No 46, 79 Done-Amalia 0
Gureng Gureng no info Done-Amalia x
Gupapuyngu
Gumbaynggirr no 291-295, 254 done-Amalia 0
Gugu-Badhun no done-Jessica 0
Yuwaalaraay No 2 0
Dyirbal No 55, 246 done-Amalia 0
Duungidjawu no 24, 69 done 0
Djinang No 1 Done-Amalia 0
Djabugay done
Diyari no done-Hannah 0
Dharuk
Dharawal no done-Hannah w Dhurga) 0
Darkinyung no 38 done 0
Bularnu no Done-Austin 0
Biri no 14 done-Jessica 0
Bidjara-Gungabula no 52 done-Jessica 0
Batyala No 3 Done-Amalia 0
Arabana no 61, 130 Done-Dan 0
Alyawarr no done 0
Nyikina no done-Claire 0
Yawuru Y-Claire
Ngarinyin
Yulparija No 19 Done-Amalia 0
Wathawurrung no 77 done 0
Mathi-Mathi no 77-98 done-Amalia 0
Hunter River and Lake Macquarie no 26, 69 done-Amalia 0
Thanggati no 42 done 0
Katthang no 30, 75 done-Amalia 0
Panyjima no done 0
Ngarinyeri No 18 done-Amalia 0
Kurrama no done-Dan 0
Yingkarta no Done-Claire 0
Githabul No 9, 21 Done-Amalia 0
Gunya No 314 Done-Amalia 0
Kunjen No 20 Done- 0
WesternTorres no FO 121-3 done 0
Wakaya no 97 done 0
Yindjilindji no done 0
Bandjalang No 82 Done-Amalia 0
Ngaatjatjara No 30 done 0
Arrernte No 196 0
Kokatha No 27 0
Karajarri No 80 Done-Amalia 0
Pitjantjatjara No Y 6 0
Ritharrngu No 9 Done-Amalia 0
Warrgamay No 17 Done-Amalia 0
Warluwarra no 862 Done-Amalia 0
Warnman No 11 Done-Amalia 0
Djapu no 5 0
Bilinarra no 1.1000000000000000888 done 0
Wiradjuri no info done x
Aghu-Tharnggala No 48 Y2 0
Narungga No 63 done 0
Tharrkari No 12 0
Wajarri No 37 0
Warungu no 1 0
Adnyamathanha Y2
Yagua no Payne and Payne 1990 Daniel Smith
Baniwa no Ramirez 2001 Patience Epps