Pronominal subjects: clitics on variable host

Category
Simple Clauses - Pronouns and person marking
Notes
Pronominal subjects are clitics that can attach to verbs, nominal constituents, etc.

Languages

Language Feature Status Grammatical Notes Source Created By Etymology Notes General Notes Phylogenetic Code
Cahuilla no Jane Hill
Cupeño Jane Hill
Luiseño yes Jane Hill
Serrano yes Jane Hill
Kitanemuk no Jane Hill
Kawaiisu no Jane Hill
Timbisha no Jane Hill
Western Mono yes Jane Hill
Chemehuevi no Jane Hill
Southern Paiute no Jane Hill
Southern Ute no Jane Hill
Shoshone no Jane Hill
Comanche yes Jane Hill
Idaho Shoshone Jane Hill
Northern Paiute no Jane Hill
Gabrielino no Jane Hill
Achagua no Wilson & Levinsohn 1992: 23 Ana Paula Brandao
Resígaro yes Allin, 1976: 176 Aimee Lawrence
Bare no Aikhenvald, 1995: 22 Ana Paula Brandao
Warekena no Aikhenvald, 1998: 323 Ana Paula Brandao
Piapoco no Galindo, 2002: 157-159 Aimee Lawrence
Yukuna no Shauer & Shauer, 1978: 41-42 Aimee Lawrence
Yavitero no Mosonyi, 1987: p. 48, 61-62 Aimee Lawrence
Wapishana no Santos 2006 Ana Paula Brandao, Amanda Meeks
Wayuu no There are free pronouns and verbal prefixes. Mansen & Captain, 2000: p. 798 Aimee Lawrence
Tariana no Aikhenvald, 2003: 203 Aimee Lawrence
Apurinã no Facundes, 2000: 464 Aimee Lawrence
Asheninka Apurucayali no They are verbal affixes instead. Payne 1982:2324 Amanda Meeks
Maipure no Zamponi 2003:37 Amanda Meeks
Yanesha' yes Duff-Tripp 1997:41, 58 Daniel Valle
Kinikinau no info Daniel Valle
Baure yes Personal clitics are attached to the verb as well to other word classes. Proclitics are attach as subject agreement to the verb whereas enclitics occur as object agreement in the verb Danielsen 2007:92-3 Daniel Valle
Nanti no Person markers are clitics, but always attach to verb. Michael, 2008. p. 342-344 Aimee Lawrence
Paresi no info Rowan 1978, Rowan and Burgess 1979, Brandão 2010 Daniel Valle
Palikur no Launey 2003:65 Daniel Smith
Yine no Matteson 1965 Daniel Smith
Añun no Patte 1989 Daniel Smith
Bora no Seifart - 2005:52-54 Amanda Meeks
Makiritare no Hall 1988: 287 Daniel Smith
Makushi no Abbott 1991: 99 Melody Ann Ross
Eñepa no Payne 2012 Daniel Smith
Pemon no de Armellada 1999:16-25, 58-61, 95-104 Daniel Valle
Guna no Smith texts Daniel Smith
Naso no Quesada 2000 Daniel Smith
Ika no Frank 1990:25 Daniel Valle
Kogi no info Daniel Valle
Cabecar no info Daniel Valle
Guaymí no Quesada 2008:68-72 Daniel Valle
Damana no Daniel Valle
Sikuani no Queixalós 2000 Daniel Smith
Macaguan no Buenaventura - 1993 Amanda Meeks
Aguaruna no Overall 2007:154-7 Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá no Mortensen 1999:16, 59 Daniel Valle Catío
Waorani no info Daniel Valle
Ingá no Levinson 1974, 1976, 1976b. Daniel Valle
Matses no info Daniel Valle
Mapudungun no Salas 1992, p.116; Zúñiga 2006, p. 96-9 Daniel Valle
Páez no Jung:136-8 Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano no Parker 1965:23-6 Daniel Valle
Tikuna no Montes 2005:133-135 Daniel Valle
Urarina no Olawsky:487 Daniel Valle
Waunana yes Loewen 1954:83-84 Daniel Valle
Andoke no Landaburu 1979; p.62; 212-215 Kelsey Neely
Puinave no Giron 2008: p169, 206, 228 Mitz Perez, Daniel Valle
Central Aymara no info Shannon Dardis
Kakua no Bolaños fieldnotes Katherine Bolaños
Kaingang no no person inflection Goncalves 2011 Daniel Smith
Minica Witoto no Minor and Minor 1982. p.78-80 Christopher Clack
Hup no Epps 2008 Pattie Epps
Nadëb/Roçado dialect no Weir 1984 Katherine Bolaños
Dâw no Martins 2004 Katherine Bolaños
Desano no Miller 1999, p. 123 Amanda Novak
Cubeo no Morse & Maxwell 1999, p. 142 Amanda Novak
Kotiria no Stenzel 2004, p. 217 Amanda Novak
Makuna no Smothermon & Smothermon 1993, p.35-36 Chris Clack
Koreguaje no Cook & Criswell 1993, p.31-32 Chris Clack
Barasano no Jones & Jones 1991, p.108 Chris Clack
Tanimuca no Strom 1992, p.114 Chris Clack
Siona no Wheeler - 1987:141, 170 Amanda Meeks
Tukano no West and Welch 2004: 10, 22; Ramirez 1997 Kelsey Neely no evidence for this
Yanomami no Ramirez 1994 Kelsey Neely
Ninam no Goodwin-Gomez, p.47-51 Kelsey Neely
Sanumá no info Kelsey Neely
Surui no There are some subject prefixes which are considered as clitics because they trigger morhophonemic proceses but they do not vary on which host they are attach. Van der Meer (?):7 Daniel Smith
Karitiana no Everett 2006:343-57 Daniel Valle
Nheengatu no Cruz 2011:133-134 Daniel Smith
Paraguayan Guaraní no Ayala 1996:28-9, 46-7 Daniel Valle
Aché no info Daniel Valle
Kokama yes Vallejos 2010:210 Daniel Smith
Nyangumarta no done 0
Jingulu no done 0
Wambaya no done 0
Bunuba no done 0
Walmajarri no Done-Claire 0
Nyulnyul no done? 0
Warrwa no done 0
Worrorra no done 0
Garrwa no done 0
Gooniyandi no done 0
Warlpiri yes done 1
Bardi no done-Claire 0
Yugambeh Y?
Yorta Yorta no 83 done 0
Yir Yoront Done-Dan
Yindjibarndi no done-Dan 0
Yidiny not done yet done-Catherine X
Yanyuwa no Done-Austin 0
Yandruwandha no Done-Dan 0
Yan-nhangu not yet
Yalarnnga no 1 Done-Dan 0
Woiwurrung no 74 done-Amalia 0
Wirangu No 71 done 0
Wemba-Wemba maybe H 52 done-Amalia 1
Warumungu yes 27 done-Amalia 1
Wangkumara no info done X
Uradhi No 352 Y 0
Paakantyi no 163-164 Y-Hannah 0
Pitta-Pitta No 214 Done-Amalia 0
Pintupi yes 15; 49; 114-115 done-Hannah 1
Nyungar no info done x
Nhanta yes 84, 121 Done-Hannah 1
Ngiyambaa yes 124-125 Done-Emily 1
Ngayawang No 10 done-Amalia 0
Muruwari no? 91, 106 Done-Dan 0
Mpakwithi
Mayi-Yapi No 53-54 done 0
Martuthunira no 100-109 done 0
Marrgany No 335 Done-Amalia 0
Kuuk Thaayorre Yes 216 Done-Amalia 1
Kuku Yalanji no Done-Jessica 0
Kugu-Nganhcara yes 399 done-Amalia 1
Kaurna No 16 done-Amalia 0
Kalkatungu no Done-Dan 0
Jaru yes 124 Done-Amalia 1
Guugu-Yimidhirr No 65 Done-Amalia 0
Gureng Gureng no info Done-Amalia x
Gupapuyngu
Gumbaynggirr no 342 done-Amalia 0
Gugu-Badhun no done-Jessica 0
Yuwaalaraay Yes 51 1
Dyirbal No 55 done-Amalia 0
Duungidjawu no 52 done 0
Djinang Yes 136 Done-Amalia 1
Djabugay done
Diyari no done-Hannah 0
Dharuk
Dharawal no info done-Hannah w Dhurga) x
Darkinyung yes 32 done 1
Bularnu no Done-Austin 0
Biri no 23-7 done-Jessica 0
Bidjara-Gungabula no done-Jessica 0
Batyala no info Done-Amalia x
Arabana no Done-Dan 0
Alyawarr no done 0
Nyikina no done-Claire 0
Yawuru Y-Claire
Ngarinyin
Yulparija Yes 30 Done-Amalia 1
Wathawurrung yes 77 done 1
Mathi-Mathi no done-Amalia 0
Hunter River and Lake Macquarie yes 45 done-Amalia 1
Thanggati no 42-3 done 0
Katthang no 63-65 done-Amalia 0
Panyjima no done 0
Ngarinyeri yes 43 done-Amalia 1
Kurrama no 73 done-Dan 0
Yingkarta yes Done-Claire 1
Githabul No 42 Done-Amalia 0
Gunya No 324 Done-Amalia 0
Kunjen No 92 Done- 0
WesternTorres no examples throughout done 0
Wakaya yes done 1
Yindjilindji no done 0
Bandjalang No 106 Done-Amalia 0
Ngaatjatjara No 55 done 0
Arrernte No 101 0
Kokatha No 65 0
Karajarri No 227 Done-Amalia 0
Pitjantjatjara Yes Y 22 1
Ritharrngu Yes 43 Done-Amalia 1
Warrgamay No 45 Done-Amalia 0
Warluwarra no Done-Amalia 0
Warnman Yes 13 Done-Amalia 1
Djapu no 0
Bilinarra yes 3.2 done 1
Wiradjuri no info done x
Aghu-Tharnggala Yes 67 Y2 1
Narungga No 74 done 0
Tharrkari No 16 0
Wajarri Yes 77 1
Warungu no 0
Adnyamathanha Y2
Yagua yes Payne and Payne 1990:361 Daniel Smith
Baniwa no Ramirez 2001 Patience Epps