Person marking (of agents) on transitive verbs

Category
Simple Clauses - Pronouns and person marking
Notes
Transitive verbs take subject (A) markers

Languages

Language Feature Status Grammatical Notes Source Created By Etymology Notes General Notes Phylogenetic Code
Cahuilla yes Jane Hill
Cupeño yes Jane Hill
Luiseño no Jane Hill
Serrano no Jane Hill
Kitanemuk yes Jane Hill
Kawaiisu yes Jane Hill
Timbisha no Jane Hill
Western Mono no Jane Hill
Chemehuevi no Jane Hill
Southern Paiute no Jane Hill
Southern Ute no Jane Hill
Shoshone no Jane Hill
Comanche no Jane Hill
Idaho Shoshone no Jane Hill
Northern Paiute no Jane Hill
Gabrielino no Jane Hill
Achagua yes Wilson & Levinsohn 1992: 23 Ana Paula Brandao
Resígaro no No person marking, only pronominal clitics. Allin, 1976: 105, 124, 204, 212 Aimee Lawrence
Bare yes Aikhenvald, 1995: 27 Ana Paula Brandao
Warekena yes Aikhenvald, 1998: 360 Ana Paula Brandao
Piapoco yes Galindo, 2002: 158-159 Aimee Lawrence
Yukuna yes Shauer & Shauer, 1978: p. 42 Aimee Lawrence
Yavitero yes Mosonyi, 1987: p. 62 Aimee Lawrence
Wapishana yes Santos 2006 Ana Paula Brandao, Amanda Meeks
Wayuu yes Verbal prefixes mark the subject, suffixes mark object. There are examples of transitive verbs with person marking, no indication of whether person marking is less common on transitives. Mansen & Captain, 2000: p. 803 Aimee Lawrence
Tariana yes Aikhenvald, 2003: 122, 253-254 Aimee Lawrence
Apurinã yes If the subject or object is deleted or postverbal. Facundes, 2000: 466-467 Aimee Lawrence
Asheninka Apurucayali yes Agents are prefixes to the verbs, while objects are suffixes. Payne 1983:1619, 2325, 9096 Amanda Meeks
Maipure yes Zamponi 2003:21-26 Daniel Smith
Yanesha' yes Duff-Tripp 1997:72 Daniel Valle
Kinikinau no info Daniel Valle
Baure yes Danielsen 2007:92-3 Daniel Valle
Nanti yes Michael, 2008. p. 267 Aimee Lawrence
Paresi yes Brandão 2010:18 Daniel Valle
Palikur no Launey 2003:65 Daniel Smith
Yine yes prefix Matteson 1965 Daniel Smith
Añun yes Patte 1989:46 Daniel Smith
Bora yes Seifart - 2005:65-68 Amanda Meeks
Makiritare yes agent prefixes Hall 1988: 287 Melody Ann Ross
Makushi yes Abbott 1991: 101 Melody Ann Ross See chart
Eñepa yes Thomas Payne 1989 Daniel Valle
Pemon yes de Armellada 1999:20-1 Daniel Valle
Guna no Smith texts Daniel Smith
Naso yes Quesada 2000 Daniel Smith
Ika yes Frank 1989:20 Daniel Valle
Kogi yes Ortiz 1994:377 Daniel Valle
Cabecar no Margery 1985:103 Daniel Valle
Guaymí no Quesada 2008:99 Daniel Valle
Damana no Daniel Valle
Sikuani yes subjects are suffixed Queixalós 2000:575-576 Daniel Smith
Macaguan yes suffixes Buenaventura - 1993:43-46 Amanda Meeks
Aguaruna yes Overall 2007:328-31, 361-5 Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá no Mortensen 1999:16, 59 Daniel Valle Catío
Waorani no info Daniel Valle
Ingá yes Levinson 1978:11-23 Daniel Valle
Matses yes Fleck:445 Daniel Valle
Mapudungun yes Core participant verbal suffixes are fusional. So, they may convey other maenings as well. Zúñiga 2006, p. 114-9 Daniel Valle
Páez yes Jung:74-7 Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano yes Parker 1965:23-6 Daniel Valle
Tikuna yes Montes 2005:133-135 Daniel Valle
Urarina yes Olawsky:213 Daniel Valle
Waunana no Daniel Valle
Andoke yes Landaburu 1979: 218-220 Kelsey Neely
Puinave yes Giron 2008: p169, 206, 228 Mitz Perez, Daniel Valle
Central Aymara yes Huayhua Pari 2001: 126 Shannon Dardis
Kakua yes Bolaños fieldnotes Katherine Bolaños
Kaingang no no person inflection Goncalves 2011 Daniel Smith
Minica Witoto yes Minor and Minor 1982. p.78-80 Christopher Clack
Hup no Epps 2008 Pattie Epps
Nadëb/Roçado dialect yes cf. ergative alignment Weir 1984:89-91 Katherine Bolaños
Dâw no Martins 2004 Katherine Bolaños
Desano yes Miller 1999, p. 125 Amanda Novak
Cubeo yes Morse & Maxwell 1999, p. 110 Amanda Novak
Kotiria no Stenzel 2007 Daniel Smith
Makuna yes Smothermon & Smothermon 1993, p.45 Chris Clack
Koreguaje yes Cook & Criswell 1993, p.53, 89 Chris Clack
Barasano yes The subject need not be explicit other than to be indicated by the person and number marking on the verb. Jones & Jones 1991, p.108 Chris Clack Transitive clauses consist of an obligatory transitive verb but do not necessarily require an explicit direct object or subject.
Tanimuca yes Subject pronouns are usually cliticized and prefixed to the verb. Strom 1992, p.114 Chris Clack
Siona no Wheeler - 1987:124-133 Amanda Meeks
Tukano yes West and Welch 2004: 10; Ramirez 1997: 108, 120, 123 Kelsey Neely
Yanomami yes Ramirez 1994 Kelsey Neely evidenced by examples throughout
Ninam yes Goodwin-Gomez, p.47-51 Kelsey Neely
Sanumá yes can be omitted Borgman 1990: 29 Kelsey Neely evidence from examples
Surui no Van der Meer (?):9 Daniel Smith
Karitiana no But they can do it if some further morphology is added. Everett 2006:343-57 Daniel Valle
Nheengatu yes Cruz 2011:133-134 Daniel Smith
Paraguayan Guaraní yes Ayala 1996:46-7 Daniel Valle
Aché no Rossler 2008:73-74 Daniel Valle
Kokama no Vallejos 2010 Daniel Smith
Nyangumarta yes done 1
Jingulu yes done 1
Wambaya yes done 1
Bunuba yes done 1
Walmajarri yes Done-Claire 1
Nyulnyul yes done? 1
Warrwa yes done 1
Worrorra yes ms5.1 done 1
Garrwa no done 0
Gooniyandi yes done 1
Warlpiri no done 0
Bardi yes done-Claire 1
Yugambeh Y?
Yorta Yorta maybe 83 done 1
Yir Yoront Done-Dan
Yindjibarndi no done-Dan 0
Yidiny no done-Catherine 0
Yanyuwa yes 106 Done-Austin 1
Yandruwandha no Done-Dan 0
Yan-nhangu not yet
Yalarnnga no 36-50 Done-Dan 0
Woiwurrung yes 74 done-Amalia 1
Wirangu No 111 done 0
Wemba-Wemba yes H 41 done-Amalia 1
Warumungu yes 27 done-Amalia 1
Wangkumara no info done X
Uradhi No 352 Y 0
Paakantyi yes 128 Y-Hannah 1
Pitta-Pitta No 201 Done-Amalia 0
Pintupi yes 15; 49; 114-115 done-Hannah 1
Nyungar no info done x
Nhanta no 121 Done-Hannah 0
Ngiyambaa no Done-Emily 0
Ngayawang No 10 done-Amalia 0
Muruwari yes 107 Done-Dan 1
Mpakwithi
Mayi-Yapi No 55-60 done 0
Martuthunira no 136-152 done 0
Marrgany No 314 Done-Amalia 0
Kuuk Thaayorre Yes 216 Done-Amalia 1
Kuku Yalanji no Done-Jessica 0
Kugu-Nganhcara yes 399 done-Amalia 1
Kaurna No 16 done-Amalia 0
Kalkatungu yes cf 27 (3.4) Done-Dan 1
Jaru yes? 124 Done-Amalia 1
Guugu-Yimidhirr No 80 Done-Amalia 0
Gureng Gureng no info Done-Amalia x
Gupapuyngu
Gumbaynggirr no 291 done-Amalia 0
Gugu-Badhun no done-Jessica 0
Yuwaalaraay Yes 51 1
Dyirbal No 55 done-Amalia 0
Duungidjawu no 70 done 0
Djinang Yes 136 Done-Amalia 1
Djabugay done
Diyari no done-Hannah 0
Dharuk
Dharawal yes 46; 51 done-Hannah w Dhurga) 1
Darkinyung yes 33 done 1
Bularnu no Done-Austin 0
Biri n/a done-Jessica 0
Bidjara-Gungabula n/a done-Jessica 0
Batyala no info Done-Amalia x
Arabana no Done-Dan 0
Alyawarr no done 0
Nyikina yes done-Claire 1
Yawuru Y-Claire
Ngarinyin
Yulparija Yes 30 Done-Amalia 1
Wathawurrung yes 80 done 1
Mathi-Mathi no done-Amalia 0
Hunter River and Lake Macquarie yes 45 done-Amalia 1
Thanggati no 42-3 done 0
Katthang no 63-65 done-Amalia 0
Panyjima no 169 done 0
Ngarinyeri yes 43 done-Amalia 1
Kurrama no done-Dan 0
Yingkarta no Done-Claire 0
Githabul No 15 Done-Amalia 0
Gunya yes 324 Done-Amalia 1
Kunjen No 92 Done- 0
WesternTorres no K85c 82 done 0
Wakaya yes done 1
Yindjilindji no done 0
Bandjalang N/A Done-Amalia 0
Ngaatjatjara yes 55 done 1
Arrernte No 182 0
Kokatha No 3 0
Karajarri Yes 227 Done-Amalia 1
Pitjantjatjara Yes G 124 1
Ritharrngu Yes 45 Done-Amalia 1
Warrgamay No 45 Done-Amalia 0
Warluwarra no Done-Amalia 0
Warnman Yes 33 Done-Amalia 1
Djapu no 0
Bilinarra no 6.1 done 0
Wiradjuri no info done x
Aghu-Tharnggala No info 67 Y2 x
Narungga Yes 74 done 1
Tharrkari No 16 0
Wajarri Yes 77 1
Warungu no 253-61 0
Adnyamathanha Y2
Yagua yes Payne and Payne 1990:361 Daniel Smith
Baniwa yes Ramirez 2001 Patience Epps