Possessive affixes/clitics on nouns are same as verbal person markers

Simple Clauses - Pronouns and person marking
Where nouns take possessive affixes, these are the same as the person-marking affixes


Language Feature Status Grammatical Notes Source Created By Etymology Notes General Notes Phylogenetic Code
Cahuilla Jane Hill
Cupeño Jane Hill
Luiseño no Jane Hill
Serrano no Jane Hill
Kitanemuk Jane Hill
Kawaiisu Jane Hill
Timbisha no Jane Hill
Western Mono no Jane Hill
Chemehuevi no Jane Hill
Southern Paiute no Jane Hill
Southern Ute no Jane Hill
Shoshone no Jane Hill
Comanche no Jane Hill
Idaho Shoshone no Jane Hill
Northern Paiute no Jane Hill
Gabrielino no Jane Hill
Achagua no Wilson & Levinsohn 1992: 27 Ana Paula Brandao
Resígaro no No person marking, only pronominal clitics, which do have both possessive and person-tracking functions. Allin, 1976: 176-179 Aimee Lawrence
Bare yes Aikhenvald, 1995: 27 Ana Paula Brandao
Piapoco yes Galindo, 2002: 99, 158-159 Aimee Lawrence
Yukuna yes Shauer & Shauer 2000: 297,299 Ana Paula Brandao
Yavitero yes Mosonyi, 1987: 41, 60 Ana Paula Brandão, Aimee Lawrence
Wapishana no Santos 2006 Ana Paula Brandao, Amanda Meeks
Wayuu yes Mansen & Captain, 2000: p. 798 Aimee Lawrence
Tariana yes Aikhenvald, 2003: 122 Aimee Lawrence
Apurinã yes The same as subject markers Facundes, 2000: 141-145 Aimee Lawrence
Asheninka Apurucayali yes same as S/A affixes Mihas 2010:169 Daniel Smith
Maipure yes Zamponi 2003:21-26 Daniel Smith
Yanesha' yes This is true only for first and second person Duff-Tripp 1997:72 Daniel Valle
Kinikinau yes Couto 2005:49 Daniel Valle
Baure yes Danielsen 2007:92-5 Daniel Valle
Nanti yes Michael, 2008. p. 267, 299 Aimee Lawrence
Paresi yes The set of personal pronouns may function as well as possessive and verbal agreement affixes. Brandão 2010:14-5 Daniel Valle
Palikur no Launey 2003:68 Daniel Smith
Yine yes Matteson 1965:94 Daniel Smith
Añun yes Patte 1989:46 Daniel Smith
Bora no Seifart - 2005:52 Amanda Meeks
Makiritare no some prefixes are shared (1st and 2nd sing.) The rest are different Escoriaza 1959:11-15 Amanda Meeks
Makushi no There are two other third person pronouns that occur only as free forms and their only syntactic function is to show possession. Abbott 1991: 100 Melody Ann Ross
Eñepa yes Thomas Payne 1995:297 Daniel Valle
Pemon yes Possessive affixes are the same as the absolutive verbal affixes de Armellada 1999:18 Daniel Valle
Guna no Smith texts Daniel Smith
Naso no no possessive affixes/clitics Quesada 2000 Daniel Smith
Ika yes The set of verbal object pronouns is used instead of the verbal subject pronouns Frank 1989:22 Daniel Valle
Kogi no info Daniel Valle
Cabecar no Nouns take the genitive suffix /-tʃa/ Bourland 1976:57 Daniel Valle
Guaymí no There are not person markers on verbs Quesada 2008:99-146 Daniel Valle
Damana no Daniel Valle
Sikuani no different prefixes for possession de Kondo (Vol.1) - 1985:20; Queixalós - 2000:2-26 Amanda Meeks
Macaguan no Buenaventura - 1993 Amanda Meeks
Aguaruna no Overall 2007:261, 361 Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá no Since person is not marked on the verb Mortensen 1999:59 Daniel Valle Catío
Waorani no info Daniel Valle
Ingá no info Daniel Valle
Matses no Fleck:252-4, 445 Daniel Valle
Mapudungun no Zúñiga 2006, p. 96-7, 104-7 Daniel Valle
Páez no The possessive is marked with the benefactive suffix plus the appropiate person/mood portmanteau suffix Jung:74, 122 Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano yes Parker 1965:23 Daniel Valle
Tikuna yes Some of them are not completely identical but very similar Montes 2004:166-167 Daniel Valle
Urarina no Olawsky:331-50, 489 Daniel Valle
Waunana no info Daniel Valle
Andoke yes for inalienable possession, anyway Landaburu 1979: p.132-134 Kelsey Neely
Puinave yes Giron 2008: p169, 206, 228 Mitz Perez, Daniel Valle
Central Aymara no Huayhua Pari 2001: 125, 250 Shannon Dardis
Kakua no Bolaños fieldnotes Katherine Bolaños
Kaingang no Silva 2011 Daniel Smith
Minica Witoto yes Minor and Minor 1982. p.42, 90-93 Christopher Clack
Hup no Epps 2008 Pattie Epps
Nadëb/Roçado dialect yes Weir 1984 Katherine Bolaños
Dâw no Genitive marker Martins 2004 Katherine Bolaños
Desano no Miller 1999, p.48-49 Chris Clack
Cubeo no Morse & Maxwell 1999, p. 82 Amanda Novak
Kotiria no Stenzel 2004, p. 194 Amanda Novak
Makuna no Smothermon & Smothermon 1993, p.40 Chris Clack possession is determined by word order or genitive 'ja' (which takes the same person-marking affixes)
Koreguaje no Cook & Criswell 1993, p.45 Chris Clack
Barasano no Jones & Jones 1991, p.111 Chris Clack Numerous possessive markings.
Tanimuca yes Strom 1992, p.129-131 Chris Clack
Siona no Wheeler - 1987:124-141 Amanda Meeks
Tukano no possession is Pn N, not bound West and Welch 2004: 28 Kelsey Neely
Yanomami no there are only possessive suffixes for 1st and 2nd person Ramirez 1994 Kelsey Neely
Ninam no but they are very similar Goodwin-Gomez: 47 Kelsey Neely
Sanumá no Borgman 1990: 126 Kelsey Neely
Surui yes Van der Meer (?):7, 11 Daniel Valle
Karitiana yes Everett 2006:300 Daniel Valle
Nheengatu no info Cruz 2011 Daniel Smith
Paraguayan Guaraní no Ayala 1996:28-9, 46-7, 85-7 Daniel Valle
Aché no However, the possessive pronouns are the same as the personal pronouns Rossler 2008:75-6 Daniel Valle
Kokama yes only because Kokama has one set of pronouns that can have different functions Daniel Smith
Nyangumarta no done 0
Jingulu no done 0
Wambaya no done 0
Bunuba no done 0
Walmajarri no Done-Claire 0
Nyulnyul no done? 0
Warrwa no done 0
Worrorra no 90 done 0
Garrwa n/a done 0
Gooniyandi no done 0
Warlpiri N/A done 0
Bardi no done-Claire 0
Yugambeh Y?
Yorta Yorta n/a 83 done 0
Yir Yoront Done-Dan
Yindjibarndi n/a done-Dan 0
Yidiny no done-Catherine 0
Yanyuwa no 107 Done-Austin 0
Yandruwandha n/a Done-Dan 0
Yan-nhangu not yet
Yalarnnga n/a 36-50 Done-Dan 0
Woiwurrung no 71, 74 done-Amalia 0
Wirangu N/A done 0
Wemba-Wemba no H 33, 41 done-Amalia 0
Warumungu No 27 done-Amalia 0
Wangkumara no info done X
Uradhi N/A 352 Y 0
Paakantyi yes 127 Y-Hannah 1
Pitta-Pitta N/A Done-Amalia 0
Pintupi no done-Hannah 0
Nyungar no info done x
Nhanta yes 81 Done-Hannah 1
Ngiyambaa n/a Done-Emily 0
Ngayawang N/A done-Amalia 0
Muruwari no 112 Done-Dan 0
Mayi-Yapi N/A done 0
Martuthunira n/a done 0
Marrgany N/A Done-Amalia 0
Kuuk Thaayorre N/A 215 Done-Amalia 0
Kuku Yalanji n/a Done-Jessica 0
Kugu-Nganhcara N/A done-Amalia 0
Kaurna N/A 16 done-Amalia 0
Kalkatungu n/a Done-Dan 0
Jaru n/a Done-Amalia 0
Guugu-Yimidhirr N/A Done-Amalia 0
Gureng Gureng no info Done-Amalia x
Gumbaynggirr n/a done-Amalia 0
Gugu-Badhun n/a done-Jessica 0
Yuwaalaraay N/A 51 0
Dyirbal N/A done-Amalia 0
Duungidjawu n/a done 0
Djinang Yes 136 Done-Amalia 1
Djabugay done
Diyari no done-Hannah 0
Dharawal no 48; 52-53 done-Hannah w Dhurga) 0
Darkinyung n/a done 0
Bularnu n/a Done-Austin 0
Biri no done-Jessica 0
Bidjara-Gungabula n/a done-Jessica 0
Batyala no info Done-Amalia x
Arabana n/a Done-Dan 0
Alyawarr n/a done 0
Nyikina yes done-Claire 1
Yawuru Y-Claire
Yulparija N/A Done-Amalia 0
Wathawurrung no 76, 78 done 0
Mathi-Mathi no done-Amalia 0
Hunter River and Lake Macquarie n/a done-Amalia 0
Thanggati n/a done 0
Katthang n/a done-Amalia 0
Panyjima n/a 169 done 0
Ngarinyeri No 23 done-Amalia 0
Kurrama n/a done-Dan 0
Yingkarta N/A Done-Claire 0
Githabul N/A 15 Done-Amalia 0
Gunya N/A Done-Amalia 0
Kunjen N/A Done- 0
WesternTorres n/a done 0
Wakaya no 153 done 0
Yindjilindji n/a done 0
Bandjalang N/A Done-Amalia 0
Ngaatjatjara No 56 done 0
Arrernte No 187 0
Kokatha N/A 3 0
Karajarri N/A 302 Done-Amalia 0
Pitjantjatjara No G 125 0
Ritharrngu No 24, 44 Done-Amalia 0
Warrgamay N/A 45 Done-Amalia 0
Warluwarra n/a Done-Amalia 0
Warnman N/A 23 Done-Amalia 0
Djapu n/a 0
Bilinarra n/a done 0
Wiradjuri no info done x
Aghu-Tharnggala N/A 67 Y2 0
Narungga No 74 done 0
Tharrkari N/A 26 0
Wajarri No 77 0
Warungu n/a 0
Adnyamathanha Y2
Yagua yes Set I clitics mark possession Payne and Payne 1990 Daniel Smith
Baniwa yes A=Sa forms Ramirez 2001 Patience Epps