Gender distinguished in verbal person markers

Simple Clauses - Pronouns and person marking
For any person, verbal person markers exhibit different forms depending on the gender (masc/fem, animate/inanimate, etc.) of the referent


Language Feature Status Grammatical Notes Source Created By Etymology Notes General Notes Phylogenetic Code
Cahuilla Jane Hill
Cupeño Jane Hill
Luiseño no Jane Hill
Serrano no Jane Hill
Kitanemuk Jane Hill
Kawaiisu Jane Hill
Timbisha no Jane Hill
Western Mono no Jane Hill
Chemehuevi no Jane Hill
Southern Paiute no Jane Hill
Southern Ute no Jane Hill
Shoshone no Jane Hill
Comanche no Jane Hill
Idaho Shoshone no Jane Hill
Northern Paiute no Jane Hill
Gabrielino no Jane Hill
Achagua yes Wilson & Levinsohn 1992: 27 Ana Paula Brandao
Resígaro no No person marking, only pronominal clitics. Allin, 1976: 105, 124, 204, 212 Aimee Lawrence
Bare yes Aikhenvald, 1995: 27 Ana Paula Brandao
Piapoco yes Third-person singular distinguishes masculine and feminine. Galindo, 2002: 158-159 Aimee Lawrence
Yukuna yes Shauer & Shauer, 2000: 524, Shauer 1978: p. 42 Ana Paula Brandao, Aimee Lawrence
Yavitero yes In third-person singular, masculine and feminine are distinguished. Mosonyi, 1987: 41, 60 Ana Paula Brandão, Aimee Lawrence
Wapishana yes 3rd singular. Santos 2006 Ana Paula Brandao, Amanda Meeks
Wayuu yes Mansen & Captain, 2000: p. 797 Aimee Lawrence
Tariana yes In third-person pronouns and cross-referencing prefixes. Aikhenvald, 2003: 122 Aimee Lawrence
Apurinã yes Third person singular disitnguishes masculine and feminine Facundes, 2000: 141-145 Aimee Lawrence
Asheninka Apurucayali yes The distinction is mostly apparent in 3rd person markings. Payne 1981:13, 2234 Amanda Meeks
Maipure yes Apparent in 3rd person forms. Zamponi 2003:21-26 Amanda Meeks
Yanesha' no Duff-Tripp 1997:71-87 Daniel Valle
Kinikinau no info Daniel Valle
Baure yes Only for third person Danielsen 2007:92-6 Daniel Valle
Nanti yes Third-person subject and object markers distinguish masculine and non-masculine. Michael, 2008. p. 267 Aimee Lawrence
Paresi no Rowan and Burgues 1979 Daniel Valle
Palikur yes Launey 2003:68 Daniel Smith
Yine yes Wise 1986:588 Daniel Smith
Añun yes Patte 1989:52 Daniel Smith
Bora yes When necessary/desirable to distinguish gender, the affix is a classifier that accomplishes it. These classifiers are essentially verbal person markers. Seifart - 2005:52-55 Amanda Meeks
Makiritare no Escoriaza 1959:15-18 Amanda Meeks
Makushi no Abbott 1991: 101 Melody Ann Ross See chart
Eñepa no gender is not a relevant grammatical category Payne 2012 Daniel Smith
Pemon no de Armellada 1999:16-25 Daniel Valle
Guna no Smith texts Daniel Smith
Naso no Quesada 2000 Daniel Smith
Ika no Frank 1985:67-71 Daniel Valle
Kogi no info Daniel Valle
Cabecar no info Daniel Valle
Guaymí no There are not person markers on verbs Quesada 2008:99-146 Daniel Valle
Damana no Daniel Valle
Sikuani no de Kondo (Vol.1,2) - 1985; Queixalós - 2000 Amanda Meeks
Macaguan no Buenaventura - 1993 Amanda Meeks
Aguaruna no Overall 2007:361 Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá no Mortensen 1999:16, 59 Daniel Valle Catío
Waorani no info Daniel Valle
Ingá no Daniel Valle
Matses no Fleck:445 Daniel Valle
Mapudungun no Zúñiga 2006, p. 104-7 Daniel Valle
Páez no Jung:74-91 Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano no Parker 1965:23 Daniel Valle
Tikuna no However, gender is distinguished in third person singular verbal person marker Montes 2004b:122 Daniel Valle
Urarina no Olawsky:489 Daniel Valle
Waunana yes Only for the non-first person markers Mejía 2000:90 Daniel Valle
Andoke yes different person marking forms for 3rd person subjects (and objects?) of different classes Landaburu 1979: 212-215 Kelsey Neely
Puinave no Giron 2008: p169 Mitz Perez, Daniel Valle
Central Aymara no Huayhua Pari 2001: 125 Shannon Dardis
Kakua no Bolaños fieldnotes Katherine Bolaños
Kaingang no Silva 2011 Daniel Smith
Minica Witoto no Minor and Minor 1982. p.15 Christopher Clack
Hup no Epps 2008 Pattie Epps
Nadëb/Roçado dialect no Weir 1984 Katherine Bolaños
Dâw no Martins 2004 Katherine Bolaños
Desano yes Miller 1999, p. 125 Amanda Novak
Cubeo yes Morse & Maxwell 1999, p.15 Amanda Novak
Kotiria yes gender is neutralized in the third person Stenzel 2004, p. 213 Amanda Novak
Makuna yes Smothermon & Smothermon 1993, p.43 Chris Clack
Koreguaje yes Cook & Criswell 1993, p.53 Chris Clack
Barasano yes Jones & Jones 1991,p.108-109 Chris Clack
Tanimuca no 3rd person only Strom 1992,p.36 Chris Clack
Siona yes Gender of 3rd person has different forms. Animate/inanimate have unique markers. Wheeler - 1987:124-133 Amanda Meeks
Tukano yes West and Welch 2004: 10; Ramirez 1997: 108, 120, 123 Kelsey Neely
Yanomami no but 'less-animate' animals or inanimates will more commonly be marked with a noun classifier instead of the 3rd person marker (used for humans and higher animates like tapirs, dogs, jaguars, etc.) Ramirez 1994 Kelsey Neely
Ninam no animate/inanimate distinction made in 3rd person forms Goodwin-Gomez: 47 Kelsey Neely
Sanumá no info Kelsey Neely
Surui no Van der Meer (?):9 Daniel Valle
Karitiana no Everett 2006:343-57 Daniel Valle
Nheengatu no Cruz 2011:133-134 Daniel Smith
Paraguayan Guaraní no Ayala 1996:28-9, 46-7 Daniel Valle
Aché no info Daniel Valle
Kokama no Daniel Smith
Nyangumarta no done 0
Jingulu no done 0
Wambaya yes done 1
Bunuba no done 0
Walmajarri no Done-Claire 0
Nyulnyul no done? 0
Warrwa no done 0
Worrorra yes 28-30, 84-6 done 1
Garrwa n/a done 0
Gooniyandi no done 0
Warlpiri n/a done 0
Bardi no done-Claire 0
Yugambeh Y?
Yorta Yorta no 73 done 0
Yir Yoront Done-Dan
Yindjibarndi n/a done-Dan 0
Yidiny N/A done-Catherine 0
Yanyuwa yes 123 Done-Austin 1
Yandruwandha n/a Done-Dan 0
Yan-nhangu not yet
Yalarnnga n/a 36-50 Done-Dan 0
Woiwurrung no 74 done-Amalia 0
Wirangu N/A done 0
Wemba-Wemba no H 41 done-Amalia 0
Warumungu No 28-29 done-Amalia 0
Wangkumara no info done X
Uradhi N/A 352 Y 0
Paakantyi no 128 Y-Hannah 0
Pitta-Pitta N/A Done-Amalia 0
Pintupi no done-Hannah 0
Nyungar no info done x
Nhanta no Done-Hannah 0
Ngiyambaa n/a Done-Emily 0
Ngayawang N/A done-Amalia 0
Muruwari no Done-Dan 0
Mayi-Yapi N/A done 0
Martuthunira n/a done 0
Marrgany N/A Done-Amalia 0
Kuuk Thaayorre No 215 Done-Amalia 0
Kuku Yalanji no Done-Jessica 0
Kugu-Nganhcara No 399 done-Amalia 0
Kaurna N/A 16 done-Amalia 0
Kalkatungu no 36 Done-Dan 0
Jaru no 68-71 Done-Amalia 0
Guugu-Yimidhirr N/A Done-Amalia 0
Gureng Gureng no info Done-Amalia x
Gumbaynggirr n/a done-Amalia 0
Gugu-Badhun n/a done-Jessica 0
Yuwaalaraay No 51 0
Dyirbal N/A done-Amalia 0
Duungidjawu n/a done 0
Djinang No 139 Done-Amalia 0
Djabugay done
Diyari no done-Hannah 0
Dharawal no info done-Hannah w Dhurga) x
Darkinyung no 32 done 0
Bularnu n/a Done-Austin 0
Biri no done-Jessica 0
Bidjara-Gungabula n/a done-Jessica 0
Batyala no info Done-Amalia x
Arabana no Done-Dan 0
Alyawarr n/a done 0
Nyikina no done-Claire 0
Yawuru Y-Claire
Yulparija No 30 Done-Amalia 0
Wathawurrung no 78 done 0
Mathi-Mathi no done-Amalia 0
Hunter River and Lake Macquarie n/a done-Amalia 0
Thanggati n/a done 0
Katthang n/a done-Amalia 0
Panyjima no 169 done 0
Ngarinyeri No 43 done-Amalia 0
Kurrama no done-Dan 0
Yingkarta N/A Done-Claire 0
Githabul No 15 Done-Amalia 0
Gunya No 304 Done-Amalia 0
Kunjen N/A Done- 0
WesternTorres n/a done 0
Wakaya yes 153 done 1
Yindjilindji n/a done 0
Bandjalang N/A Done-Amalia 0
Ngaatjatjara No 55 done 0
Arrernte No 182 0
Kokatha N/A 3 0
Karajarri No 227 Done-Amalia 0
Pitjantjatjara No Y 22 0
Ritharrngu No 44 Done-Amalia 0
Warrgamay N/A 45 Done-Amalia 0
Warluwarra n/a Done-Amalia 0
Warnman No 33 Done-Amalia 0
Djapu n/a 0
Bilinarra n/a done 0
Wiradjuri no info done x
Aghu-Tharnggala No 67 Y2 0
Narungga No 74 done 0
Tharrkari N/A 16 0
Wajarri No 77 0
Warungu n/a 0
Adnyamathanha Y2
Yagua no no gender distinction in the language Payne and Payne 1990 Daniel Smith
Baniwa yes 3rd person only Ramirez 2001 Patience Epps