Ditransitive constructions: secondary object

Simple Clauses - Valence and voice
In ditransitives, the recipient/beneficiary is treated in the same way as are objects of transitives, while the theme (book) is treated differently


Language Feature Status Grammatical Notes Source Created By Etymology Notes General Notes Phylogenetic Code
Cahuilla Jane Hill
Cupeño Jane Hill
Luiseño Jane Hill
Serrano Jane Hill
Kitanemuk Jane Hill
Kawaiisu Jane Hill
Timbisha Jane Hill
Western Mono Jane Hill
Chemehuevi Jane Hill
Southern Paiute Jane Hill
Southern Ute Jane Hill
Shoshone Jane Hill
Comanche Jane Hill
Idaho Shoshone Jane Hill
Northern Paiute Jane Hill
Gabrielino Jane Hill
Achagua no info Wilson & Levinsohn 1992 Ana Paula Brandao
Resígaro no Allin, 1976: 294 Ana Paul Brandao, Aimee Lawrence
Bare no Aikhenvald, 1995: 26 Ana Paula Brandao
Piapoco no Galindo, 2002: 209-210 Aimee Lawrence
Yukuna no Shauer & Shauer, 2000: p. 524 Aimee Lawrence
Yavitero no Mosonyi, 1987: p. 53 Aimee Lawrence
Wapishana no Santos 2006 Ana Paula Brandao, Amanda Meeks
Wayuu no Mansen & Captain, 2000: p. 800 Aimee Lawrence
Tariana no Aikhenvald, 2003: 236 Aimee Lawrence
Apurinã no Facundes, 2000: 287 Aimee Lawrence
Asheninka Apurucayali no Payne 1981:3436 Amanda Meeks
Maipure no Zamponi 2003:33-35 Amanda Meeks
Yanesha' no info Duff-Tripp Daniel Valle
Kinikinau no info Daniel Valle
Baure no info Danielsen 2007:331-6 Daniel Valle
Nanti yes With ditransitives, only one non-subject argument is marked on the verb--the recipient or beneficiary. If both the recipient and the beneficiary are third-person, then both can be marked on the verb, but the theme/patient gets a different marker and the r Michael, 2008. p. 367-368 Aimee Lawrence
Paresi no info Rowan 1978, Rowan and Burgess 1979, Brandão 2010 Daniel Valle
Palikur no info Launey 2003 Daniel Smith
Yine no Matteson 1965 Daniel Smith
Añun no info Patte 1989 Daniel Smith
Bora yes The object/theme recieves an allative case marking. Seifart - 2005:65 Amanda Meeks
Makiritare no Escoriaza 1959 Amanda Meeks
Makushi no Carson 1982:166-169 Amanda Meeks Can't find any examples of or writing about ditransitive clauses
Eñepa no recipient is marked dative Payne 2012 Daniel Smith
Pemon no info Daniel Valle
Guna no Smith texts Daniel Smith
Naso no Quesada 2000 Daniel Smith
Ika yes But only when the beneficiary/gol NP is human which outranks the object in animacy Frank 1989:20 Daniel Valle
Kogi no info Daniel Valle
Cabecar no info Daniel Valle
Guaymí no Quesada 2008:49-96, 155-66 Daniel Valle
Damana no info Daniel Valle
Sikuani no de Kondo (Vol.1,2) - 1985; Queixalós - 2000:136-137 Amanda Meeks
Macaguan no info Buenaventura - 1993 Amanda Meeks
Aguaruna no Overall 2007:456-7 Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá no Mortensen 1999:17 Daniel Valle Catío
Waorani no info Daniel Valle
Ingá no Levinson 1974:16 Daniel Valle
Matses no Fleck:866 Daniel Valle
Mapudungun no info Daniel Valle
Páez no Jung:118 Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano no Parker 1965:26-7 Daniel Valle
Tikuna no Montes 2004b:105 Daniel Valle
Urarina no Olawsky:386 Daniel Valle
Waunana no Mejía 2000:89 Daniel Valle
Andoke no info Kelsey Neely
Puinave no info Mitz Perez, Daniel Valle
Central Aymara no Huayhua Pari 2001: 291 to 293 Shannon Dardis
Kakua no info Bolaños fieldnotes Katherine Bolaños
Kaingang no info Silva 2011 Daniel Smith
Minica Witoto no Minor and Minor 1982. p.39 Christopher Clack
Hup no Epps 2008 Pattie Epps
Nadëb/Roçado dialect no Weir 1984 Katherine Bolaños
Dâw no Martins 2005:199 Katherine Bolaños
Desano no Miller 1999, p. 125 Amanda Novak
Cubeo no Morse & Maxwell 1999, p. 110 Amanda Novak
Kotiria no Stenzel 2004, p. 226 Amanda Novak
Makuna yes Smothermon & Smothermon 1993, p.45 Chris Clack (check this)
Koreguaje no Cook & Criswell 1993, p.69-73 Chris Clack
Barasano no Jones & Jones 1991, p.109 Chris Clack
Tanimuca no Strom 1992, p.118 Chris Clack
Siona no Wheeler - 1970:49 Amanda Meeks
Tukano no Ramirez 1997: 108 Kelsey Neely
Yanomami no Ramirez 1994 Kelsey Neely evidenced by examples
Ninam no info Kelsey Neely
Sanumá no Borgman 1990: 32 Kelsey Neely
Surui no info Daniel Valle
Karitiana no Everett 2006:304-8 Daniel Valle
Nheengatu no info Cruz 2011 Daniel Smith
Paraguayan Guaraní no info Daniel Valle
Aché no info Daniel Valle
Kokama no recipient is marked by a dative enclitic Vallejos 2010:524 Daniel Smith
Nyangumarta yes done 1
Jingulu no done 0
Wambaya yes done 1
Bunuba no info done x
Walmajarri yes Done-Claire 1
Nyulnyul yes done? 1
Warrwa yes done 1
Worrorra yes 97 done 1
Garrwa no 97 done 0
Gooniyandi yes done 1
Warlpiri no s339 done 0
Bardi no done-Claire 0
Yugambeh Y?
Yorta Yorta no 79 done 0
Yir Yoront Done-Dan
Yindjibarndi no info done-Dan x
Yidiny not done yet done-Catherine X
Yanyuwa no 17 Done-Austin 0
Yandruwandha yes 195-6 Done-Dan 1
Yan-nhangu not yet
Yalarnnga no 19: cf ex3-7 Done-Dan 0
Woiwurrung no 76 done-Amalia 0
Wirangu No 50 done 0
Wemba-Wemba no info done-Amalia x
Warumungu No 20 done-Amalia 0
Wangkumara yes 42 done 1
Uradhi No 346 Y 0
Paakantyi no Y-Hannah 0
Pitta-Pitta No 193 Done-Amalia 0
Pintupi no done-Hannah 0
Nyungar no info done x
Nhanta no Done-Hannah 0
Ngiyambaa no 131-134 Done-Emily 0
Ngayawang No 6 done-Amalia 0
Muruwari no 64 Done-Dan 0
Mayi-Yapi No 44 done 0
Martuthunira no 230-231 done 0
Marrgany No 315 Done-Amalia 0
Kuuk Thaayorre No 177 Done-Amalia 0
Kuku Yalanji no 134 Done-Jessica 0
Kugu-Nganhcara No 405 done-Amalia 0
Kaurna No 5 done-Amalia 0
Kalkatungu yes 27, 41 Done-Dan 1
Jaru no 144-5 Done-Amalia 0
Guugu-Yimidhirr No 51 Done-Amalia 0
Gureng Gureng no info Done-Amalia x
Gumbaynggirr no 259 done-Amalia 0
Gugu-Badhun no info done-Jessica x
Yuwaalaraay No 59 0
Dyirbal yes 300 done-Amalia 1
Duungidjawu no 29-30 done 0
Djinang No 55 Done-Amalia 0
Djabugay done
Diyari no done-Hannah 0
Dharawal no info done-Hannah w Dhurga) x
Darkinyung no 25 done 0
Bularnu no 94 Done-Austin 0
Biri no 49 done-Jessica 0
Bidjara-Gungabula no info done-Jessica x
Batyala no info Done-Amalia x
Arabana no info Done-Dan x
Alyawarr no 73, 80, 125-6 done 0
Nyikina no done-Claire 0
Yawuru Y-Claire
Yulparija No 21 Done-Amalia 0
Wathawurrung no 72 done 0
Mathi-Mathi no 79 done-Amalia 0
Hunter River and Lake Macquarie no 33, 42 done-Amalia 0
Thanggati no 14, 24 done 0
Katthang no 38, 75 done-Amalia 0
Panyjima no 137-138 done 0
Ngarinyeri No 11 done-Amalia 0
Kurrama no 190.6.40 done-Dan 0
Yingkarta no info Done-Claire x
Githabul No 13 Done-Amalia 0
Gunya No 324 Done-Amalia 0
Kunjen No 32 Done- 0
WesternTorres no? FO 133, second example (also cf 134, last example and 7.5.1?) done 0
Wakaya no info done x
Yindjilindji yes 505 done 1
Bandjalang No 60 Done-Amalia 0
Ngaatjatjara No 42 done 0
Arrernte No 125 0
Kokatha No 55 0
Karajarri No 118 Done-Amalia 0
Pitjantjatjara No Y 15 0
Ritharrngu No 37 Done-Amalia 0
Warrgamay Yes 76 Done-Amalia 1
Warluwarra yes 867 Done-Amalia 1
Warnman No 18 Done-Amalia 0
Djapu no 98 0
Bilinarra no done 0
Wiradjuri no info done x
Aghu-Tharnggala No 57 Y2 0
Narungga No info done x
Tharrkari No 27 0
Wajarri No 45 0
Warungu yes 328-9 1
Adnyamathanha Y2
Yagua no Payne and Payne 1990 Daniel Smith
Baniwa no Ramirez 2001 Patience Epps