Other intransitivizing morphology

Simple Clauses - Valence and voice - Decreasing
There is/are some other mechanism(s) for reducing valency


Language Feature Status Grammatical Notes Source Created By Etymology Notes General Notes Phylogenetic Code
Cahuilla Jane Hill
Cupeño Jane Hill
Luiseño Jane Hill
Serrano Jane Hill
Kitanemuk Jane Hill
Kawaiisu Jane Hill
Timbisha Jane Hill
Western Mono Jane Hill
Chemehuevi Jane Hill
Southern Paiute Jane Hill
Southern Ute Jane Hill
Shoshone Jane Hill
Comanche Jane Hill
Idaho Shoshone Jane Hill
Northern Paiute Jane Hill
Gabrielino Jane Hill
Achagua no info Wilson & Levinsohn 1992 Ana Paula Brandao
Resígaro no No intransitivizing derivation is discussed as part of the verb stem. Allin, 1976: 105 Aimee Lawrence
Bare no reflexive/reciprocal are the only intransitivizing morphology listed Aikhenvald, 1995: 38 Ana Paula Brandao, Aimee Lawrence
Piapoco no Galindo, 2002: 252-262 Aimee Lawrence
Yukuna no Shauer & Shauer, 2000: p. 521 Aimee Lawrence
Yavitero no Mosonyi, 1987: p. 66-69 Aimee Lawrence
Wapishana no Santos 2006 Ana Paula Brandao, Amanda Meeks
Wayuu no Mansen & Captain, 2000: p. 801 Aimee Lawrence
Tariana no Aikhenvald, 2003: 258 Aimee Lawrence
Apurinã yes Gives the meaning "to do X" Facundes, 2000: 310-311 Aimee Lawrence
Asheninka Apurucayali no Payne 1981; Payne 1982; Payne 1983 Amanda Meeks
Maipure no info Zamponi 2003:37-47 Amanda Meeks
Yanesha' yes object incorporation Duff-Tripp 1997:171 Daniel Valle
Kinikinau no info Daniel Valle
Baure no info Danielsen 2007 Daniel Valle
Nanti yes There is a “characteristic” suffix that reduces the valency of transitives, but not intransitives. It carries the meaning that the action is habitual or characteristic of the subject. Michael, 2008. p. 277-278 Aimee Lawrence
Paresi yes Brandão 2010:29 Daniel Valle
Palikur no Launey 2003 Daniel Smith
Yine no Matteson 1965 Daniel Smith
Añun no info no info on valence Patte 1989 Daniel Smith
Bora no Seifart - 2005:58-73 Amanda Meeks
Makiritare no Escoriaza 1959:15-18 Amanda Meeks
Makushi yes Reflexives, reciprocals, and unspecified arguments are all expressed by means of the detransitivizer verb prefix at-/es-/e'- Abbott 1991: 37 Melody Ann Ross
Eñepa no info Daniel Valle
Pemon no info Daniel Valle
Guna no Smith texts Daniel Smith
Naso no Quesada 2000 Daniel Smith
Ika no info Daniel Valle
Kogi no info Daniel Valle
Cabecar no info Daniel Valle
Guaymí yes The verbal prefix /xƆn-/ attached to a verb of movement derives a transitive verb. Quesada 2008:108 Daniel Valle
Damana no Daniel Valle
Sikuani no de Kondo (Vol.1,2) - 1985; Queixalós - 2000 Amanda Meeks
Macaguan no info Buenaventura - 1993 Daniel Smith
Aguaruna yes Daniel Valle Detransitivizer in which the O argument becomes S of the ntransitive
Northern Emberá no info Daniel Valle
Waorani no info Daniel Valle
Ingá no info Daniel Valle
Matses no Fleck:908-41 Daniel Valle
Mapudungun no Salas 1992, p.185-95 Daniel Valle
Páez no info Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano no info Daniel Valle
Tikuna no info Daniel Valle
Urarina yes There is an intransitivizer morpheme Olawsky:601 Daniel Valle
Waunana no info Daniel Valle
Andoke no info Kelsey Neely
Puinave no info Mitz Perez, Daniel Valle
Central Aymara no info Shannon Dardis
Kakua no info Bolaños fieldnotes Katherine Bolaños
Kaingang no info Silva 2011/Goncalves 2011 Daniel Smith
Minica Witoto no info Minor and Minor 1982. p.83-87 Daniel Smith
Hup no Epps 2008 Pattie Epps
Nadëb/Roçado dialect no info Weir 1984 Katherine Bolaños
Dâw yes Martins 2005:517 Katherine Bolaños
Desano no Miller 1999, p.121 Chris Clack
Cubeo no Morse & Maxwell 1999, p.55-60 Amanda Novak
Kotiria no Stenzel 2004 Amanda Novak
Makuna no info Smothermon & Smothermon 1993, p.43-44 Chris Clack no info/not expected
Koreguaje no Cook & Criswell 1993, p.69 Chris Clack
Barasano yes The suffix -ya/-sa 'stative', may also indicate intransitivity. Jones & Jones 1991, p.45 Chris Clack
Tanimuca no Some intransitive verbs are the product of object incorporation which reduces the valence of transitive verbs. Strom 1992, p.31 Chris Clack
Siona no info Wheeler - 1970; Wheeler - 1987 Amanda Meeks
Tukano yes middle voice verbal suffix -ti Ramirez 1997: 350 Kelsey Neely
Yanomami yes Ramirez 1994: 247-249 Kelsey Neely
Ninam no info Kelsey Neely
Sanumá no info Kelsey Neely
Surui no info Daniel Valle
Karitiana yes middle voice whch is marked by a construction in which the transitive verb takes the intransitive prefix /ɨ-/ Everett 2006:445-51 Daniel Valle
Nheengatu no info Cruz 2011 Daniel Smith
Paraguayan Guaraní no info Daniel Valle
Aché no info Daniel Valle
Kokama no Vallejos 2010 Daniel Smith
Nyangumarta no done 0
Jingulu no done 0
Wambaya no done 0
Bunuba no info done x
Walmajarri no info Done-Claire x
Nyulnyul no info done? x
Warrwa no info done x
Worrorra no ms16 done 0
Garrwa no info done X
Gooniyandi no info done x
Warlpiri no info done 0
Bardi yes done-Claire 1
Yugambeh Y?
Yorta Yorta no info done x
Yir Yoront Done-Dan
Yindjibarndi no info done-Dan x
Yidiny not done yet done-Catherine X
Yanyuwa no info Done-Austin x
Yandruwandha no info Done-Dan x
Yan-nhangu not yet
Yalarnnga no Done-Dan 0
Woiwurrung no info done-Amalia x
Wirangu No info done x
Wemba-Wemba no H 47-50 done-Amalia 0
Warumungu No info done-Amalia x
Wangkumara no info done X
Uradhi No 363 Y 0
Paakantyi yes 191 Y-Hannah 1
Pitta-Pitta No 204 Done-Amalia 0
Pintupi no info done-Hannah x
Nyungar no info done x
Nhanta no info Done-Hannah x
Ngiyambaa yes 151 Done-Emily 1
Ngayawang No info done-Amalia x
Muruwari no Done-Dan 0
Mayi-Yapi No info done x
Martuthunira no 152-154 done 0
Marrgany No 339 Done-Amalia 0
Kuuk Thaayorre No 402 Done-Amalia 0
Kuku Yalanji yes 140, 145 Done-Jessica 1
Kugu-Nganhcara No 405 done-Amalia 0
Kaurna No info done-Amalia x
Kalkatungu no? Done-Dan 0
Jaru no info Done-Amalia x
Guugu-Yimidhirr No 128 Done-Amalia 0
Gureng Gureng no info Done-Amalia x
Gumbaynggirr yes 311 done-Amalia 1
Gugu-Badhun no 143 done-Jessica 0
Yuwaalaraay No 82 0
Dyirbal yes 246 done-Amalia 1
Duungidjawu no 87 done 0
Djinang No 125 Done-Amalia 0
Djabugay done
Diyari no 76; 154 done-Hannah 0
Dharawal no info done-Hannah w Dhurga) x
Darkinyung no info done x
Bularnu no info Done-Austin x
Biri no info done-Jessica x
Bidjara-Gungabula yes 145-7 done-Jessica 1
Batyala no info Done-Amalia x
Arabana no Done-Dan 0
Alyawarr no done 0
Nyikina no done-Claire 0
Yawuru Y-Claire
Yulparija no info Done-Amalia x
Wathawurrung no info done x
Mathi-Mathi no 99-101 done-Amalia 0
Hunter River and Lake Macquarie maybe 83 done-Amalia 1
Thanggati yes 52-60 done 1
Katthang no 83-90 done-Amalia 0
Panyjima no 191 done 0
Ngarinyeri No info done-Amalia x
Kurrama no info done-Dan x
Yingkarta no info Done-Claire x
Githabul No 23 Done-Amalia 0
Gunya No 339 Done-Amalia 0
Kunjen No info Done- x
WesternTorres no info done x
Wakaya no info done x
Yindjilindji no info done x
Bandjalang No 92 Done-Amalia 0
Ngaatjatjara No 71 done 0
Arrernte No 332 0
Kokatha no info x
Karajarri No 8 Done-Amalia 0
Pitjantjatjara Yes G 232 1
Ritharrngu no info 61 Done-Amalia x
Warrgamay No 87 Done-Amalia 0
Warluwarra no info Done-Amalia x
Warnman no info Done-Amalia x
Djapu no info x
Bilinarra no info done x
Wiradjuri no info done x
Aghu-Tharnggala No 90 Y2 0
Narungga No info done x
Tharrkari No 31 0
Wajarri No 108 0
Warungu no 548-560 0
Adnyamathanha Y2
Yagua no info Payne and Payne 1990 Daniel Smith
Baniwa yes generic intrans suffix -kawa/-wa Ramirez 2001 Patience Epps