Applicative: benefactive

Simple Clauses - Valence and voice - Increasing
Applicative adds a beneficiary/maleficiary object argument to the verb


Language Feature Status Grammatical Notes Source Created By Etymology Notes General Notes Phylogenetic Code
Cahuilla yes Jane Hill
Cupeño yes Jane Hill
Luiseño yes Jane Hill
Serrano yes Jane Hill
Kitanemuk Jane Hill
Kawaiisu yes Jane Hill
Timbisha yes Jane Hill
Western Mono yes Jane Hill
Chemehuevi yes Jane Hill
Southern Paiute yes Jane Hill
Southern Ute yes Jane Hill
Shoshone yes Jane Hill
Comanche yes Jane Hill
Idaho Shoshone Jane Hill
Northern Paiute yes Jane Hill
Gabrielino Jane Hill
Achagua no Wilson & Levinsohn 1992 Ana Paula Brandao
Resígaro no No applicative is discussed as part of the verb stem. Allin, 1976: 105 Aimee Lawrence
Bare n/a No applicative Aikhenvald, 1995: 35 Ana Paula Brandao, Aimee Lawrence
Piapoco no Galindo, 2002: 252-262 Aimee Lawrence
Yukuna no Shauer & Shauer, 2000: p. 521 Aimee Lawrence
Yavitero no Mosonyi, 1987: p. 66-69 Aimee Lawrence
Wapishana yes Not a dedicated morpheme. Also used for designating recipient and dative. Santos 2006 Ana Paula Brandao, Amanda Meeks
Wayuu no Mansen & Captain, 2000: p. 801 Aimee Lawrence
Tariana no Aikhenvald, 2003: 258 Aimee Lawrence
Apurinã no The only valence-increasing morpheme is a causative. Facundes, 2000: 505-509 Aimee Lawrence
Asheninka Apurucayali yes Payne 1982:56 Amanda Meeks
Maipure no info Zamponi 2003 Amanda Meeks
Yanesha' yes It is a verbal suffix Duff-Tripp 1997:79 Daniel Valle
Kinikinau no info Daniel Valle
Baure yes Danielsen 2007: p218 Mitz Perez
Nanti no Michael, 2008. p. 285-289 Aimee Lawrence
Paresi no info Rowan 1978, Rowan and Burgess 1979, Brandão 2010 Daniel Valle
Palikur yes Green and Green 1972:18 Daniel Valle
Yine no Matteson 1965 Daniel Smith
Añun no info no info on valence Patte 1989 Daniel Smith
Bora no info Seifart - 2005 Amanda Meeks
Makiritare no info Escoriaza 1959 Amanda Meeks
Makushi yes Carson 1982:81 Amanda Meeks
Eñepa no Daniel Valle
Pemon no info Daniel Valle
Guna no Smith texts Daniel Smith
Naso no Quesada 2000 Daniel Smith
Ika yes It also encodes malefactive meaning Frank ?:24 Daniel Valle
Kogi no info Daniel Valle
Cabecar no info Daniel Valle
Guaymí no info Daniel Valle
Damana yes mba- Daniel Valle
Sikuani yes de Kondo (Vol.1,2) - 1985; Queixalós - 2000:122 Amanda Meeks
Macaguan no info Buenaventura - 1993 Daniel Smith
Aguaruna yes Overall 2007:306 Daniel Valle The varinats are lexically conditioned
Northern Emberá no info Daniel Valle
Waorani no info Daniel Valle
Ingá yes Levinson 1978:22 Daniel Valle
Matses yes Fleck:900 Daniel Valle
Mapudungun yes Zúñiga 2006, p. 123-7 Daniel Valle
Páez yes Jung:108 Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano yes Parker 1965:79 Daniel Valle
Tikuna no info Daniel Valle
Urarina yes Olawsky:622-9 Daniel Valle
Waunana no info Daniel Valle
Andoke no info pronominal suffix might actually be verbal prefix if pronoun turns out to be a proclitic Landaburu 1979: 196 Kelsey Neely
Puinave no info Mitz Perez, Daniel Valle
Central Aymara yes Huayhua Pari 2001: 166 Shannon Dardis My source does not acctually use the word applicative
Kakua no info Bolaños fieldnotes Katherine Bolaños
Kaingang no info Silva 2011/Goncalves 2011 Daniel Smith
Minica Witoto no info Minor and Minor 1982. p.37 Daniel Smith
Hup yes Epps 2008 Pattie Epps
Nadëb/Roçado dialect no info Weir 1984 Katherine Bolaños
Dâw no Martins 2004 Katherine Bolaños
Desano yes Miller 1999, p. 117 Amanda Novak
Cubeo yes benefactive suffix is added to the verb follwed by the causitive suffix and aspect suffix Morse & Maxwell 1999, p. 58 Amanda Novak
Kotiria yes dependent verb root that compounds with the benefactive marker Stenzel 2004, p. 239 Amanda Novak
Makuna yes Smothermon & Smothermon 1993, p.64 Chris Clack
Koreguaje yes Cook & Criswell 1993, p.72 Chris Clack
Barasano yes -re marks the benefactee/malfactee of a verb to which -bosa (benefactive) has been suffixed. Jones & Jones 1991, p.68 Chris Clack
Tanimuca no Strom 1992, p.65 Chris Clack
Siona yes Wheeler - 1987:127-130 Amanda Meeks
Tukano yes suffix: -bosa/basa Ramirez 1997: 184-5 Kelsey Neely
Yanomami no Ramirez 1994 Kelsey Neely
Ninam no info Kelsey Neely
Sanumá no info Kelsey Neely
Surui no info Daniel Valle
Karitiana no info Daniel Valle
Nheengatu no Cruz 2011 Daniel Smith
Paraguayan Guaraní no info Daniel Valle
Aché no info Daniel Valle
Kokama yes Vallejos 2010:380 Daniel Smith
Nyangumarta no done 0
Jingulu no done 0
Wambaya no done 0
Bunuba no info done x
Walmajarri no info Done-Claire x
Nyulnyul no info done? x
Warrwa no info done x
Worrorra no done 0
Garrwa no info done X
Gooniyandi no info done x
Warlpiri no info done 0
Bardi yes done-Claire 1
Yugambeh Y?
Yorta Yorta no info done x
Yir Yoront Done-Dan
Yindjibarndi no done-Dan 0
Yidiny no done-Catherine 0
Yanyuwa no info Done-Austin x
Yandruwandha no 178-9 Done-Dan 0
Yan-nhangu not yet
Yalarnnga no info Done-Dan x
Woiwurrung no info done-Amalia x
Wirangu yes 103-4 done 1
Wemba-Wemba no H 47-50 done-Amalia 0
Warumungu No info done-Amalia x
Wangkumara no info done X
Uradhi No 376 Y 0
Paakantyi no info Y-Hannah X
Pitta-Pitta yes 205 Done-Amalia 1
Pintupi no info done-Hannah x
Nyungar no info done x
Nhanta no info Done-Hannah x
Ngiyambaa n/a Done-Emily 0
Ngayawang No info done-Amalia x
Muruwari no Done-Dan 0
Mayi-Yapi No info done x
Martuthunira n/a done 0
Marrgany No 339 Done-Amalia 0
Kuuk Thaayorre No 402-5 Done-Amalia 0
Kuku Yalanji no Done-Jessica 0
Kugu-Nganhcara No 405 done-Amalia 0
Kaurna No info done-Amalia x
Kalkatungu no Done-Dan 0
Jaru no info Done-Amalia x
Guugu-Yimidhirr No 118 Done-Amalia 0
Gureng Gureng no info Done-Amalia x
Gumbaynggirr no 305-307 done-Amalia 0
Gugu-Badhun no done-Jessica 0
Yuwaalaraay Yes 85 1
Dyirbal No 246 done-Amalia 0
Duungidjawu no 86-7 done 0
Djinang No 124 Done-Amalia 0
Djabugay done
Diyari yes 74; 77-78 done-Hannah 1
Dharawal no info done-Hannah w Dhurga) x
Darkinyung no info done x
Bularnu no Done-Austin 0
Biri n/a done-Jessica 0
Bidjara-Gungabula no info done-Jessica x
Batyala no info Done-Amalia x
Arabana yes 148-52 Done-Dan 1
Alyawarr no info done X
Nyikina yes done-Claire 1
Yawuru Y-Claire
Yulparija no info Done-Amalia x
Wathawurrung no info done x
Mathi-Mathi no 77, 99-101 done-Amalia 0
Hunter River and Lake Macquarie no 87 done-Amalia 0
Thanggati no 52-60 done 0
Katthang no 83-90 done-Amalia 0
Panyjima n/a done 0
Ngarinyeri No info done-Amalia x
Kurrama no done-Dan 0
Yingkarta no info Done-Claire x
Githabul No 23 Done-Amalia 0
Gunya No 339 Done-Amalia 0
Kunjen No info Done- x
WesternTorres no done 0
Wakaya no done 0
Yindjilindji no info done x
Bandjalang No 86 Done-Amalia 0
Ngaatjatjara No 71 done 0
Arrernte No 193 0
Kokatha no info x
Karajarri No 195 Done-Amalia 0
Pitjantjatjara No G 230 0
Ritharrngu No 61 Done-Amalia 0
Warrgamay No 79 Done-Amalia 0
Warluwarra yes 890 Done-Amalia 1
Warnman no info Done-Amalia x
Djapu no 0
Bilinarra no done 0
Wiradjuri no info done x
Aghu-Tharnggala No 83 Y2 0
Narungga Maybe 79 done 1
Tharrkari No 31 0
Wajarri No 108 0
Warungu no info X
Adnyamathanha Y2
Yagua no Payne and Payne 1990 Daniel Smith
Baniwa no Ramirez 2001 Patience Epps