Applicative: other

Simple Clauses - Valence and voice - Increasing
Applicative adds some other object argument to the verb


Language Feature Status Grammatical Notes Source Created By Etymology Notes General Notes Phylogenetic Code
Cahuilla yes Jane Hill
Cupeño no Jane Hill
Luiseño yes Jane Hill
Serrano no Jane Hill
Kitanemuk Jane Hill
Kawaiisu yes Jane Hill
Timbisha no Jane Hill
Western Mono yes Jane Hill
Chemehuevi yes Jane Hill
Southern Paiute yes Jane Hill
Southern Ute yes Jane Hill
Shoshone yes Jane Hill
Comanche yes Jane Hill
Idaho Shoshone Jane Hill
Northern Paiute yes Jane Hill
Gabrielino Jane Hill
Achagua n/a Wilson & Levinsohn 1992 Ana Paula Brandao
Resígaro no No applicative is discussed as part of the verb stem. Allin, 1976: 105 Aimee Lawrence
Bare n/a Aikhenvald, 1995: 35 Ana Paula Brandao
Piapoco no Galindo, 2002: 252-262 Aimee Lawrence
Yukuna no Shauer & Shauer, 2000: p. 521 Aimee Lawrence
Yavitero no Mosonyi, 1987: p. 66-69 Aimee Lawrence
Wapishana yes Santos 2006 Ana Paula Brandao, Amanda Meeks
Wayuu yes Not mentioned in Mansen & Captain (2000), but Mansen & Mansen (1984) mention a suffix that derives 'flee' from 'to go,' and 'drink x' from 'drink.' There are some verbs that seem to have this morpheme, but no corresponding simple verb, so it may be some s Mansen & Mansen (1984), p. 17; Mansen & Captain, 2000: p. 801 Aimee Lawrence
Tariana no Aikhenvald, 2003: 258 Aimee Lawrence
Apurinã no The only valence-increasing morpheme is a causative. Facundes, 2000: 505-509 Aimee Lawrence
Asheninka Apurucayali yes Can also add a simple patient. Payne 1982:56 Amanda Meeks
Maipure no info Zamponi 2003 Amanda Meeks
Yanesha' yes Notice that the consonants have a tilde on them Duff-Tripp 1997:97 Daniel Valle
Kinikinau no info Daniel Valle
Baure yes It is a benefactive applicative Danielsen 2007:252 Daniel Valle
Nanti yes There are four other applicative constructions in Nanti: Michael, 2008. p. 285-289 Aimee Lawrence
Paresi no info Rowan 1978, Rowan and Burgess 1979, Brandão 2010 Daniel Valle
Palikur no Launey 2003 Daniel Smith
Yine no Matteson 1965 Daniel Smith
Añun no info no info on valence Patte 1989 Daniel Smith
Bora no info Seifart - 2005 Amanda Meeks
Makiritare no info Escoriaza 1959 Amanda Meeks
Makushi no Carson 1982:81 Amanda Meeks
Eñepa no Daniel Valle
Pemon no info Daniel Valle
Guna no Smith texts Daniel Smith
Naso no Quesada 2000 Daniel Smith
Ika yes This suffix allows the verb to take an extra argument which in many case is implicit but cannot appear cross-referenced on the verb. In other cases it adds the possessor of a possessive clause as a verbal argument Frank 1985:93-96 Daniel Valle
Kogi no info Daniel Valle
Cabecar no info Daniel Valle
Guaymí no info Daniel Valle
Damana no Daniel Valle
Sikuani no de Kondo (Vol.1,2) - 1985; Queixalós - 2000:122 Amanda Meeks
Macaguan no info Buenaventura - 1993 Daniel Smith
Aguaruna yes This same suffix can add a "malefactive" or a "goal" Overall 2007:306 Daniel Valle The applicative can introduce also a malefactive or goal argument
Northern Emberá no info Daniel Valle
Waorani no info Daniel Valle
Ingá no info Daniel Valle
Matses no Fleck:900-3 Daniel Valle
Mapudungun yes The new added argument is the person negatively affected by the action (malefactive) Zúñiga 2006, p. 123-7 Daniel Valle
Páez yes There are two other applicatives: one which adds a malefactive and other which adds an instrument Jung:108 Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano no info Daniel Valle
Tikuna no info Daniel Valle
Urarina no info Daniel Valle
Waunana no info Daniel Valle
Andoke no info Kelsey Neely
Puinave no info Mitz Perez, Daniel Valle
Central Aymara no Huayhua Pari 2001: 165 to 168 Shannon Dardis
Kakua no info Bolaños fieldnotes Katherine Bolaños
Kaingang no info Silva 2011/Goncalves 2011 Daniel Smith
Minica Witoto no info Minor and Minor 1982. p.22-27, 49-53 Daniel Smith
Hup no Epps 2008 Pattie Epps
Nadëb/Roçado dialect no info Weir 1984 Katherine Bolaños
Dâw no Martins 2004 Katherine Bolaños
Desano yes possesor ascension and accusative of interest Miller 1999, p. 117 Amanda Novak
Cubeo yes authortative Morse & Maxwell 1999, p. 59 Amanda Novak
Kotiria no Stenzel 2004 Amanda Novak
Makuna no Smothermon & Smothermon 1993, p.64 Chris Clack no info/not expected
Koreguaje no Cook & Criswell 1993, p.69-73 Chris Clack
Barasano no Jones & Jones 1991, p.68 Chris Clack
Tanimuca no Strom 1992, p.65 Chris Clack
Siona yes Can also add simple recipient, place of reference, or object/person of reference. Wheeler - 1987:127-130 Amanda Meeks
Tukano yes suffix/ bound verb -duti "to send/order" someone to do something Ramirez 1997: 184-5 Kelsey Neely
Yanomami no Ramirez 1994 Kelsey Neely
Ninam no info Kelsey Neely
Sanumá no info Kelsey Neely
Surui no info Daniel Valle
Karitiana no info Daniel Valle
Nheengatu no Cruz 2011 Daniel Smith
Paraguayan Guaraní no info Daniel Valle
Aché no info Daniel Valle
Kokama no Vallejos 2010:380 Daniel Smith
Nyangumarta no done 0
Jingulu no done 0
Wambaya yes done 1
Bunuba no info done x
Walmajarri no info Done-Claire x
Nyulnyul no info done? x
Warrwa yes done 1
Worrorra no info done X
Garrwa no info done X
Gooniyandi no info done x
Warlpiri no info done 0
Bardi yes done-Claire 1
Yugambeh Y?
Yorta Yorta no info done x
Yir Yoront Done-Dan
Yindjibarndi yes 89 done-Dan 1
Yidiny no done-Catherine 0
Yanyuwa no info Done-Austin x
Yandruwandha yes 178-9 Done-Dan 1
Yan-nhangu not yet
Yalarnnga yes 47-9 Done-Dan 1
Woiwurrung no info done-Amalia x
Wirangu No 103-4 done 0
Wemba-Wemba no H 47-50 done-Amalia 0
Warumungu No info done-Amalia x
Wangkumara no info done X
Uradhi No 376 Y 0
Paakantyi no info Y-Hannah X
Pitta-Pitta No 205 Done-Amalia 0
Pintupi no info done-Hannah x
Nyungar no info done x
Nhanta no info Done-Hannah x
Ngiyambaa n/a Done-Emily 0
Ngayawang No info done-Amalia x
Muruwari no Done-Dan 0
Mayi-Yapi No info done x
Martuthunira n/a done 0
Marrgany No 339 Done-Amalia 0
Kuuk Thaayorre Yes 402-5 Done-Amalia 1
Kuku Yalanji no Done-Jessica 0
Kugu-Nganhcara No 405 done-Amalia 0
Kaurna No info done-Amalia x
Kalkatungu no Done-Dan 0
Jaru no info Done-Amalia x
Guugu-Yimidhirr No 118 Done-Amalia 0
Gureng Gureng no info Done-Amalia x
Gumbaynggirr no 305-307 done-Amalia 0
Gugu-Badhun yes 142 done-Jessica 1
Yuwaalaraay No 85 0
Dyirbal No 246 done-Amalia 0
Duungidjawu no 86-7 done 0
Djinang No 124 Done-Amalia 0
Djabugay done
Diyari no info done-Hannah x
Dharawal no info done-Hannah w Dhurga) x
Darkinyung no info done x
Bularnu no Done-Austin 0
Biri n/a done-Jessica 0
Bidjara-Gungabula no info done-Jessica x
Batyala no info Done-Amalia x
Arabana no Done-Dan 0
Alyawarr no info done X
Nyikina yes done-Claire 1
Yawuru Y-Claire
Yulparija no info Done-Amalia x
Wathawurrung no info done x
Mathi-Mathi no 99-101 done-Amalia 0
Hunter River and Lake Macquarie maybe 87 done-Amalia 1
Thanggati no 52-60 done 0
Katthang no 83-90 done-Amalia 0
Panyjima n/a done 0
Ngarinyeri No info done-Amalia x
Kurrama no done-Dan 0
Yingkarta no info Done-Claire x
Githabul No 23 Done-Amalia 0
Gunya No 339 Done-Amalia 0
Kunjen No info Done- x
WesternTorres no done 0
Wakaya no done 0
Yindjilindji no info done x
Bandjalang No 86 Done-Amalia 0
Ngaatjatjara No 71 done 0
Arrernte No 193 0
Kokatha no info x
Karajarri No 195 Done-Amalia 0
Pitjantjatjara No G 230 0
Ritharrngu No 61 Done-Amalia 0
Warrgamay Yes 79 Done-Amalia 1
Warluwarra no info Done-Amalia x
Warnman no info Done-Amalia x
Djapu no 0
Bilinarra no info done x
Wiradjuri no info done x
Aghu-Tharnggala No 83 Y2 0
Narungga No info 79 done x
Tharrkari No 31 0
Wajarri No 108 0
Warungu yes 576 1
Adnyamathanha Y2
Yagua no Payne and Payne 1990 Daniel Smith
Baniwa no Ramirez 2001 Patience Epps