Applicative: other

Simple Clauses - Valence and voice - Increasing
Applicative adds some other object argument to the verb


Language Feature Status Grammatical Notes Source Etymology Notes General Notes Phylogenetic Code
Cahuilla yes
Cupeño no
Luiseño yes
Serrano no
Kawaiisu yes
Timbisha no
Western Mono yes
Chemehuevi yes
Southern Paiute yes
Southern Ute yes
Shoshone yes
Comanche yes
Idaho Shoshone
Northern Paiute yes
Achagua n/a Wilson & Levinsohn 1992
Resígaro no No applicative is discussed as part of the verb stem. Allin, 1976: 105
Bare n/a Aikhenvald, 1995: 35
Piapoco no Galindo, 2002: 252-262
Yukuna no Shauer & Shauer, 2000: p. 521
Yavitero no Mosonyi, 1987: p. 66-69
Wapishana yes Santos 2006
Wayuu yes Not mentioned in Mansen & Captain (2000), but Mansen & Mansen (1984) mention a suffix that derives 'flee' from 'to go,' and 'drink x' from 'drink.' There are some verbs that seem to have this morpheme, but no corresponding simple verb, so it may be some s Mansen & Mansen (1984), p. 17; Mansen & Captain, 2000: p. 801
Tariana no Aikhenvald, 2003: 258
Apurinã no The only valence-increasing morpheme is a causative. Facundes, 2000: 505-509
Asheninka Apurucayali yes Can also add a simple patient. Payne 1982:56
Maipure no info Zamponi 2003
Yanesha' yes Notice that the consonants have a tilde on them Duff-Tripp 1997:97
Kinikinau no info
Baure yes It is a benefactive applicative Danielsen 2007:252
Nanti yes There are four other applicative constructions in Nanti: Michael, 2008. p. 285-289
Paresi no info Rowan 1978, Rowan and Burgess 1979, Brandão 2010
Palikur no Launey 2003
Yine no Matteson 1965
Añun no info no info on valence Patte 1989
Bora no info Seifart - 2005
Makiritare no info Escoriaza 1959
Makushi no Carson 1982:81
Eñepa no
Pemon no info
Guna no Smith texts
Naso no Quesada 2000
Ika yes This suffix allows the verb to take an extra argument which in many case is implicit but cannot appear cross-referenced on the verb. In other cases it adds the possessor of a possessive clause as a verbal argument Frank 1985:93-96
Kogi no info
Cabecar no info
Guaymí no info
Damana no
Sikuani no de Kondo (Vol.1,2) - 1985; Queixalós - 2000:122
Macaguan no info Buenaventura - 1993
Aguaruna yes This same suffix can add a "malefactive" or a "goal" Overall 2007:306 The applicative can introduce also a malefactive or goal argument
Northern Emberá no info
Waorani no info
Ingá no info
Matses no Fleck:900-3
Mapudungun yes The new added argument is the person negatively affected by the action (malefactive) Zúñiga 2006, p. 123-7
Páez yes There are two other applicatives: one which adds a malefactive and other which adds an instrument Jung:108
Quechua Ayacuchano no info
Tikuna no info
Urarina no info
Waunana no info
Andoke no info
Puinave no info
Central Aymara no Huayhua Pari 2001: 165 to 168
Kakua no info Bolaños fieldnotes
Kaingang no info Silva 2011/Goncalves 2011
Minica Witoto no info Minor and Minor 1982. p.22-27, 49-53
Hup no Epps 2008
Nadëb/Roçado dialect no info Weir 1984
Dâw no Martins 2004
Desano yes possesor ascension and accusative of interest Miller 1999, p. 117
Cubeo yes authortative Morse & Maxwell 1999, p. 59
Kotiria no Stenzel 2004
Makuna no Smothermon & Smothermon 1993, p.64 no info/not expected
Koreguaje no Cook & Criswell 1993, p.69-73
Barasano no Jones & Jones 1991, p.68
Tanimuca no Strom 1992, p.65
Siona yes Can also add simple recipient, place of reference, or object/person of reference. Wheeler - 1987:127-130
Tukano yes suffix/ bound verb -duti "to send/order" someone to do something Ramirez 1997: 184-5
Yanomami no Ramirez 1994
Ninam no info
Sanumá no info
Surui no info
Karitiana no info
Nheengatu no Cruz 2011
Paraguayan Guaraní no info
Aché no info
Kokama no Vallejos 2010:380
Nyangumarta no 0
Jingulu no 0
Wambaya yes 1
Bunuba no info x
Walmajarri no info x
Nyulnyul no info x
Warrwa yes 1
Worrorra no info X
Garrwa no info X
Gooniyandi no info x
Warlpiri no info 0
Bardi yes 1
Yorta Yorta no info x
Yir Yoront
Yindjibarndi yes 89 1
Yidiny no 0
Yanyuwa no info x
Yandruwandha yes 178-9 1
Yalarnnga yes 47-9 1
Woiwurrung no info x
Wirangu No 103-4 0
Wemba-Wemba no H 47-50 0
Warumungu No info x
Wangkumara no info X
Uradhi No 376 0
Paakantyi no info X
Pitta-Pitta No 205 0
Pintupi no info x
Nyungar no info x
Nhanta no info x
Ngiyambaa n/a 0
Ngayawang No info x
Muruwari no 0
Mayi-Yapi No info x
Martuthunira n/a 0
Marrgany No 339 0
Kuuk Thaayorre Yes 402-5 1
Kuku Yalanji no 0
Kugu-Nganhcara No 405 0
Kaurna No info x
Kalkatungu no 0
Jaru no info x
Guugu-Yimidhirr No 118 0
Gureng Gureng no info x
Gumbaynggirr no 305-307 0
Gugu-Badhun yes 142 1
Yuwaalaraay No 85 0
Dyirbal No 246 0
Duungidjawu no 86-7 0
Djinang No 124 0
Diyari no info x
Dharawal no info x
Darkinyung no info x
Bularnu no 0
Biri n/a 0
Bidjara-Gungabula no info x
Batyala no info x
Arabana no 0
Alyawarr no info X
Nyikina yes 1
Yulparija no info x
Wathawurrung no info x
Mathi-Mathi no 99-101 0
Hunter River and Lake Macquarie maybe 87 1
Thanggati no 52-60 0
Katthang no 83-90 0
Panyjima n/a 0
Ngarinyeri No info x
Kurrama no 0
Yingkarta no info x
Githabul No 23 0
Gunya No 339 0
Kunjen No info x
WesternTorres no 0
Wakaya no 0
Yindjilindji no info x
Bandjalang No 86 0
Ngaatjatjara No 71 0
Arrernte No 193 0
Kokatha no info x
Karajarri No 195 0
Pitjantjatjara No G 230 0
Ritharrngu No 61 0
Warrgamay Yes 79 1
Warluwarra no info x
Warnman no info x
Djapu no 0
Bilinarra no info x
Wiradjuri no info x
Aghu-Tharnggala No 83 0
Narungga No info 79 x
Tharrkari No 31 0
Wajarri No 108 0
Warungu yes 576 1
Yagua no Payne and Payne 1990
Baniwa no Ramirez 2001