Glottalized/ejective consonants

Category
Phonology - Segmental
Notes
Phonemic contrast [NOT counting glottal stop/fricative]

Languages

Language Feature Status Grammatical Notes Source Created By Etymology Notes General Notes Phylogenetic Code
Cahuilla no Jane Hill
Cupeño no Jane Hill
Luiseño no Jane Hill
Serrano no Jane Hill
Kitanemuk no Jane Hill
Kawaiisu no Jane Hill
Timbisha no Jane Hill
Western Mono no Jane Hill
Chemehuevi no Jane Hill
Southern Paiute no Jane Hill
Southern Ute no Jane Hill
Shoshone no Jane Hill
Comanche no Jane Hill
Idaho Shoshone no Jane Hill
Northern Paiute no Jane Hill
Gabrielino no Jane Hill
Achagua no Wilson & Levinsohn 1992: 14 Ana Paula Brandao
Resígaro no Allin, 1976, p. 58 Ana Paula Brandao
Bare no Aikhenvald, 1995: 5 Ana Paula Brandao
Warekena no Aikhenvald, 1998: 400 Ana Paula Brandao
Piapoco no Sudo, 1976 p. 9 and Galindo, 1992, p. 55 Ana Paula Brandao
Yukuna no Shauer and Shauer, 1972, p.12 Ana Paula Brandão
Yavitero no Mosonyi (1987), p. 26 Ana Paula Brandão
Wapishana no Some consonants have "traces" of ejection or glottalization, but not enough for phonemic contrast. Santos, 2006: 32 Ana Paula Brandao, Amanda Meeks
Wayuu no Only /ʔ/ and /h/. Alvarez, 1985: p. 35 Ana Paula Brandão
Tariana no Aikhenvald 2003: 26 Aimee Lawrence
Apurinã no Facundes, 2000: 71 Aimee Lawrence
Asheninka Apurucayali no Payne 1981; Payne 1980 Amanda Meeks
Maipure no Zamponi 2003:14 Amanda Meeks
Yanesha' no Fast 1953:191-4 Daniel Valle
Kinikinau no Souza 2008:59 Daniel Valle
Baure no Danielsen 2007: p39-49 Mitz Perez
Nanti no Michael, 2008. p. 221 Aimee Lawrence
Paresi no Brandão 2010:10 Daniel Valle
Palikur no Launey 2003:51 Daniel Smith
Yine no Matteson 1965 Daniel Smith
Añun no Patte 1989 Daniel Smith
Bora yes Seifart - 2005:33 Amanda Meeks
Makiritare no Hall 1988: 214 Melody Ann Ross
Makushi no Abbott 1991: 140-148 Melody Ann Ross
Eñepa no no glottalized consonant as secondary articulation Payne 2012 Daniel Smith
Pemon no Pessoa 2005 Daniel Smith
Guna no Smith Daniel Smith
Naso no Quesada 2000 Daniel Smith
Ika no Frank 1990:10 Daniel Valle
Kogi no info Daniel Valle
Cabecar no Margery 1982:34 Daniel Valle
Guaymí no Quesada 2008:30 Daniel Valle
Damana no Daniel Valle
Sikuani no de Kondo (Vol.1,2) - 1985 Amanda Meeks
Macaguan no glottalized stop is separate phoneme Buenaventura - 1993:30 Amanda Meeks
Aguaruna no Overall 2007:20 Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá yes In Southern Embera there are not aspirated and glottalized stops (Aguirre 1999:16-7) Mortensen 1999:5 Daniel Smith Catío
Waorani no Saint and Pike 1962:5-15 Daniel Valle
Ingá no Levinson 1978:1 Daniel Valle
Matses no Fleck:72 Daniel Valle
Mapudungun no Salas 1992, p.73-92 Daniel Valle
Páez no Jung 2000:140-3 Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano no Parker 1965:11 Daniel Valle
Tikuna no Montes 2000:291 Daniel Valle
Urarina no Olawsky:30 Daniel Valle
Waunana yes glottalized stops Loewen 1954:7 Daniel Valle
Andoke no Landaburu 1979, p.27 Kelsey Neely
Puinave no Giron 2008: p22 Mitz Perez, Daniel Valle
Central Aymara yes Gomez 1992: 15 to 18 Shannon Dardis
Kakua yes Bolaños fieldnotes Katherine Bolaños
Kaingang no Texeira 1988:4 Daniel Smith
Minica Witoto no Minor and Minor 1982. p. 3 Christopher Clack
Hup yes Epps 2008 Pattie Epps
Nadëb/Roçado dialect yes unclear Barbosa 2005 Katherine Bolaños
Dâw yes Martins 2004:16 Katherine Bolaños
Desano no Miller 1999, p. 10, 12 Amanda Novak The glottal fricative /h/ and the glottal stop /ʔ/ occur only intervocalically. They are followed by the echo of the vowel that precedes them.
Cubeo no Morse & Maxwell 1999, p. 2-6 Amanda Novak
Kotiria no Stenzel 2007 IJAL Amanda Novak
Makuna no no info/not expected Smothermon & Smothermon 1993, p. 24 Amanda Novak
Koreguaje yes Cook & Criswell 1993: 2-3 Chris Clack
Barasano no Jones & Jones 1991, p.16 Chris Clack Some sentences may optionally occur with a final glottal stop but this phenomenon is regarded as outside of segmental phonology.
Tanimuca no Strom 1992, p.12 Chris Clack Neither consonant clusters nor closed syllables are permitted except that a glottal stop may occur following any vowel.
Siona yes Consonants consist of two series of stops; fortis (aspirated) and lenis (glottalized) W70. Wheeler - 1970:19 Daniel Valle
Tukano no West and Welch 2004 Kelsey Neely no evidence for this
Yanomami no Migliazza 1972: p.38-39 Kelsey Neely
Ninam no Migliazza 1972: p.38-39 Kelsey Neely
Sanumá no Migliazza 1972: p.38-39 Kelsey Neely
Surui no Bontkes and Bontkes 2009:17 Daniel Valle
Karitiana no Everett 2006:13 Daniel Valle
Nheengatu no Cruz 2011:34 Daniel Smith
Paraguayan Guaraní no Krivoshein and Acosta 2001:21 Daniel Valle
Aché no Rossler 2008:39, 57 Daniel Valle
Kokama no Vallejos 2010:93-103 Daniel Smith
Nyangumarta no done 0
Jingulu no done 0
Wambaya no done 0
Bunuba no done 0
Walmajarri no Done-Claire 0
Nyulnyul no done? 0
Warrwa no done 0
Worrorra no 2-3 done 0
Garrwa no done 0
Gooniyandi no done 0
Warlpiri no n66 done 0
Bardi no done-Claire 0
Yugambeh Y?
Yorta Yorta no 41 done 0
Yir Yoront Done-Dan
Yindjibarndi no 10 done-Dan 0
Yidiny no done-Catherine 0
Yanyuwa no 2 Done-Austin 0
Yandruwandha no 10 Done-Dan 0
Yan-nhangu not yet
Yalarnnga no 6,7 Done-Dan 0
Woiwurrung no 59 done-Amalia 0
Wirangu No 26 done 0
Wemba-Wemba no H 4 done-Amalia 0
Warumungu No 6 done-Amalia 0
Wangkumara no 7 done 0
Uradhi No 315-6 Y 0
Paakantyi no Y-Hannah 0
Pitta-Pitta No 187 Done-Amalia 0
Pintupi no done-Hannah 0
Nyungar no d30-1 done 0
Nhanta no Done-Hannah 0
Ngiyambaa no 15 Done-Emily 0
Ngayawang No done-Amalia 0
Muruwari no 10 Done-Dan 0
Mpakwithi
Mayi-Yapi No 21 done 0
Martuthunira no 25 done 0
Marrgany No 283 Done-Amalia 0
Kuuk Thaayorre No 26 Done-Amalia 0
Kuku Yalanji no Done-Jessica 0
Kugu-Nganhcara No 374 done-Amalia 0
Kaurna No 1 done-Amalia 0
Kalkatungu no 5b Done-Dan 0
Jaru no 23 Done-Amalia 0
Guugu-Yimidhirr No 36 Done-Amalia 0
Gureng Gureng no Done-Amalia 0
Gupapuyngu
Gumbaynggirr no xix done-Amalia 0
Gugu-Badhun no 74 done-Jessica 0
Yuwaalaraay No 15 0
Dyirbal No 270-1 done-Amalia 0
Duungidjawu no 18 done 0
Djinang No 1 Done-Amalia 0
Djabugay done
Diyari no done-Hannah 0
Dharuk
Dharawal no done-Hannah w Dhurga) 0
Darkinyung no 10 done 0
Bularnu no 2 Done-Austin 0
Biri no done-Jessica 0
Bidjara-Gungabula no done-Jessica 0
Batyala No 3 Done-Amalia 0
Arabana no 26 Done-Dan 0
Alyawarr no 17-20 done 0
Nyikina no done-Claire 0
Yawuru no Y-Claire 0
Ngarinyin
Yulparija No 16 Done-Amalia 0
Wathawurrung no 66 done 0
Mathi-Mathi no 58 done-Amalia 0
Hunter River and Lake Macquarie no 16 done-Amalia 0
Thanggati no 4-5 done 0
Katthang no 17 done-Amalia 0
Panyjima no 131 done 0
Ngarinyeri No 9 done-Amalia 0
Kurrama no 11 done-Dan 0
Yingkarta no Done-Claire 0
Githabul No 2 Done-Amalia 0
Gunya No 283 Done-Amalia 0
Kunjen No 14 Done- 0
WesternTorres no K81 104-5 done 0
Wakaya no done 0
Yindjilindji no 500 done 0
Bandjalang No 8 Done-Amalia 0
Ngaatjatjara No 9 done 0
Arrernte No 67 0
Kokatha No 5 0
Karajarri No 5 Done-Amalia 0
Pitjantjatjara No Y 36 0
Ritharrngu No 9 Done-Amalia 0
Warrgamay No 16 Done-Amalia 0
Warluwarra no Done-Amalia 0
Warnman No 10 Done-Amalia 0
Djapu no 13 0
Bilinarra no 2.1 done 0
Wiradjuri no 10, 11 done 0
Aghu-Tharnggala No 25 Y2 0
Narungga No 31 done 0
Tharrkari No 3 0
Wajarri No 17 0
Warungu no 1 0
Adnyamathanha N/A Y2 0
Yagua no Payne and Payne 1990: Daniel Smith
Baniwa no Ramirez 2001:31 Patience Epps